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Country profile for Libya

Provided Courtesy of Security Exchange 24

Risk Rating

Red (High Risk)
Red (High Risk) InTouch advice:

Most parts of the country are dangerous.

Do not travel unless absolutely necessary.

Unselected
Amber (Moderate Risk) InTouch advice:

Some parts of the country are dangerous.

Travel with caution.

Unselected
Green (Low Risk) InTouch advice:

Most parts of the country are safe.

Travel freely.

General Information

  • Capital: Tripoli
  • Major Languages: Arabic
  • Currency: Dinar
  • Timezone: GMT +2:00

Country Map

Map of Libya

Since the collapse of the Gaddafi regime in 2011 Libya has descended further into chaos and insecurity. The National Transitional Council (NTC) officially handed power over to the General National Congress (GNC) following parliamentary elections in 2012; however the GNC was undermined by political infighting and had little control outside of the capital, Tripoli. By May, 2014 civil war had returned to Libya when former General Khalifa Haftar led an uprising (Operation Dignity) against the GNC. Following elections in June the GNC was replaced by the Council of Deputies – although this new government has been forced to flee fighting in Tripoli and currently resides in Tobruk.  In October 2015, the UN announced a new national unity government that compromises both parts of the Islamist-backed government in Tripoli and the internationally recognized parliament in Tobruk. The Government of National Accord (GNA) was formed in January, 2016; however, the new government has been undermined by some factions of the parliament, which in August approved a motion of no confidence against the GNA.

The renewed conflict in Libya has forced most foreign governments and companies to evacuate the country by any means possible. Militants from Libya Dawn – an umbrella group consisting of various Islamist fighters from the city of Misrata – seized control of Tripoli Airport in September, 2014 following months of fighting with the Zintan militia. To the east heavy fighting has taken place around the city of Benghazi between the Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries, Ansar al-Sharia and anti-Islamist forces, including Haftar’s fighters. In October, 2014 a group of militants in Derna pledged allegiance to the Islamic State (IS) in Syria and Iraq. Since then IS-affiliated militants have expanded their presence across the centre of the country and carried out a number of high-profile attacks and kidnappings. This includes the attack on the historic Corinthia Hotel in Tripoli in January, 2015 which left nine people dead - including five foreign nationals - and a suicide bomb attack against a police training facility in Zliten in January, 2016, during which at least 65 people died.  In mid-2016 IS fighters were largely forced out of Sirte following a major offensive by the Libyan military.

Various fluid coalitions have emerged across the country, including a mixture of tribal, political and militant groups. To further exacerbate matters various Middle Eastern countries are funding the rival groups, while Egypt and United Arab Emirates (UAE) are reported to have carried out airstrikes against Islamist militias in recent years. The EU also has a presence in Libya, through the civilian EU Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM-Libya). The EU announced in August, 2016 that it will allocate over $19m to extend the EUBAM-Libya mission in the country until mid-2017.  Furthermore, the US has carried out airstrikes against IS positions in Libya in 2016 at the request of the Libyan government.

Crime levels are reported to be extremely high in Libya, largely due to the breakdown in law and order throughout the country, as well and the wide availability of weapons. Several foreign nationals have been killed and dozens of diplomats and foreign workers have been kidnapped in the country since 2013. Regionally a number of rebel and militant groups operate in the southern border regions of Libya. The most prominent of these groups is al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) based in Algeria. AQIM and its affiliates have been involved in the kidnappings of a number of foreign nationals in the region, including the hostage siege at a gas production facility in eastern Algeria in January, 2013. At least 69 people were killed in the incident, including 37 foreign nationals. Libya is also used by people traffickers as a transit point for migrants and refugees from sub-Saharan Africa to Europe via coastal towns, such as Zuwara. 


News articles

By Libya Herald

Kidnapped TV crew reported executed by ISIS

The five-member Cyrenaica TV crew kidnapped near Ajdabiya nearly nine months ago are reported to have been beheaded by the Islamic State (IS).

By SNE Special Projects

Libya travel update

Traveling into Libya is becoming increasingly difficult with the last foreign airline, Turkish Airlines, suspending flights to Misrata.

By INSI

Your story: Reporting Libya

My story begins at the end of 2012 after the revolution that brought down Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi.

By Reporters Without Borders

Newspaper editor gunned down on Benghazi street

Reporters Without Borders condemns in the strongest terms newspaper editor Muftah Bu Zeid’s murder today in Benghazi. Gunmen in a car shot Zeid three times in the head and abdomen shortly after he got out of his own car in Istiqlal Street (former Gamal Abdel Nasser Street) in the city centre at around 10:30 am.

View all articles for Libya

Alerts for Libya

Tunisian workers abducted near Zawiya

Fourteen Libyan workers have been abducted by an armed group near the town of Zawiya. Tunisian human rights watchdog president Mustapha Abdelkebir said the workers were on their way to an oil refinery when they were seized. The kidnappers are reportedly demanding the release of a Libyan detained in Tunisia.

Civilians killed in Derna fighting

At least seven civilians have been killed in clashes in the eastern city of Derna. Fighting has been reported between the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) and the Derna Protection Force (DPF), a local militia. The LNA. commander by Khalifa Haftar, have been accused of mutilating the bodies of DPF fighters, prompting the UN to express concerns. “The UN urges all parties to the conflict to respect and adhere to their obligations under International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law, and take all measures to protect civilians and civilian facilities. The UN continues to call for unconditional, unimpeded and sustained humanitarian access to the affected civilians in the old city,” a statement read.

AU calls for peace conference in Libya

The African Union (AU) has called for a peace conference to be held in Libya in July. in a statement, the bloc said it wanted to arrange "an international conference on reconciliation in Libya under the auspices of the AU and UN." Under the proposals, elections would be held in October 2019.

Presidential Council clashes with LNA

Forces loyal to the Presidential Council have clashed with the Libyan National Army (LNA) near the El Sharara oil field. At least five people have been killed and 16 others wounded in the fighting. Earlier this week the LNA announced that it had captured the field, although these claims have been disputed by the local fighters.

Four killed in south-west

At least four people have been killed and three others wounded in clashes between rival militias in south-western Libya. One group of fighters linked to the Libyan National Army (LNA) and Chadian mercenaries exchanged fire in the town of Ghadduwah on Friday. Last week the LNA announced 

NOC chief calls for national force to guard oil assets

The head of the National Oil Corporation (NOC) has called for the creation of a national security force to protect Libya's oil assets. Mustafa Sanalla said the force would cost $10m annually and would be controlled by the UN-recognised government in Tripoli. Many of the oil installations across Libya have been targeted by various armed groups in recent years, leading to significant disruption to oil production. A local militia is currently occupying the El Sharara field in the south of the country.

LNA seizes control of central Sabha

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) has seized control of key strategic areas in the southern city of Sabha. The central citadel, Mountain Hotel and the Sabha International Airport are all under the control of Khalifa Haftar's forces. LNA spokesman Brigadier General Ahmed al-Mismari announced that army units advanced in “several areas in the south,” adding that the aim of the operation is “to ensure the security of residents in the south-west and protect them from terrorists.”

Protesters close Brega oil depot

Protesters have closed the Brega oil depot in the western city of Misrata. Members of the Presidential Security Agency stormed the offices of the Brega Petroleum Marketing Co on Tuesday night to demand the payment of their salaries.

Rival militias agree to ceasefire

Rival militias in Libya's capital, Tripoli, have agreed to a ceasefire. Officials from the Tripoli Protection Force and the Seventh Brigade signed the agreement on Monday, which included prisoner swaps and an exchange of bodies of fighters killed during the recent fighting. At least 16 people have been killed and 65 others wounded in the latest clashes in the capital.

Journalist killed in Tripoli clashes

A Libyan journalist has been killed during clashes between militias in the capital, Tripoli. Freelance reporter Mohamed Ben Khalifa was hit by shrapnel while accompanying a militia in the Qaser Bin Ghashir area in the south of the city. At least 13 people have been killed and more than 50 others wounded since clashes erupted last week. Last September a UN-brokered ceasefire ended weeks of fighting between militias in the city which left more than 100 people dead.

Senior AQIM militant killed in Libya

A senior al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) militant has been killed by the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA). Abu Talha al-Libi and two other militants were killed during operations near the city of Sabha, according to the LNA. Troops were deployed last week to secure oil and gas sites in the region.

LNA heading to secure southern oil sites

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) said forces are heading south to secure oil and gas sites. “We announce the start of an operation to liberate the south,” LNA spokesman Ahmed Mismari told reporters in Benghazi. The El Sharara site has been closed since December after local residents started protesting to demand increased investment in the area.

Four killed in Ghadwa clashes

At least four people have been killed in clashes between militia fighters and Islamic State (IS) militants in southern Libya. The fighting took place in the Ghadwa area and left four members of the Khalid Ibn al-Walid group dead. The militia seized several districts from IS during the fighting, according to local sources.

LNA free 19 hostages in central Libya

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) has freed 19 hostages in central Libya. Two other hostages earlier managed to escape from the kidnappers, suspected to be Islamic State (IS) militants, and alert LNA troops. A soldier died in the operation, which took place in the village of Ghadwua, 70km from Sabha.

Four killed in Tripoli clashes

Four people have been killed and seven others wounded in clashes in the town of Zahraa, south-west of Tripoli. Fighters from Brigade 55 led by Moamar Al-Dawi were sitting at the café when gunmen opened fire on them, killing seven immediately and leaving others injured,” witnesses told the Libya Observer. Earlier this week the Tripoli Revolutionaries' Brigade (TRB), Abusleem Deterrence and Rapid Intervention Force, the Nawasi 8th Force and the Bab Tajura brigade said they had joined forces to form a new Tripoli Protection Force (TPF).

Tobruk port closed indefinitely

The port of Tobruk has been closed due to security concerns. Officials said the decision was taken after gunmen raided the site on Sunday and stole a container. The port was previously closed by the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) in October 2017.

Gunmen seize oilfield in southern Libya

Gunmen have seized the El Sharara oilfield in the southern Fezzan region. Libya's National Oil Company (NOC) said on Monday it has declared force majeure on exports from the field, saying there would be a production loss of 315,000 bpd. "NOC demands that the group leave the oilfield immediately without pre-condition," they said in a statement. The armed group are reportedly demanding more development funds for the region, claiming they have been economically marginalised.

IS militants kill six hostages

Islamic State (IS) militants have killed six hostages taken captive in the central town of Fuqaha. Local mayor Jufra Othman Hassouna said the six of the 10 hostages were executed, adding that the militants want to exchange the remaining victims for terrorists held by the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA). The group were abducted when gunmen stormed the town in October.

Twelve dead in Libya shipwreck

At least 12 people have been killed after a migrant boat capsized off Misrata. The UN International Organization for Migration (IOM) said 10 people were rescued and treated for exhaustion. They had been stranded at sea for more than 10 days. "We continue to advocate for alternatives to detention for migrants returned to Libyan shores, specifically for those most vulnerable," said IOM Libya Chief of Mission Othman Belbeisi.

Protests erupt over US airstrikes

Libyans have been protesting against US airstrikes in the south of the country, claiming that civilians have been killed. Dozens of ethnic Tuaregs held a rally on Tuesday to call on the Tripoli-based government to investigate the strikes. US Africa Command said that 11 militants linked to al-Qaeda died during operations near the town of al-Uwaynat last week.

Benghazi hit by heavy rain

Heavy rain has hit the eastern city of Benghazi, causing flights to be suspended and schools and government offices to close. Several oil ports have also closed in the east of the country due to the bad weather, while residents near the Qattara valley have been evacuated due to fears over water levels at a nearby dam.

IS leader captured in Bani Walid

A senior Islamic State (IS) militant has been captured in Bani Walid. Abel al-Saghir al-Werfalli was a senior figure when IS captured the city of Sirte. He was detained at a house on the airport road after the local security forces received a tip-off.

IS gunmen kill six in southern Libya

At least six people have been killed in an attack by Islamic State (IS) militants in southern Libya. Gunmen stormed a police station in the oasis town of Tazerbo, near Kufra, on Friday. In a statement, IS said its fighters had targeted security service members loyal to Khalifa Haftar, head of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA).

Rescued migrants refuse to return to Libya

A group of migrants rescued in the Mediterranean have refused to return to Libya, claiming the will be recaptured and tortured by people smugglers. More than 70 people remained on a Panama-flagged cargo ship in Misrata on Sunday, more than a week after they were picked up off Libya's western coast. In a statement, Heba Morayef, Middle East and North Africa Director at Amnesty International said: "No one should be sent back to Libya to be held in inhumane conditions and face torture and other ill-treatment."

Scout leader shot dead in Benghazi

A scout leader has been shot dead in the Behadima area of Benghazi. Musa al-Obeidi,26, was rushed to the Al-Jalaa hospital where he succumbed to his injuries. The identity of the assailant(s) has not been confirmed.

Haftar skips Libya summit in Italy

The head of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA), Khalifa Haftar, said he will not be attending the summit on Libya's future that is being held in Italy. Haftar has met Libya's Prime Minister, Fayez al-Serraj, at the event in Palermo but said he would not join formal talks on Tuesday. When the pair last met in Paris in May they agreed to hold elections in December, although these are now unlikely to take place.

Four local tourists killed in Khoms

Four local tourists have been killed by unknown gunmen in Khoms, east of Tripoli. Chief of the Security Directorate of Khoms city, Colonel Hussein Bakouri, confirmed the incident, which took place on Friday. In a statement, Bakouri said the attacked was carried out by criminals.

Fighting erupts in Sabratha

Fighting has erupted in the southern city of Sabratha, according to local reports. Clashes started on Sunday morning and forced local shops and schools to close, leaving at least three people dead and several others wounded. Fighters from the Al-Dabbashi and rival Al-Wadi Force also blocked the exits to the city.

Four killed and police officers kidnapped in Jufra attack

At least four people have been killed in a suspected Islamic State (IS) attack in the central al-Jufra region. Several police officers were also kidnapped after gunmen targeted a police station during the raid in Al-Fuqaha on Sunday. The Jufra Municipality has declared three days of mourning in response to the attack.

Presidential Council approves Tripoli security plan

The head of Libya's Presidential Council (PC) has approved a new security plan for Tripoli. Fayez Al-Sarraj adopted the new measures, which include increased coordination with the UN mission (UNSMIL), following a meeting on Tuesday. In response, the mission said: "The plan prepared by the security arrangements committee as per decree 1303 and aims at establishing regular professional forces." The agreement comes after intense fighting between rival militias in the city.

Rival brigades clash in Tripoli

A Tripoli Revolutionaries' Brigade commander has been shot dead in the capital by members of a rival militia. Khairi Hankora was targeted by members of the Special Deterrence Force (SDF) outside the Radisson Blu hotel on Monday night. Gunmen linked to the Tripoli Revolutionaries responded by arresting two SDF men before killing them. The two forces were fighting alongside each other during the recent period of unrest in the city.

Four killed in clashes with Chadian rebels

Four people have been killed in clashes with Chadian rebels in southern Libya. The Mayor of the Municipality of Al-Sharqiyah has called on the government to improve security in the region amid an increase in cross-border attacks. The mayor said there was no form of state security since the Security Directorate of Murzuq closed in 2013. Earlier this month six people were kidnapped on the road linking Faqih and Sabah by suspected Chadian rebels.

Police kidnapped by gunmen in Misrata

Six police officers have been kidnapped by unknown gunmen near the eastern city of Misrata. The assailants also wounded two other officers and stole several police cars during the ambush. A security operation has been launched to track down the hostages.

Six kidnapped in southern Libya

Six people have been kidnapped by suspected Chadian criminals in southern Libya. The group were abducted on the road linking Faqih and Sabah over the weekend. The kidnappers took the hostages to Al-Aranib where they are being held, according to local reports. The group could try to use to the hostages to demand the release of other members of their group who are detained in Libya.

LNA captures Egyptian militant in Derna

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) has captured an Egyptian militant in the eastern city of Derna. Hisham Ashmawy is a former army officer who is accused of killing Egypt's Prosecutor-General Hisham Barakat in June 2015. Ashmawy also claimed to be head of the Sinai Province jihadist group before he travelled to Libya to join Islamic State (IS) fighters. Egyptian officials have asked the LNA to extradite Ashmawy to stand trial.

Former Benghazi mayor kidnapped

The former mayor of the eastern city of Benghazi has been kidnapped, according to reports. Ahmed Areibi was abducted along with his son from his home in the Lamloud Land district. Local media suggest Areibi was seized by members of Brigade 106, a militia led by the son of Khalifa Haftar, the head of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA).

Rockets land near Mitiga airport

Rockets have landed near the Mitiga International Airport, forcing the immediate suspension of all flights. A group known as the Youth Movement has claimed responsibility for the attack, which used 107mm rockets. The airport was closed several times last month during clashes in southern Tripoli.

New ceasefire agreed in Tripoli

A fresh ceasefire has been agreed in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, following days of heavy fighting. The internationally-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) announced that a deal has been reached with militias from Tarhouna, who have fighting rival fighters linked to the interior ministry. Under the deal both sides agreed to implement the earlier UN-brokered accord, which was signed on 4 September.

Mayor of Derna survives assassination attempt

The Mayor of Derna has survived an assassination attempt. Local media reported that an explosive device was planted in the Pearl Hotel where Abdel Moneim al-Ghaithi is staying. It is not yet clear who planted the bomb.

Bodies of two Tunisian journalists found in Derna

The bodies of two missing Tunisian journalists have been found near the eastern city of Derna. “The bodies of Tunisian journalists Sufian al-Shawarbi and Nadeer al-Qatari were discovered in the Bu Mesafir forest on the outskirts of the city of Derna,” the private news broadcaster Alnabaa reported. The pair were abducted in September 2014.

Thousands displaced by Tripoli fighting

More than 5,000 people have been displaced by fighting in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, since 26 August. The UN said 1,700 families have been forced to flee their homes over the last 48 hours as fighting continues in the south of the city. "Many are afraid to leave their homes because of looting by armed groups or criminal elements," UNOCHA said in a statement. "As the fighting escalates, the number of civilians affected by violence is bound to increase."

Deadly clashes leave nine dead in Tripoli

At least nine people were killed in the latest clashes between rival armed groups in Tripoli. Gunmen from brigades affiliated with the Defence Ministry and rival fighters linked to the Defence Ministry engaged in gunbattles in the south of the city on Saturday. Earlier this month the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) announced a ceasefire but this lasted less than a week.

Renewed fighting causes power outages, Tripoli

Renewed fighting in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, has caused power outages in the city and western and southern areas of the country. The latest clashes comes despite a UN-brokered ceasefire, which was agreed after more than 60 people were killed in the city. Fighting has been reported on the airport road on Tuesday, which could affect operations at the Mitiga International Airport.

UNSMIL mandate extended to 2019

The mandate for the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) has been extended until 15 September 2019. The Security Council adopted resolution 2434 and said the mission should support key Libyan institutions, monitor and report on human rights, along with coordinated international assistance to the Government of National Accord (GNA).

Flights diverted at Tripoli airport after rocket attack

Flights have been diverted from the Mitiga International Airport in Tripoli after rockets were fired at the site. There were no immediate reports of damage or casualties from the fire on Tuesday night. Planes from Egypt were diverted to Misrata as a precaution. The airport only reopened last Friday following more than a week of heavy fighting between rival militia groups.

Migrants drown off Libyan coast

At least 100 migrants died in a shipwreck off the coast of Libya earlier this month. Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) said 20 of the victims were children, who died when an engine failed and the vessel deflated on 1 September. More than 250 survivors were taken to the port city of Khoms, where they are being held in arbitrary detention. By the start of July more than 1,000 people had drowned while trying to cross the Mediterranean from North Africa.

Gunmen storm NOC building

Gunmen have stormed the headquarters of the National Oil Corporation (NOC) in the Libyan capital, Tripoli. Heavy gunfire has been reported from the scene and several people have been shot. NOC chairman, Mustafa Sanallah, and other workers managed to escape the building before the security services reached the scene. The incident comes a week after a UN-brokered truce was agreed between warring militias in the capital.

Central Bank official kidnapped in Tripoli

An official from Libya's Central Bank has been kidnapped in the capital, Tripoli. The bank confirmed that Ahmed Al-Farjani was abducted by an armed group in the city earlier this week. Al-Farjani was the head of the management committee of the Libyan Foreign Bank.

Ceasefire agreed between rival factions, Tripoli

A ceasefire has been agreed between rival militias in the Libyan capital, Tripoli. Almost 50 people have been killed and hundreds displaced by the fighting, according to the UN. "Under the auspices of [UN envoy Ghassan Salame], a ceasefire agreement was reached and signed today to end all hostilities, protect civilians, safeguard public and private property," said the UN mission (UNSMIL) in a statement.

Hundreds escape Tripoli prison

Hundreds of prisoners have escaped from a jail in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, following heavy fighting. The prisoners were able to force open doors at the Ain Zara facility on Sunday as rival militias clashes outside. At least 47 people have been killed in the week-long fighting in the city, including two deaths at a camp for internally displaced people (IDPs).

Truce reached in Tripoli after deadly clashes

A truce has been reached in Tripoli following deadly clashes between rival groups. Five people were killed and more than 30 others wounded when fighting erupted between local militias and al-Kani tribal fighters from Tarhouna over the weekend. Both groups operate under the UN-recognised government, the Government of National Accord (GNA), but have been challenging each other for control of territory. "We warn these gangs and outlawed groups that have terrorised civilians and residents; there is no space for such lawlessness and chaos," said the Presidential Council in a statement.

Four soldiers killed in checkpoint attack

Four soldiers have been killed and five others wounded in an attack on a checkpoint near the town of Zliten. "The attack was carried out with grenades and light weapons at 7:45 am (0545 GMT)." Mayor Moftah Ahmadi told the AFP. The perpetrators of the attack has not yet been confirmed.

UNSMIL condemns militia attacks

The UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) has condemned the militia attacks against sovereign institutions. "UNSMIL expresses its strong condemnation of the violence, intimidation and obstruction to the work of Libya's sovereign institutions by militiamen," the mission said in a statement. Fighters allied to the UN-backed government have been accused of carrying out a series of attacks, including the kidnapping of employees from the National Oil Corporation (NOC).

Gunmen raid offices of Brega oil company

Gunmen have raided the offices of the CEO of the Brega oil and gas marketing company. “After the gunmen had known the CEO was not there, they illegally took the keys of the office in a militia-style act, telling the secretary to tell the CEO not to come to office till he visits them,” said the National Oil Corporation (NOC) in a statement.

Court sentences 45 militiamen to death

A Libyan court has sentenced 45 militiamen to death for their role in the killing of protesters in Tripoli in 2011. The accused will be killed by firing squad, while 54 other suspects have been given five-year jail terms for their role in the killings. The Triq al-Sareeh case is linked to a demonstration by residents of the Abu Salim district of the capital, who took to the streets to celebrate the downfall of former leader Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.

Sovereign wealth fund moves HQ due to security concern

The Libyan Investment Authority (LIA), a sovereign wealth fund, has announced on Wednesday that its main office is being relocated from Tripoli due to security concerns. In a statement, LIA said that a number of its employees were abducted and threatened. “The authority rejects these actions and announces the transfer of its headquarters from Tripoli Tower as a result of security breaches.” LIA manages around $66bn in assets and was created when a number of militant factions took over the country after President Muammar Gaddafi was ousted from power.

IS militants target police station in al-Uqaylah

Police vehicles have been set on fire following a militant attack in northern Libya. Reports revealed that the incident happened at a police station in al-Uqaylah, located on the road between Sirte and Ajdabiya. The Islamic State (IS) group claimed responsibility for the attack, where several casualties were also reported. The incident happened almost at the same time the military clashed with assailants in a nearby southern checkpoint.

PM Sarraj rejects calls for migration centres in Libya

Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj has said on Friday that the government will not allow the establishment of migrant centres along its Mediterranean shores to curb migration into Europe. Sarraj told German daily Bild that: "We are absolutely opposed to Europe officially wanting us to accommodate illegal immigrants the EU does not want to take in." Italy's Interior Minister Matteo Salvini has been recently in Libya to debate the proposal, which already triggered diplomatic clashes amongst EU members. 

Eight migrants found dead inside shipping container in Zuwarah

Authorities have announced on Monday that eight migrants have been found dead inside a shipping container in Zuwarah, north-western Libya. Most of the casualties were children, who were believed to have suffocated. In recent weeks, hundreds of migrants died in Libya while attempting to cross the Mediterranean into Europe.

Two workers kidnapped from Sharara oil field

Two staff members were kidnapped from the Sharara oil field by unknown gunmen on Saturday. Local engineers said the victims, one of whom was from Romania, were abducted from a control station on the outskirts of the field. “Four of the station staff were initially kidnapped but two of them have been since released,” the National Oil Corporation (NOC) said in a statement. “Oil wells in the surrounding area have been shut down as a precaution, and all other workers evacuated.”

Libya closes Ras Ajdir crossing with Tunisia

Libya has closed the Ras Ajdir crossing with Tunisia due to insecurity in the area. Libyan officer Najmi Muammar said there had been increasing attacks on travellers by residents of Ben Gardane, adding that calls for improved security on the Tunisian side of the border had not been adequately met. "The Libyan state is determined to enforce its decisions to tighten control on the border in order to prevent the smuggling of fuel and goods that are active in border areas on both sides and the Tunisian authorities have to comply with the border security requirements," said Muammar.

NOC resumes control of oil terminals

Libya's National Oil Corporation (NOC) resumed control of four key oil terminals on Wednesday. In a statement, the NOC said "production and export operations will return to normal levels within the next few hours." The force majeure has been lifted at the al-Hariga, Zweitina, Ras Lanuf and al-Sidra ports. The Petroleum Facilities Guard seized Ras Lanuf and al-Sidra from the Libyan National Army (LNA) in June, resulting in heavy clashes and the evacuation of all NOC staff.

Tripoli security chief kidnapped by militia

The head of the central security agency in Tripoli has been kidnapped by a local militia. Mohammed Al Damja was abducted at his house in the capital, according to local media. There was no immediate confirmation of which group carried out the attack or whether their demands are political or financial.

Four foreign workers kidnapped in south-east

Four foreign workers have been kidnapped from a water plant in south-eastern Libya. Three Filipinos and a Korean national were abducted along with several Libyan workers from the Al-Hassouna plant near Ishwirif. The Libyan hostages have since been released.

Migrants die off Libyan coast

More than 200 migrants have drowned off the coast of Libya, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). The group said two shipwrecks occurred over the weekend, during which some 1,000 migrants were rescued. "IOM is determined to ensure that the human rights of all migrants are respected as together we all make efforts to stop the people smuggling trade, which is so exploitative of migrants," said IOM Director General William Lacy Swing.

LNA's Khalifa Haftar claims victory in Derna

Libyan National Army (LNA) Commander Khalifa Haftar has claimed victory on Thursday in the restive city of Derna. Haftar claims that his LNA defeated local fighters and Islamist groups based in the north-eastern city. Derna has been considered one of the last militant strongholds in eastern Libya.

Dozens of migrants feared dead off Tripoli

More than 100 migrants are feared dead after their boat capsized off the Lybian coast. Coast Guard officials told AP that more than a dozen migrants were rescued east of Tripoli. Libya is known as one of the biggest departure points for migrants who attempt to reach Europe through Italy or Malta. Most recently, hundreds of migrants arrived at the Italian, Maltese and Spanish shores, generating grievances amongst EU members over a common strategy to address the current crisis.

Sixteen troops killed in LNA operation to seize oil ports

At least 16 members of the Libyan National Army (LNA) were killed on Thursday during operations to retake the key oil ports of Ras Lanuf and al-Sidra. "The emergency department received 16 dead and more than 20 injured today as a result of the clashes in the oil crescent region throughout the day," a medical source told Xinhua. The LNA announced that it had taken the two ports a week after they fell to rival militias.

Suicide bomber kills four troops in Derna

A suicide bomber has killed four soldiers from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) in Derna. Ahmed al-Mismari, a spokesman for the LNA, said the assailant was holding a white flag when he detonated the device among the troops. On Wednesday heavy fighting was reported in the central district of Al-Maghar, with the LNA claiming to be close to securing the city from rival militias.

LNA fighters attempt to recapture oil terminals

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) is attempting to recapture the Ras Lanuf and Sidra oil terminals from rival groups. The LNA lost control of the two sites in the north-eastern oil crescent during an assault last Thursday. "Fighter [planes] are carrying out raids against terrorist positions and gatherings in the operational military zone stretching from Ras Lanuf to the edge of the city of Sirte," the LNA said on Sunday. Ibrahim Jadhran, who heads the Petroleum Facilities Guard, said his forces had taken the terminals from the LNA.

NOC evacuates staff from Ras Lanuf and Sidra

Libya's National Oil Corporation (NOC) has evacuated staff from the Ras Lanuf and Sidra terminals due to armed clashes. The country's oil production has dropped by 240,000 bpd, around 25 percent of the national total, due to the unrest at the two sites. According to reports, a storage tanker was set alight during the fighting between the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) and rival armed brigades.

Four wounded in Derna suicide attack

Four soldiers from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) have been wounded in a suicide bomb attack in Derna. Another suicide bomber attempted to target troops in a separate attack near the city's port; however, he was stopped before reaching his target. "The suicide bomber was driving a car bomb fast towards the port of Derna, trying to target the soldiers charged with securing the port. However, his car exploded before reaching our troops without causing casualties," a military officer told Xinhua.

Sixteen fighters killed in LNA fighting

At least 16 fighters have been killed in intense clashes in the eastern city of Derna. Hundreds of civilians have fled after the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) fired shells on the Wasat al-Bilad district. The LNA said it had seized large areas of the city following days of fighting, before announcing plans to advance on Misrata and Sabha once this operation is concluded.

IS militants claim attack to military checkpoint in Ajdabiya

One person has been killed and several others were injured when suspected militants attacked a security checkpoint in Ajdabiya, north-eastern Libya. Militants of the Islamic State (IS) group have claimed responsibility for the attack. The region is currently controlled by forces loyal to General Khalifa Haftar. Security tensions in the region have been escalating since December when the IS lost control of one of its main strongholds in Sirte.

Armed group attacks Tamanhint airbase

An armed group has attacked the Tamanhint airbase in southern Libya. The group briefly occupied the site following the assault on Thursday. The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) retook the airport following an exchange of fire.

Rival groups agree election schedule

Rival political factions in Libya have agreed to hold parliamentary and presidential elections later this year. Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, head of the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA), attended the summit in Paris, France. He was joined by Aguila Saleh Issa, the speaker from the Libyan House of Representatives (HOF); Khalid al-Mishri, head of the High Council of State; and Khalid Haftar, former army field marshall and leader of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA). Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi warned the four leaders: "There is no solution other than via you... if things go badly, it's your responsibility."

Migrants shot by smugglers in Libya

At least 15 migrants have been killed and dozens more wounded after people traffickers opened fire on them in northern Libya. Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) said 25 people were treated in hospital in Bani Walid on Monday. Most of the victims were originally from Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia and were trying to reach Europe.

Car bomb kills at least seven in central Benghazi

At least seven people have been killed after a car bomb exploded in central Benghazi, north-eastern Libya. Medical sources told Reuters on Thursday evening that the incident happened near the Tibesti hotel, one of the biggest hotels in the city. At least eight nearby vehicles were destroyed by the blast. Benghazi is currently controlled by the Libyan National Army (LNA), which is currently engaged in a fierce military campaign to oust terrorist groups from the region.

IS claims car bomb attack at eastern checkpoint

The Islamic State (IS) has claimed responsibility for a deadly attack on a checkpoint in eastern Libya. The blast took place at the southern entrance of Ajdabiya, west of Benghazi, on Wednesday. IS also claimed to have kidnapped a police officer during a separate raid on a checkpoint in Awjila.

Production at Raguba hit by protests

Production at the Raguba oil field was briefly disrupted on Wednesday due to protesters near the site. Local residents from Marada threatened to close the field and attack pipelines unless state services were improved. Libya's National Oil Corp (NOC) said there had been a "minor delay" in transporting oil but production continued.

Car bomb kills two LNA troops in Derna

At least two self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) troops have been killed in a car bomb attack in the eastern city of Derna. The incident occurred amid an LNA offensive to capture the city from rebels and Islamist militants. Another LNA soldier was also kidnapped from a checkpoint near the city.

LNA target rivals in Derna assault

The Libyan National Army (LNA) has launched a major offensive against rival fighters in the eastern city of Derna. The LNA used aircraft and artillery to seize territory from the Derna Mujahideen Shura Council (DMSC) on Tuesday. The operation comes after the head of the LNA, Khalifa Haftar, returned from medical treatment in France.

Tunisian hostage killed in Libya

A Tunisian national has been killed by a kidnapping group in Libya. The assailants demanded a 30,000 dinar ransom from the victim's employer, which was reportedly paid. However, the victim was still executed and their body dumped in Ouerchfana, 20km from Tripoli.

Coastguard intercepts more than 500 migrants

Libya's coastguard intercepted more than 500 migrants in four boats on Monday. The migrants were heading to Europe when the coastguard reached them. They have been taken to several detention centres in the capital, Tripoli, for processing. An estimated 6,600 people have travelled by boat from Libya to Italy so far this year, an 80 percent drop on 2017 levels.

Two killed in Libya car bombing

Two people have been killed and four others wounded in a car bombing at a checkpoint in western Libya. The device exploded around 70km from the major oil port in Ras Lanuf on Tuesday. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.

Seven killed in Derna clashes

At least seven people have been killed in clashes in the eastern city of Derna. The fighting, which involved troops from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) and the Derna Shura Council, took place in the Qubba district. The LNA said its forces were preparing for a major assault to "liberate" Derna from the Shura Council.

Brigade commander killed in Benghazi clashes

A commander from the Free Libya Martyrs brigade has been killed in clashes in Benghazi. Wissam Bin Hamid was killed in an airstrike carried out by the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA). The LNA said it had liberated the city last year.

Seven killed in suicide attack on electoral commission

At least seven people have been killed in a twin suicide bomb attack at the head offices of Libya's electoral commission in Tripoli. The assailants also set fire to the building before engaging in a gun battle with members of the security forces. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack, although Islamic State (IS) is suspected of orchestrating it.

Haftar returns to Libya

Libyan strongman Khalifa Haftar has returned to Libya following medical treatment in France, Haftar, head of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) said he was in good health after reports earlier this month that he was in a coma and was unlikely to recover. Other sources claimed the former field marshall had died at a Paris hospital.

Militants target oil pipeline in northern Libya

Suspected militants targeted a key oil pipeline in northern Libya. Sources from the state-owned National Oil Corporation (NOC) told Reuters that the El-Zhout-Es Sider pipeline was set ablaze. The incident happened months after a similar attack took place near the Maradah, where Islamic State (IS) militants are known to operate.

Haftar suffers irreversable brain damage

Libyan strongman Khalifa Haftar has irreversible brain damage after suffering a stroke, according to reports. The head of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) is in the French capital, Paris, for treatment. Officials from the LNA earlier denied the reports of his deteriorating condition and insisted he was simply undergoing routine checks. Haftar's LNA has seized control large parts of eastern Libya, including the city of Benghazi, and his death would leave a significant vacuum in the country. Yesterday his chief of staff, General Abdel-Razeq Nathouri, survived an assassination attempt in al-Marj near Benghazi.

Former LNA commander shot in Benghazi

A former commander in the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) has been shot in the eastern city of Benghazi. Salah Bulaghib was targeted in the city on Sunday and taken to hospital for emergency treatment. Local sources said the shooting was an attempted assassination carried out by pro-LNA forces, who are said to resent Bulaghib supporting the deputy interior minister of the Tripoli government Faraj Egaiem.

Local mayor kidnapped near Tripoli

A local mayor has been kidnapped by unknown gunmen near the Libyan capital, Tripoli. Jamal al-Taif was abducted outside his house in the town of Sa'diya in Warshaffana and taken to an unknown location, according to local officials. The victim had reportedly received several threatening messages in the days before his kidnapping.

IS claims car bomb attack

The Islamic State (IS) group has claimed responsibility for a deadly car bomb attack in eastern Libya. Six people were killed and nine others wounded when the device exploded at a checkpoint in Ajdabiya near Benghazi on Thursday. IS claimed 14 troops from the Libyan National Army (LNA) died in a statement released via its Amaq news agency.

Mayor kidnapped in Tripoli

A mayor in central Tripoli was kidnapped in the centre of the city on Wednesday. Abdelraouf Bayt Al-Mal was abducted by unknown gunmen, prompting the municipality to suspend all work in protest. “Such acts are crimes that directly threaten the security of the capital in Libya and drags it into a conflict that could be easily avoided,” said the municipality in a statement.

Haftar rejects power sharing offer

Khalifa Haftar, head of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA), has rejected an offer from the Head of the Presidential Council Fayez Al-Siarraj to enter into a power-sharing agreement. The pair met in the town of Marj earlier this week, where Al-Sirraj offered to form a new presidential council. Libya remains divided by competing national authorities - the Government of National Accord based in Tripoli and the House of Representatives based in Tobruk.

AQIM targeted by US drone strike

Two militants from the al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) have been killed in a US drone strike. The US Africa Command said the strike took place in the remote south-west of the country on Saturday and is the first recorded US drone strike against the group in Libya. “We are committed to maintaining pressure on the terror network and preventing terrorists from establishing safe havens,” the US Africa Command statement said. “At this time, we assess no civilians were killed in this strike.”

Libya not ready for elections - HRW

Libya is not ready to hold credible elections this year, according to Human Rights Watch (HRW). The activist group said "voters, candidates and political parties" are at risk of "coercion, discrimination and intimidation." No date for the vote has been set but are expected to be scheduled for later this year.

Islamist fighters arrested in Kufra

Sixteen Islamist fighters have been arrested by eastern forces near the southern city of Kufra. “The Counter-terrorism Department members managed to take down fighters of Al-Nusra Front with an ambush in the Kufra desert after they were trying to infiltrate the Libyan territories,” said the self-styled army in a statement. The military also said that the suspects were originally from Syria and had travelled to Libya via Turkey and Sudan.

Prosecutor kidnapped in Tripoli

Libya's military prosecutor, Masoud Erhouma, has been kidnapped from the capital, Tripoli. Erhouma was seized near his house in the Salah el-Din area of the city on Thursday. "My father and his driver, as well as the bodyguard, were kidnapped by gunmen before arriving to our house in Tripoli." Erhouma's son, Fadil, told local media. The incident comes a day after the head of the Supreme Council of the State was targeted in a failed assassination attempt.

Three killed in Sabha clashes

Three people have been killed and 12 others wounded in renewed clashes in the southern city of Sabha. Gunmen targeted the Sabha Martyrs Brigade headquarters in Al-Nasiriya neighbourhood on Tuesday. Libya's National Human Rights Commission condemned the latest outbreak of violence in a statement: "The targeting of civilians, neighbourhoods, and medical facilities constitutes a full war crime in violation of international humanitarian law."

Four civilians wounded in Derna shelling

Four civilians have been wounded in shelling in the eastern city of Derna. The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) fired mortar rounds at the Sayeda Khadija neighbourhood on Sunday evening. The LNA frequently target members of the Mujahideen Shura Council, which still controls the city.

UN-backed government urges for ceasefire call in Sabha

On Thursday, Libya's UN-backed government called for an immediate ceasefire as tribal tensions continue to escalate in Sabha, southern Libya. The Government of National Accord has raised concerns about the increasing death of civilians alongside high levels of criminality in the region. 

Sovereign fund's head resigns over political tensions

The head of the Libyan Investment Authority (LIA) has handed in his resignation due to alleged political tensions within the sovereign wealth fund. Ali Shamekh said he is leaving the 66-billion-dollar fund due to an increasing fragmentation of the fund's leadership. This division was exacerbated after the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) appointed a new committee to oversee the fund.

Civilians killed in fresh tribal clashes in Sabha

Two civilians have been killed when tribal clashes broke out in Sabha, southern Libya. According to Libya's National Human Rights Commission, tensions erupted when gunmen from two different villages engaged in violent shooting. Concerns have been drawn about the escalation of violence in the area, which is mainly fuelled by tribal clashes around Sabha.

Two UN-backed soldiers killed near Murzuq

Two soldiers have been shot dead when gunmen raided a security checkpoint near Murzuq, southern Libya. Local security sources revealed that armed criminals stormed the security checkpoint in Umm al-Aranbi. Both soldiers were part of the UN-backed unity government forces. Reports revealed that two criminals were detained after the attack, while no group has so far claimed responsibility.

Oilfield in Marzuq shuts down over guards salary dispute

A key oilfield in south-western Libya was shut down after security guards were withdrawn from the area on Friday. The Elephant Field - also known as El Feel - is located in Murzuq and was currently being guarded by members of a group known as the Petroleum Facilities Guards, which works with the National Oil Corporation (NOC). The situation developed over salary disputes between the NOC and the guards. The field was jointly operated by the NOC and an Italian-based company and produced more than 70,000 barrels a day.

Three killed in bomb attack on checkpoint in Waddan

Three people have been killed after a powerful blast hit a military checkpoint in Waddan, central Libya. Local media reported that the incident happened on Wednesday and that the checkpoint was operated by soldiers loyal to Khalifa Haftar, the head of the Libyan National Army (LNA).

Gunmen kidnap civilians near Kufra

Eight civilians have reportedly been abducted after they crossed a fake security checkpoint near Kufra, south-eastern Libya. According to Libya Observer gunmen stopped a passenger bus travelling between Kufra and Jalu. It is believed that the attack was carried out by a local criminal group dedicated to kidnaps and robberies. 

Airspace restrictions to be applied at Mitiga Airport

Libya Herald has reported that the airspace over the Mitiga Airport in Tripoli will be closed for six hours each day for the next three months. Air traffic restrictions are set to last from midnight to 06:00. No reasons have been given for the decision. In mid-January, disruptions were reported at the airport after a violent armed attack.

Interior minister sacked amid potential cabinet reshuffle

Prime Minister Fayez Serraj has ordered the replacement of Interior Minister Al-Ared al-Khoja due to undisclosed reasons. Al-Khoja is being replaced by the Lybian undersecretary of the interior, General Abdussalam Ashour. A further cabinet reshuffle is expected in the coming weeks. Serraj is Libya's UN-backed PM and still faces a challenge to create a functioning and effective security service to tackle powerful militias.

Kidnapped boy released in Tobruk

An eight-year-old boy kidnapped in Tobruk last week has been released. Mohammed Al-Maryami was seized by unknown abductors from outside his house in the Manara district. The kidnappers called the family to demand a ransom, although it is not clear if this was paid to secure the release.

Soldier wounded in Sirte car bomb

A Libyan soldier has been wounded in a car bomb attack near the eastern city of Sirte. The device exploded outside a military checkpoint around 90km from the city on Saturday. Several military vehicles were also destroyed in the blast, according to an army spokesman.

Powerful blast strikes mosque in Benghazi

A powerful explosion has struck a mosque in Benghazi, north-eastern Libya. Preliminary reports revealed that at least one person was killed and 50 others were injured. The circumstances behind the incident are not clear. Benghazi is controlled by the Libyan National Army (LNA), which is led by Khalifa Haftar. The city is known for fierce battles between the LNA and Islamist groups such as the al-Qaeda and the Islamic State (IS).

Libyan commander surrenders to police

A Libyan commander wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) has handed himself into police in eastern Libya. Mahmoud al-Werfalli, a member of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) led by General Khalifa Hafta, is accused of carrying out summary executions near Benghazi. Last month, the UN called for al-Werfalli to be handed over to the ICC immediately after images surfaced appearing to show him fatally shooting 10 people in front of a mosque in the city.

Two killed in Sabha clashes

Two people have been killed and three others wounded in tribal clashes in Sabha.  Artillery fire hit residential buildings in the Hajara area in the south of the city during the latest fighting between the Tubu and Awlad Sulaiman tribes. Fighting has also been resported outside the Sabha castle in the centre of the city.

Migrants feared drowned off Libyan coast

At least 90 migrants are believed to have drowned off the coast of Libya after their boat capsized. International Organisation for Migration (IOM) said three people had survived and 10 bodies washed up on shore following the accident near Zuwara. The migrants, most of which were Pakistanis, were heading to Italy on a smuggler's boat. More than 600,000 migrants are estimated to have made the journey over the last four years.

IS militants killed in army clashes

Two suspected Islamic State (IS) militants have been killed in clashes with the army in southern Libya. "Two IS affiliates were killed in clashes with the (army) unit and some residents of the city," Mohamed Magrahi, a member of the army's unit 12, told Xinhua. A soldier was also killed in the encounter, which took place in the city of Brak al-Shati on Wednesday.

Two killed in Sabha attack

Two security personnel have been killed in an attack in the southern city of Sabha. Gunmen attacked the Vital Facilities Security Department of the Security Directorate of Sabha on Sunday. "According to preliminary investigations, the aim of the attack was theft,"a security source told the media.

Benghazi commander wanted by ICC

The International Criminal Court (ICC) has demanded the immediate surrender of a commander in the eastern city of Benghazi. Mahmoud al-Werfalli - who leads the Al-Saiqa Brigade and is loyal to Khalifa Haftar - has been accused of carrying out summary executions in the city. This includes the shooting of several suspects outside the Bayaat al-Radwan mosque, which was carried out after the twin car bomb attack on Tuesday. The UN Support Mission in Libya also claims to have documented five cases involving al-Werfalli in 2017.

Kidnapping gang arrested near Sirte

A kidnapping gang has been arrested near the northern city of Sirte. Troops loyal to the Tripoli-based government said five Libyan and a Palestinian were detained and accused of torturing eight Sudanese migrants. The arrests took place in Qaddahiya, a village south of Sirte, after video footage of the alleged abuse took place. Libya is a key transit point for migrants seeking to escape to Europe, many of whom fall into the hands of kidnappers and people traffickers.

Twin car bomb attack kills 33 in Benghazi

At least 33 people have been killed and scores others wounded in a twin car bomb attack in the eastern city of Benghazi. The blasts targeted a mosque in the al-Sleimani district as people were finishing evening prayers. Civilians and troops from the Libyan National Army (LNA) were among those killed in the blasts, including senior commander Ahmed al-Fituri. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.

Derna hit by artillery fire

The eastern city of Derna has been targeted by heavy artillery fire from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA). No casualties were reported although several buildings were damaged by the strikes. Rebels from the Shura Council of Derna said they have returned fire and targeted LNA positions.

Production resumes at Wintershall oil field

Libya's National Oil Corporation (NOC) has resumed production at the Wintershall AG oil field. The site was forced to shut down more than two months ago due to protests, resulting in a loss of $281.5m. The national output will increase by 57,000 bpd and comes after Shell and BP recently agreed deals to buy Libyan crude.

Flights to Tripoli set to resume

The Mitiga International Airport near Libya's capital, Tripoli, is set to reopen on Saturday, five days after it was forced to close due to heavy fighting. "The Airports Authority announces the resumption of air traffic to and from Mitiga international airport, starting from Saturday morning and following the relative stability of the security situation in the area," said the authority in a statement. More than 20 people were killed in the fighting near the airport over the weekend, while several aircraft suffered minor damage.

Six LNA troops killed in south-east

Six soldiers from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) have been killed in an ambush in the south-east of the country. A seventh soldier is missing following the incident near the Jaghbub oasis. The troops had been deployed to the area after one of their fighters was kidnapped by the Justice and Equality rebel group, based in neighbouring Sudan.

Kidnapped oil manager released in Benghazi

The manager of the Al-Rahila Oil Services Company has been released in Benghazi, several days after he was kidnapped. A spokesman for the Al-Jarih Al-Aqwri tribal group said Faraj Al-Abdali was freed on Tuesday. An official from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) is accused of ordering the kidnapping after Abdali refused to pay an LYD60m extortion payment.

Kidnapped IOM staffer released in Sabha

A staffer from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) who was kidnapped over the weekend has been released. Rania Kharma, a Spanish national of Palestinian origin, was abducted by unknown gunmen along with another IOM official and their driver. The two other hostages were freed on Saturday.

Airbus damaged in Tripoli clashes

An Airbus A319 was damaged during clashes between rival armed groups in the Libyan capital, Tripoli. No passengers were on the plane at the time of the incident, while two other passenger jets operated by Libyan Wings also suffered minor damage. The fighting, which left at least 20 people dead, forced the airport to suspend operations on Monday.

Oil manager reportedly kidnapped in Benghazi

An oil manager based in the north-eastern city of Benghazi has been kidnapped when armed men raided his company's headquarters on Monday. LibyaObserver reported that Faraj Al-Abdali was taken to an undisclosed location by members of the so-called Batallion 106, loyal to Khalid Khalifa Haftar, the leader of the Libyan National Army (LNA). Al-Abdali works for the Al-Rahila Oil Services Company and was identified as the cousin of the Libyan Undersecretary of the Interior Ministry of the Presidential Council, Faraj Qaiem.

Ukrainian doctor kidnapped in Sabha released

Ukraine's Embassy in Tunisia has revealed that an abducted Ukrainian doctor has been released. In a statement released on Saturday evening, Ukraine's Foreign Ministry said: "On January 13, 2017, a Ukrainian doctor who worked in Libya under a private contract in the city of Sabha and was abducted a few days ago by one of the numerous armed groups was released." Further, the communique revealed that the measure was only possible due to extensive diplomatic efforts. In late-December, doctors across Sabha launched strike action to demand more security in the region due to the successive kidnap attempts targeting health workers.

Heavy clashes break out near Mitiga Airport in Tripoli

Heavy clashes have broken out around Tripoli's Mitiga International Airport (MJI) between two government forces. According to LibyaObserver, tensions erupted between members of the Army's Brigade 33 and the Special Deterrence Force based at MJI.  The motive behind the clashes, which triggered the evacuation of nearby buildings remains unclear. Flights to MJI were diverted to Misrata International Airport (MRA). The Presidential Council of the Government of National Accord (GNA) has declared a state of emergency over the ongoing clashes. The latest reports from Reuters suggest the airport has now been put on full lockdown. At least 11 have been killed and 23 injured.

Migrants feared dead off Libyan coast

Around 100 migrants are feared to have drowned in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Libya. The rubber dinghy they were travelling in sank off the eastern city of Khoms, according to Libya's coastguard. More than 270 people were also rescued from two vessels off the western city of Zawiya.

Two IS members arrested over bomb plot

Two members of the Islamic State (IS) have been arrested in the Libyan capital, Tripoli. The pair were accused of plotting a car bomb attack in the city, according to the Ministry of Interior. "After tracking and monitoring of the movements of (the) suspects, two persons were arrested and confessed that they belong to IS," said the ministry's security force.

AFRICOM warns of jihadist threat in Oil Crescent

The US Africa Command has warned of a jihadist plot targeting Libya's Oil Crescent region. "We believe that the organization (ISIS-Libya) is likely to give priority to the restructuring of security forces and infrastructure, and to launch strikes, which may include targets in the Libyan oil crescent,” said AFRICOM spokeswoman Robyn Mack. Militants have previously targeted Libya's oil industry, including an attack on 26 December where a pipeline supplying Al-Sidra was damaged, leading to a fall in production of 100,000 bpd.

Mayor kidnapped and killed in Misrata

The mayor of Misrata has been killed shortly after he was kidnapped in the city. The body of Mayor Mohamad Eshtewi was found in the street on Sunday. He was abducted by unknown assailants as he travelled back to the city from the airport, where he had flown into from Istanbul in Turkey. "The mayor normally travels with security but he opted out after his arrival from Istanbul because he said his brother was picking him up from the airport," said a Libyan official.

Three Libyan soldiers killed in Benghazi clashes

Three Libyan soldiers have been killed and three others wounded in clashes with militants in the eastern city of Benghazi. "Three soldiers of the army and its supporting forces were killed and three others were injured in the Sidi Ekhrebish area in central Benghazi, the last stronghold of the terrorists," Said Milud Al-Zwai, spokesman of the army's special forces, told reporters. Pockets of militants remain in the city despite the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) announcing its liberation in July.

US airstrikes target IS positions in Al Fuqaha

The US Africa Command (AFRICOM) announced on Tuesday that it had conducted two airstrikes against Islamic State (IS) positions in central Libya. According to the communique, US forces alongside the Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA) launched two separate precision strikes on 17 and 19 November near Al Fuqaha. 

Bodies of fighters found near Tripoli

The bodies of 28 fighters have been found near the Libyan capital, Tripoli. Libya's National Commission for Human Rights (NCHR) said the victims were discovered with bullet wounds and torture marks in the town of Alhira, 60km south-west of Tripoli. They were discovered following fighting between government-aligned forces and rival groups, including former Gaddafi loyalists.

Three LNA troops killed in Benghazi

Three soldiers from the self-styled Libyan Nation Army (LNA) have been killed and three others wounded in clashes with militants in Benghazi. "Three soldiers of the army and its supporting forces were killed and three others were injured in the Sidi Ekhrebish area in central Benghazi, the last stronghold of the terrorists," LNA spokesman Said Milud Al-Zwai said. LNA commander Khalifa Haftar announced the liberation of the eastern city in July; however, small numbers of militants still remain active there.

Gunmen attack checkpoint in central Libya

Two soldiers have been killed and four others wounded in an attack on a checkpoint in central Libya. "The attack was carried out in a sudden manner," a security source told the Xinhua news agency. "The attackers stormed the checkpoint, which was set up by the army in a desert area." The incident occurred between the towns of Al-Jufra and Barak Al-Shati and no group has claimed responsibility for it.

Fifteen killed in Derna airstrikes

At least 15 people have been killed in airstrikes in the eastern city of Derna. The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) are suspected of carrying out the strikes, although there has not been any official confirmation. Residents said the strikes hit the Dahr al-Hamar district, and Al Fatayeh, located around 20km outside the city.

US arrests man over 2012 Benghazi attack

US forces have arrested a man in connection with the 2012 attack on an American compound in Benghazi. President Donald Trump said Mustafa al-Imam was captured in Libya and will face several charges, including murder. The US ambassador and three other US nationals were killed during the assault on the American embassy.

Dozens of bodies found in LNA-controlled area near Benghazi

The leader of the eastern-based Libyan National Army (LNA), Khalifa Haftar, has ordered an investigation to assess the circumstances behind the death of 37 people whose bodies were found on the outskirts of Benghazi. In a statement, Haftar said that authorities seek to identify and prosecute the parties responsible for the crime. On Thursday evening, dozens of bodies were recovered in Al-Abyar. Reports revealed that all unidentified victims sustained torture and gunshot wounds.

Two killed as militants raid checkpoint near Ajdabiya

Two soldiers have been killed and three others were injured in a terrorist raid on a military checkpoint near Ajdabiya, north-eastern Libya. According to reports, the attack happened on Wednesday when several armed vehicles attacked the checkpoint operated by the Libyan National Army (LNA). The Islamic State (IS) group claimed responsibility for the attack. Since December, when IS lost its main stronghold in Sirte, several attacks have been carried out against LNA military checkpoints in northern Libya.

Egyptian national shot dead in Benghazi

An Egyptian worker has been killed and six other people wounded in the eastern city of Benghazi. Abdallah al-Shweihi was fatally wounded when gunmen opened fire inside the Hamdi restaurant where he worked. The assailants stole money and jewellery from customers and staff before fleeing the scene.

Fighting erupts at Tripoli's Mitiga airport

Fighting erupted near the Mitiga airport in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, on Monday evening. Clashes continued into Tuesday morning, forcing flights to be suspended until around midday. The fighting erupted when the Special Deterrence Force (Rada) carried out raids in the area to detain suspected criminal elements. "The area of Ghrarat is now under the control of our forces and it's being treated as military zone so we can clear any resistance," Rada spokesman Ahmed Bin Salem said.

AQIM commander arrested in Misrata

A senior al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) commander has been arrested by the security forces in Misrata. Al-Saadi Abdullah Ibrahim Abu Akhzayem reportedly fled al-Jufrah in June to avoid the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) and escaped from Tripoli's Abu Salim prison during a raid by rebels in 2011. He was detained by the Misratan security forces along with 24 other suspects from the Benghazi Defence Brigades (BDB) and Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council (BRSC).

Head of emergency services kidnapped in Derna

The head of emergency services in Derna has been kidnapped by unknown assailants. Akram Swaini was detained in the Azeyat area in the south of the city on Wednesday. Civil society activists have called on the responsible authorities to improve security in the city.

Five killed in Misrata bomb attack

At least five people have been killed and 20 others wounded in a suicide bomb attack in Misrata. Two assailants detonated devices at a court complex in the city on Wednesday morning. The Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for the attack in a statement.

Sharara oilfield closed by militia

Production at the al-Sharara oil field was shutdown on Sunday evening by an armed group known as Brigade 30. The National Oil Corporation (NOC) confirmed the closure at the site, which had been producing more than 230,000 barrels per day (bpd). In a statement released on Monday, the NOC said it was "working towards a swift restart of production. At this moment, there are no plans to declare force majeure."

UN launch renewed efforts to tackle Libya's political crisis

The UN has launched renewed efforts to tackle the country's long-standing political instability since Muammar Gaddafi was deposed after 42 years in office. UN envoy to Libya, Ghassan Salame, has announced a one-year plan to seek reconciliation between the highly debilitated UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli and rival parliaments in eastern Libya. Delegations met in the neighbouring Tunisia as part of talks to schedule parliamentary and presidential elections. In 2015, a debile UN-brokered agreement was signed; however, the deal has been widely rejected by eastern Libyan factions led by Khalifa Haftar and his House of Representatives (HOR).

Deadly clashes continue in Sabratha

At least 11 people have been killed and more than 30 others wounded in the latest outbreak of violence in Sabratha. Fighters from the 48th Battalion and the group known as the IS Fighting Operation Room have been clashing for weeks in the city. Mohamed Abdullah, a parliament member, said the fighting is linked to the increasing domination of militias in the country.

US airstrikes target IS in Libya

US airstrikes have killed 17 Islamic State (IS) militants in Libya. The strikes, which were the first carried out by the US in the country since President Trump took office in January, targeted a remote camp 240km south-east of Sirte. "IS and al-Qaeda have taken advantage of ungoverned spaces in Libya to establish sanctuaries for plotting, inspiring and directing terror attacks," said US Africa Command on Sunday. The operation was carried out in coordination with Libya's Government of National Accord, based in Tripoli.

Migrant ship sinks off Sabratha

More than 100 migrants are missing after the ship they were travelling on sank off Sabratha in western Libya. The Libyan navy said seven people had been rescued after spending three days at sea. Last week more than 3,000 migrants were rescued by the Libyan navy, while a further 2,000 were picked up by their Italian counterparts.

Nine foreign hostages killed by IS

Nine foreign nationals kidnapped from the Ghani oilfield in 2015 have been killed by Islamic State (IS). The Derna Shura Council said its forces identified the bodies of five of the victims, before finding the execution video of the other four. The group - including four Filipinos, two Bangladeshis, a Ghanaian, an Austrian and a Czech national - were seized by IS militants in on 6 March 2015 in an attack which also left eight Libyan guards dead.

Police officer attacked in Benghazi

A police officer has been attacked by members of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) in the eastern city of Benghazi. "A Special Forces soldier opened fire at Ahmed Al-Orifi, a police officer from Abu-Atny police station while doing his job at one of the crossroads in Masakim," Lieutenant Colonel Jamal Al-Amami. The officer was transported to a local hospital for surgery, where he is reported to be in a stable condition.

Two wounded in Benghazi landmine blast

Two civilians have been wounded in a landmine blast in the eastern city of Benghazi. A 45-year-old man and his 10-year-old son were hit by shrapnel when the device exploded in the Sabri district on Tuesday. Dozens of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) remain in the city following the conflict between the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) and various rival militias.

UN to deploy 250 troops to protect base

The UN has announced plans to deploy up to 250 peacekeepers to guard its base in the Libyan capital, Tripoli. “I think they can be deployed already in the coming weeks,” said UN Special Envoy Ghassan Salame. He added that the troops will allow the UN to "carry out a significant part of our work in Libya.” Salame also called on European states to have a coordinated approach to Libya, instead of concentrating on their own national interests.

Bodies of 16 migrants found in eastern Libya

The bodies of 16 migrants have been found in the desert near the eastern border with Egypt. The self-styled Libyan National Army said no details were available about the migrants' identities or how they died. The majority of migrants transiting through eastern Libya start their journeys in East Africa, including South Sudan, Somalia and Djibouti.

LNA targets IS in Sirte airstrikes

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) has carried out a series of airstrikes on Islamic State (IS) positions near their former stronghold in Sirte. On Sunday troops launched attacks in the Ain Tarqft area, located between Sirte and Waddan. LNA spokesman Ahmed Al-Mismari said IS militants were attempting to return from the south to coastal areas in northern Libya. In recent weeks IS forces captured Wadi Al-Ahma east of Sirte and started setting up checkpoints, along with launching attacks on LNA positions in the area.

Four killed by car bomb in eastern Libya

At least four people have been killed by a car bomb east of Sirte. "A suicide bomber, who was driving a vehicle, attacked a checkpoint in Nawfiliya area where a number of police officers and army soldiers are stationed," a security source told the Xinhua news agency. The checkpoint was reportedly manned by troops from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA), led by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar.

Ten killed by Kani brigade near Tripoli

Ten people have been killed in an attack by the Kani brigade between Tripoli airport and Tarhouna. According to reports, gunmen targeted members of the Suwai family in a revenge attack after three militia men were killed by the Suwais. There have been a series of reprisal attacks by both sides in recent weeks.

LNA troops killed in IS attack

Eleven troops from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) have been beheaded in an attack in the Al-Jufra region.  Colonel Ahmad al-Mesmari claimed the Islamic State (IS) militant group carried out the attack. The LNA, headed by Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, seized the region from rival militias in June.

Haftar ally arrested in Libya

A senior militant commander and a key ally of Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar has been arrested in Libya. Mahmoud al-Werfalli was detained after the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a warrant for his arrest, accusing him of "murder as a war crime in the context of the non-international armed conflict in Libya." Al-Werfalli has been dubbed as the "execution-in-chief" for Haftar's self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA).

Gunmen kidnap former PM

Gunmen have kidnapped former Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan in the capital, Tripoli. Gunmen stormed the Victoria Hotel on Khaled Ben Waled street and abducted Zeidan, who was also kidnapped in 2013. Local media have reported that members of Haytham Tajouri’s Tripoli Revolutionaries’ Brigade (TRB) carried out the abduction.

LNA continues siege of Derna

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) has tightened its siege of the coastal city of Derna ahead of an expected assault. The LNA is attempting to capture the city from Derna Mujahideen Shura Council (DMSC), a coalition of Islamic militants and former rebels. A spokesman from the DMSC said: “the LNA has no right to guardianship over the people of Derna,” adding that his group “will not allow LNA forces to enter and shed blood.”

Production resumes at key oil facility

Production has resumed at the Sharara oil field following disruption caused by protests. The National Oil Corp (NOC) said pumping was stopped for "hours" when armed presters broke into a control room in the coastal city of Zawiya.  The facility has recently been producing around 270,000 bpd, accounting for around a quarter of the national total.

Haftar warns Italy over migrant ships

Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar has ordered his naval forces to confront any foreign vessels entering Libya's territorial waters without permission. Haftar, head of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA), made the announcement after Italy's parliament approved plans to send naval boats to Libya to stop migrants attempting to cross the sea. The LNA said the actions of Italian ships in Libyan waters were "a violation of sovereignty".

Jihadists kill five LNA troops in Derna

Five soldiers from the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) have been killed by suspected jihadists in the eastern city of Derna. The LNA - who are led by Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar - was attacked at three sites early on Sunday morning during clashes with the Revolutionary Shura Council of Derna. An LNA MiG-21 was also shot down by militants in Derna over the weekend. Last week Haftar agreed to a ceasefire with Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj of the Government of National Accord (GNA) during talks in Paris.

Rivals agree to ceasefire during peace talks

Libya's rival governments have agreed to a conditional ceasefire during talks in France. Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj from the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) and Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, head of the self-styled Libyan National Army, reached the agreement during talks held by French President Emmanuel Macron. "We commit to a ceasefire and to refrain from any use of armed force for any purpose that does not strictly constitute counter-terrorism," they said in a joint, 10-point statement. Elections are also due to be held in spring 2018.

IS fighters executed by LNA in east

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) has executed 20 suspected Islamic State (IS) militants in eastern Libya. A video has been released which appears to show Mahmoud al-Werfalli, a senior member of the LNA, reading out charges before carrying out the executions. The LNA has been accused of working with IS against the Shura Council of Mujahideen in Derna back in 2015. Meanwhile six LNA soldiers were killed and eight others wounded in clashes with armed groups in Benghazi, two weeks after Hafter declared that the city had been liberated.

Suicide blast wounds three in Benghazi

Three soldiers were wounded in a suicide bomb attack in Benghazi on Monday morning.  The assailant - reported to be a Tunisian national - detonated the device after he was surrounded by troops in the Salmani district.  Another suspect was shot dead at the scene.

Heavy fighting erupts near Tripoli

Heavy clashes erupted between rival militia near the capital, Tripoli, on Sunday.  An armed group aligned to the Government of National Accord (GNA) and a Misratan militia exchanged fire in Garabulli.  An unconfirmed number of civilians were wounded by indiscriminate rocket fire in the area.  The pro-GNA forces include the Tripoli Revolutionaries’ Brigade led by Haithem Tajouri, the Tajoura Security Battalion and the Abu Sleem Central Security Force.

Fighting ongoing in Sirte

Fighting is ongoing in the coastal city of Sirte between the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) and a militia loyal to the UN-backed government in Tripoli. "Our forces are fully prepared to meet any additional attacks by Daesh [Islamic State] remnants or Al-Karama militiamen [pro-LNA forces]," said fighters affiliated with the unity government.  LNA troops launched a surprise attack on the Abu Hadi district, which Al-Bunyan Al-Marsoos claim to have repelled, while fighting has also been reported at checkpoint 17 east of the city.  Pro-government groups claim the LNA and IS are collaborating with each other, an accusation which has been made several times in the past.

LNA declares liberation of Benghazi

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) claims his forces have fully "liberated" the eastern city of Benghazi.  The LNA, led by Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, said the city would now enter a new era of "security, peace and reconciliation."  Haftar launched his 'Operation Dignity' in May 2014 in a bid to remove armed Islamist groups from eastern Libya.

Five killed in Tripoli rocket attack

Five people have been killed and 25 others wounded in a rocket attack in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  Rockets landed on a beach near the Mitiga airport on Tuesday, according to the health ministry.  The incident followed clashes between security forces and an "outlawed" group  - reported to be the Buni Brigade - inside the airport perimeter.  Flights have been suspended due to the ongoing fighting.

Three LNA troops killed in Benghazi clashes

Three Libyan National Army (LNA) troops have been killed and several others wounded during clashes in Benghazi.  The fighting comes days after the LNA claim to have captured the two final disputed districts of the city - Souq al-Hout and Sabri.

Libyan man self-immolates in Tripoli

Libyan man set himself on fire at Martyrs Square in the capital, Tripoli on Monday night.  The incident happened as people gathered for Eid al-Fitr celebrations, which mark the end of Ramadan.  The Libyan Emergency and Safety Department said the man was taken to hospital but died of his injuries.  The victim's identity or motives have not been confirmed.

LNA battle for control of Benghazi

The National Liberation Army (LNA) claims to have captured the two remaining contested districts in Benghazi.  The LNA, the unofficial military force led by Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, have seized Souq al-Hout and Sabri following days of heavy fighting.  Medical officials said 13 LNA troops were killed and 37 others wounded, according to medical officials.  Meanwhile the Benghazi Defence Brigades (BDB) - an anti-LNA militia which was forced out of Benghazi - said it is prepared to disband and integrate with the security forces of the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA).

Armed group attacks fuel tankers near Sirte

Gunmen have attacked a convoy of fuel trucks in the Bay valley, near Sirte.  The Fuel and Gas Crisis Committee (FAGCC) said two trucks en route to depots in Sabha were seized in the attack. “Therefore, we are obliged to stop the supplying of fuel and gas to the south until urgent measures are taken for the protection of oil truck drivers from looting gangs.” The FAGCC said.  Militants linked to the Islamic State (IS) are suspected of carrying out the attack.

NOC agrees deal with Wintershall

Libya's National Oil Corporation (NOC) has agreed on a production deal with German company Wintershall.  "The agreement allocates to Wintershall an amount of production sufficient to cover its costs, with all remaining production being allocated to NOC," the NOC said in a statement.  A dispute between the pair had led to a fall in output by around 160,000 barrels per day (bpd).

Saif Gaddafi freed by militia

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi has been freed from a militia-controlled prison in north-western Libya. Saif, son of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, had been held by the Abu Bakr al-Siddiq Battalion for the past six years. “We have decided to liberate Saif al-Islam Muammar Gaddafi. He is now free and has left the city of Zintan,” the militia said in a statement.

Dutch woman linked to NGO feared missing in Tripoli

The Dutch Foreign Ministry is investigating the disappearance of Yvonne Snijter, a Dutch woman linked to an education NGO based in Tripoli. Snijter was last seen on Friday at a cafe in the old city area of the capital hours before the Ramadan. The foreign ministry said that is taking it seriously, while investigations are being hindered by the country's deteriorating security situation - since 2014 the Dutch Embassy in Tripoli remains closed.

Airstrikes target militants in Derna

Fresh airstrikes have hit three sites around Derna in eastern Libya.  One strike hit the entrance to the city, while two others hit Dahr al-Hamar in the south.  The raids come after Egypt target militants in the city in response to the attack on Coptic Christians by Islamic State (IS) affiliated militants last week.  Neither the Libyan or Egyptian authorities have commented on the latest strikes.

Five killed in Tripoli clashes

At least five people have been killed in clashes between rival groups in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  Artillery fire and heavy fighting has been reported in the Abu Slim, Al-Hadhba and Salaheddin districts in the south of the city.  The Abu Slim Deterrence Force, a militia loyal to the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA), said it was attacked by anti-government forces.   "Political aims must not be pursued through violence. Civilians must be protected," said UN envoy Martin Kobler.

Brother of Manchester bomber arrested in Tripoli

The brother of the Manchester Arena suicide bomber has been arrested in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  Hashem Abedi, the younger brother of Salman, was accused of planning a "terrorist act" in the city by the Libyan authorities.  The Special Deterrent anti-terror group also claimed the pair had links to the Islamic State (IS) militant group in Libya.  At least 22 people were killed in the attack in Manchester, UK, on Monday evening.

Death toll rises at Brak El-Shati airbase

The death toll from Thursday's attack at Brak El-Shati airbase has risen to 141.  Most of the deceased were fighters loyal to the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA), led by Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar.  "The soldiers were returning from a military parade. They weren't armed. Most of them were executed," said LNA spokesman Ahmad al-Mismari.  The LNA also claimed that a militia loyal to the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) was behind the attack.

Dozens killed in military base clashes

Dozens of people have been killed in clashes at a military base in southern Libya. According to the BBC, as many as 60 people may have been killed after an armed group from Misrata stormed the Brak El-Shati military airbase which was under the control of a faction group affiliated with the Libyan National Army.

Car bomb kills 12 in Suluq

A car bomb has killed at least 12 people in an incident in Suluq town, Benghazi district. According to reports, a vehicular-borne explosive device has exploded outside a mosque - potentially targeting groups of people leaving Friday prayers. A tribal leader has been identified among the casualties.

Police commander killed in Benghazi attack

A police commander has been killed in an attack near his unit's headquarters in Benghazi.  Captain Musa Yunis al-Majbri died when gunmen opened fire on his vehicle in the Birkah district in the early hours of Sunday morning.  Local media claim that the Al-Saiqa Force were responsible for the attack, although they have denied the claims.

Libyan National Army launches Benghazi assault

The self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) launched an offensive in two districts in the eastern city of Benghazi on Monday.  At least 12 people were killed in clashes around Sabri and Souq al-Hout as the LNA, led by Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, attempted to end resistance from Islamist groups, including the Revolutionary Shura Council of Benghazi, Islamic State (IS) and Ansar al-Sharia.

Rival factions meet in UAE

The head of Libya's UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) has met Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, leader of the rival Libyan National Army (LNA), in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).  Fayez al-Sarraj and Haftar met for only the second time to discuss the political stalemate in Libya.  The LNA are loyal to the House of Representatives (HoR), based in Tobruk.

Two oil tankers seized off Libya

Two tankers accused of oil-smuggling have been seized by the Libyan coastguard.  The Ukraine-flagged Routa with 14 crew and DR Congo-flagged Start tankers with 9 crew were intercepted outside of Zuwara port last Friday.  According to a Libya navy spokesman gunfire erupted when the vessels refused coast guard orders to stop.  “The clashes lasted for three hours, but the two tankers were successfully seized,” said to Qassem Ayoub Qasim, the Libya navy spokesman.

Migrant smugglers killed in coastguard clashes

Four suspected migrant smugglers have been killed in clashes with the Libyan coastguard off Western Libya.  Spokesman Ayoub Qassem said the incident happened close to the city of Zawiya on Thursday.  "The gunmen were asked to stop but they refused to follow the rules, which means most likely they were smugglers of illegal migrants. They opened fire at the patrol. The coastguards fired back too," said Qassem.  A German journalist travelling with the coastguard also suffered minor injuries during the clash.

Pro-Haftar forces launch airstrikes on Tamanhant Air Base

Forces loyal to Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar have carried out airstrikes on the Tamanhant Air Base in southern Libya.  "The damage was only physical, without any casualties among the forces stationed at the base,” local commander Jamal Triki told the Anadolu Agency.  Meanwhile, the Benghazi Defense Brigades (BDB) has rejected the inclusion of Haftar in the proposed peace talks by the Tobruk-based House of Representatives (HoR).  "HoR's stance doesn't comply with the national reconciliation efforts, but rather it widens the chasm between the social components in Libya, which was first created by Dignity Operation," the BDB said in a statement.

Police officer killed in Tripoli bank robbery

A police officer has been killed and three others wounded during a robbery at a bank in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  The shooting happened at the National Commercial Bank, Sooq Al-Thulatae, on Tuesday.  The branch manager and three bank guards were also reportedly kidnapped during the raid, although this has not been officially confirmed.

Elders' council leader kidnapped in al-Sidra

The head of the elders' council in al-Sidra, northern Libya, has been abducted by presumed members part of the Libyan National Army (LNA). Abdulsalem Bulahi Al-Maghrabi was taken when travelling from Ajdabiya to Ras Lanuf. The LNA has been blamed for a number of kidnappings in the area. The motives mostly concern the takeover of the oil crescent towns, where key oil terminals are located.

Bank manager kidnapped in Obari

A bank manager has been kidnapped in Obari in the western Wadi al Hayaa district.  Commerce Bank manager Omar Abdullah Zubayda was abducted yesterday by unidentified gunman.  Local media reported that he had also been kidnapped along with one of his sons last year.  Both were released for an unspecified ransom amount.

LNA capture Ganfouda apartment block

The Libyan National Army (LNA) has captured the 12 Apartment complex in Ganfouda following clashes with the Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council (BRSC).  At least 12 LNA fighters were killed and 30 others wounded in the siege, which started in January, while an unknown number of BRSC fighters also died.  The Libyan Nation Commission for Human Rights (LNCHR) has accused the LNA of committing heinous war crimes during the operation, including the mutilation of Islamist leader Jamal Makhzoum, whose dead body was strapped to an LNA car and paraded by troops.

Tensions increasing in West Tripoli

Several buildings in Tripoli's central business area were evacuated on Tuesday due to fighting in the area.  “We were told to go home for our own safety,” a local resident told the Libya Herald after fighting spread to the Saq Al-Thalath roundabout.  Increased tension has been reported in the Gurji, Deraibi, Hai Andouls, Siayhia, Qarqarish and Gotalshaal neighbourhoods of the capital, with residents demanding armed brigades from other areas of Libya leave the city.  The Tripoli Revolutionaries’ Brigade, led by Haitem Al-Tajoiuri, have joined locals in attacking rival groups from Misrata and Amazigh.  Martin Kobler, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General, has called for an immediate ceasefire.

LNA launches fresh assault on Ras Lanuf

The Libyan National Army (LNA) has launched a fresh assault on the oil port of Ras Lanuf.  The LNA, led by led by Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, lost control of Ras Lanuf and the nearby port of Es Sider to the Benghazi Defence Brigades (BDB) earlier this month, who handed over control to the Petroleum Facilities Guard (PFG).  The LNA have carried out airstrikes on the port using Mi-35 helicopters, reportedly killing several PFG troops.

Airstrikes kill two PFG staff at Ras Lanuf

Airstrikes carried out by the Libyan National Army (LNA) killed two Petroleum Facilities Guard's (PFG) staff at the Ras Lanuf oil terminal on Sunday.  The LNA, led by Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, have been battling for the control of Libya's oil fields with rival groups, including the Benghazi Defence Brigades (BDB) and the PFG, who are alligned to the UN-backed government in Tripoli.  Meanwhile a senior official at Libya's National Oil Corporation (NOC) warned on Monday of a possible declaration of force majeure at the Es Sider and Ras Lanuf oil terminals due to the ongoing fighting.

UN-backed forces retake oil ports

Forces from the UN-backed government in Tripoli have retaken control of two key oil ports from rival armed groups.  Es Sider and Ras Lanuf are “under the authorization of the Presidential Council,” according to the Petroleum Facilities Guard.  The Benghazi Defence Brigade (BDB) seized the terminals from the Libyan National Army (LNA), led by Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, over the weekend.  Meanwhile, Libya's eastern-based parliament has called for elections to be held early next year, after it backed out of a UN-brokered peace deal with rival authorities in the capital, Tripoli.

Rival groups clash over eastern oil terminals

Rival armed groups are fighting for control of oil terminals in eastern Libya.  The Libyan National Army (LNA) was forced to withdraw from the Es Sider and Ras Lanuf ports on Friday following an attack by the Benghazi Defence Brigade (BDB).  The LNA, led by Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, has responded with a series of airstrikes against the BDB.  Oil production at Libya's four oil terminals increased to around 700,000 barrels per day when the LNA took control of them last September.

Several killed in violent clashes in Tripoli

Clashes erupted overnight on Friday between rival militia factions in the capital Tripoli. A Red Crescent volunteer told BBC that at least six people have been killed in the residential district of Abu Slim. Further sources said that civilian casualties were likely but could not confirm the exact number. It is believed that the shooting broke out after a militia member was kidnapped by another rival group.

Senior security official targeted in bomb attack in Benghazi

A senior Libyan security official has been targeted in a bomb attack in Benghazi, north-eastern Libya. A spokesman told AP that Colonel Salah al-Hewidi was wounded as a bomb-laden vehicle approached him on Wednesday. This is the second assassination attempt targeting a top Libyan official in less than a month. Al-Hewidi was ordered to step down when the new internationally recognised government was established in Libya; however, he refused to hand over his resignation.

Clashes erupt near Zliten

At least two people have been killed and three others wounded in clashes between rival militias near the coastal town of Zliten.  According to reports a militia from Misrata, the Al-Mahjoub brigade, attacked the Zliten Joint Security Room, a newly created militia, on Monday.  The fighting took place in Suq Al-Thulatha, 6km east of Zliten, blocking the main road between Tripoli and Misrata.

Libya PM targeted in Tripoli shooting

A convoy carrying Libya's prime minister has been attacked by unknown gunmen in the capital, Tripoli.  Fayez al-Sarraj, from the Government of National Accord (GNA), was unhurt following the incident in the Abu Slim area of the city.  "All the cars were armoured-plated, and there were no injuries," said spokesman Ashraf al-Thulthi.  No group claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mayor of Sirte feared kidnapped near Tripoli

The mayor of northern Libya's city of Sirte was reported missing on Saturday night along a road to the capital Tripoli. Mukhtar Al-Madani and his two bodyguards are feared to have been kidnapped near Khoms. Madani was being targeted by severe criticism from senior members of its government; however, the authorities disregarded any political involvement in the kidnapping. The incident comes days after two government officials were abducted in Tobruk and Tripoli.

Haftar forces target Jufra airbase

Forces loyal to Khalifa Haftar have carried out airstrikes against Jufra airbase in eastern Libya.  The strikes targeted members of the Benghazi Defence Brigades (BDB), an Islamic militia aligned to the Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries.  According to reports six militants were killed in the strikes.

Resident journalist kidnapped in Tripoli

A Libyan journalist has been kidnapped by armed criminals in Tripoli. Ali Salem works for the state-owned Al-Watania TV and was taken by unknown men near his home on Sunday morning. Salem's wife told Libya Herald that the kidnappers were targeting him specifically as she claims they said that he was taken for 'investigations'. The incident comes days after a clinic manager was reportedly kidnapped in Tripoli.

Five LNA troops killed in Benghazi clashes

Five soldiers from the eastern Libyan National Army (LNA) have been killed in clashes with an Islamist militia in Benghazi.  Fighting has been ongoing for months in the city, with the LNA attempting to capture all of the city from rival fighters.  Last week the LNA, led by Khalifa Haftar, captured the Ganfouda district, although Islamists are still fighting in the '12 Blocks' area and the northern districts of Souq al-Hout and Sabri.

House of Representatives member kidnapped in Tobruk

A House of Representatives (HoR) member for Kufra, Jibril Awhaidah, has been kidnapped in Tobruk.  Unknown gunmen seized Awhaidah from his home near the Khadija Alambra school on Tuesday evening.  The reason for the abduction is unknown and police say they currently have no leads.

Finance ministry official kidnapped in Tripoli

A government official from the finance ministry has been kidnapped in Tripoli.  Unknown men stormed the building in the Dahra district on Monday and seized the head of the budget administration, Nuri Erhuma. "We demand all governmental departments exert maximum efforts to free our colleague," staff at the ministry told the Libya Herald.

Misrata brigades join Libyan National Army

The Misrata Military Council has announced that all of its brigades will join the Libyan Army.  “Therefore, all of our arms, vehicles and military personnel will be under the command of the Libyan National Army formed in the Central Military Zone,” read a statement posted by the Misurata Municipality.  Many of the brigades had already been fighting alongside the army in operations against Islamic State (IS) fighters in Sirte.

Pro-Haftar forces capture Benghazi district

Forces from the Eastern Libyan Army, led by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, have seized a key district in the eastern city of Benghazi.  The army captured Ganfouda district following heavy clashes with jihadists, which have been ongoing for more than two years.  Around 30 soldiers were killed and 25 others wounded in the last few days of fighting, according to medical sources in the area.  Jihadists still control an area known as the '12 Blocks' which lies between Ganfouda and Bosnaib.

US airstrikes target IS camps near Sirte

US warplanes have carried out a series of airstrikes on Islamic State (IS) militants near the city of Sirte.  The Pentagon estimated that 80 militants were killed in the strikes, which were carried out around 45km south-west of the city.  The fighters training in these camps posed a security risk to Libya, to its neighbours, to our allies in Africa and Europe, and to the United States," said Pentagon spokesman Peter Cook.

Rival groups battle for Libya ministry buildings

Militant groups attempted to seize control of key ministries in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, on Thursday.  Fighters loyal to Khalifa Ghwell, head of the former self-declared government in Tripoli, said they had taken the ministries of Defence, Justice and Economy in Tripoli.  However, the UN-backed Government for National Accord (GNA) said the attempt had failed.  “Business in Tripoli is back to usual. There was an attempt to occupy some government buildings but all maneuvers failed,” the spokesman, Ashraf al-Tulti, told Reuters.

Chad closes Libyan border over security concerns

Chad has closed its border with Libya over concerns about the ongoing security situation in its neighbour.  Additional troops have also been deployed to the border to prevent militant fighters from entering Chad.  "Some isolated ... groups have converged toward the south of Libya, that is to say on the northern border of our country, which is potentially exposed to a serious threat of ... infiltration," Chad's Prime Minister Albert Pahimi Padacke said in a statement.

Plane hijacked and diverted to Malta

A Libyan passenger plane has been hijacked and forced to land in Malta.  Two hijackers threatened to blow up the Afriqiyah Airways Airbus A320, which was carrying 118 people.  Maltese Prime Minister Joseph Muscat tweeted: "Informed of potential hijack situation of a #Libya internal flight diverted to #Malta. Security and emergency operations standing by."

Eight killed in Benghazi bombing

At least eight people have been killed and eight others wounded in a suicide bomb attack near the eastern city of Benghazi.  The device exploded in the Ganfouda district on Sunday and targeted troops loyal to Libya's eastern government.  The Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for the attack, which hit one of the last remaining Islamist strongholds in Benghazi.

Libyan forces regain control over Sirte

Clearing operations carried out in Sirte by the Libyan Armed Forces have come to a successful close, as the last Islamic State (IS) militants have been driven from the city - allowing the Libyan forces to regain control over the city. The seven-month-long operation slowly demobilised the IS forces holding the city, which was taken by IS militants in early 2015. Sirte was the main IS strong-hold outside of the middle-east - the recapture of which is thought to be a signifcant blow against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.

Militants take control of Bin Jawad town, Sirte

Armed militant groups have reportedly taken control of Bin Jawad town in the Sirte district - situated near some of Libya's most major oil ports in the eastern region. Libyan security officials have confirmed the militant attack, and have stated that the terrorists had launched rockets and carried out airstrikes on vehicles in the area as they advanced upon the town. Security forces have been deployed to defend the nearby oil ports and local residents have been advised to temporarily relocate and avoid the town where possible.

Libyan forces recapture Sirte from IS

Libyan forces have fully captured the coastal city of Sirte from Islamic State (IS) militants.  Rida Issa, a spokesman for the joint offensive, said forces led by a brigade from Misrata captured the Ghiza Bahriya neighbourhood.  Fighting has been ongoing in the city for more than six months, while since August the US has carried out more than 400 airstrikes against IS positions.  Over the weekend a group of 10 women and children were rescued by troops from IS-held buildings.

Rival militias clash in Tripoli

At least eight people have been killed in clashes between rival militias in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  Heavy fighting and explosions were reported across the south of the city, while tanks and heavily armed troops took up positions in the Abu Salim and Hadba districts.  "The clashes between militias in Tripoli haven't stopped and there's no sign of the GNA [Government of National Accord]," a local resident told Reuters.

Thousands of migrants rescued in the Mediterranean

Approximately 1,397 migrants have been rescued by Italian coastguards in the Mediterranean Sea. The migrants had departed in 11 boats from Libya in attempts to flee to Europe. Eight people have been found dead on the overcrowded boats. The Mediterranean is the most dangerous border crossing on the planet for migrants. The death toll of migrants fleeing to Europe via the Mediterranean is estimated to be 4,655 this year - which is around 1,000 more deaths than in 2015.

Two wounded in oilfield explosion

Two people have been wounded in an explosion in the control room of a Sirte Oil Company (SOC) oilfield in Lahib. The cause of the explosion has been attributed to a technical fault and no foul-play is suspected. Operations on the oilfield have been temporarily halted but will resume within the day. 

Three children killed in Benghazi car bomb attack

Three children have been killed and 20 people wounded in a car bomb attack in the eastern city of Benghazi.  The remotely-controlled device exploded outsdie the Jalaa Hospital in the centre of the city on Monday.  The blast is the third to hit the hospital so far this year.  The Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council (BRSC) have claimed a number of recent attacks in the city and are suspected of being behind today's incident.

Deadly tribal clashes erupt in Sabha

At least 21 people have been killed and around 100 others wounded during four days of tribal clashes in southern Libya.  According to reports the violence was sparked when a pet monkey belonging to the Gaddadfa tribe attacked a schoolgirl in the city of Sabha, prompting members of her Awlad Suleiman tribe to retaliate.  “There was an escalation on the second and third days with the use of tanks, mortars and other heavy weapons,” a local resident told Reuters.  “There are still sporadic clashes and life is completely shut down in the areas where there has been fighting.“

Car bomb wounds 15 in Benghazi

At least 15 people have been wounded in a car bomb attack in the eastern city of Benghazi.  "A car bomb was detonated by an unidentified attacker outside Budizirah Park near the city’s eastern entrance," said Interior Ministry spokesman Walid al-Orfi.  No group has claimed responsibility for the attack, which took place on Tuesday evening.

AQIM leader killed in drone strike

A senior member of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has been killed in a drone strike.  Libya's news agency LANA has reported that Abu Talha al-Hassnawi died in a strike on his house in Sabha on Monday evening.  Al-Hassnawi was formerly involved in the al-Qaeda affiliate in Syria, Jabhat Fateh al-Sham.

Foreign hostages released in Libya

Two Italians and a Canadian national kidnapped in September have been released.  The three were abducted by gunmen in the south-western town of Ghat where they were working as technicians for an Italian company.  "Today is a moment of relief and joy that I would like to share with the families of our technicians," Italian PM Matteo Renzi said.  It is not clear if a ransom was paid to secure their release.

Hundreds of migrants drown off Libyan coast

At least 240 people are feared missing or dead after two migrant boats sunk off the Libyan coast.  Survivors told the UN refugee agency UNHCR that 29 people survived from the first boat, while only two are still alive from the second vessel.  The UN’s International Organisation for Migration (IOM) said 4,220 people had died crossing the Mediterranean in 2016, up from 3,777 in 2015.

Foreign hostages freed from IS in Libya

Five foreign hostages have been freed from Islamic State (IS) militants in Sirte.  Pro-government forces rescued the hostages during an operation to capture the 600 District from IS.    US special envoy for Libya Jonathan Winer also confirmed that two Turkish nationals, Two Indians and one from Bangladesh are now free, while there are also reports of Eritrean and Egyptian hostages also being freed in the city.

US airstrikes target Islamic State positions in Sirte

Between 14 and 16 October, 36 US airstrikes hit Islamic State (IS) positions in Sirte. The strikes were in support of Libyan forces reported to be in the last stages of their six-month campaign to clear Sirte from IS militants. 

Pro-government troops advance on last Islamic State stronghold in Sirte

On 10 October, Libyan pro-government troops began their advance on the last Islamic State (IS)-held area of Sirte. Fighting is ongoing as troops fight street to street to clear out IS positions. At least eight government soldiers have been killed in the operation. 

Dutch journalist shot dead by Islamic State sniper in Sirte

On 2 October, a Dutch journalist was shot dead by an Islamic State (IS) sniper whilst reporting on the fighting in Sirte. 45-year-old Jeroen Oerlemans was shot in the chest whilst out with a mine-clearing team in an area of the city that had recently been freed from IS control. 

Senior banker abducted in Tripolo

On 26 September, the deputy general manager of the Libyan Foreign Bank was abducted by an armed gang outside of his home in Gargaresh, Tripoli. No group has yet claimed responsibility for the abduction and the motives behind it are not yet known. 

Oil leaves Ras Lanouf port for the first time in two years

On 21 September, an oil tanker heading for Italy departed from the port of Ran Lanouf, making it the first shipment of oil to leave the port in two years. This follows an end to hostilities between rival armed factions in the area. The halt in the fighting and the renewal of oil exportation is a welcome occurrence for the United Nations-backed Tripoli government in Libya, and will hopefully result in a stabilisation of the country and a restoration of trust among the local populace. 

Eight killed in military helicopter crash

A military helicopter crashed early this morning 90km west of Tobruk, killing eight people. Among those killed was Brigadier General Idris Younis, military adviser to the President of the House of Representatives, Ageela Saleh. His son, Ahmed Idris, was also killed, along with three senior officers and three crew members. Two people survived. There is no suggestion that the helicopter was shot down and the Libyan National Army has said that the crash was caused by a technical failure. An investigation into the crash has been launched. 

Two Italians and a Canadian kidnapped in Ghat

Two Italians and one Canadian national are believed to have been kidnapped in Ghat. All three worked for a company carrying out maintenance work at the local airport. No further details about the incident have been released. Ghat is under the control of the national unity government, based in the capital Tripoli. 

East Libyan Forces repel counterattack on eastern oil ports

On 18 September, East Libyan Forces, commanded by Khalifa Haftar, reported that they had successfully repelled a brief counterattack by a rival faction ousted earlier that day and had recaptured the ports of Es Sider and Ras Lanuf in eastern Libya. Clashes have continued in the area.

Libyan opposition forces seize at least two key oil ports

On 11 September, forces loyal to east Libyan opposition military commander Khalifa Haftar seized control of at least two key oil ports in Libya. A spokesperson for the Libyan National Army (LNA), released on 11 September, stated that its fighters had captured the strategic ports of Es Sider, Ras Lanuf, Brega and Zueitina. However, the National Oil Corporation in Tripoli could only confirm that the LNA had taken control of Es Sider and Ras Lanuf. This incident represents a set-back in the efforts of the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) to restart oil production and improve the local economy.

Thousands of migrants rescued off Libya

The Italian coastguard reported that around 6,500 migrants were rescued 12 miles off Sabratha, on the coast of Libya, in 40 coordinated rescue missions on Monday. The operations involved vessels from Italy, the EU's border agency Frontex, and the NGOs Proactiva Open Arms and Medecins Sans Frontieres. The migrants are reported to be from Eritrea and Somalia. 

MSF to continue rescue operations despite attack off Libyan coast

Following a careful security assessment the medical organization, Medicins sans Frontier (MSF), announced that they will carry on with their mission in the Mediterranean sea despite last week's armed attack. On 17 August, a rescue boat, the Bourbon Argos, chartered by the MSF was sprayed with bullets while on its mission to rescue refugees. The coordinator of the MSF mission, Stefano Argenziano, stated that: "They were not warning shots (...), there were a number of bullets shot at us from a distance – with an intention, we believe, to harm and potentially kill". 

UN-backed unity government rejected by parliament majority

The Libyan parliament voted on Monday against a motion of confidence regarding the UN-backed unity government. In the first vote since its establishment in January, the Government of National Accord (GNA) was rejected by the parliament majority. Out of the 101 votes cast, 61 were against the motion, with another 39 members abstaining from voting. Local sources reported that the voting did not count with the presence of GNA supporters, who claim to have been threatened to prevent their attendance. The UN hopes that the GNA will be able to re-establish the Libyan economy through the revamping of  the oil production and fulfillment of the regional security vacuum.

Nine GNA soldiers killed and scores wounded in Sirte offensive

Nine members loyal to the Government of National Accord (GNA) have been killed and 85 others wounded during an operation to recapture Sirte on Sunday. The renewed attack led by Libyan forces resulted in the capture of two terrorist strongholds. Media officials also stated that an undisclosed number of terrorists were found dead in the area.  The offensive comes as part of the ongoing operations backed by US airstrikes to oust Islamic State (IS) militants from the region. The GNA was formed in January 2016 as part of a UN-backed agreement established to form an unity government in Libya.

At least eight people killed in suicide bomb attacks in Sirte

At least eight people have been killed when suicide bombers detonated two cars near Libyan pro-government troops in Sirte.

Nine soldiers killed in anti-terrorist operation in Sirte

Nine soldiers have been killed and 46 people wounded during a firefight in the coastal city of Sirte. The confrontation happened as government troops launched an anti-terrorist offensive in Sirte's city centre against Islamic State (IS) targets. Security sources told the Anadolu Agency that the casualties were mainly caused by mortar and rocket attacks launched by IS militants. The offensive comes as part of the series of operations led by government forces to retake control of Sirte, which has been under IS control since 2015. 

Military recaptures IS base in Sirte

The Libyan military claims to have recaptured a key military base from Islamic State (IS) militants in Sirte. The Ouagadougou Conference Centre and the surrounding area is now under complete control of the army following heavy fighting. For the past 10 days the army, assisted by US airstrikes, has been forcing IS out of the city.

LNA soldiers ambushed by Jihadist coalition in Derna

A coalition of Islamic militants has launched two separate attacks against Libyan security forces in Derna. Local sources said that eight Libyan National Army (LNA) soldiers were killed along with a volunteer officer, while 19 others were injured in the ambush carried out by the Shura Council of Mujahideen. In a separate offensive nearly 15km away, another attack took place at Ras Hilal, where two troops were reported dead. The local coalition is one of the main opponents of General Khalifa Haftar, a key military figure in the UN-backed government in Libya.

EU to extend civilian mission in Libya until mid-2017

The European Union (EU) announced on Thursday that it will allocate nearly $19m to extend its mission in Libya until August 2017. The EU Integrated Border Management Assistance Mission in Libya (EUBAM-Libya) was set up in May, 2013 in neighbouring Tunisia. The mission aims to support the UN-backed government to deal with issues regarding criminal justice, security and migration.

Car bomb kills 23 in Benghazi

At least 23 people have been killed and 20 others wounded in a car bombing in the eastern city of Benghazi.  The blast targeted members of the security forces in the city's Guwarsha district on Tuesday.  The Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries claimed responsibility for the attack on social media.

US launches airstrikes on Sirte

The US has launched a series of airstrikes on the coastal town of Sirte.  The Pentagon said strikes targeting Islamic State (IS) militants were carried out at the request of the UN-backed government.  "These actions and those we have taken previously will help deny ISIL a safe haven in Libya from which it could attack the United States and our allies," said the Pentagon in a statement.

Pro-Haftar troops killed in Benghazi clashes

Forces loyal to renegade general Khalifa Haftar have been engaged in fierce clashes with rival Islamist militants in Benghazi, eastern Libya. Pro-Haftar forces clashed with fighters of the jihadist coalition, known as the Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries (SCBR), where 17 Haftar soldiers and two SCBR fighters were killed. Haftar, backed by his self-proclaimed Libyan National Army, is an avid critic of the UN-brokered unity government.

Hundreds demonstrate over French military presence in Libya

Hundreds of people took to the streets across Libya on Wednesday to protest against the French presence in the country. A statement published on social media by the National Unity Government (GNA) accused France of violating Libyan sovereign territory, claiming that "nothing justifies an intervention without our knowledge and without coordinating with us". Local media reported that the main demonstrations were held in the capital, Tripoli and the city of Misrata. The protests were triggered after the French government announced that three of its special forces soldiers were killed in a missile attack by a local Benghazi militia on Tuesday.

Military helicopter shot down by local Benghazi militia

Libyan authorities announced on Tuesday that members of a local Islamist militia shot down a military helicopter near Benghazi. Two French special forces soldiers were killed in the missile attack, carried out by the self-proclaimed Defending Benghazi Brigade. The group is often involved in resistance against forces led by anti-Islamist Gen. Khalifa Hifter, head of the Libyan army in the east of the country. Gen Hifter is a known opponent of the UN-brokered unity government established in December, which envisions a two-year-transitional period.

Militants killed in Sirte airstrike campaign

Official sources said on Tuesday that Libyan forces, allied with the UN-backed government, have been carrying out airstrikes in Sirte against Islamic State (IS) militants. One government soldier was killed and 20 others injured in an IS mortar attack, while 13 militants were found dead on the Zaafran frontline. Several of the strikes targeted IS militants barricaded in the Ouagadougou complex, Ghiza Asskariya district, in the centre of Sirte.

Eleven soldiers killed in car bomb blast in Benghazi

A car bomb killed 11 Libyan soldiers in the eastern city of Benghazi on Wednesday. The attack took place during the Eid al-Fitr holiday, which marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan. Benghazi has been frequently targeted by armed militants since forces loyal to General Khalifa Haftar forced Islamists out of the city. No group immediately claimed responsibility for the bombing.

Three Libyan soldiers killed in Sirte clashes

Libyan security forces launched an offensive to capture the city of Sirte from Islamic State (IS) control on Friday. Three government soldiers were killed and 30 others injured after IS militants offered heavy resistance.  The military offensives in Sirte have been undermined by landmines and IS snipers, with government forces claiming not to have the adequate resources to push the militants out of the town.

Two soldiers killed in clashes near Sirte

Clashes between Islamic State (IS) militants and Government of National Accord (GNA) forces led to the death of two people on Sunday. The confrontation took place in al-Ghrebat, near Sirte, amid the Operation Strong Foundation siege, where two GNA soldiers were killed and nine others were injured. The security forces spokesperson told the AFP that “pro-government forces are advancing cautiously because IS fighters are barricaded inside homes and we are trying to avoid using heavy artillery to spare civilians who could also be inside”.

Seven Egyptian nationals kidnapped near Misrata

Seven Egyptian nationals have been kidnapped in the coastal city of Misrata in northern Libya. In a statement issued on Monday by the Egyptian Foreign Ministry, the victims were abducted in the al-Karareem district. According to a family member of one of the victims, they were kidnapped nearly one month ago while travelling to Cairo. Egyptian authorities also strongly recommended that their nationals avoid all non-essential travel to Libya due to the security risks and the lack of diplomatic representation in the country.

Ten militia fighters killed in bomb attack near Sirte

At least 10 militia fighters have been killed and seven others injured in a bomb attack against a police station near Sirte. According to local sources, the attack was carried out on Thursday in Abu Ghrain. The incident comes amid the effort of pro-government forces, backed by the United Nations, to recapture Sirte from Islamic State (IS) militants.

Libyan forces advance on IS-held Sirte

Libyan government forces are advancing on the central city of Sirte, which is held by the Islamic State (IS) militant group. "Our forces control the entire coast of Sirte," Rida Issa, the naval commander for central Libya, told the AFP. "They will not be able to flee by sea." Airstrikes also targeted several key positions in an around the city, while ground troops captured the Tagreft and al-Jalet barracks from IS fighters.

Libyan troops clash with IS near Sirte

Ten Government of National Accord (GNA) soldiers have been killed and more than 40 others wounded in clashes with Islamic State (IS) militants near Sirte.  Heavy fighting erupted after troops launched an operation to recapture the Al Khaleej power plant from IS.  The UN-backed government in Tripoli say they are preparing to recapture Sirte, which has seen most of its 80,000 residents flee to escape the fighting.

Dozens killed by bomb attack near Sirte

At least 22 people have been killed and several others wounded near Sirte, northern Libya. A suicide attack carried out by the Islamic State (IS) killed 18 presidential guards and injured over 30 others on Wednesday. According to official sources, the incident happened in Bowerat al-Hasson after four people were killed in clashes between IS militants and security forces. Sirte has been under IS control for almost a year.

International powers agree to arm Libyan government

The US and other international powers have said they will lift an arms embargo on Libya and will provide weapons to the new unity government.  "The GNA [Government of National Accord] is the only entity that can unify the country. It is the only way to ensure that vital institutions... fall under representative and acknowledged authority," said US Secretary of State John Kerry at an event in Vienna. "It is the only way to generate the cohesion necessary to defeat Daesh [IS]." The lifting of the arms embargo will need to be approved by the UN Libya Sanctions Committee.

Four soldiers killed near Misrata

Four Libyan soldiers were killed on Wednesday in clashes with Islamic State (IS) militants near Misrata, western Libya. According to a medical source, the incident took place in the town of Assdada, located in an area surrounded by IS controlled villages and checkpoints. At least 30 people were also injured during the confrontation.

People traffickers killed in dispute in Bani Walid

At least 15 people have been killed in a dispute between Egyptians and Libyan people traffickers in the city of Bani Walid.  Local officials said fighting erupted over a disagreement about money on Wednesday.  The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) put the toll at 12 Egyptians and three Libyans, although the Egyptian foreign ministry said 16 of its nationals had died.  The UNSMIL Special Representative Martin Kobler said "I strongly deplore these terrible killings and call on those with authority on the ground in Bani Walid to ensure that the incidents are investigated."

Foreign national kidnapped near Egyptian border

A Serbian national was kidnapped in a remote area near the Egyptian border on Tuesday. Miroslav Tomic, a maintenance engineer employed by a German company, was travelling to Libya to inspect a remote oil field around 1,200km from Tripoli when he was abducted. The Serbian foreign ministry said they are awaiting "more information about the details of the abduction".

IS militants attack oil ports near Brega

One guard was killed and four others were injured after Islamic State (IS) militants attacked oil ports near Brega on Saturday. Clashes erupted when IS insurgents attacked Petroleum Facilities Guard (PFG) officers guarding the oil port on the outskirts of the Mediterranean town. IS has carried out multiple attacks against oil facilities across the Libyan coast, clashing with PFG forces, a semi-official armed group backing a new unity government in the country.

Eastern government launches airstrikes in Derna

Libya's eastern government has launched a series of airstrikes against Islamist militants in the city of Derna.  Military spokesman Abdulkarim Sabra said the strikes had targeted Shura Council fighters in Derna's Sayeda Khadija neighbourhood and at Bishr prison.  The operation comes after Islamic State (IS) retreated from the city's district 400 and al-Fatayeh to the south of Derna.  Forces loyal to the eastern government, the Derna Mujahideen Shura Council and IS have all been battling for control of the city.

Five Libyan soldiers killed during offensive in Benghazi

After weeks of clashes with Islamic State (IS) militants, Libyan security forces captured key areas of the eastern city of Benghazi on Sunday. Government allied troops captured a cement factory and a cemetery in El Hawari district. According to the Libyan forces spokesperson, Milad al-Zawie, five Libyan soldiers were killed in an offensive to liberate an area near the Garounis university. Since the overthrow of the former president, Muammar Gaddafi, Benghazi has been at the centre of the conflict between Islamic militants and allied government forces.

Guard killed in military checkpoint attack in Misratah

A security guard has been killed and four others wounded in an attack carried out by Islamic State (IS) militants on Wednesday. The attack was against a military checkpoint in Al-Sadadah, south-east of Misrata. Two of the officers were severely injured and are in a critical condition. IS insurgents have been carrying out attacks against Libyan military checkpoints located near their stronghold in the north-western town of Sirte.

Staff evacuated from Libya oil fields over IS threat

Oil workers have been evacuated from three fields in eastern Libya over fears about attacks from Islamic State (IS) militants.  On Sunday security sources said IS militants had been gathering in the town of Nawfiliyah, between Sirte and the oil ports of Es Sider and Ras Lanuf.  The Wafa field has been completely evacuated, while some staff at the Tibesti and Bayda fields have also been withdrawn.

Indian national kidnapped near Tripoli

An Indian national has been kidnapped along with two Libyan colleagues near the capital, Tripoli.  Reji Joseph, 43 and originally from Kerala, was abducted in the Souq al Jum'aa district to the east of Tripoli last Thursday.  Joseph's wife said they have received information that he has not been harmed during his captivity.  The identify of his kidnappers has not yet been confirmed.

Libya's Tripoli-based government resigns

Libya's Tripoli-based government has announced that is stepping down following the arrival of a UN-backed national unity government.  “We put the interests of the nation above anything else, and stress that the bloodshed stop and the nation be saved from division and fragmentation,” the statement from the National Salvation government read.  The head of the new government, Fayez Serraj, arrived in Tripoli last week and has set up a temporary base at the city's naval base.

Rival militias clash in Tripoli

Rival militias have clashed in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, after one of the groups killed a member of the other.  Heavy fighting was reported by the Libya Herald newspaper in the western Ghoat Shaal suburb between the National Mobile Force based in Janzour and the Jibreel Abaya militia based in Ghoat Shaal.  The clashes come just days before the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) moves to Tripoli from the Tunisian capital, Tunis.

Egyptian workers kidnapped in Libya

A group of 15 Egyptian workers have been kidnapped by suspected Islamic State (IS) militants in Libya.  The group were abducted near the capital, Tripoli, on Monday afternoon after they finished work.  Lawyer Ramy Magdy, whose father and son were among the victims, said no ransom demands have been received.  In February 2015, IS released videos of the beheading 21 Coptic Egyptian workers who had abducted in Sirte.

IS militants attack checkpoint near Misrata

A military checkpoint on the outskirts of the coastal city of Misrata has been attacked by Islamic State (IS) militants.  Three officers died in the assault on the checkpoint in Abu Grain, around 140km west of Sirte, on Wednesday afternoon.  The town was previously under IS control; however it was retaken by government forces following a series of airstrikes.  Earlier an airstrike in Sirte killed three children and left their mother wounded, while clashes were also reported between local militia fighters and IS militants near the town of Zintan.

Two Italian hostages killed in Sabratha

Two Italian hostages were allegedly killed during a gun battle between Libyan security forces and suspected Islamic State (IS) fighters on Wednesday. According to the Italian Foreign Ministry the two men, identified as Fausto Piano and Salvatore Failla, might be part of the four employees of Italian construction company Bonatti who were kidnapped last July.  Kidnapping foreign nationals is a common activity carried out by IS and their affiliates in the region.

Islamic State kills 12 troops in Sabratha clashes

Militants from the Islamic State (IS) have beheaded 12 members of the security forces in the western city of Sabratha.  Taher al-Gharabili, a Libyan army commander, said IS fighters briefly took control of the city on Wednesday when they "exploited a security vacuum" before his forces pushed them back.  Earlier this week the Libyan army recaptured the eastern city of Benghazi from Islamic militants.

Pro-government forces make gains in Benghazi

Pro-government fighters have recaptured several areas of Benghazi from Islamist militants, including fighters from the Islamic State (IS) group.  "We entered most of the sectors controlled by terrorist groups in Lithi in central Benghazi", a military source told AFP.  At least 20 loyalist fighters are reported to have been killed in the operation to retake the city.  On Sunday the army claimed to be in control of Marisa port and the district of al-Halis after heavy fighting with militants.

Islamic State targeted in US airstrikes

At least 40 people have been killed in US airstrikes against Islamic State (IS) militants in Libya.  The planes targeted positions in Sabratha, around 70km west of the capital, Tripoli.  “This strike demonstrates we will go after Isil [IS] whenever it is necessary, using the full range of tools at our disposal,” Pentagon spokesman Peter Cook said on Friday.  One of the targets of the strikes was Noureddine Chouchane, a Tunisian national who is suspected of involvement in two terrorist attacks in his home country.

Presidential Council announces new unity government

Libya's Presidential Council has announced that a new unity government has been agreed under the UN-brokered deal aimed at ending the civil conflict in the country.  The government is due to be announced in 48 hours, although only seven of the council's nine members have signed the deal.  The agreement also needs to be approved by the House of Representatives in Tobruk and the General National Congress in Tripoli.

Suicide attack at Ras Lanouf checkpoint kills six people

A suicide attack at a checkpoint left at least six people dead at the entrance of Ras Lanouf. Islamic State militants claimed responsibility for the attack.

At least 50 killed by a truck bomb targeting a police training centre

A truck bomb targeting the al-Jahfal police training centre in Zliten, western Libya, has killed at least 50 people. National media claims that hundreds of recruits were outside the centre performing morning exercises when the attack happened. A state of emergency has been declared, allowing hospitals in Tripoli and Misrata to receive the wounded. 

Four oil tanks set on fire after clashes between guards and Islamic State militants

Four oil tanks are reportedly set on fire in Es Sider and Ras Lanuf ports as a result of clashes between Islamic State (IS) militants and port guards. Two of the fires were set alight by IS shelling on 4-5 January, with the blaze having now spread. Three of the tanks are at Es Sider, and the other is at Ras Lanuf. No fatalities have been reported 

Islamic State (IS) militants attack port of Sidra

At least two members of the Petrol Facilities Guard militia have been killed in an attack by Islamic State (IS) militants in the port of Sidra.  IS said on Monday that it had detonated two car bombs at a checkpoint near the oilfields, while the groups also claimed to control Bin Jawad, 30km west of Sidra.  Local media have reported that four IS fighters and a civilian were also killed in the fighting.

Rival factions agree deal to form national government

Libya's rival factions have signed a UN-brokered agreement to form a national government. "The doors remain wide open to those who are not here today," UN envoy Martin Kobler said at the ceremony attended by regional foreign ministers. "The signing of the political agreement is only the first step." A nine-member presidential council will name a new government in a month.

Maltese hospital manager kidnapped in Tripoli

The manager of a Maltese-owned hospital has been kidnapped in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  Pierre Baldacchino, 36,  was abducted while on his way home on Monday evening.  The Maltese government said it is "working with the Libyan authorities" to secure his release.  Three Maltese nationals have been kidnapped in Libya in the last 18 months.

Rival parliament agree peace proposals

Libya's two rival parliaments have signed a declaration of principles aimed at resolving the political crisis in the country.  The deal between the easter Libyan parliament and the Tripoli-based General National Congress (GNC) was reached late on Saturday following talks in Tunisia.  The agreement is separate from UN-brokered talks between the two rival governments.

Armed group kidnaps 11 Tunisian workers

Unknown gunmen have kidnapped 11 Tunisian nationals near the western city of Zuwara.  According to reports the kidnappers have demanded the release of a Libyan militant, Hassan Ben Mohamed Tanniche, from the Medenine prison in southern Tunisia.

Car bomb kills seven at Libya checkpoint

At least seven guards have been killed after a car bomb exploded at a checkpoint near the city of Khoms, 130km east of the capital, Tripoli.  The blast occurred at the Mislattah checkpoint on Tuesday morning.  There have been no immediate claims of responsibility.

Militant leader killed in US airstrike

The leader of the Islamic State (IS) in Libya has been killed in a US airstrike in the eastern city of Derna.  According to the Pentagon Abu Nabil, also known as Wissam Najm Abd Zayd al Subaydi, was targeted by F-15E jets on Friday night. “Nabil’s death will degrade IS’s ability to meet the group’s objectives in Libya, including recruiting new IS members, establishing bases in Libya, and planning external attacks on the United States,” Peter Cook, the Pentagon press secretary, said in a statement

Libyan troops killed in Benghazi attacks

At least 16 Libyan government soldiers have been killed in attacks in and around the eastern city of Benghazi. “Most of the soldiers were killed by landmines planted by terrorist organisations,” spokesperson Miloud al-Zawi told the LANA news agency.  Zawi also said that the security forces had seized control of a military base and had "secured a major victory".

Gunmen kidnap Serbian embassy staff in Sabratah

Gunmen have kidnapped two Serbian embassy employees from Libya's coastal city of Sabratah.  The communications officer and driver were travelling in a convoy with Serbia's ambassador to Libya when they were intercepted on Sunday. The ministry is "doing all it can to get more information and secure the return of our citizens in a very complicated situation on the ground," a statement said.

Gunmen kidnap Tripoli-based government minister

Unknown gunmen have kidnapped a minister from Libya's Tripoli-based government.  Mohamad al-Gadar was reportedly abducted on Monday, while in a statement the General National Congress (GNC) said that the armed group Revolutionaries of Tripoli were responsible.  Earlier this month both the GNC and the internationally recognised government in the east rejected UN-backed plans for a unity national government.

Helicopters 'shot down' west of Tripoli

At least 14 people have been killed after a helicopter crashed west of the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  A militia spokesman said the helicopter was shot down during clashes between rival fighters in the coastal town of Zawiya.  There is speculation that commanders from the Fajr Libya (Libya Dawn) militia coalition were travelling on the aircraft when it was hit.

Six killed in Benghazi rocket fire

At least six people have been killed and dozens more wounded by rocket fire in the eastern city of Benghazi.  Hundreds of people gathered to protest against the UN-backed peace deal, which will result in a new unity government. "The exact toll could be much higher as medics are still trying to collect human remains from the site," said a local medic.

Five killed in Libya shelling

At least five people have been killed and three others wounded in shelling in the Libyan city of Benghazi. "Most of (the casualties are) children under the age of 10", said the Al-Jalaa hospital in a statement. Military sources confirmed the strikes, which hit the central Laithi area of the city on Monday night.

UN proposes unity government in Libya

The United Nations (UN) envoy for Libya has announced a new national unity government for Libya following months of talks.  Since 2014 Libya has been split between an Islamist-backed government in Tripoli and the internationally recognised parliament in Tobruk.  Bernardino Leon named Fayez Sarraj, currently a member of the Tripoli-based government, as the prime minister in the new administration. Ibrahim Alzaghiat, of the House of Representatives (HoR), based in Tobruk, said: "This proposed government will lead to the division of Libya and will turn it into a joke. Mr Leon's choice was unwise."

Heavy fighting erupts in Benghazi

At least 10 people have been killed in Benghazi during clashes between jihadists and troops loyal to the government in Tobruk.  Seven militants and three soldiers died in the fighting in the Sabri, Hawari, Leithi and Buatni districts of the city.  Army chief Khalifa Haftar launched a military offensive, codenamed Operation Doom, in the city on 19 September. 

Four suspected militants killed in Derna clashes

Four suspected militants affiliated with the Islamic State (IS) have been killed in clashes with the Libyan army in Derna.  Troops loyal to the government in Tobruk targeted several IS positions in the city, seizing large quantities of weapons and destroying several explosive devices.

Tribal fighting in Kufra leaves 30 dead

At least 30 people have been killed and more than a dozen others wounded in fighting between armed groups in Kufra.  The town's council spokesman said a convoy of fighters stormed the town from the north, leading to clashes with local Zwai militias.  Sporadic clashes have been taking place the Tebu and Zwai since February, 2014.

Twelve Egyptians kidnapped by IS militants

Witnesses have reported that IS jihadists kidnapped 12 Egyptians "who wanted to return home" from Sirte on Sunday. Among those kidnapped, who worked in the construction sector, are some Coptic Christians. The same sources also claim that the 12 Egyptians were "forced to work and build a prison and some administrative offices for the Islamic State." 

Pro-government forces battle IS militants in Benghazi

Libyan pro-government forces continued to battle Islamic State (IS) militants in Benghazi on Monday, where five pro-government fighters have been killed in two days of violence. Four loyalist soldiers were killed and 22 wounded on Sunday in clashes with IS in the southern district of Hawari. Loyalist forces have advanced into Hawari and control much of the district. The LANA news agency has reported that a special forces commander, Imad al-Jazwi, was killed in a mine blast on Monday. He was searching a house when the explosive device detonated, killing his and three other members of his unit. 

IS fighters bomb Sirte following popular uprising

Up to 30 people have been killed in the city of Sirte as Islamic State (IS) fighters indiscriminately shelled residential areas in reaction to an uprising. On Wednesday, numerous clashes took place between locals and ISIS militants, who have controlled the town for the past three months. According to reports, 30 people were killed in the clashes and bombings as IS fighters retaliated, but information is hard to verify in the city.

Fajr Libya launches operation to clear IS from Sirte

On August 11, the leadership of the general staff of the Libyan army (affiliated to the non-recognised government of Tripoli - known as the Fajr Libya coalition) announced the beginning of a military operation to clear Islamic State (IS) militants from the city of Sirte. Fighter jets have reportedly begun bombing IS positions. 

Libyan government denies resignation of Prime Minister

The internationally recognised Libyan government has denied that Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni had tendered his resignation after he appeared overnight to announce that he was stepping down. His remarks did not amount to an official resignation, which could only be tendered in writing to the parliament, a government spokesman has said. Al-Thanni made his remarks after UN Libya envoy Bernardino Leon said rival factions in the country should conclude a peace deal in time for the UN General Assembly meeting in mid-September.

Car bomb in Derna kills nine

Nine people have been killed and dozens wounded by a car bomb in Derna city of Sunday night. It is reported that some of the dead and wounded are civilians. The Islamic State (IS) militant group has claimed responsibility for the attack. 

IS kills captured judge

Islamic State affiliates in Libya have executed a judge who was abducted a week ago.Mohamed Al-Namli, a member of Al-Khoms appeal court, was found dead on Tuesday near Al-Harawa town with signs of torture on his body. IS affiliates are being held responsible for the murder. Al-Namli was kidnapped by an unidentified armed group, which is most likely to be affiliated with the IS, in the city of Sirte, when he was passing through the city's western gate. 

Indian teachers kidnapped in Libya

Four Indian teachers have been kidnapped at a checkpoint near Sirte, where they were teaching at a university. The Islamic State (IS) has a very strong presence in the city. A spokesperson for the Indian foreign ministry has said that "they were returning to India via Tripoli and Tunis, when they were detained at a checkpoint approximately 50km from Sirte." It is not clear who has abducted the teachers, but the spokesperson said that the Indians "have all been brought back to the city of Sirte."

Jihadis driving ISIS form eastern stronghold

Libyan officials report that a rival jihadist group known as the Shura Council of Jihadis has pushed ISIS-affiliated militants from most of Darna. The fighting resulted in the death of 39 militants from both sides. Anonymous officials have said that at least 26 ISIS fighters were killed, with 13 Council fighters being killed in the battle. 20 Shura Council fighters were wounded. The Council says it plans to pursue the remaining ISIS fighters, who have fled to the mountain areas of Al-Fatayah.

Suicide bomb kills three soldiers in Benghazi

A suicide attack in Central Benghazi has killed three soldiers and wounded 11 others, a medic and a military source have said. It is not yet confirmed who carried out the attack, but it bears all the hallmarks of an Islamic State (IS) attack.

Ceasefire between Tabu and Tuareg tribes

Representatives from the Tabu and Tuareg tribes have signed a ceasefire in the town of Sabha, southern Libya. The agreement also provides for the return of all families displaced by the conflict from Sunday. The ceasefire started immediately after the signing, and is set to last for a month, although it can be extended on the request of the Council in Libya.

Dozens killed in tribal clashes in Sebha

Dozens of people have been killed in tribal clashes in the southern city of Sabha.  Fighting erupted between members of the Tuareg and Tebu communities in the Al-Touri district on Monday, despite leaders from both groups agreeing a seven-day ceasefire only two days earlier.

Seven dead in Benghazi clashes

At least seven people have been killed in fighting in the eastern city of Benghazi.  Two loyalist soldiers were killed in clashes with armed groups on Monday, while five people died and 17 others were wounded by shelling in a residential area of the city.  Around 1,800 people have died in the violence which has beset the city since early 2014, according to the Libya Body Count watchdog.

Deadly clashes erupt in Benghazi

At least 23 people have been killed and dozens more wounded in three days of clashes in the eastern city of Benghazi.  The fighting between Libyan soldiers and a coalition of Islamist militias erupted in the centre of the city on Wednesday.  Heavy fighting has also been reported in the Islamist neighbourhood of Laithi, while the al-Jalaa hospital said that it was hit by rocket fire which killed one person and wounded three others.

Militant leader Belmokhtar reportedly killed in US airstrike

The leading Algerian jihadist militant Mokhtar Belmokhtar has been killed in a US airstrike in eastern Libya. “The Libyan government in the east of Libya confirms that the US fighter jets conducted air strikes last night in a mission which resulted in the death of the terrorist Belmokhtar,” a spokesman for the Libyan government said.  A Pentagon spokesman confirmed the raid but did not verify that Belmokhtar, who carried out the deadly attack on the In Amenas gas plant in 2013, was dead.

Gunmen storm Tunisian consulate in Tripoli

Gunmen have stormed the Tunisian consulate in Libya's capital, Tripoli, taking 10 staff members hostage.  The Tunisian foreign ministry called the raid a "vile aggression against Tunisian sovereignty".  The Islamist government in Tripoli said that authorities are working to release the hostages. 

Islamic State (IS) clashes with rival militants in Derna

Fighters loyal to the Islamic State (IS) have clashed with rival Islamist militias near the eastern city of Derna.  At least 20 fighters were reportedly killed in the fighting, which was sparked when a local brigade commander, Salem Derbi, was killed for refusing to pledge allegiance to IS leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi.  "We, the Mujahideen of the Derna council, have warned those Islamic State militants to stop their criminal acts but they were committing even more crimes," Majlis al-Shura said in a statement.

IS kidnaps 86 Eritrean Christians in Libya

Islamic State (IS) fighters have kidnapped 86 Eritrean Christians in Libya, according to human rights activists.  The migrants, who were trying to make their way to Europe, were ambushed by IS militants while travelling in a truck to Tripoli last week.  According to witnesses the militants divided the migrants by their religion, with six Muslims reportedly released by the group.  In April 79 Eritrean and Ethiopian migrants were kidnapped by IS fighters, who later released a video purporting to show a group of around 30 being executed.

IS fighters capture Sirte airport

Islamic State (IS) fighters have seized control of the airport in the coastal city of Sirte after forces from the Tripoli-based government withdrew.  Mohamed al-Shami, who leads one of Libya's two current governments, said its forces pulled out late on Thursday after the airport had "fallen into the hands of the IS organisation”.  Most of the city fell to IS last week as the group continues to make gains in the country.

Libya PM survives assassination attempt

Libya's internationally recognised prime minister has survived an assassination attempt in the town of Tobruk.  Abdullah al-Thinni said he was leaving parliament when gunmen in cars opened fire on his entourage. "We were surprised by a lot of bullets... Thank God, we managed to escape," Thinni said, adding that one bodyguard had been wounded.

North Korean couple kidnapped in Libya

A North Korean couple have been kidnapped by suspected Islamic militants in Libya, according to local media.  The Libya Observer reported that a doctor and his wife were taken last week in al-Noufleya, near the eastern city of Sirte.

Government launches fresh assault on Benghazi

At least 19 Libyan soldiers have been killed and dozens more wounded after the internationally recognised government launched a fresh offensive on Benghazi.  The heaviest fighting was reported in the al-Laithi district of the city, with army jets carrying out airstrikes on rebels from the Majlis al-Shura group.  Elsewhere the Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for a suicide car bomb attack at a checkpoint in Misrata which killed two guards.

Militia holds 172 Tunisians in Tripoli

Tunisian officials said 172 of its nationals had been detained by an armed group in the Libyan capital, Tripoli. Brahim Rezgui, Tunisian consul in Tripoli, said the group had demanded the release of a Libya Dawn commander who was arrested in Tunisia last week. "They are being held in the district of Salaheddine (in the Tripoli region) and we are in contact with Libyan authorities", he added.

Rocket strike kills eight in Benghazi

At least eight people have been killed, including seven children, after a residential building was hit by rocket fire in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.  The incident comes just days after four other children died when mortar fire hit their neighbourhood in the city.  Militants loyal to the Islamic State (IS) have claimed responsibility for the earlier attack.

Turkish cargo ship shelled near Tobruk

A Turkish cargo ship has been shelled entering the port of Tobruk and hit by air strikes as it left the area.  The ship's third officer was killed in the attack, which the Turkish foreign ministry has condemned. "We condemn strongly this contemptible attack which targeted a civilian ship in international waters and curse those who carried it out," the ministry said in a statement.  A military spokesman for the government in Tobruk said the ship was warned not to approach the eastern city of Derna.

Islamic State targeted in air strikes

Islamic State (IS) militants have been targeted in air strikes by Libya's internationally recognised government. Saqer al-Joroushi, an air force commander, said warplanes hit IS positions in Derna on Monday and Tuesday.   "We ask all residents to stay away from checkpoints and Islamic State locations," Joroushi told the Reuters news agency.

Tunisian journalists killed by Islamic State in Libya

Two Tunisian journalists have been killed by Islamic State (IS) militants in Libya. The Tunisian government will immediately send a delegation to Libya to discuss the case, said a Tunis official, declining to confirm the deaths of Sofian Chourabi and Nadhir Ktari who were kidnapped about eight months ago. The report comes days after four Libyan and an Egyptian journalist were found dead in the east of the country.

Libyan journalists found dead in al-Bayda

Five journalists from a Libyan TV station have been found dead outside the eastern city of al-Bayda.  Faraj al-Barassi, a district army commander, said the militants from the Islamic State (IS) were responsible for the killings.  The five reporters went missing since last August as they travelled from Tobruk to Benghazi.

Car bomb targets Spanish embassy in Tripoli

A car bomb has exploded outside the Spanish embassy in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  Suspected Islamic State (IS) militants detonated the device in the early hours of Tuesday in the Ben Achour district.  Spain withdrew its entire diplomatic staff from Libya last year due to the deteriorating security situation in the country.

Islamic State (IS) releases video of Ethiopian Christian killings

The Islamic State (IS) militant group has released a video which appears to show the killing of around 30 Ethiopian Christians in Libya. Redwan Hussein, an Ethiopian government spokesman, told Reuters that he could not immediately confirm the nationalities of the victims. The video appeared to show one group in the south who were shot dead, while another group were beheaded on a beach in the east of the country.

Tobruk forces launch air strikes near Tripoli

Libya's internationally recognised government in Tobruk has carried out a series of air strikes on a military camp near Tripoli.  A spokesman for the armed forces loyal to Tobruk said jets had attacked the Mitiga airport and a camp in Tajura as part of their "campaign against terrorism".  No casualty figures were released.

Moroccan embassy bombed in Tripoli

A bomb has exploded at the gates of the Moroccan embassy in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  No injuries were reported in the blast, which came just hours after a deadly shooting at the South Korean embassy.  Fighters loyal to the Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for the attack on the South Korean embassy, which left two Libyan guards dead and one other wounded.

GNC parliament sacks leader

The leader of the Islamist-backed government based in Tripoli has been sacked following internal fighting.  Omar al-Hassi, who was appointed as head of the GNC in April, was voted out of office after several ministers threatened to resign unless he was sacked. The UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) is mediating at peace talks between the GNC and the internationally recognised government based in Tobruk.

Suicide bomb kills seven in Benghazi

At least seven people have been killed in a suicide bomb attack in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.  The Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for the blast, which occurred at an army checkpoint in the Lithi district of the city.  Meanwhile a rocket hit a residential building in the city, killing two people.  

Violence continues across Libya

Heavy fighting continues to be reported across Libya, with fighters loyal to the Islamic State (IS) battling rival militias from the west of the country.  IS militants carried out a car bomb attack on a police checkpoint in the capital, Tripoli, on Sunday, wounding five police officers.  Another car bomb exploded in the western city of Misrata, killing at least one rival militia member.  Fighting has also been raging near the city of Sirte, with at least two anti-IS fighters killed in recent days.

Foreign oil workers kidnapped in Libya

Nine foreign oil workers have been kidnapped by Islamic State (IS) militants in Libya.  Four Filipinos, an Austrian, a Czech, a Bangladeshi, a Ghanaian and another unidentified individual were taken from the al-Ghani oil field. Eight guards were also reportedly beheaded during the raid on Friday. “What we can assure you is that we are doing everything in our power to establish the whereabouts of those missing,” said a spokesman for the Maltese-based company that employs the nine hostages.

Tripoli airport bombed ahead of peace talks

Tripoli airport has been hit by a series of air strikes carried out by the internationally recognised parliament in Tobruk.  The bombing occurred just hours before UN-backed peace talks were due to begin in neighbouring Morocco. UN envoy Bernardino Leon told the UN Security Council on Wednesday that ending the conflict in Libya was "possible" but that the situation on the ground was "deteriorating rapidly".

General Haftar named head of Libyan army

General Khalifa Haftar, the controversial anti-Islamist commander, has been named as the head of the Libyan army by the internationally recognized government.  He launched Operation Dignity against Islamist militants in Benghazi and has since led troops against the Libya Dawn militia, who control the capital, Tripoli. "Khalifa Haftar for us is a war criminal and therefore, of course, this measure will add to the escalation and complicate things," Omar Hmeidan, spokesman for the rival former parliament which was reinstated by Tripoli militia.

Iran embassy in Tripoli hit by twin bomb blast

Two bombs have exploded at the Iranian embassy in Libya's capital, Tripoli.  No injuries were reported in the blasts on Sunday and the Iranian ambassador was not in the residence at the time of the attack.  Fighters loyal to the Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for the bombings.

Dozens killed in Islamic State bomb attack

At least 40 people have been killed in a triple bombing by suspected Islamic State (IS) militants in eastern Libya.  The devices exploded at a petrol station, a police office and the home of parliamentary speaker Agila Salah.  In a statement IS claimed to have carried out the attack as revenge for Egyptian air strikes, which were carried out after militants killed 21 kidnapped Egyptians earlier this week.

Islamic State (IS) kills Egyptian Coptic Christians

The Islamic State (IS) has released a video showing the beheading of 21 Egyptian Copts kidnapped in Libya. The video, titled "A message signed with blood to the nation of the cross", says the killings were directed at "the hostile Egyptian Church". Speaking in English, a fighter from the group says the beheadings were revenge for "Muslim women persecuted by Coptic crusaders in Egypt".  Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi responded by launching several air strikes in north-eastern Libya, killing at least seven civilians.

Gunmen storm remote Libyan oilfield

Gunmen have killed 11 people, including at least one foreign national, during a raid on a remote oilfield in Libya. "Most were beheaded or killed by gunfire," said Abdelhakim Maazab, commander of a security force in charge of protecting the al-Mabrook oilfield, some 170km south of the Mediterranean city of Sirte.  Three Filipinos who were initially reported dead are believed to have been kidnapped during the assault.

Gunmen attack luxury hotel in Tripoli

Gunmen have attacked a luxury hotel in Libya's capital, Tripoli, killing three guards and five foreign nationals.  A car bomb exploded outside the gates of the Corinthia hotel before militants stormed into the lobby and took a number of hostages.  The Islamic State (IS) militant group said members from its Darna branch carried out the attack.

Libya's government declares ceasefire

Libya's internationally recognized government has declared a ceasefire, two days after rival militias declared a truce. "We declare a ceasefire from midnight (22:00 GMT) on Sunday," the army said on Sunday, adding that it would continue to pursue "terrorists".  On Friday the Fajr Libya (Libya Dawn) militia, based in Tripoli, agreed to the ceasefire to allow "safe passage to channel humanitarian aid".

Libyan jets bomb Greek oil tanker in Derna

Libyan government jets have bombed a Greek-operated oil tanker in the eastern port of Derna, killing two people.  Military officials said the vessel had being acting suspiciously and was suspected of transporting rebel fighters to the city.  Greece has condemned the "unprovoked and cowardly" attack that killed one Greek and one Romanian crew member, adding that it had contacted the EU about the strike.

Coptic Christians kidnapped in Sirte

Masked gunmen have kidnapped 13 Coptic Christians from the central city of Sirte, days after several others were abducted.  The Egyptian nationals were seized from their residence in the early hours of Saturday morning. "There were 15 armed and masked men who came in four vehicles. They had a list of full names of Christians in the building. While checking IDs, Muslims were left aside while Christians were grabbed," said local resident Hanna Aziz.

Air strikes target militia in Misrata

Libya's government has carried out air strikes against the Libya Dawn militia in the western city of Misrata.  Local residents said the strikes hit a school of aviation, the city's port and a steel plant.  The operation came after a 72-hour ultimatum issued by the air force against the militants, who have said that "the bombings will not affect our resolve".

Soldiers killed in clashes with Libya Dawn militia

At least 19 Libyan soldiers have been killed in clashes with fighters from the Libya Dawn militia.  The fighting was reported at a power plant in the coastal city of Sirte, while in separate fighting an oil tank was destroyed by rocket fire at an oil terminal in Sidra. "The armed forces on Thursday repelled an attack in which the Fajr Libya militia tried to seize the Al-Sidra oil terminal," said Ali Al-Hassi, spokesman of the security services protecting the region's energy facilities.

Islamist rebels launch assault on eastern oil region

Islamist militias have launched an assault on the al-Hilal oil region in the east of Libya, forcing the Es Sider port to close.  Rebels from the Fajr Libya coalition carried out a three-pronged attack on Saturday; however, they were repelled by the country's air force. "Air force jets and helicopters struck the fighters as they advanced on Al-Sidra oil terminal," said Brigadier-General Saqr Jarushi. Five soldiers were also wounded during clashes on the ground.

Islamic State (IS) set up training camps in eastern Libya

The Islamic State (IS) militant group have setup training camps in eastern Libya, according to a senior US general.  Gen David Rodriguez, who is the head of the US Africa command, said there could be "a couple of hundred" IS fighters at camps in the area.  He added that the IS presence was currently "small and very nascent" and the US military would continue to monitor developments.

Tripoli air base hit in air strikes

A Libyan air force jet has carried out two air strikes on the Maitiga air base in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  The base is the city's last functioning airport, and the Fajr Libya militia claim that the strikes were carried out by foreign-backed forces.

Car bombings kill five in eastern Libya

At least five people have been killed and more than 20 others wounded after several car bombs exploded in eastern Libya.  The first blast was reported in Tobruk on Wednesday morning, and appeared to target the city's intelligence headquarters.  A second attack took place outside an air base in al-Badya, killing four Libyan soldiers.  Another smaller car bomb exploded in the restive city of Benghazi; however, there were no immediate reports of casualties.

Three activists found beheaded in Derna

Three young Libyan activists have been found beheaded in the east of the country.  The victims, who had been kidnapped earlier this month in Derna, are believed to have been killed by Islamic militants.  Recently the Islamic Youth Shura Council, who are battling for control the city, pledged allegiance to the Islamic State (IS).  Many of the militant group's fighters have recently returned home from fighting alongside IS in Syria and Iraq. 

Heavy fighting erupts at Benghazi port

Heavy fighting erupted around Benghazi's port on Monday as the army attempted to reclaim the city from Islamic militants.  The military earlier asked local residents to evacuate the central al-Sabri district of the city ahead of a major military offensive.  At least 13 people were reported to have been killed in the fighting, which is the latest unrest to hit the city in recent months.

Heavy fighting in Benghazi between rival militias

Gunfire and airstrikes have been reported in the restive eastern city of Benghazi as rival militias continue to battle for control of it.  At least 13 people died when forces loyal to rogue former General Khalifa Haftar launched another offensive to drive out the Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries, the coalition of Islamist militants who have formed their own government in the city.

Rival militias clash in western town of Kikla

At least 23 people have been killed in clashes between rival militias in the western Libyan town of Kikla.  The nationalist Zintan militia attacked their rival Libya Dawn group, made up of an alliance of Islamist groups, on Saturday.  The latest clashes came as United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon visited the captial, Tripoli, to call for and end to the fighting for peace talks to begin between the various groups.

Car bomb kills one in Benghazi

One person died on Friday in a car bomb attack in the eastern city of Benghazi.  The blast took place outside the Tibesti hotel, which is a popular meeting place for pro-government supporters.  The incident occurred as the leader of the Ansar al-Sharia militant group released a statement saying the group "will finish the battle [of Benghazi] in the coming days". 

British hostage released in Libya

A British hostage held by militants in Libya since May has been released.  David Bolam, who taught English at the international school in Benghazi, was released following negotations with local political factions and the reported payment of a ransom.

Suicide bomb attacks target Haftar troops in Benghazi

At least 40 soldiers loyal to a rogue former general have been killed in a series of suicide bomb attacks in the eastern city of Benghazi.  Heavy fighting has been reported around the Benina air base between Khalifa Haftar's forces and various rival militias. The Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries said it carried out the attack in conjunction with the Libya Shield brigade and Ansar al-Sharia.

Rogue general claims airstrikes in western Libya

Forces loyal to the rogue former general Khalifa Haftar have claimed responsibility for an air strike against a militia in western Libya.  State news agency LANA said 15 people were wounded in the strike against a munitions depot in the town of Gharyan.

Libyan soldiers kidnapped by Islamists in Benghazi

Around 25 Libyan soldiers have been kidnapped and five others killed by Islamist militants in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.  Fadhil al-Hasi, a special forces commander, said the troops were attacked by fighters from the Majlis al-Shoura group at an army checkpoint in the city on Tuesday.  The incident happened as Libya's prime minister flew to the United Arab Emirates to seek international help to restore order in the country.

Libya accuses Sudan of arming rebels

Libya has accused the Sudanese government of arming "terrorist" groups in the country and declared Sudan's military attache persona non grata.  The statement came after a Sudanese military plane allegedly bound for the rebel-held Tripoli-Matiga airport was intercepted during a refuelling stop in the Kufra.  Sudan's army said the incident had been a misunderstanding, claiming the plane was carrying equipment for a joint border force and that “Sudan has no interest to intervene in the internal Libyan affairs.”

Military jet crashes in eastern city of Tobruk

A Libyan military jet has crashed in the eastern city of Tobruk, killing the pilot and at least two others.  The MiG-21 jet, which was controlled by forces loyal to rogue General Khalifa Haftar,  hit a block of flats near the new parliamentary building due to a reported technical failure.  The jet was performing in a memorial ceremony for another pilot killed when his plane was shot down by a rebel militia last week.

Prime Minister al-Thinni resigns

Libya's prime minister, Abdullah al-Thani, has resigned from the country's failing government, days after rival Islamist groups reformed the General National Congress. "The GNC dismissed Abdullah al-Thani as head of government and gave Omar al-Hassi a week to form a salvation government," GNC spokesman Omar Ahmidan told journalists in Tripoli on Monday.  Libya has seen months of political infighting while various militias have fought for control of the country.

Parliament votes for UN intervention

Libya's parliament has voted for the United Nations (UN) to send peacekeeping troops to the country to protect civilians amid escalating violence in the country.  MPs gathered in the eastern city of Tobruk due to ongoing clashes between rival militias in the capital, Tripoli. "The international community must intervene immediately to ensure that civilians are protected," said MP Abu Bakr Biira, quoting from the decree. 

Head of Tripoli police shot dead

The head of police in Tripoli has been killed by unknown gunmen in an eastern suburb of the capital.  Col. Mohammad al-Suissi was shot dead and two of his colleagues were kidnapped in the attack which took place after he left a meeting in Tajoura on Tuesday.

Sudanese nationals killed in Libya rocket attack

At least 18 Sudanese nationals have been killed in a rocket attack in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  A Sudanese government spokesman said the victims died when a stray rocket hit their house on the outskirts of the city.  More than a thousand Sudanese nationals remain stranded in the country, many of them in Bireiga in the east; however, the government said "the situation in Libya did not yet reach the critical stage that necessitates evacuation of the Sudanese there". 

Dozens killed in Benghazi clashes

At least 36 people have been killed in clashes between rival militias in the eastern city of Benghazi over the weekend.  Meanwhile in the capital, Tripoli, 23 Egyptian workers died when a rocket hit their house during fighting near the airport.

US embassy evacuates staff from Tripoli

The US government has temporarily evacuated its staff from the Libyan capital, Tripoli, due to renewed clashes between rival militias.  The staff, including marine guards, have been transferred to neighbouring Tunisia after Secretary of State John Kerry said there was a "real risk" to their safety.

Twin suicide blast kills four in Benghazi

At least four soldiers have been killed in a twin suicide bomb attack at an army base in the eastern city of Benghazi.  Two cars packed with explosives were detonated outside the barracks in the Bouatni area of the city while troops were breaking the fast for the holy month of Ramadan.

Renewed clashes break out at Tripoli airport

At least 47 people have been killed in the latest clashes between rival militias fighting for control of Tripoli's international airport.  The Health Ministry said that around 120 people had been wounded in renewed fighting over the past 24 hours.  Meanwhile seven people have been killed and 40 others wounded in an attack by Islamist militants in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.

Rival militias clash at Tripoli airport

At least seven people have been killed after clashes erupted at Tripoli's airport on Sunday morning between two rival militias, causing several flights to be suspended.  The Zintan militia, who control the site, were attacked by a rival Islamist group - the Operations Cell of Libyan Revolutionaries - leading to hours of heavy fighting.

Intelligence officer killed in Benghazi car bomb

A Special Forces intelligence officer has been killed in a car bomb attack in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.  The device had been planted by unknown assailants under Hassan Buzgaya's car and exploded while he was driving with his infant son, who was reportedly wounded in the blast.

Government regains control of oil terminals from rebels

The Libyan government has regained control of the Ras Lanuf and Sidra oil terminals from rebel fighters.  The government said the move came following talks with the rebels groups, who seized four terminals last year.  In a joint news conference with rebel leader Ibrahim Jathran, Libya's Prime Minsiter Abdullah al-Thani "we have successfully reached an agreement to solve the oil crisis".  

Voting under way in Libyan elections

Voting is now underway in Libya's parliamentary elections, which were called a month ago when the rogue General Khalifa Haftar launched an assault on Islamist militias in Benghazi.  The UN has described the poll as "an important step in the Libya's transition towards stable democratic governance"; however, only 1.5 million people have registered to vote out of a total population of six million.

Rogue general launches new offensive in Benghazi

General Khalifa Haftar's forces have launched a fresh assault against Islamist militias in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.   Troops backed by tanks and rocket launchers attacked several militia bases in western areas of the city, with local residents reporting some of the heaviest fighting since the offensive, dubbed "Operation Dignity", began in May.

Suicide blast hits Benghazi checkpoint

Six people have been wounded in a suicide bomb attack on an army checkpoint near the restive eastern city of Benghazi.  The Berses post was targeted in December last year in an attack that left 13 soldiers dead.

Suicide bomber targets rogue general in Benghazi

A suicide bomber has targeted the house of rogue general Khalifa Haftar in Benghazi, killing three people and wounding several others.  A spokesman for Haftar said he was not wounded in the blast, although military officials claimed he was taking to hospital for treatment.

Deadly clashes erupt in Benghazi

At least 16 people have been killed in fighting between Islamist militant groups and forces loyal to a rogue Libyan general.  Local reports said the fighting erupted when the Islamist groups, led by Ansar al-Sharia, attacked the base of a special forces unit who support Khalifa Haftar's insurgency.  Haftar began his offensive against the "terrorists" in May, saying the central government had failed to control them. 

Rogue general launches airstrikes against Islamists in Benghazi

Forces loyal to rogue general Khalifa Haftar have carried out airstrikes against Islamist militias in the eastern city of Benghazi.  Two bases belonging to Ansar al-Sharia and the government-backed February 17th Brigade were targeted during the operation.  The latest unrest comes after the US told its citizens to leave the country immediately because it "remains unpredictable and unstable".

Prime minister survives assassination attempt in Tripoli

Libya's new prime minister, Ahmed Maiteeq, has survived an attack on his home in the capital, Tripoli.  Several gunmen fired RPGs at Mr Maiteeq's house early on Tuesday, sparking clashes with his security guards.

Prominent Libyan journalist shot dead in Benghazi

A prominent Libyan journalist, who was an outspoken critic of the country's Islamist militias, has been shot dead in the eastern city of Benghazi.  Muftah Bu-Zaid, the editor-in-chief of the Burniq newspaper, was attacked as he was driving in the city on Monday morning.  He had appeared on television on Sunday night to discuss current the political situation in Libya.

Rocket attack wounds 20 in Benghazi

At least 20 people from the same family have been wounded after a rocket hit their house in a residential area of Benhazi in eastern Libya.  The house lies close to the headquarters of the army's special unit force in the central Abuhdima neighbourhood, which is thought to have been the target of the attack.  Meanwhile protesters have shut the headquarters of the Sirte Oil Company in the port town of Brega, according to state news agency LANA.

Government announces election date in bid to end conflict

Libya has announced that parliamentary elections will take place on 25 June, a move intended to end the escalating violence in the country.  The government has accused rogue general Khalifa Haftar of organising a coup after his forces carried out attacks in Benghazi and Tripoli earlier this week.

Special forces join rogue general's fighters

The commander of Libya's special forces has announced that his troops will join a rogue former general's operation against Islamist militias in the country, raising fears of another civil conflict.   Colonel Wanis Abu Khamada said in a televised speech in Benghazi on Monday that he will join General Khalifa Haftar's Operation Dignity "with all our men and weapons".  Benghazi airport was hit by rocket fire over night and will remain closed for the rest of the week, while yesterday Saudi Arabia closed its embassy in Tripoli and evacuated its diplomatic staff.

Gunmen storm Libyan parliament in Tripoli

Forces loyal to a rogue former general have stormed the Libyan parliament in the capital, Tripoli, killing at least two people and wounding dozens more.  The raid comes after General Khalifa Hifter's forces attacked pro-government militias in the eastern city of Benghazi on Friday.  In a statement the group said they were removing some of the country's most radical hard-line groups, claiming the government had failed to keep them under control.

No-fly zone imposed over Benghazi as death toll hits 70

Libya's army has imposed a no-fly zone over the eastern city of Benghazi after troops loyal to a retired general attacked militia bases across the city.  At least 70 people are reported to have been killed and more than 100 wounded in the violence, which began when Major General Khalifa Haftar's paramilitary force, including warplanes and helicopters, targeted Islamist militias on Friday evening.

Heavy fighting erupts in Benghazi

Heavy fighting has been reported in the restive eastern city of Benghazi after troops loyal to a retired army general attacked two local militias.  Military aircraft and helicopter gunships under the control of Major General Khalifa Haftar have targeted several militia bases and checkpoints in the city, while on the ground gun battles have been reported in several districts.  Libya's government have said that the operation has no official sanction and that Haftar was a criminal.

Interim parliament confirm new PM

Libya's interim parliament have confirmed the appointment of a new prime minister following a chaotic televised vote.  Islamist-backed Ahmed Maitig is the country's fifth prime minister since rebel groups seized power from former dictator Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.  Mr Matig has been asked to form his cabinet and present it to the GNC for a confidence vote within the next two weeks.

Gunmen attack security HQ in Benghazi

Gunmen have attacked a security forces headquarters in the eastern city of Benghazi, killing at least nine people and wounding 24 others.  The raid took place in the early hours of Friday morning and involved dozens of heavily armed gunmen.  In a statement the government blamed the Ansar al-Sharia militant group for the attack.

Gunmen storm Libya's parliament

Gunmen have stormed Libya's parliament during a special assembly vote to appoint a new prime minister.  Several people were reportedly wounded during the raid in Tripoli, which was carried out by a militia linked to one of the defeated candidates.  The vote has been postponed until 04 May.

Car bomb kills two at Benghazi military barracks

Two soldiers have been killed and two others wounded after a car bomb exploded at the gates of a military barracks in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.  An army officer told the AFP news agency that the blast was caused by a suicide bomber.

Jordanian ambassador kidnapped in Tripoli

Jordan's ambassador to Libya has been kidnapped by masked gunmen in the capital, Tripoli.  Fawz al-Aitan was abducted from the Mansour neighborhood on Tuesday after his car was surrounded by armed men.  Mr Aitan's driver was shot in the leg and is receiving treatment in hospital.

Interim PM resigns over militia attack

Libya's interim Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thani has handed in his resignation after gunmen attacked members of his family.  According to a statement no one was hurt in the "cowardly attack", which is believed to have taken place on the road to the airport in Tripoli.  Mr al-Thani was only appointed to the role last week and is the second Libyan PM to resign in as many months.

Mass strike halts eastern city of Benghazi

Thousands of public and private sector workers have gone on strike in the restive eastern city of Benghazi, causing widespread disruption.  Thousands of people took part in the strike in protest against the lack of security in the city, which has seen dozens of attacks against government and security officials.  The activists also blocked the road to Benghazi's international airport and placed obstructions on the runway, causing an inbound Turkish airlines flight to be diverted back to Istanbul.

Car bomb kills eight in Benghazi

At least eight people have been killed and a dozen others wounded after a car bomb exploded in the eastern city of Benghazi.  The device exploded at a military academy in the city as soldiers were leaving a graduation ceremony.  The government described the attack as a "terrorist act" and declared three days of national mourning.

Government forces threaten to bomb North Korean tanker

Libya's prime minister has threatened to bomb a North Korean-flagged oil tanker after separatist militants began loading oil onto it at the port of al-Sidra.  Pro-government militias and naval vessels were dispatched to the scene and have demanded that the crew of the vessel surrender or it "will be shelled completely".  Al-Sidra has been under the control of separatist militias since the summer, resulting in a huge fall in oil exports.

Two MPs shot as protesters storm congress

Two members of Libya's parliament have been shot after armed protesters stormed the General National Congress (GNC) in the capital, Tripoli.  The two GNC members were reportedly hit when they tried to flee the scene.  The protesters were demanding the dissolution of the parliament and that a date be set for early elections.

Seven Egyptian Christians found shot dead near Benghazi

Libyan police have found the bodies of seven Egyptian Christians on a beach near the eastern city of Benghazi.  The victims died of gunshots to the head and chest in an apparent execution, although the motive for the attack has not yet been established.

Grenades fired at Libyan TV station

Gunmen have fired RPGs at a television channel's offices in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, wounding at least one person.  A senior journalist said staff at the al-Aseema station were forced to flee before the gunmen set fire to the building.  The station had been broadcasting critical statements about Libya's General National Congress (GNC), who recently extended their parliamentary mandate until later in the year.

Six children hurt in Benghazi school grenade attack

At least six children have been wounded in a grenade attack on a school in the eastern city of Benghazi.  The unknown assailant threw the device into the school in the Tabilnu area while the children were playing outside during a break from lessons.

Interior minister survives assassination attempt in Tripoli

Libya's Interior Minister Sadiq Abdulkarim has survived an assassination attempt in the capital, Tripoli.  Unknown gunmen opened fire on Mr Abdulkarim, who is also the deputy prime minister, as he was driving to the country's parliament.  The attacks comes less than three weeks after the deputy industry minister, Hassan al-Droui, was shot dead in the northern city of Sirte

Four Egyptian diplomats kidnapped in Tripoli

Four more Egyptian diplomats have been kidnapped from the Libyan capital, Tripoli, hours after an administrative attache was abducted in the city.  Egypt has responded by withdrawing its remaining embassy personnel from the country and returning them to Cairo.  It has been reported that a local militia carried out the kidnappings in response to the arrest of Shaaban Hadiya, the commander of the Revolutionaries Operation Room militia, by Egyptian authorities.

Egyptian diplomat kidnapped in Tripoli

An Egyptian diplomat has been kidnapped by unknown gunmen in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  The administrative attache was seized from his house on Friday, hours after the leader of a prominent Libyan militia was arrested in the Egyptian city of Alexandria.

Islamist ministers quit government

The Justice and Construction Party (JCP) has withdrawn its five ministers from the Libyan government.  In a statement the JCP, which is the political wing of Libya's Muslim Brotherhood, said it had taken the decision after they failed to gain enough votes to support a motion of no confidence in Prime Minister Ali Zeidan and his cabinet.

South Korean official kidnapped in Tripoli

A South Korean trade official has been kidnapped in the Libyan capital, Tripoli.  Han Seok-woo, head of the Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency, was seized by four unknown men in an affluent neighbourhood of the city at around 1730 local time.

Libya declares state of alert

Libya has declared a state of alert after gunmen stormed an air force base in the restive south of the country.  The General National Congress took the decision following Saturday's attack on the base in Tamenhant, near the city of Sabha, which followed days of clashes between rival tribesmen and militias.

Cabinet minister shot dead in Sirte

Libya's deputy minister for industry has been killed by unknown gunmen in the northern town of Sirte.  Hassan al-Droui was shot dead near a market in the centre of the city on Sunday.  No motive for the attack on has been established; however, the town is home to the Islamic militant group Ansar al-Shari.

Police officer killed in Benghazi courthouse blast

A bomb outside a court in Benghazi has killed one judiciary police officer and seriously wounded another.  A security source told the AFP that the device had been planted in a guard post outside the building by unknown assailants.  On Sunday a former soldier was shot dead in the city's port, while the young child of a local newspaper editor was kidnapped from outside his house.

Foreign nationals found dead in western Libya

A Briton and a New Zealander have been found dead with gunshot wounds in western Libya.  The victims, both reportedly teachers, were discovered with their luggage near an oil complex in the coastal town of Mellitah.  Both the British Foreign Office and the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs have said that they are investigating the reports.

Suicide car bomb kills 13 in Bersis

At least 13 people have been killed in a suicide car bomb attack in the eastern village of Aguiria, close to the city of Benghazi.  Several people were also wounded in the blast, which occurred at a security checkpoint on Sunday morning.  The attack came two days after Colonel Fathallah al-Gzairi, the chief of military intelligence in Benghazi, was assassinated in the town of Derna by unknown gunmen.

Police officer shot dead in Benghazi

A Libyan police officer has been killed in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.  Mohamed al-Zewi was shot dead by unknown gunmen in the Shabna district of the city on Monday evening, while in a separate incident a soldier was seriously wounded when a bomb exploded near his car in the al-Sabri district.

Senior police officer shot dead in Sirte

A senior police officer has been killed by unknown gunmen near his home in the coastal city of Sirte.  Colonel Ramadan al-Turouk, head of the local passport and immigration office, was shot dead in his car on Monday night.

US teacher shot dead in Benghazi

A US teacher working at an international school has been shot dead near his home in the eastern city of Benghazi.  The school's director Adel al Mansouri said that the chemistry teacher was gunned down while he was running in the Fweihat district.  No group has claimed responsibility for the killing.

Inmates escape from prison in south Libya

At least 40 inmates have escaped from a prison in southern Libya after it was stormed by unknown gunmen.  The prison director told the state news agency LANA that the inmates manage to flee the prison in the city of Sabha around dawn on Friday. 

Blast at arms depot kills 40 in southern Libya

At least 40 people have been killed in an explosion at an arms depot in southern Libya.  According to reports the blast occurred as a group of locals and African migrants were entering the depot in Brak al-Chati to steal ammunition and copper.

Army clashes with Islamist militia in Benghazi

At least nine people have been killed after Libyan troops clashed with members of an Islamist militia in the eastern city of Benghazi.  The army ordered residents to stay off the streets and declared a "state of alert" after fighting broke out with the Ansar al-Sharia militia in the Ras Obeida area.

Military chief survives assassination attempt in Benghazi

A regional military governor has survived an assassination attempt in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.  Colonel Abdallah al-Saati was ambushed as his convoy passed through the al-Hadeq area of the city, leaving one of his staff members dead and another seriously wounded.

Tripoli clashes leave 27 dead

At least 27 people have been killed and 235 others wounded after members of a local militia opened fire on demonstrators in the Gharghour district of Tripoli.  A local resident said that members of the Misrata militia began firing heavy weapons from their headquarters when the protesters arrived at the scene.

Rival militias battle in Libyan capital

Rival militias have clashed in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, leaving at least one person dead ond a dozen more wounded.  The fighting was reportedly sparked when the leader of an armed group, Nuri Friwan, was shot dead by Soug al-Jomaa fighters at a checkpoint in eastern Tripoli.

East Libya movement declares regional government

The leaders of the East Libya movement have announced an autonomous regional government, challenging the central political base in Tripoli.  At a meeting in the town of Ajdabiya the group's leaders held a swearing in ceremony for the new 'Barqa' government, which was broadcast on a pro-federalist television station.

Gunmen target security van in Sirte

Gunmen have stolen $54 million in an attack on a security van in the coastal city of Sirte.  A group of ten men ambushed the vehicle as it was transporting the money between the airport and a branch of the Libyan central bank.

Rebel militia detains foreign nationals over bombings

A brigade of former rebels has detained several foreign nationals accused of carrying out recent car bombings in the eastern city of Benghazi.  Local reports named the group which carried out the arrests as the al-Saraya al-Shuhada brigade; however, military sources told the BBC that they had no official authority.  The detainees, including seven Chadians, have also been accused of being responsible for the recent assassinations of several security officials in the city. 

Gunmen kill military police commander in Benghazi

Gunmen have killed a military police commander in the eastern city of Benghazi.  Ahmed al-Barghathi, head of the military police's investigative division, was shot dead as he left his house in the city to attend Friday prayers.

Bomb explodes outside Swedish consulate in Benghazi

A car bomb has exploded outside the Swedish consulate in the eastern city of Benghazi, causing serious damage but no reported casualties.    The blast follows a series of similar attacks on foreign embassies in the county; earlier this month the Russian embassy evacuated its staff after gunmen attacked their compound.

Libyan PM freed hours after he was seized by gunmen

Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan has been released hours after he was seized by a former militia in Tripoli.  Mr Zeidan was abducted from his hotel in the city by a rebel group, who later claimed the action was taken after the government allowed the US commando raid on al-Qaeda suspect Anas al-Liby on Saturday.

US special forces raids Islamist militant in Libya

Members of the US special forces have carried out a raid in Libya targeting Islamist militants, capturing a senior al-Qaeda leader.  Anas al-Liby, who is accused of orchestrating the 1998 US embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania, was seized in the capital Tripoli following a 15-year manhunt.

Gunmen kill 15 soldiers at Bani Walid checkpoint

Gunmen have attacked a checkpoint to the south-east of Tripoli, killing at least 15 Libyan soldiers.  A military official said that the attackers, who were heavily armoured, carried out the ambush at a post on the main highway between Bani Walid and Tarhouna.  

Russian embassy evacuated after attack

The Russian embassy in the Libyan capital, Tripoli has been evacuated after gunmen attacked the compound.  The foreign ministry in Moscow suggested that the incident was a revenge attack after a Libyan national was killed by a Russian citizen.  Security guards repelled the group of around 60 gunmen and no staff were wounded.

Berber protesters force their way into parliament

A group of Berber protester have forced their way into Libya's parliament building in Tripoli before smashing windows and destroying furniture.  The members of the ethnic minority group were calling for improved cultural rights in the country.

Journalist shot dead in Benghazi

A Libyan TV journalist has been shot dead in his car in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.  Ezzedine Qusad, a presenter on the satellite station al-Hurra, had just left a mosque in the city when three gunmen opened fire on him.  It has been reported that a few days earlier Mr Qusad had received a death threat for delivering a speech to celebrate the Eid al-Fitr festival, which marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan.

Twin blasts hit Benghazi after prison break

At least 13 people have been wounded after two bombs exploded outside judicial buildings in the restive eastern city of Benghazi.  The incident occurred after local residents stormed the al-Kwyfah prison in the city, resulting in some 1,200 inmates escaping.

RPG hits Tripoli building near PM's flat

A rocket-propelled grenade has hit a building in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, close to a hotel where the prime minister has an apartment.  No injuries were reported in the attack.

Gunmen kill retired colonel in Derna

A retired colonel has been assassinated by gunmen in the eastern city of Derna, the latest in a series of targeted killings in the country.  Colonel Abdullateef Amdawi al-Dali Almzeni, who served under former leader General Muammar Gaddafi, was killed while he was driving from his home to the al-Jbela area of the city. 

Oil terminal stormed by gunmen in Zueitina

A group of armed protesters have stormed an oil terminal in the eastern city of Zueitina, demanding that workers stop production.  The raid followed a strike by workers at the facility, who were demanding improved pay and conditions.

Car bomb targets army checkpoint in Benghazi

At least seven people have been wounded after a car bomb was detonated at a checkpoint manned by members of the Joint Security Force in Benghazi.  Another device was thrown at a security patrol on Dubai Street in the city; however, no injuries were reported in this attack.

Six Libyan soldiers killed at checkpoint

At least six Libyan soldiers have been killed in an attack by gunmen at a checkpoint near the coastal city of Sirte.  No group have claimed responsibility for the attack.

Bomb found under Italian embassy car in Libya (Tripoli)

Diplomats parked their car in Zawiyat Dahmani area in central Tripoli to go shopping. A suspicious device was seen under the car by the driver and the vehicle was severely damaged in a controlled explosion.  No one was hurt.

Violent protest leaves 11 dead in Benghazi

At least 11 people have been killed after violent protests erupted in the eastern city of Benghazi.  A further 58 people were wounded in the unrest, which occurred when demonstrators gathered outside the Libya Shield Brigade headquarters calling for all militias to be disbanded.

Five killed in tribal clashes in southern Libya

At least five people have been killed after a feud between members of the al-Shourafa and Tobu tribes turned violent in the southern town of Zweila.  Several cars and houses were also reportedly destroyed during the violence.  Since the fall of Colonel Gaddafi the Libyan government has struggled to impose order in the remote southern parts of the country.

Libyan soldier killed in Benghazi attack

A Libyan soldier has been shot dead and three others wounded in an attack by unknown gunmen in the eastern city of Benghazi.  According to a security official the gunmen managed to escape from the scene.

Gunmen attack gas complex in western Libya

Gunmen have attacked a gas complex in western Libya, wounding two guards before escaping with stolen weapons and military vehicles.  The Mellitah plant near Zwara was previously attacked by two rebel groups in March, causing production to stop for several days.

Police stations bombed in Benghazi

Two police stations have been targeted in bomb attacks in the eastern city of Benghazi.  The incident occurred just days after two other stations were bombed in the city.

Armed men stage protest outside justice ministry in Tripoli

Armed men have surrounded the justice ministry in Tripoli to demand the removal of all Gaddafi-era officials from public office.  On Sunday gunmen staged similar protests outside the foreign ministry, which has remained blocked off since.

Gunmen surround foreign ministry in Tripoli

A large group of heavily armed men have surrounded the foreign ministry in Tripoli to demand that officials from the Colonel Gaddafi-era be banned from the new administration.  At least 20 vehicles loaded with anti-aircraft guns blocked the roads around the ministry, while armed men also tried to storm the ministry of interior and the state news agency.

Car bomb wounds two outside French embassy

Two guards have been wounded after a car bomb exploded at the entrance of the French embassy in Tripoli.  French President Francois Hollande called on Libya to act swiftly over the attack.

PM's senior advisor kidnapped in Tripoli

Mohamed Ali Ghatous, a senior advisor to Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan, is reported to have been kidnapped from the outskirts of Tripoli.  His abandoned car was found in the Ghot al-Roman area of the city, and followed a series of death threats against members of the government.

Libyan troops arrested for sexual assault on aid workers

Two Libyan soldiers have been arrested on suspicion of sexually assaulting three British aid workers.  The three women were on their way to Gaza when they were abducted at a checkpoint near the city of Benghazi.

Libya Data Sheet

Population:
5.7 million
Major Religion/s:
Islam
International dialing code:
+218
International dialing prefix:
00
Emergency services:
193
Drives:
Right
Voltage:
127V
Climate:
Mediterranean on the coast, desert in the interior
Ohter Major Cities:
Benghazi, Homs, Misratah
Borders:
Tunisia, Algeria, Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Niger