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Country profile for Somalia

Provided Courtesy of Security Exchange 24

Risk Rating

Red (High Risk)
Red (High Risk) InTouch advice:

Most parts of the country are dangerous.

Do not travel unless absolutely necessary.

Unselected
Amber (Moderate Risk) InTouch advice:

Some parts of the country are dangerous.

Travel with caution.

Unselected
Green (Low Risk) InTouch advice:

Most parts of the country are safe.

Travel freely.

General Information

  • Capital: Mogadishu
  • Major Languages: Somali, Arabic
  • Currency: Somali Shilling
  • Timezone: GMT +3:00

Country Map

Map of Somalia

Somalia remains a high-risk destination for foreign nationals, despite the progress of the government and regional military forces to defeat the Islamic militant group al-Shabaab.  The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS), which was established in August 2012, is the country’s first internationally recognised government since Siad Barre’s regime was overthrown in 1991. In February 2017 Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed was elected as the country's new president in landmark elections.  After more than 20 years of conflict and ineffectual transitional authorities, the FGS have provided a renewed sense of optimism in the country. However, the government’s control outside of the capital, Mogadishu, remains extremely limited and it is still heavily dependent on the African Union (AU) to provide security. Much of the territory outside Mogadishu is controlled by various smaller authorities, tribes, AU troops and al-Shabaab militants.

The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), which was created in 2007, has made significant progress in the fight against the country’s main militant group al-Shabaab, forcing its fighters to withdraw from the capital in August 2011 and from the key port city of Kismayo in October 2012. AMISOM was joined by Kenyan troops in late-2011, who were deployed in response to a series of high-profile kidnappings in northern Kenya by suspected al-Shabaab militants. Although they no longer control significant areas of territory the group are still extremely active in Somalia, reverting to guerrilla-style fighting. They have carried out a series of terrorist attacks in Mogadishu, usually targeting FGS politicians or members of the Somali security forces. In February 2017 a car bomb killed 34 people in the Madina district of the capital, a month after gunmen stormed the Dayah Hotel while several Somali MPs were inside.

 The group also continue to pose a significant threat in central and southern Somalia, as well as across the border in neighbouring Kenya. Al-Shabaab is particularly active in the Lower Juba region of the country. In early August 2016, airstrikes were carried out against al-Shabaab strongholds in the region, and are believed to have been conducted by US forces. The US maintains a limited presence in the country, providing training and assistance to Somali forces. On 16 August, 2016, joint operations by Somali commandos and US Special Forces killed 30 al-Shabaab militants along the Kenyan border.  Militants also continue to carry out cross-border attacks in northern Kenya, including in the border town of Mandera. 

There is an extreme lack of law and order throughout central and southern Somalia, and the threat of crime remains high throughout. In December 2013 three Syrian and three Somali doctors were killed when gunmen ambushed their convoy between Mogadishu and Afgoye. No effective nationwide police force exists yet in the country and criminals are still able to act with relative impunity. This chaotic environment also allowed marine piracy to flourish off the coast of Somalia, with hundreds of vessels and crew captured between 2005-12. The level of successful hijackings has decreased significantly since 2012, although pirates are still active in the Gulf of Aden and the Somali basin.

The risk of kidnapping remains extremely high in Somalia and Somaliland, particularly for Westerners. Terrorist groups, including al-Shabaab, have made threats against Westerners and those working for foreign organisations. In addition to the risk of kidnapping, the threat posed by terrorism remains extremely high. Although al-Shabaab militants often attack Somali politicians or security forces in the country, they still endeavour to carry out indiscriminate attacks against civilian targets. On 2 February 2016, a bomb exploded on a Daallo Airlines flight to Djibouti, and was confirmed to have been brought on board at Mogadishu. Terror attacks are frequent in Somalia and have previously targeted government officials and institutions, hotels, restaurants, public transport, including the airport, and anywhere frequented by foreigners. The actual methods of attack have been varied, but include suicide bombings, armed assaults, car bombings, mortar fire and the use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

The northern breakaway region of Somaliland declared independence from the rest of Somalia in 1991. It is seeking international recognition as an independent state and has a separate political, judicial and security infrastructure. Somaliland has avoided much of the conflict and violence which has besieged Somalia in the past two decades, and the security situation there is markedly more stable. There are, however, tensions with the neighbouring Puntland region (which also claims autonomy) over long-standing territorial disputes, leading to sporadic clashes between Somaliland troops and Puntland militias. Fighting often occurs in the Sool and Sanaag areas which separate the two regions.

News articles

By SIMHA

Somali journalist killed

Somali Independent Media Houses Association (SIMHA) strongly condemns the brutal killing of Radio Baidoa Journalist. 

By allAfrica.com

Two journalists killed in cafe attack in southern Somalia

The National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) is saddened to learn the murder of two journalists, while three others were wounded in a café attack that killed at least 12 people in the town of Baidoa around 5:30pm local time, the latest and biggest journalists' fatality in single day in 2014.

By RFI

Somali broadcast journalist murdered

In Somalia gunmen have shot dead a journalist with Radio Daljir in the central Somali town of Galkayo. Tuesday night's attack brings to three the number of reporters to be murdered in the country in as many months.

By DW

Prominent Somali journalist killed in Mogadishu

A 27-year-old Somali journalist has been killed by a car explosion in Mogadishu. Yusuf Ahmed Abukar was driving through the capital's Hamarweyne district on his way to work when the bomb went off.

By Alldhacdo/BBC Monitoring

Somali journalist allegedly killed by government forces

Somali National Security officers are reported to have killed in Mogadishu a journalist named Farhan Ma'alin Muhammad who recently came to the capital. The journalist is to have worked as an editor for Jubba Radio in Kismaayo which was shut down following the ouster of former warlord Barre Hiiraale from the southern port town in mid 2013.

By NUOSJ

NUOSJ condemns murder of Somali journalist in Mogadishu

The National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) is saddened to learn the murder of a Somali media worker in Mogadishu’s Bakaro market on late Monday, the latest in a string of violence against journalists and media workers in Somalia.

View all articles for Somalia

Alerts for Somalia

Four killed in bomb attack in Mogadishu

At least four people have been killed after a car bomb targeted a police station in Mogadishu. Security sources revealed that the incident happened on Thursday afternoon when a suicide car bomb exploded at the gate of the Waberi district police station. The incident came a day after at least 15 people were killed in another car bomb attack in the capital's Wadajir District.

Several killed in Mogadishu car bomb attack

At least 15 people have been killed in a car bomb attack in the capital Mogadishu. Local authorities reported a massive blast on Tuesday afternoon followed by a column of white smoke. Military sources said that the suicide car bomb took place at a building in Wadajir District, where Somali officials and staff are stationed. The al-Shabaab group have claimed responsibility for the attack. Despite security efforts to oust the group from Mogadishu, deadly attacks continue across the capital and its outskirts.

Al-Shabaab attacks army base in Bakool

At least five people have been killed and 12 others wounded in an attack by al-Shabaab militants on a Somali National Army (SNA) base in Bakool.  Army officials said heavily armed gunmen targeted the base in el-Lahelay village on Saturday. Both sides clashed for more than an hour before the militants were repelled.

Suicide car bomb targets Mogadishu restaurant

At least 18 people have been killed in a suicide bomb and gun attack on a restaurant in Mogadishu.  Al-Shabaab militants detonated a car bomb outside the Posh Hotel at around 20:00 on Wednesday evening, before gunmen stormed the adjacent Pizza House restaurant, taking around 20 hostages.  Police stormed the building in the early hours of Thursday morning and the siege has now ended.

Several killed in clashes at aid centre in Baidoa

At least 14 people have been killed and 20 others injured when clashes erupted at a food distribution centre in Baidoa, south-western Somalia. Colonel Isaq Hassan told AP that violence broke out when soldiers reportedly attempted to steal food directed to refugees. Thousands of internally displaced people had recently headed to Baidoa in the attempt to receive aid provided by national and international entities.

Al-Shabaab launch major assault on Puntland army base

The al-Shabaab militant group has carried out a major assault on a military base in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland.  The group claims to have killed 61 soldiers and stolen more than a dozen vehicles during the raid on the Af-Urur military base, near the Golis Mountains.  Major Mohamed Abdi, a Puntland military officer, told Reuters that 20 troops died in the attack and many more were wounded.

Police officer killed in Kismayo bombing

A police officer has been killed in a bomb attack in the southern port city of Kismayo.  "A policeman died and several others were injured after a bomb blast. We are investigating the cause of the blast," police officer Hassan Nur told Reuters.  Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack, suggesting that it had killed four officers and wounded 27 others.  Elsewhere the Somali National Army (SNA) and African Union mission (AMISOM) have launched a new offensive against al-Shabaab held areas in the Lower Shabelle.

Al-Shabaab militants killed in joint operation near Kismayo

Four al-Shabaab militants have been killed during a joint military operation between the Somali National Army (SNA) and the Africa Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) near Kismayo, southern Somalia. The casualties were reported in Abdi-dhore while another operation was being carried out in Hardweyne. 

Al-Shabaab commander surrenders to security forces in Hiran

Somalia's Minister of Information Abdirahman Omar Osman confirmed on Wednesday that a top al-Shabaab commander surrendered to the Somali National Army in Hiran, central Somalia. Military sources told VOA that Bishar Mumin Farah handed himself to security forces while on his way to carry out attacks during the month of Ramadan. Farah was stationed in Harardhere, located in the restive insurgent-controlled Mudug region in northern Somalia.

UN Security Council approves AMISOM deployment

The UN Security Council unanimously approved on Friday to maintain the deployment of African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) until Thursday 31 August. The measure was approved in order to assist state-building operations and to tackle militant groups and their activities, such as the al-Shabaab. 

Six killed in armed attack in Galgugud

Six people have been killed and 15 others have been wounded in an armed attacked in Galgugud. An armed suspect allegedly opened fire on people indiscriminately in a food redistribution centre on Monday. No group or individual has claimed responsibility for the attack as of yet.

Al-Shabaab claim Mogadishu bombing

Al-Shabaab has claimed responsibility for a deadly attack on a police checkpoint in Mogadishu.  Eight people, including five civilians, were killed in the attack, while 15 others were wounded.  "One mujahid [fighter] was martyred after he targeted security officials with his car bomb," al-Shabaab spokesman Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab told Reuters.

Five killed in checkpoint suicide bombing, Puntland

At least five people have been killed and 12 others have been wounded in a suicide bombing at a police checkpoint in Puntland. A lone suicide bomber targeted the checkpoint in the Bosaso area of Bari -  killing himself and five others, including a police officer. The Islamic State (IS) has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Three soldiers killed defusing car bomb

Three Somali soldiers have been killed while trying to defuse a car bomb in the Wadajir district of Mogadishu.  "First two soldiers died and another was injured. The third soldier died of the blast wounds minutes later," police major Mohamed Hussein told Reuters.  Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for planting the device, claiming that five people were killed in the blast.

Six killed in inter-clan fighting

At least six people have been killed and nine others wounded in inter-clan fighting in central Somalia.  Members of the Air and Duduble clans were involved in a confrontation in Labi-Aano village, Galmudug state, on Saturday.  Hassan Ali Omar, an elder in the region, said the fighting was sparked by long-standing hostilities over land ownership and pasture.

Two soldiers wounded in al-Shabaab attack

Two Somali soldiers have been wounded in a suspected al-Shabaab attack in the town of Qoryoley, 120km south-west of Mogadishu.  Gunmen targeted the Somali National Army (SNA) base in the town on Sunday, leading to a gunbattle between troops and militants.  SNA and African Union Mission (AMISOM) forces recaptured the town from al-Shabaab in 2014.

Somalia signs security pact at London conference

Somalia's government has signed a security pact with the international community to provide additional support in its fight against al-Shabaab.  The deal was agreed during a conference in the UK capital, London, which UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres described as an opportunity to end "decades of conflict, of poverty and of terrible suffering".  International forces will support and train Somalia's security forces, while Guterres called for an additional $900m to help tackle the severe drought in the country.

Al-Shabaab attack AMISOM base near Mogadishu

Al-Shabaab militants have attacked an AMISOM base near the capital, Mogadishu.  Insurgents fired mortar rounds at the base, which is manned by troops from Burundi, in the Arbacow area on Tuesday night.  Heavy gunfire was also reported as militants attempted to storm the base.  No casualty figures have been released and AMISON have not commented on the incident.

Car bomb kills six in Mogadishu

Six people have been killed in a car bomb attack in Mogadishu.  The incident happened outside the Italian Cafe in the centre of the city at around 18:00 on Monday.  A senior Somali general, Abdi Bashir Aden, was among those killed in the attack.  Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the blast.

Al-Shabaab attack Somali army base

Al-Shabaab militants have attacked a Somali army base north of the capital, Mogadishu.  The group's spokesman, Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, claims 16 soldiers died in the attack on Goofgaduud, which they also claim to have captured.  The Somali military said it had lost seven soldiers in the raid but did not confirm the loss of the base.

Three soldiers killed in landmine blast near Janaale

At least three soldiers have been killed when a landmine exploded at a military checkpoint in Lower Shabelle. The blast happened on Monday where five others were also injured. Local news reported that the explosion happened due to an improvised explosive device (IED) placed at a checkpoint in a village near Janaale. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack, but the Janaale area is known for being an al-Shabaab stronghold.

Regional al-Shabaab leader shot dead in Lower Shabelle raid

Somalia's Information Ministry revealed on Sunday that four al-Shabaab militants were killed during a raid in Lower Shabelle region. Among the casualties is Moalim Osman Abdi Badil, a regional al-Shabaab leader. The incident happened on Friday when a US Navy SEAL was killed and two Somali troops were injured.

US soldier killed during military operation near Barii

An American soldier has been killed during a military operation targeting al-Shabaab positions near Barii, outskirts of Mogadishu. US officials told Reuters that two other US soldiers were killed during the operation led by the Somali National Army (SNA). Dozens of US soldiers have been deployed in April to assist SNA forces and African Union troops in the fierce fight against terrorism.

UN report increase in aid worker kidnaps in Somalia

The UN revealed on Thursday that the number of aid workers kidnapped has increased in Somalia. According to a report issued by the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in April alone, 13 humanitarian workers were kidnapped -the highest number since 2011. UN officials say that such actions hinder humanitarian efforts added to multiple checkpoints in southern Somalia blocking access to commercial and aid lorries.

Somali minister shot dead in Mogadishu

Somalia's minister for public works and reconstruction has been shot dead in the capital, Mogadishu.  Abbas Abdullahi was killed when bodyguards for auditor general Nur Farah opened fire on his vehicle, falsely identifying him as an Islamist militant.  Somalia's information minister, Abdirahman Omar Osman, said Siraji was a "brilliant and rising young star who showed commitment in serving his country".

Somali MP survives roadside blast

A Somali MP has survived a roadside bomb attack in the capital, Mogadishu.  Mohamud Abukate, a member of the lower house of parliament, was travelling with an armed escort on Friday when the device exploded in the Hodan district.  Two bodyguards suffered minor injuries from the blast, which went off around 20:00 local time.

Five civilians killed in shooting at a Mogadishu market

At least five civilians have been killed and several others injured in Mogadishu clashes on Wednesday afternoon. Local news reported that a shooting broke out when two soldiers exchange fire at a market in Hodan district. Hodan District Commissioner told Somali Update that the motives for the shooting remain unknown but confirmed that it was triggered by two government soldiers from different units.

Al-Shabaab kills senior intelligence officer in Mogadishu

A senior national intelligence officer has been killed by al-Shabaab militants in Mogadishu. Police sources told VOA that the incident happened on Thursday when he was targeted near his house in the capital. The al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack of Mohamud Haji Ali, who was linked to security operations against the militant group.

Al-Shabaab fighters executed by military court

A military court in Somalia has executed four al-Shabaab militants over an attack in 2016.  "Yesterday, four militants who had been behind blasts were executed. More men accused of being al-Shabaab members will be executed today or tomorrow," said Major Nur Aden, a military officer in Baidoa.  More than 80 people were killed and 45 others wounded in the attack at a restaurant in Baidoa in February 2016.

Eight soldiers killed in Puntland bombing

At least eight soldiers have been killed in a roadside bomb attack in Puntland.  The device exploded as the troops passed in a military convoy in the Galgala Mountains, close to the port city of Bossaso, on Sunday.  Al-Shabaab has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Security forces kill two al-Shabaab militants in Mogadishu

The Somali security forces killed two suspected al-Shabaab militants in the capital, Mogadishu, on Sunday.  The pair were targeted as they fired mortar rounds at the international airport, which houses UN agencies and the African Union peacekeeping mission, AMISOM.  "When they were spotted they fought police and so they were shot dead," said police Major Mohamed Nur. "Then their car exploded on its own. So far there are no casualties."  In a separate incident on Sunday, two private security guards were wounded by a roadside bomb which targeted a UN World Food Programme (WFP) convoy.


US sends troops to Somalia

The US is deploying dozens of troops to Somalia to train government security forces in the fight against al-Shabaab.  It will be the first US deployment of regular troops to Somalia since 1994, when the force was withdrawn after 18 special forces personnel were killed and two Black Hawk helicopters shot down in Mogadishu.

Soldiers killed in Somalia ambush

Five Kenyan Defence Forces (KDF) soldiers and five Somali troops were killed in an ambush in Hosingo on Sunday.  Suspected al-Shabaab militants targeted forces from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) near the Kenyan border.  The assailants fled the scene following the ambush.

KDF jets hit al-Shabaab in Somalia

Suspected Kenyan Defence Forces (KDF) jets have carried out airstrikes against al-Shabaab militant position in southern Somalia.  The strikes hit the Kanjaron area, around 60km from the port city of Kismayo, on Wednesday.  Initial reports suggest that there have been civilian casualties but this has not been verified.

Pirates flee Indian dhow, kidnap crew

Somali security forces have recovered a hijacked Indian dhow; however, pirates have fled with the kidnapped crew.  "We attacked the Indian ship and rescued it but the pirates took away the 11 crew. We rescued two crew and they went with nine crew into the hilly areas between El Hur and Haradhere," Mohamed Hashi Arabey, vice president of Galmudug state, told Reuters.  The Al Kausar was hijacked last week near Socotra Island.

Twin blast kills 10 in Mogadishu

At least 10 people have been killed in a twin bomb attack in the Somali capital, Mogadishu. A suicide bomber dressed in an army uniform detonated an explosive device at a military training camp on the outskirts of the city, killing nine soldiers and wounding several others. Al-Shabaab has claimed responsibility for the attack. Earlier a government official was killed by a car bomb in the centre of the city in an apparent targeted attack.

KDF kill al-Shabaab commander

An al-Shabaab commander has been killed by the Kenyan Defence Forces (KDF) in southern Somalia.  Bashe Nure Hassan was targeted along with other militants during an operation in Kuday, Jubaland on Saturday.  The KDF were responding to an al-Shabaab attack on a Somali National Army (SNA) base in the area.

Three killed in Mogadishu mortar attack

Three people have been killed and five others wounded in a mortar attack in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  "We have carried three dead women and five others injured, including a woman and children. Mortars landed on their home today," Abdikadir Abdirahman, the director of Amin ambulance services, told Reuters.  Suspected al-Shabaab militants fired mortars at the Wadajir district, close to Mogadishu airport.  The incident comes a day after President Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed declared the country a war zone.

President declares Somalia a war zone

President Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed has declared Somalia a war zone ahead of a new offensive against the al-Shabaab militant group.  "We tell the young, brainwashed al-Shabaab fighters that they have a 60-days deadline to lay down the arms with which they use to kill their people and come to us," he said.  The group have rejected the declaration, claiming the statement was made "just to please the West".

Troops clash with al-Shabaab in Lower Shabelle

Somali troops have clashed with al-Shabaab militants near the port town of Marka in Lower Shabelle.  The Somali National Army (SNA) and AMISOM troops launched an offensive against militant-held villages on the outskirts of Marka.  Meanwhile, a local state official claims AMISOM killed five civilians in the Barawe district.  “AMISOM has killed a family in Wareer-malle village, we don’t know the reason behind the killing of an innocent family, it’s an unfortunate tragedy,” said local MP Mohamed Hafaay.

Pakistani dhow hijacked off Somalia

A Pakistani dhow has been hijacked off the coast of Somalia.  The Salama 1 was taken hours after the Indian cargo ship, MSV Al Kausar, was hijacked off Puntland, increasing fears that piracy has returned to the Indian Ocean.  “There are more than eight groups who are want to engage piracy activities, some of them already went into the sea, some are in preparation and some have already carried out attacks,” the former director of intelligence in Somalia's Puntland region, Abdi Hussein told VOA Somali.

Al-Shabaab kidnaps four aid workers

The al-Shabaab militant group has kidnapped four aid workers in the south-western Gedo province.  The victims - Somali nationals working for the World Health Organization (WHO) - were abducted in the town of Goolweyn, 30km from Luuq.  They were working on an assessment of the cholera risk in the region following an outbreak of the disease.

Al-Shabaab retake Goofgaduud town from SNA

Al-Shabaab militants have retaken the town of Goofgaduud in Baay province from the Somali National Army (SNA).  “The Somali Government troops pulled out of the town and al-Shabaab militants entered and secured control,” a local resident told Radio Shabelle.  The troops retreated to Baidoa, which is around 30km south of Goofgaduud.

Kidnapped journalist escapes from captors

A Somali journalist kidnapped in Mogadishu on Saturday has escaped from his captors after their vehicle broke down.  Hanad Ali Guled, who works for the Goobjoog radio and television station, was abducted in the capital by six armed men.  He was found on a farm near Afgoye town on Sunday after hiding in a canal to avoid his captors.  “They asked me what I do, places I visit, if I am a member of NISA [National Intelligence and Security Agency] how long I was in the media?” said Guled following his return to Mogadishu.

Indian cargo ship hijacked off Somalia

An Indian cargo vessel has been hijacked by suspected Somali pirates off Puntland.  The Al Kaushar was travelling from Dubai to Al-Mukala in Yemen when it was attacked on Saturday.  Last month the Aris 13 product tanker was hijacked and later released by pirates in the first successful attack against a major vessel since 2012.

Mortars fired near Presidential Palace

At least seven people were wounded after mortar rounds were fired near the Presidential Palace in Mogadishu on Thursday.  Several shells landed in the residential Wardhigley neighbourhood, close to the Villa Somalia.  No group claimed responsibility for the attack, which occurred as the Somali cabinet were meeting at the palace.

Puntland soldier killed by IED

A soldier has been killed and another wounded by an improvised explosive device (IED) in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland.  The blast occurred outside the port city of Qandala on Tuesday, shortly before troops clashed with suspected pro-Islamic State (IS) militants at the scene. "We chased the IS fighters and they disappeared into the hilly jungles," Yusuf Mohamed, a colonel in the Puntland military, told Reuters.

AU troops repel al-Shabaab attacks

African Union (AU) troops have repelled two attacks by al-Shabaab militants in central and southern Somalia.  "South-west state forces came under ambush as they were escorting an aid convoy heading to Bulo-Barako village, and lost two brave soldiers in the counter-attack," said the interim head of south-west administration, Hassan Hussein Mohamed.  Al-Shabaab fighters also attacked an Ethiopian military convoy in the central Galgaduud region on Tuesday.

Scores killed in military raid in Baadhade, Jubaland

At least 31 al-Shabaab members have been killed when Kenyan Defence Forces (KDF) raided militant bases in Jubaland, southern Somalia. In a statement, the KDF revealed that a dozen AK-47 rifles, explosives and a massive cache of ammunition were also retrieved. KDF is part of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISON), targeting the al-Shabaab insurgency along the Kenyan border.

Two separate bomb attacks rock Mogadishu

Two separate car bomb attacks have taken place in the capital Mogadishu. No casualties have been reported in both incidents which happened on Sunday. A civil servant had an explosive device concealed in his vehicle near Dabka Junction, while an election college official had his vehicle targeted in the Dharkenley district. No group claimed responsibility for the attempted car bombings.

Senior police officer assassinated in Mogadishu

A senior officer has been shot dead during an armed attack led by presumed members of the subversive al-Shabaab group. The attack happened on Saturday when a drive-by shooting targeted the officer and his two bodyguards near Mogadishu Airport. The incident comes as security across Somalia has worsened amid a surge in attacks against security forces in the capital.

Officials claim 25 dead from starvation in Somaliland

Officials in Somaliland said 25 people have died from drought in the region.  “The drought situation is at its most dangerous level. Eighty percent of the livestock have gone and we are struggling with saving people, who have started dying. So far, we have recorded 25 deaths, most of them children who starved to death," said Ahmed Abdi Salay, the governor of Somaliland's north-west Sanag region.  The UN estimates that more than 50,000 children across Somaliland are facing possible death due to the ongoing drought.

Ten killed in clashes between SNA and al-Shabaab

At least 10 people have been killed and several others wounded in clashes between the Somali National Army (SNA) and al-Shabaab militants in southern Somalia.  Gunmen attacked an army base in Barawa at around 04:30 on Thursday morning.  Col. Abdirahman Roble, the military commander in Barawa, said five al-Shabaab died in the clash.

Large explosion hits central Mogadishu

A large explosion followed by gunfire has been reported in central Mogadishu.  Early reports suggest that a car bomb exploded at a checkpoint near the Somali National Theatre, killing at least seven people.

Starvation deaths reported in Jubaland

At least 26 people have died of starvation in Gedo and Jubba in the southern region of Jubaland in just two days.  Around half of Somalia's population are in need of food aid, and thousands have been forced to travel to Mogadishu to look for food.  On Monday the African Union donated $100k to Somalia, although the UN has estimated that more than $800m is needed.

Journalist wounded in Mogadishu shooting

A Somali journalist was wounded in a shooting in the capital, Mogadishu, on Sunday.  Mahad Mohamed Abdirahman “Mutawakil” sustained minor injuries in the incident, which involved two groups within the Somali military.  “While we wish for speedy recovery for our colleague Mahad Mohamed Abdirahman, we categorically denounce these crimes against media professionals and the continued violence against journalists," said the National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ).

Malaysia to send humanitarian troops to Somalia

The Malaysian government has approved a decision to send Malaysian troops to Somalia on a humanitarian mission. A long and harsh period of drought has struck Somalia - leading to severely poor living conditions amid ongoing violent conflict. The decision to transfer a unit of twenty Malaysian troops (three officers and 17 personnel) from Saudi Arabia to deliver aid  - in the form of food, medicine and expertise - was made after a recent meeting between the Malaysian Defence Minister and the Somalian Deputy Prime Minister.

Senior al-Shabaab leader killed in Mogadishu

A senior al-Shabaab leader has been killed by the Somali National Army (SNA) in the capital, Mogadishu.  The militant, identified as Jafar, was reported to be the head of al-Shabaab operations in Suqahola in northern Mogadishu.  Eight other al-Shabaab fighters were also killed in the counter-terror raid.

Pirates release hijacked oil tanker

The Aris 13 oil tanker hijacked off Puntland on Monday has been released.  The pirate group released the vessel "without condition" according to officials, while the eight Sri Lankan crew members were unharmed.  The pirates were not arrested and have been allowed to leave the vessel.  The incident, which was the first hijacking of a major vessel off Somalia since 2012, has raised fears that disgruntled fishermen could start attacking commercial vessels again.

Pirates exchange fire with Puntland troops

Pirates on board the hijacked Aris 13 have exchanged fire with Puntland maritime security forces near the town of Alula.  An official said: "We tried to intercept a boat that was carrying supplies to the pirates, but pirates on the ship fired on us and so the pirate boat escaped."  The vessel - with eight Sri Lankan crew members - was captured on Monday, the first major hijacking off Somalia for five years.

Oil tanker hijacked off Somalia

A Sri Lankan-flagged oil tanker has been hijacked off Somalia.  The Aris 13 sent out a distress call on Monday before changing course for the port town of Alula in Puntland.  "The pirates hijacked the oil tanker and they brought it near Alula," Mohamud Ahmed Eynab, the district commissioner for Alula, told Reuters.  If confirmed the incident will be the first successful hijacking of a commercial vessel since 2012.

Car bomb kills 13 in Mogadishu

At least 13 people have been killed and 14 others wounded in a car bomb attack in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The device exploded on Maka al Mukaram street on Monday morning, near the entrance to the Weheliye hotel.  The bombing came hours after a minibus exploded when police opened fire on it for refusing to stop at a checkpoint in the city.  "We were behind the Maka al Mukaram street blast. We killed 17 people, including senior officials of military and security and former lawmakers," Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, an al-Shabaab spokesman, told Reuters.

Media worker wounded in Mogadishu blast

A technician has been wounded in a car bombing in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  Abdihamid Karzai, who worked for the UK-based Universal TV, was seriously wounded in the blast in the city's Hamarweyne district.  Police Capt. Mohamed Hussein confirmed the incident and said the authorities were investigating.

Puntland MP wounded in car bomb attack

A member of Puntland's parliament has been seriously wounded in a car bombing.  The device exploded shortly after Abdulkadir Farah Botan left the Classic Hotel in northern Galkayo on Wednesday.  No group has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Scores killed by cholera outbreak

At least 65 people have been killed in an outbreak of cholera in Somalia.  Many of the deaths have been reported in the Bay and Bokool regions where almost 900 cases have been recorded.  Around 40 people have also died from hunger in the country, which is currently facing a severe drought.  "I can confirm that Bay region in the south and other parts of Somalia are deteriorating rapidly," said Hassan Ali Khaire, Somalia's prime minister.

KDF targets al-Shabaab militants in Somalia

The Kenyan Defence Forces (KDF) killed at least 57 al-Shabaab militants in southern Somalia on Thursday, according to an army spokesman.  The operation - which is under the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) mandate - was carried out north-west of Afmadow.  "KDF troops remain vigilant and will continue to relentlessly pursue the terrorists to ensure peace and security of our country Kenya as well as support Amisom operations in order to stabilise Somalia,” said spokesman, Colonel Joseph Owuoth.

Car bomb explodes in Mogadishu

A car bomb has exploded at a security checkpoint outside the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  According to initial reports, several members of the security forces have been wounded in the blast, which occurred on the Afgoye road on Monday afternoon.  The vehicle was being searched by police when the device exploded.

Al-Shabaab fighters killed by IED

At least 17 al-Shabaab fighters have been killed after an improvised explosive device (IED) detonated prematurely in the Middle Shabelle region.  The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) said the incident happened near Biyo Caddle on Saturday as the militants transported the device.  Al-Shabaab has not commented on the reports.

Puntland troops mutiny over unpaid salaries

Troops in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland staged a mutiny on Sunday over unpaid salaries.  Heavily armed troops blocked streets near the parliament building in the administrative capital, Garowe, to demand payment and protest against poor working conditions.  The mutiny ended when a respected tribal elder, Islan Issa Islan Mohamed, told the troops to return to their barracks.  Soldiers took control of the central bank in Garowe in September in a similar protest at delayed salary payments.

Save the Children workers kidnapped in Hiran

Four members of the charity Save the Children have been abducted in Hiran, central Somalia. Government officials announced on Friday that the incident happened near Beledweyne where they were ambushed by suspected al-Shabaab militants. Al-Shabaab continues to expand its presence in Hiran after Ethiopian troops withdrew from the region in October.

Al-Shabaab recaptures Elhur district, Mudug

Local media reported that Somalia's Elhur district was recaptured by al-Shabaab militants on Thursday. The area located near the port town of Hobyo in Mudug, northern Somalia was captured after an alleged withdrawal of government troops, which is feared to have been replicated across other areas in Galmudug state.

Somalia boosts security ahead of inauguration

Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, has been placed under security lockdown ahead of the inauguration of the country's new president, Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed.  "All major roads and streets inside and outside the capital were closed last night, movement is restricted and only the vehicles of government officials are allowed to move," police official Ibrahim Mohamed told the AFP news agency.  All commercial flights from the city's airport have also been cancelled, with only government aircraft permitted to use it.

IED hits military convoy near Kismayo

A military convoy has hit a landmine near the coastal city of Kismayo.  The vehicle, which was carrying 20 soldiers, was travelling through the Abdalla-Birole area when the device exploded.  Unconfirmed reports suggest several soldiers died in the blast, which occurred on Monday.

Al-Shabaab militants killed by Somali forces

At least three al-Shabaab militants have been killed by the Somali armed forces in the southern border town of El Wak.  The raids were carried out in response to a bomb attack on a tea shop on Friday by suspected al-Shabaab militants.  "The police officers carried out a pre-dawn operation and arrested 15 people in connection with the explosion in El-Wak on Friday afternoon," said Major Ahmed Ibrahim, a police officer in El Wak.

Car bomb kills 34 in Mogadishu

At least 34 people have been killed and more than 50 others wounded in a car bomb attack in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The blast occurred near the Kawo-Godey market in the southern district of Madina on Sunday.  "It was a horrific and barbaric attack only aimed at killings civilians,'' said the country's new president, Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed.  He also blamed the attack on the al-Shabaab militant group, although they are yet to claim responsibility.

Mogadishu airport to close for presidential inauguration

Mogadishu's Aden Adde International Airport is due to close temporarily for the presidential inauguration on 22 February.   All domestic and international flights have been cancelled on that day, according to the aviation ministry.  Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed was elected as Somalia's new president in a vote earlier this month.

Mortar rounds land near Presidential Palace in Mogadishu

Several people have reportedly been killed by mortar fire near Somalia Villa, the Presidential Palace of Somalia in Mogadishu.  At least six shells were fired shortly after President-elect, Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed, arrived at the Villa to meet with outgoing President Hassan Sheikh Mohamed.  There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.

Somalia angered by UAE deal in Somaliland

Officials in Somalia have criticised an agreement between the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the self-declared republic of Somaliland.  The deal allows UAE to set up a military base in the port of Berbera, a development that Somaliland's President Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo said would create jobs.  Somalia's Auditor General Nur Jimale Farah said the deal was "corrupted and illegal," claiming senior officials in Somaliland backed it for "illegitimate private gains."

Seven al-Shabaab militants sentenced to death

Seven suspected al-Shabaab militants have been sentenced to death by a military court in Puntland.  Abdifatah Haji Aden, the court's chairman, said the seven were involved in plots to assassinate leading Puntland officials.  “After all the court proceeding including hearings and the presentation of evidence the court sentences these seven men to death,” Aden said. “They can take an appeal within 30 days otherwise the sentence will be carried out.”

New president elected in Somalia

Mohamed Abdullahi "Farmajo" Mohamed has been elected Somalia's new president after the incumbent, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, conceded defeat.  "History was made, we have taken this path to democracy, and now I want to congratulate Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo," Mohamud said.  The vote, which was held in a heavily guarded complex in Mogadishu, was the first one-person one-vote election in Somalia since 1969.

Four killed in attack on Bosaso hotel

Two guards have been killed in an attack on a hotel in Bosaso.  Unknown gunmen stormed the International Village Hotel on Wednesday, leading to a gunbattle with security guards.  Two of the assailants also died during the incident.

Security increased ahead of presidential election

Security has been increased across Somalia ahead of the presidential elections on Wednesday.  Roads in the capital, Mogadishu, were closed and businesses and schools shut down due to fears of attacks by al-Shabaab militants.  President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud of the conservative Peace and Development Party is seeking re-election against 21 other candidates.

AMISOM foils truck bomb attack

The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) says its forces have foiled a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) attack in the Lower Juba.  In a statement, AMISOM said the vehicle was intercepted in Tabda on Monday before it could be detonated.  The suspected target was an AMISOM base near Afmadow.

Four men beheaded at al-Shabaab trial in Jubba region

Four men accused of espionage were beheaded on Sunday by al-Shabaab militants in Jubba region, southern Somalia. According to the communique released by the group, the men were executed after a summary trial took place in Jamame district. Areas ruled by the al-Shabaab are known for carrying out executions targeting potential suspects of espionage to Western-backed forces such as the US and Kenya. 

One killed and dozens injured as gunmen attack bus in Middle Shabelle

At least one person has been killed and dozens have been injured as gunmen stormed a passenger bus in Middle Shabelle, southern Somalia. The incident was reported in the outskirts of Balad district on Saturday, when unknown assailants opened fire at the vehicle. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack and the authorities did not reveal further information.

KDF convoy hit by roadside bomb in Gedo

A Kenyan Defence Forces (KDF) convoy has been struck by a roadside bomb in Gedo region, south-western Somalia. The incident happened on Thursday in the bordering town of el-Wak. Shabelle News reported that a shooting between security forces and al-Shabaab militants broke out moments after the blast. The attack comes a week after scores were killed on an al-Shabaab raid on a KDF base in Kulbiyow.

Al-Shabaab finance chief killed in Mudug region

A senior al-Shabaab finance chief has been killed amid an army operation in Mudug region, northern Somalia. Security forces of Galmudug revealed that the assailant was killed in the coastal area of Harardheere, a known al-Shabaab stronghold. The group has been suffering a heavy leadership loss as one week earlier a senior member of the group was also reportedly killed in Gedo, while visiting his relatives in Tuulo-barwaaqo settlement.

Al-Shabaab attack army convoy near Baidoa

Al-Shabaab militants have attacked an army convoy near the southern city of Baidoa, leaving several soldiers dead.  The convoy was travelling from Baidoa to the town of Burhakabo when it was targeted on Wednesday.  Meanwhile, there have been reports that up to 30 people have died after consuming contaminated water in the village of Masuubiyow, 15km from Baidoa.  Local officials claim al-Shabaab poisoned the water to target local government soldiers.

Two killed in al-Shabaab attack near Hudur

Two soldiers have been killed and several others wounded in an attack by suspected al-Shabaab militants near the southern town of Hudur.  Militants targeted an army base in Dhiil, around 20km west of Hudur, on Tuesday. Colonel Abdi Barre said the army repelled the attack and inflicted heavy losses on the militants.

Businessman shot dead in Beledweyne

A prominent Somali businessman has been shot dead by suspected al-Shabaab militants in Beledweyne.  Two men armed with pistols carried out the attack at a tea shop in the Koshin neighbourhood.  The assailants fled before police officers arrived on the scene.

Three killed by mortar fire in Lower Shabelle

At least three people have been killed and seven others wounded by mortar fire in the Lower Shabelle region.  Shells hit a mosque in the Qoryoley district early on Sunday morning.  According to reports, the shells were fired by troops from the African Union (AU) mission AMISOM, who were responding to an attack by al-Shabaab militants on a nearby army base.

Bomb wounds 10 at Burane tea shop

At least 10 people have been wounded in a bombing at a tea shop in the town of Burane in Lower Shabelle.  Three soldiers were among the wounded by the blast, which occurred on Sunday evening.  Al-Shabaab has claimed responsibility for the attack and vowed to continue targeting the Somali security forces.

Nine civilians kidnapped by armed group in Puntland

Nine civilians have been kidnapped as armed men ambushed a passenger vehicle in Puntland, northern Somalia. The incident happened on Friday, when a lorry, carrying 16 people en route from Qandala to Bosaso, was attacked by an unknown group. Local authorities said that additional security was deployed to the area, that despite its relative stability compared with the rest of Somalia, have been reporting a surge on terrorist groups' presence.

Al-Shabaab attack Kenyan army base in Kulbiyow

The al-Shabaab militant group has attacked a Kenya Defense Forces (KDF) base in Kulbiyow, close to the Kenya-Somalia border.  "We are under massive attack and there is a massive exchange of fire," military spokesman Lt-Col Paul Njuguna told the Nation.  Two suicide vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (SVBIED) detonated at the base, followed by heavy gunfire.  Al-Shabaab told Reuters that 57 KDF troops had been killed, although the army said that the claims were false.

AMISOM foils al-Shabaab attack in Afgoye

The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) says nine al-Shabaab militants have been killed in clashes in the town of Afgoye.  AMISOM said militants attacked the Bulifolio police post in the town on Wednesday evening but were repelled by Somali security forces.  The mission also said that they have agreed with the Somali National Army (SNA) to increase security in the town.

Tribal elder shot in Bosaso attack

A prominent tribal elder has been shot and wounded in an attack in the north-eastern port city of Bosaso.  Muse Hajji Farah was targeted outside a mosque in the city on Wednesday evening by two gunmen.  The assailants fled the scene before the security forces could respond.  No group has claimed responsibility for the attack, although police said al-Shabaab were suspected of being behind it.

Al-Shabaab gunmen attack hotel in Mogadishu

At least 13 people have been killed and several others wounded in an attack on a hotel in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  Al-Shabaab militants detonated a car bomb at the gate of the Dayah Hotel before gunmen stormed the building, leading to a gunbattle with security guards.  A second blast was also reported as ambulances arrived at the scene.  The hotel is popular with politicians and government officials, and several members of Somalia's parliament are believed to have been in the hotel at the time of the attack.

Al-Shabaab attacks army base in Afgoye

Al-Shabaab militants attacked a Somali army base in Afgoye in the Lower Shabelle region on Monday.  Three soldiers and two militants were killed in the clashes, according to Abdurrahman Ahmed, a Somali national army captain.  On Tuesday four soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in the town.  "Last night, we repulsed the militants who attacked us. They must have planted the bomb," Major Osman Abdulle told Reuters.

Government soldiers killed by IED in Burhakabo

Two government soldiers have been killed and several others wounded by an IED in the Burhakabo district of Baay region.  The remote-controlled device exploded near an army base on Monday.  Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack, claiming that five soldiers were killed.

UN warns Somalia risks slipping back into famine due to drought

The UN has announced that Somalia faces a severe risk of slipping back into famine. Millions of people remain highly affected by the drought which decimated crops and major food sources. Also, factors such as the conflict between the African Union (AU) and militants of the al-Shabaab, have lead to an escalation of the crisis. A UN coordinator has said that: "We have a very serious drought situation at the moment in Somalia; in fact five million people in this country (...) are currently in need of food aid." The UN has launched a renewed multi-million Humanitarian plan in Somalia targeted to assist nearly four million people.

Al-Shabaab executes AMISOM soldier

The al-Shabaab militant group claims to have executed a Ugandan soldier from the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM).  The group published a video on Tuesday which appears to show the soldier, identified as Masassa MY, who was captured in Jannale in September, 2015.  He was shot three times by an unidentified al-Shabaab gunman.

Grenade thrown at municipal office in Mogadishu

A grenade has been thrown at an administrative municipal office in Mogadishu.  The incident happened in the Wadhigley district in the early hours of Wednesday morning.  No casualties were reported following the attack.

Two soldiers killed in Gedo grenade attack

Two Somali soldiers have been killed and three others wounded in a grenade attack in the Gedo region of Somalia.  Capt. Abdulkadir Hussein said suspected al-Shabaab militants targeted a checkpoint in Bardere manned by members of the Somali National Army (SNA).  At least one assailant was killed following the blast, while additional troops have been deployed to the area to locate the other suspects.

Government soldier killed in Mogadishu house raid

A government soldier has been killed during a house raid in the Somali capital, Mogadishu. Gunmen opened fire on NISA troops when they stormed a house in the city's Waberi district.  Six people were arrested during the operation, which targeted a group of suspected money counterfeiters.

Two killed in Mogadishu blast

Two people have been killed and several others wounded in a bombing in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The device, which was detonated remotely, targeted security forces in the Balad district, around 36km north-east of the capital, on Saturday.  No group claimed responsibility for the attack.

Four al-Shabaab militants killed in south-west Somalia

Four al-Shabaab militants have been killed in clashes with the Somali National Army (SNA) - backed by the African Union (AMISOM) - in south-western Somalia.  "Somali forces and AMISOM this morning killed four Al-Shabaab fighters and injured several others in Rahoole village outside Dinsoor town. One officer sustained injuries but our forces now have full control of the area," said Abshir Moalim Sharif, district deputy commissioner in Dinsoor district.

KDF soldier killed near Kenyan border

Three Kenyan Defence Force (KDF) soldiers have been killed and 11 others wounded in southern Somalia.  The troops hit a landmine during a KDF operation against the al-Shabaab militant group in the village of Nusdariq in Gedo.  Local residents said six militants also died in the clashes, which took place on Sunday.

Six killed in Galgadud clashes

At least six people have been killed and several others wounded in tribal clashes in the Galgadud region.  According to local residents, the fighting erupted in Abudwak town when a civilian was killed by an armed clan militiamen.  Bile Salad Dini, a member of Galmudug state parliament, called for both sides to end the fighting and settle the dispute through peaceful dialogue.

Al-Shabaab kill two over homosexuality

The al-Shabaab militant group claims to have killed a teenage boy and a young man for engaging in a homosexual act in southern Somalia.  The group's Islamic police arrested 20-year-old Isaq Abshirow and 15-year-old Abdirizak Sheikh Ali before they were convicted in a sharia court in Buale.  A third man was also executed after he was accused of spying for Ethiopian troops.

Airstrikes kill five near Kismayo

Five people have been killed and scores more wounded in suspected US airstrikes near the coastal city of Kismayo.  Jets carried out around 20 strikes on camps from the al-Shabaab militant group on Sunday.  A military official told Radio Shabelle that many of the casualties were residents in al-Shabaab controlled villages, while livestock was also reportedly killed in the strikes.

Twenty arrested over Mogadishu cafe blast

At least 20 people have been arrested by Somali police in connection with a bombing at a cafe in Mogadishu.  Four people were killed and 17 others wounded in a twin IED blast at the tea shop at Tarabunka junction on Saturday.  Security forces carried out a number of dawn raids near Tarabunka on Sunday morning, arresting mostly youths suspected of involvement in the attack.

Armed forces seize territory from al-Shabaab

The Somali National Army (SNA) has recaptured a key village from al-Shabaab militants in the Bakool region of the country.  The SNA, backed by African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops, seized Mooro-Gabey on Tuesday after militants fled.  “The Somali Federal government forces backed by AMISOM troops will keep on moving until they eradicate al-Shabaab and its sympathisers from the entire Bakool region,” said General Hassan Baydhobo.

Al-Shabaab attacks AMISOM base in Mogadishu

The al-Shabaab militant group has carried out a series of suicide bomb attacks on a major peacekeeping base in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  A suicide car bomb killed three people at the entrance to the base of the African Union peacekeeping force, AMISOM, near the city's main airport, on Monday.  The blast also damaged the nearby Hotel Peace.  A second vehicle drove towards the base but was neutralised by AMISOM troops.

Seven killed in Afgoye clashes

Three Somali National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA) agents and four al-Shabaab militants have been killed in clashes in the town of Afgoye, near the capital, Mogadishu.  “They were around 100 heavily armed militants. They took up positions and ordered residents to take cover in their homes before storming on a security checkpoint manned by government forces,” said local resident Mohamed Hirey.  Three militants were also arrested during the clashes.

Three killed in Mogadishu blast

At least three people have been killed and three others wounded in an explosion in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The suspected improvised explosive device (IED) went off in the Hodan district on Thursday evening.  “The enemy of Somali people have caused this tragedy,” said Abdifatah Omar Halane, spokesman for the Mogadishu administration, referring to the al-Shabaab militant group.

Ten killed in southern Somalia clashes

At least 10 people have been killed in clashes between al-Shabaab militants and local militias in southern Somalia.  “Local fighters supported by Jubbaland forces attacked Al-Shabaab camp following days al-Shabaab fighters took 250 camels from the local people living there,” a witness told Goobjoog news.  The militant group has not commented on the claims.

Senior official killed in Puntland

A senior Puntland official has been killed by suspected al-Shabaab militants in Puntland.  The director of Puntland’s presidential palace, Aden Gaas Haruse, was shot dead outside a hotel in the coastal city of Bosasso.  "This evening we killed the director in Bosasso. We were also behind the killing of Puntland's deputy police commander days ago," said Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, al-Shabaab's military operation spokesman.

Al-Shabaab militants killed in Jubbaland clashes

At least 15 al-Shabaab militants have been killed in clashes with troops in the southern state of Jubbaland.  “Our forces made progress in the fight against terrorists. We captured three key areas including Janay-Abdale and Ber-hano, about some 60km west of Kismayo town. We are in full control of those locations and we remain there and continue the liberation,” said Ahmed Mohamud Ahmed, spokesman for the Jubaland state security agency.

One killed, two wounded in military clashes, Abudwak

At least one soldier has been killed and two others have been wounded in clashes between the Ahlu Sunna military forces and the pro-government Galmudug state forces in Abudwak, Galadud region in central Somalia. Ahlu Sunna forces attacked a Galmudug state army base, just south of Abudwak. The conflict has been intervened by local elders who have managed to mediate between the two opposing sides who both seek to control the town. Neither side has commented on the incident as of yet. Travellers have been advised to avoid the town of Abudwak whilst tensions remain high.

Car bomb explodes at restaurant in Mogadishu

At least two people have been killed and several others wounded in a car bombing outside a restaurant in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  "The bomber blew up the car after police ordered him to stop at gun-point. We are investigating," Abdikadir Hussein, a police officer, told Reuters.  The site of the blast was also next to Somalia's National theatre and close to the presidential palace.  No there was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.

Al-Shabaab commander killed in southern Somalia

An al-Shabaab commander has been killed in clashes with armed local residents in southern Somalia.  Abdirahman Rahole was shot dead near Jowhaar town, around 90km north of Mogadishu, during a dispute over extortion payments.  Meanwhile, troops from Somali National Army - backed by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) - have repelled an al-Shabaab attack in the Qoryoley district, 120km north-west of the capital.

Bomb kills four in Kismayo

At least four people have been killed and 10 others wounded in a bombing in the port city of Kismayo.  The device exploded near a tea shop in the Farhano district of the city, according to Colonel Abdullah Abdi Farah.  There was no immediate claim of responsibility, although suspicion will fall on the al-Shabaab militant group.

Suicide truck bomb kills 16 in Mogadishu

At least 29 people have been killed and 48 others wounded in a suicide truck bombing in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The blast struck outside the city's Port early on Sunday morning.  “We assisted 48 wounded people and carried 16 others who were killed in the blast,” said Abdikadir Abdirahman Adem, director of Mogadishu’s AMIN ambulance service.  The al-Shabaab militant group has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Army kills 10 al-Shabaab militants in Baidoa

The Somali army has killed at least 10 al-Shabaab militants in clashes near the south-western town of Baidoa.  "Al-Shabaab militants attacked our base here early Thursday, then heavy fighting broke out and we repelled the terrorists. We killed 10 al-Shabaab fighters and wounded several others. We lost some soldiers and the situation is calm at the moment," said Gen. Ibrahim Yarow.  Al-Shabaab claimed to have killed four soldiers and seized army weapons during the clashes.

Al-Shabaab claim Lower Shabelle attack

The al-Shabaab militant group have claimed responsibility for an attack on African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops in Lower Shabelle.  The militants said four soldiers died when a remote-controlled land-mine exploded near the coastal city of Marko.  AMISOM have not responded to the claims.

Security forces regain control over Qandala

Puntland state security forces have regained control over coastal town of Qandala in the Bari region. The town had been hijacked by Islamic State (IS) militants in October earlier this year. Puntland state forces operations to recapture the territory commenced last week, attacking the IS group with marine forces and troops on land. The IS forces are expected to have experienced severe losses, but no precise death toll has been confirmed.

Three soldiers killed in al Shabaab attack, middle Shabele

At least three Somali National Army (SNA) soldiers have allegedly been killed in an attack on military outposts carried out by the al Qaeda-affiliated al Shabaab militant group. The incident occurred in the small village of Waearaxleey, near Jowhar in the middle Shabele region. The al Shabaab claims have not been confirmed by SNA officials as of yet, however such attacks are frequent in the region as al Shabaab militants seek to oust the western-back federal style of government in Mogadishu.

Airstrikes target al Shabaab base, Lower Shabele

Airstrikes have targeted Ibahim Ali Berre camp in an al Shabaab base, located about 120 miles north-west of Mogadishu in the Lower Shabele region of southern Somalia. Reports have claimed the airstrikes have been carried out by fighter jets belonging to the US Air Force. Ground military operations have also allegedly detained several al Shabaab commander after the airstrike. In recent months, US forces have assisted numerous airstrikes targeting al Shabaab bases in southern Somalia. Civilians have been advised to vacate the region whilst it remains a point of conflict.

Kenyan military convoy hit by explosion, Lower Jubba

A Kenyan military convoy has been hit by a targeted explosion in the Lowe Jubba region. The vehicle had been en route from Tabto to Dhobley. No casualties have been reported so far - security forces are yet to comment on the incident. Travellers in the region have been advised to avoid areas afflicted by fighting.

Six killed in Baay region bombing

At least six people have been killed and 10 others wounded in a bombing in the Baay region of southern Somalia.  The remote-controlled landmine detonated near a police checkpoint on Monday.  There has not been any claim of responsibility, although local authorities have blamed it on the al-Shabaab militant group.

Security forces clash with pro-IS faction in Puntland

Somali security forces said they killed seven militants during clashes in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland on Saturday.  The troops were attacked in the village of Bashaashin by a group loyal to the Islamic State (IS).  Governor of Puntland’s Bari region, Yusuf Mohamed Dhedo, said his troops were pursuing the militants across the region.  “Our plan is to liberate the town and to help the people of the town [Qalandia] return to their homes,” said Dhedo.

District commissioner targeted in Jalalaqsi

The district commissioner of Jalalaqsi town, Mohamed Abdulle Fidow, has been wounded in an attack by suspected al-Shabaab militants.  A security guard and two assailants were killed in an exchange of gunfire in the El Baraf area.  Fidow told Radio Shabelle that he was travelling in an armed convoy when they were ambushed between Jowhar and Jalalaqsi in central Somalia.  Al-Shabaab has not yet commented on the incident.

Roadside bomb kills four soldiers in Bosaso

At least four Somali soldiers have been killed and 11 others wounded in a roadside bombing near the city of Bosaso.  "A roadside bomb destroyed our pickup as we drove from Galgala hills today. We lost four soldiers, including a female soldier, and 11 men from our forces were injured," Major Mohamed Ibrahim, a military officer in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland, told Reuters.  The al-Shabaab militant group claimed responsibility for the attack in a statement.

Presidential elections postponed in Somalia

Somalia's presidential elections have been postponed for the third time.  Originally scheduled for 30 November, the vote will now take place on an unspecified date before the end of 2016.  Omar Mohamed Abdulle, head of Somalia's electoral body, made the announcement on Monday after parliamentary elections overran amid reports of irregularities and corruption.  Incumbent President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and Fadumo Dayib are among the presidential candidates.

Vigilante group attacks al-Shabaab in Galmudug

A group of local residents have formed a vigilante group and attacked al-Shabaab militants in the central state of Galmudug.  Fighting erupted on Monday after militants tried to impose taxes on civilians, who instead took up arms and refused the demands.  Local security minister Osman Isse Nur said 30 people died in the clashes, including 26 al-Shabaab militants, while local residents told the AP news agency that 10 people died.

Al-Shabaab militants clash with security forces in Mudug

At least 26 al-Shabaab militants have been killed in clashes with Galmudug forces in the central Mudug region. "Our forces killed 26 terrorists and others were injured, Galmudug State forces are part of the battle and supports the locals to fight Al-Shabaab in east of Mudug region," Security Minister for Galmudug State in Somalia Osman Isse Nor told reporters on Monday. Nor called for additional support from the Somali government and African Union (AU) to fight al-Shabaab.

Car bomb hits Mogadishu market

At least 11 people have been killed and 16 others wounded in a car bomb attack in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  The device exploded in a market in the Waberi area of the city, close to a university that was being visited by President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud.  Medical sources told the AFP news agency that the death toll was likely to rise.

Security officer killed in Mogadishu bombing

A senior security officer has been killed and three other soldiers wounded in a car bombing in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The device had been fitted to the official's car and exploded in the Shibis district of the city on Thursday.  "The security forces are pursuing the attackers," said local government spokesman Abdifitah Omar Halane.

AMISOM repel al-Shabaab attack in Lower Shabelle

The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and Somali government troops have repelled an attack by suspected al-Shabaab militants in the Lower Shabelle region.  Fighting erupted on Monday night at an AMISOM base in the KM-50 area, with both sides using heavy weaponry.  There has not been any confirmation of casualty figures from either side.

Delegate killed in Galmudug

A delegate was shot dead outside a polling station in Galmudug state on Wednesday.  The victim, who was also a tribal elder, was killed in the central town of Adado as the lower house elections began.  Tensions have been high in the town due to an ongoing rivalry between two local clans over the election of MPs.  Local reports suggest that the delegate was killed by an AMISOM soldier but this has not been confirmed.

Twenty killed in Tiyeglow clashes

At least 20 Somali soldiers have been killed in clashes with al-Shabaab militants in Tiyeglow in Bakool.  The town, which lies close to the Ethiopian town, has changed hands several times in recent weeks, with the latest reports suggesting al-Shabaab are back in control.  Several soldiers died in a car bomb attack at the entrance to a military base before Shabaab gunmen stormed the town.

Five wounded in Kismayo cafe bombing

Five people have been wounded in a bombing at a cafe in the port city of Kismayo.  A remotely-controlled landmine hit the cafe, located close to the local administrative building, on Wednesday.  Local police officials blamed the al-Shabaab militant group for the attack, although there have not been any claims of responsibility.

Troops kill 12 al-Shabaab militants in Lower Shabelle

The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) says it has killed 12 al-Shabaab militants and wounded 14 others during joint operations with the Somali army.  The incident happened in the Lower Shabelle region when the "Somali Army supported by #AMISOM conducted an ambush operation targeting al-Shabaab militants who were crossing from KM50 to Barire," said AMISOM on Twitter.  The group said al-Shabaab also killed two civilians "in retaliation".

US admits killing allies in airstrike

The US has admitted killing 10 members of an allied local militia in an airstrike in September.  The Pentagon initially claimed it had carried out the strike on al-Shabaab militants at the request of Puntland Security Forces.  "The armed fighters were initially believed to be al-Shabaab but with further review it was determined they were local militia forces," said the military in a draft statement obtained by Reuters.  The incident sparked anti-US protests in the Galmudug region.

Car bomb kills two near Somali parliament

A car bomb killed two soldiers and wounded five others near the Somali parliament in the capital, Mogadishu, on Saturday.  Colonel Abdiqadir Hussein, a police officer, confirmed the blast to the Reuters news agency.  The al-Shabaab militant group claimed responsibility for the attack.

Rival militias clash in Galkayo

At least 29 people have been killed and more than 50 others wounded in clashes between rival militias in the central city of Galkayo.  Troops from the semi-autonomous region of Puntland clashed with soldiers from the Galmudug region on Sunday, ending a week-old ceasefire.  Both forces were due to be withdrawn from the disputed city over the last week after fighting forced thousands of civilians to flee.

Burundi to withdraw troops from Somalia

Burundi is expected to withdraw its troops form the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) over the non-payment of their salaries.  "It's been 10 months our troops in Somalia have not been paid, the EU now refuses to send their salaries via the Burundian government ... we think it's time to bring them back," said Victor Burikukiye, president of a parliamentary committee on security and defense. More than 5,000 Burundian soliders are currently deployed in Somalia as part of the regional forces deployed to restore stability and defeat the al-Shabaab militant group.

Al-Shabaab militants kill five men in Tiyeglow

Al-Shabaab militants have beheaded five civilians in the Tiyeglow district of Bakool, according to local reports.  “It’s tragic and a shock that al-Shabaab has beheaded five unarmed men, among them two livestock traders in the outskirts of Tiyeglow over dealings with Ethiopian forces,” Somali legislator Mohamed Hussein Afarale said.  The incident comes days after militants took the town from Somalia and African Union (AU) troops.

IS-linked group briefly takes Puntland town

A group of militants linked to the Islamic State (IS) briefly captured the Red Sea town of Qandala in Puntland.  According to local sources several dozen armed men entered the town on Wednesday morning before they were repelled.  The group is led Abdiqadir Mumin, a former al-Shabaab commander who is now a rival to his former militants, who are still aligned to al-Qaeda.

Ethiopia withdraws non-AMISOM troops from Somalia

Ethiopia has withdrawn troops from neighbouring Somalia, claiming a lack of international support for the fight against the al-Shabaab militant group.  “The troops are not under the AMISOM mandate and are unfortunately not supported in their efforts to assist the Somali National Army … The Somali National Army and the international community must take responsibility,” said communication minister Getachew Red.  The withdrawal will not affect the 4,400 troops operating under the AMISOM mandate

Islamic State militants seize Qandala port in Puntland

On 26 October, Islamic State (IS) militants seized the port of Qandala, in the semi-autonomous region of Puntland. IS fighters reportedly captured the town after a brief firefight with local security forces. Soldiers and many of the residents have fled the town, and IS have cut off the town's communications. 

Al-Shabaab attack AU base in Beledweyne

Al-Shabaab militants have attacked an African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) base in Beledweyne.  A suicide car bomb exploded at the gates of the Djiboutian military base before around 10 gunmen stormed the compound.  AMISOM brought in reinforcements from a nearby base, and in a statement the mission said "the situation swiftly brought under control."  Two Djiboutian soldiers were reportedly killed in the attack, although AMISOM have not confirmed any casualty figures.

Intelligence officer shot dead in Mogadishu

A senior intelligence officer has been shot dead by al-Shabaab militants in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  Colonel Abdiasis Araye was targeted in the Waberi district late on Monday. "We reached the scene but the militants had already escaped," said police officer Ismail Hussein.  Al-Shabaab's spokesman for military operations, Abdiasis Abu Musab, confirmed the attack.

Car bomb kills four in Mogadishu

At least four people have been killed and seven others wounded in a suicide car bomb attack in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The blast targeted an army convoy in the Daljirka Dahson area of the city late on Sunday.  The al-Shabaab militant group claimed responsibility for the blast.

Kidnapped sailors released after five years

A group of sailors have been released after nearly five years in captivity in Somalia. The 26 sailors, who were from a number of states in South-East Asia, were abducted from the FV Naham 3 vessel by pirates in 2012 and taken onshore, where they were held in terrible conditions.  Their release was secured after the reported payment of a ransom.

Al-Shabaab militants retake southern town of Halgan

Al-Shabaab militants have retaken the southern town of Halgan in the Hiran region after African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) forces withdrew.  Ethiopian troops left their military base on Saturday night and on Sunday heavily armed militants entered with little resistance.  "Each day, civilians are being beheaded over suspicion that they are government supporters," local MP Dahir Amin Jesow told the Reuters news agency. "We do not have a government that is effective enough to protect our civilians."  Ethiopia have not commented on the reasons for the troop withdrawal.

Clashes continue between Galmudug and Puntland forces

On 20 October, clashes broke out between Galmudug and Puntland forces in Galkayo, Mudug region. Heavy artillery fire and small arms fire was exchanged between the two semi-autonomous regions in a continuation of ongoing fighting that has displaced over 50,000 people. 

Al-Shabaab militants seize part of Afgoye

At least 10 people have been killed after al-Shabaab militants attacked the town of Afgoye, 30km from Mogadishu, capturing part of it. Government troops reportedly fled to Mogadishu, with heavily armed militants being seen across the town. They reportedly seized control of the district centre headquarters, a police station, orphanage and presidential palace in the south-west of the city. 

Al-Shabaab kill two suspected spies in Jilib

On 13 October, al-Shabaab militants executed a foreign fighter from Kenya and a Somali national in Jilib. They were accused of spying, with the Kenyan accused of working for MI6. An al-Shabaab firing squad killed them in the town square, in front of hundreds of local residents. 

Three killed in al-Shabaab attack on AMISOM base in Lower Shabelle Region

On 11 October, at least three people were killed and 15 were wounded when suspected al-Shabaab militants fired mortar rounds at the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) base in Qoryoley, Lower Shabelle Region. AMISOM troops retaliated with mortar fire.

Security along Kenya-Somalia border region increased following al-Shabaab attack

On 11 October, Fredrick Shisia, Mandera County Commissioner, confirmed that Kenya has increased security along the Somali border to try and prevent any potential attacks from al-Shabaab militants. The increase comes a week after an al-Shabaab attack killed six people. Shisia states that the attack allowed the Kenyan government to identify holes in their border security and make amendments to it. 

Ethiopian troops withdraw from Hiran region

On 11 October, Ethiopian troops serving the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) withdrew from a military base in el-Ali village in central Somalia's Hiran region after coming under artillery fire. They destroyed the base before abandoning the area. Al-Shabaab fighters have since taken control of the village. Security reports state that the withdrawal from el-Ali has made a large and strategic area vulnerable to occupation by militants. The reason for the withdrawal has not been disclosed, but various sources believe that it could be related to a need for more troops in Ethiopia following the declaration of a six-month state of emergency.

Two killed in fighting in Galkaayo

On 10 October, two people were killed and five others were wounded when clashes broke out between factions of Puntland and Galmudug troops in Galkaayo. The two sides exchanged mortar and small arms fire. The wounded have been taken to hospital for treatment. President Hussan Sheikh Mohamud has asked leaders of each side to put an end to the conflict, after a fragile ceasefire broke down on Monday. 

Four wounded in car bombing in Benadir region

On 10 October, four people were wounded in a car bomb explosion in the Suq-bacad junction of Yakhshid district in Benadir region. All four victims were civilians. Personnel from the National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA) arrested the driver of the vehicle. Authorities suspect the attack to have been carried out by al-Shabaab. 

Traditional Elder shot dead in Gedo region

On 6 October, Ibrahim Qorah, a traditional Somali elder from Bardere, in the Gedo region, was shot dead by unidentified gunmen on his way home. The motive and responsibility for the attack are not yet known, but targeted killings of elders and key figures are common across the country.

Fifteen arrested after grenade launched at Nisa headquarters in Jubbaland

On 4 October, police arrested 15 suspected al-Shabaab militants after a grenade was launched at the National Intelligence and Security Agency's (NISA) base for the Jubbaland Administration in Gulwade village in Kismayo. One officer was reportedly killed and three more wounded in the attack. NISA troops responded to the attack, deploying across the area and leading to the arrests. 

Three killed, several wounded in explosion at Mogadishu livestock marketq

On 29 September, three people were killed and several others were wounded when a remote-detonated landmine exploded at a livestock market in Hilka-Dheer of Mogadishu. No group has yet claimed responsibility for the attack, but the authorities believe that it was carried out by al-Shabaab militants. 

Three suspected al-Shabaab arrested in Bakaro market

On 28 September, three suspected al-Shabaab militants were arrested in the Bakaro Market of Mogadishu during a joint operation by Somali National Army (SNA) troops and soldiers from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). The security operation was aimed at clearing the al-Shabaab presence from Mogadishu, other security operations taking place concurrently in the Hodan, Howlwadag and Wardhigley districts of Mogadishu. Several other militants were reportedly captured in these operations. 

SNA and AMISOM troops conduct security operations in Mogadishu districts

On 27 September, a combined force of Somali National Army (SNA) troops and African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) soldiers launched security operations in multiple districts of Mogadishu in an attempt to clear out any al-Shabaab presence. Operations were carried out in the Hodan, Howlwadaag and Wardhigley districts. An undisclosed number of militants were reportedly captured.

Two al-Shabaab militants killed in Kismayo

On 26 September, two al-Shabaab militants were killed by a combined force of Somali National Army (SNA) personnel and soldiers from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in Kismayo. Militants had killed civilians in Caba village, on the outskirts of Kismayo, and the military launched a clearance operation to push them out of the area. 

Explosion in Lower Shabelle region

On 22 September, a large explosion was reported in the Toro-Torow village of the lower Shabelle region. An investigation has been launched into the cause of the explosion and no more information has been released. However, al-Shabaab militants are known to operate in Toro-Torow and the surrounding areas. 

Two policemen missing after al-Shabaab attack base in Kenya

Two policemen are missing after al-Shabaab militants attacked the Hamsey police base in Wajir, north-eastern Kenya, on Thursday. Militants in two landcruisers reportedly attacked the base but were repulsed by officers during heavy fighting. One policeman was wounded in the attack and one of the militants was killed. Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack in a statement released by a spokesman, Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab.

One killed, three wounded in vehicle explosion in Mogadishu

On 21 September, a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) exploded at the Jubba junction in Mogadishu, killing one security official and wounding three others. The motives and identities of the attackers are not yet known, although it bears the hallmarks of a typical al-Shabaab attack, with authorities speculating that they are the the likely culprits. 

Senior military officer killed in suspected al-Shabaab attack

On 18 September, suspected al-Shabaab militants shot and killed a senior military officer near Tarabunka, in Mogadishu's Hodon district. Abdullah Sabriye Abdulle died from his wounds hours after an al-Shabaab suicide car bomb killed another Somali general and his bodyguards in Mogadishu. The attackers fled the scene and a police manhunt has been launched.

General and seven guards killed in suspected al-Shabaab car bomb attack

On 18 September, General Mohamed Roble Jimale was killed, along with seven soldiers from the Somali National Army (SNA), when a suicide car bomb hit his military convoy in Mogadishu. Al-Shabaab has claimed responsibility for the attack in a statement on its Andalus radio station. 

Senior al-Shabaab commander killed in Awdhegle

On 15 September, the spokesman for the African Union Peacekeeping Troops, Colonel Joseph Kibet, confirmed that a joint operation between troops from the Somali National Army (SNA) and African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) has resulted in the death of a senior al-Shabaab commander. Mohamed Hassan was reportedly killed during the operation in Awdhegle, in the Lower Shabelle region. Several other militants were reportedly wounded during the operation. 

Troops clear Boko Haram militants from village in Bakool region

On 15 September, troops from the Somali National Army (SNA) and soldiers serving the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) launched an offensive against a suspected Boko Haram camp in Busley, Bakool region. During the operation, several militants were killed and SNA uniforms were confiscated, along with a cache of firearms. Reports state that the operation has successfully cleared militants from Busley. 

AMISOM convoy attacked by roadside bomb in Lower Shabelle

A military convoy from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) has been hit by an roadside bomb near Afgoye, on the outskirts of Mogadishu. Local witnesses told Shabelle News that the incident took place on the road between Arbacow and Elasha Biyaha areas of Lower Shabelle. No further information about the incident was disclosed, and no groups have yet claimed responsibility for the attack. The incident comes nearly ten days after five people were killed and several others wounded by an attack on a bus in Wayo-arag village.

Senior al-Shabaab commander captured in Jubbaland

The interim administration in Jubbaland, southern Somalia, stated that they have captured a top al-Shabaab commander in a battle in Abdalla Birole village, near Kismayo city, 500km south of Mogadishu. He is reported to be an Ethiopian national and is currently being questioned by police. 

Four soldiers killed in al-Shabaab ambush in Addow Dibille

On 13 September, at least four soldiers of the Somali National Army (SNA) were killed in an ambush by suspected Boko Haram militants on a military base in Addow Dibille, near Afgoye. The authorities believe that the attack is a retaliation after the death of two unarmed al-Shabaab militants in an earlier attack by the SNA.

Al-Shabaab attack on military bases in Marka repelled

On 11 September, Abdikarim Hussein Hassan, the deputy commissioner of Marka, stated that fighting had broken out at El Ahmed and El Addow, outside of Marka. Suspected Al-Shabaab militants launched attacks on Somali military bases in the areas, but Somali forces were able to repel the attackers, causing casualties among the militants and sustaining two wounded of their own. 

Several injured in mortar attack on Mogadishu airport

A mortar attack has reportedly occurred at the Aden Adde airport in Mogadishu, causing an unknown number of injuries. Initial reports suggest that at least three large explosions were heard in the terminals. No more information has been released. 

Eight al-Shabaab militants killed in Galgudud region

On 7 September, the regional commander for the Somali National Army (SNA), Ahmed Mohamed, confirmed that eight al-Shabaab militants had been killed in clashes with SNA troops, supported by Ethiopian soldiers working as part of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). They were killed in Bud-Bud, Galgadud region. Al-Shabaab later claimed to have taken control of Bud-Bud following the clashes, but this is refuted by the Somali government. 

Several killed and scores injured in tribal clashes in Mudug

Over a dozen people have died and 30 others wounded as a tribal confrontation broke out in central Somalia's Mudug region. Reports state that two militia groups from Puntland and Galmudug states clashed across Far Jamale village. Witnesses told local news that the battle was triggered by clan revenge over land occupation and other outstanding hostilities.

A dozen al-Shabaab killed in counter-offensive in Juba

A failed ambush led to the death of nearly a dozen al-Shabaab militants near the southern coastal border with Kenya. The incident took place on Sunday, as dozens of al-Shabaab fighters ambushed a convoy compromised of Kenyan Defence Force Rangers and peacekeepers from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) in Ras-Kamboni and Kulbiyoow, in Somalia's Juba region. No soldiers were killed; however one Ranger sustained light injuries. Al-Shabaab fully operate in the country's southern border, carrying out ambushes and planting roadside bombs to target peacekeepers and international security forces.

Five killed by roadside bomb in Lower Shabelle

Five people were killed and several others wounded by a landmine blast in Lower Shabelle region, on the outskirts of Mogadishu. An anonymous witness told local news that the blast was generated by an improvised explosive device (IED) placed on a road near Wayo-arag village, Afgoye district. The attack left the bus, travelling from Muri to Afgoye town, completely destroyed. No group has yet claimed responsibility for the attack, but roadside bombs and IEDs are methods often used by al-Shabaab militants to target security forces stationed in the region.

Somali National Army regains control of Hudur Wayne

On 31 August, a spokesman for the Somali National Army (SNA), Colonel Osman Nur Hajji, announced that elements of the SNA had regained full control of Hudur Wayne, a strategically important village in Gedo province, after routing al-Shabaab militants who had seized it. SNA soldiers reportedly infiltrated the village before engaging the militants with small-arms and artillery fire. The clashes resulted in the deaths of at least two soldiers, with several others wounded.

Three dead during tribal conflict in Sanaag

Tribal clashes resulted in the deaths of three people and left 10 others injured in Sanaag region, northern Somalia. Local residents told Shabelle news that the attack in El-Afwayn was a clan revenge attack, with heavily armed militiamen storming the village. The incident comes as local elders are waging efforts to solve the ongoing tribal conflicts in the region that are often generated over revenge claims and pasture disputes.

Ten killed and twenty-two injured in truck bomb in Mogadishu

A truck bomb in Mogadishu has killed ten people and injured another 22, including a government minister. The bomb exploded near some hotels and the presidential palace. It is believed that the attack was carried out by the al-Shabaab militant group. 

Al-Shabaab militants storm beach restaurant in Mogadishu, killing nine

At least nine people were killed when suspected al-Shabaab insurgents attacked a beach restaurant in Somalia's capital Mogadishu on Thursday. The terrorists detonated a car bomb moments before engaging in armed clashes with security forces. Somali authorities reported that the car bomb went off prematurely near the new Turkish embassy site. The incident comes nearly two weeks after suspected al-Shabaab fighters killed two people in grenade attack at a crowded market in the capital.

Five Somali soldiers injured by IED blast in Lower Shabelle

At least five Somali soldiers have been wounded after a improvised explosive device (IED) was remotely detonated in the southern part of the country. Reports state that the blast happened in Bulo Mareer village, as the IED targeted a nearby military base. Soldiers of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) rushed to the scene to rescue the wounded victims and take them to Mogadishu for treatment. In mid-June, suspected al-Shabaab fighters orchestrated a car bomb attack near a military base in Lanta Buro, where at least 10 Somali soldiers were killed.

Three shot dead in armed attack at Mogadishu market

A shooting at a crowded market in Somalia's capital Mogadishu resulted in the death of three people on Wednesday. According to the police and local sources, the attack took place at the Bakaro market, when suspected al-Shabaab militants opened fire at a police officer. Among the casualties is one civilian that was killed in the cross-fire. Despite the suspicion of militant involvement, no group claimed responsibility for the attack. The incident comes nearly two weeks after suspected al-Shabaab militants killed two people in a grenade attack at the same market.

Seven suspected al-Shabaab militants arrested in Hiraan

Commander of Baladweyn police, Ali Dhuuh Abdi, today confirmed that seven suspected al-Shabaab members were arrested in Baladweyn, Hiraan region, during a security operation. Interrogations of the suspects are currently underway. Following the operation, the commander implemented further regulations aimed at protecting civilians in the region, adding that vehicles will no longer be allowed to park near gatherings and no vehicles will be allowed tinted window glass, in an effort to curb the threat of vehicle-borne suicide bombs. 

Twin suicide blast kills 20 in Galkayo

At least 20 people have been killed and several others wounded in a suicide bomb attack in the central Somali town of Galkayo.  "There were two huge bombs. The first one was a truck bomb, followed a minute or so [later] by another car bomb", a local resident told the Reuters news agency.  The al-Shabaab militant group claimed responsibility for the attack, which targeted a government compound housing administrative offices.

Thirty al-Shabaab militants killed in Middle Jubba

Operations headed by Somali commandos and supported by US special forces have resulted in the deaths of 30 al-Shabaab militants along the Kenyan border. According to the Xinhua news agency, the Jihadists were killed in two separate military operations between Wednesday and Saturday, in Saakow town, Middle Jubba region. Among the dead are senior al-Shabaab commanders, including Abu Mus'ab and Abu Omar. Al-Shabaab militants have been increasing their operations in the nearby lower Jubba region, where they often launch attacks targeting security forces and civilians across the border between Somalia and Kenya.

Two killed in al-Shabaab grenade attack at Mogadishu market

Somali police reported that two people were killed and another wounded in a grenade attack in Mogadishu on Tuesday. Reports show that a group of assailants stormed the capital's biggest market of Bakaro and threw a hand grenade, intended to target Somali government forces. Authorities believe that the attack was carried out by al-Shabaab militants; however the group hasn't claimed responsibility. The incident comes days after a soldier was killed in a targeted grenade attack in the Dharkenley district.

Twin bomb attack injures four in Mogadishu

At least four Somali soldiers were wounded by two separate explosions in northern Mogadishu on Monday. The first attack happened in the Sisi area of Deynile district, when a vehicle carrying soldiers was hit by the blast of an improvised explosive device (IED). Residents told Shabelle news media that the second blast happened in the same area when the ambulance taking the wounded to a local hospital was targeted. No group claimed responsibility for the attack, however the method is mostly used by al-Shabaab militants stationed in the area.

Scores arrested over terrorism links in Jalalaqsi

A joint operation in central Somalia's Jalalaqsi town hass led to the arrest of dozens of suspects linked to terrorism. The offensive, which was carried out by Somali security forces and African Union peacekeepers, detained nearly 150 people, amongst whom were 10 al-Shabaab militants. Official sources stated that the operation took place on Saturday after consecutive tip-offs that the fighters were in the area. Since 2011, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) has been supporting Somali forces to tackle the Jihadist insurgency which is rife throughout the country.

Grenade attack kills soldier in Mogadishu

A Somali soldier was killed and three others injured in a grenade attack in Mogadishu on Wednesday. A witness told Shabelle news that the incident happened during the evening when al-Shabaab militants targeted a residence of an army officer in the Dharkenley district. The alleged target was Mohamed Aden Omar, operations chief at the Somali National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA), who escaped unharmed. The incident comes nearly one week after al-Shabaab militants attacked a police station in Mogadishu, killing at least 10 people.

Airstrikes targeting al-Shabbab reported in Lower Juba

Alleged US airstrikes have targeted al-Shabaab positions in Berhani, near Kismayo. Local sources told Shabelle News that three residents were injured during the offensive, while Lower Juba state authorities confirmed the deaths of several militants. The region, bordering Kenya, is currently home to the Africa Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) operations, which are deployed to fight the al-Shabaab militant group.

Al-Shabaab attacks police base in Mogadishu

At least 10 people have been killed and 15 others wounded after al-Shabaab militants attacked a police base in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  Two car bombs exploded outside the headquarters of the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) before gunmen stormed the complex on Sunday morning.  "At least 10 people, including four militants, five civilians and a soldier, died in today's attack," said local police officer Hussein Ali.

AMISOM soldiers killed during heavy fight in Bakool

At least five soldiers of the Somali National Army (SNA) and African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) have been killed in Bakool, south-western Somalia. Heavy fighting with al-Shabaab rebels was triggered by a counter-offensive operation led by the SNA, backed by AMISOM forces, in Moragabey. The clashes forced local residents to flee their villages, which according to reports were later secured by the coalition forces. Moragabey and several surrounding villages have been victims of successive attacks by al-Shabaab as the group attempts to retake control of regions bordering Ethiopia.

Al-Shabaab target AU troops in Mogadishu

At least 13 people have been killed in an attack by al-Shabaab militants in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  Two car bombs exploded near an African Union (AU) base at the entrance to the city's airport.  The AU mission in Somalia condemned "these senseless attacks that aim to disrupt and cripple the lives of ordinary Somalis".

Two dozen civilians killed by AMISOM in Bay region

Ethiopian soldiers under the UN-backed African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) have shot dead at least 14 civilians during a raid in Somalia's central Bay region. Local MP Ibrahim Isak Yarow said that:  "... traditional elders and civilians, were killed after clashes broke out between al-Shabaab fighters, and Somali government troops and AMISOM peacekeepers". However, the claims are contested by local residents who told the AFP that the soldiers indiscriminately opened fire at houses, where Koranic teachers and civilians were holding a religious gathering. AMISOM announced that it will investigate the incident.

Security forces arrest al-Shabaab militants

Somali security forces have arrested 10 suspected al-Shabaab militants in the Lower Shabelle region.  The operation, which took place on Saturday evening, also led to the capture of four militant bases.  "Our national army, accompanied by AMISOM conducted operations and recaptured four Al-Shabaab bases, including an illegal detention centre and administrative building in Beled Amin, Lower Shabelle region of Somalia," said Minister of Information, Culture and Tourism Mohamed Abdi Hayir.

Kenyan military convoy hit by landmine in Gedo

A Kenyan Defence Forces (KDF) convoy heading to Elwak struck a landmine on Friday. Somali security forces confirmed that the incident happened near the Busari village in Gedo, close to the Kenyan border. No immediate casualties were reported. Kenya's government deployed several troops to secure the regions of Gedo and Kismayu under the peacekeeping operations headed by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).

Al-Shabaab recaptures city of Marka

Al-Shabaab militants have recaptured the city of Marka, following the withdrawal of government forces and African Union (AU) soldiers on Monday. Local sources say that the Somali army and AU soldiers retreated to the nearby Shalanbood area, offering no resistance to the militant group. Marka is located in Lower Shabelle region and has largely been under al-Shabaab control since 2012.

Al-Shabaab attacks army base in Lower Shabelle

At least 10 Somali soldiers have been killed after suspected al-Shabaab militants attacked an army base in the Lower Shabelle region.  The assailants detonated a car bomb outside the Lanta Buro base before gunmen stormed the complex, leading to a gunbattle which lasted for several hours.  Around 12 al-Shabaab fighters were also killed in the clash on Monday morning.

Military convoy hit by roadside bomb in Mogadishu

A Somali National Army (SNA) military convoy was hit by a roadside bomb in Mogadishu on Wednesday. The device, which was remotely detonated, exploded as the army vehicles passed, although no soldiers were wounded. After the attack, military personnel opened fire on a nearby crowd, killing one civilian and injuring three others. No group claimed responsibility for the attack, which happened days after 18 military cadets were killed by a roadside bomb blast near the town of Lafole.

Scores killed by IED blast near Mogadishu

A roadside bomb has killed at least 18 people on a bus on the outskirts of Mogadishu. The blast was caused by an improvised explosive device (IED), which was remotely detonated by unknown militants on Thursday, near the town of Lafole. An eyewitness said the attack targeted a military vehicle, which was escorting the mini-bus. No group claimed responsibility for the attack, although al-Shabaab are strongly suspected of being behind it.

Violent tribal clashes erupt near Beledweyne

Fierce battle between tribal militias erupted on Tuesday near Beledweyne in central Somalia. The number of casualties is unknown as no attempt by the government to intervene in the violent clashes has been reported. The region has witnessed frequent outbreaks of violence between nomadic tribes over waterholes, farming and grazing rights.

Uganda to pull troops from AMISOM force

Uganda has announced plans to withdraw its troops from the African Union-mandated AMISOM force in neighbouring Somalia by the end of 2017.  "Our plan that we have communicated to the African Union is that by December 2017 we want to be out," said Paddy Ankunda, Uganda military spokesman.  Ugandan troops make up about a third of the current 22,000-strong AMISOM force, which is deployed to maintain peace and to reduce the threat of the al-Shabaab militant group.

Al-Shabaab attack Mogadishu hotel

At least 15 people have been killed and 20 others wounded in an attack by al-Shabaab militants at a hotel in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu. A suicide car bomb exploded at the entrance of the Naso-Hablod hotel before gunmen stormed the building on Saturday.  Somali security forces later retook the hotel following a shootout with the militants.  Environment Minister Buri Mohamed Hamza has since been named as one of the victims of the attack.

Eight al-Shabaab militants killed in Galgaduud

An operation carried out by the Somalia National Army (SNA) killed eight al-Shabaab rebels on Wednesday. The operation took place in the Galgaduud region, central Somalia. Army Colonel Ahmed Mohamed Tresishe said: "A specially trained unit of our soldiers have carried out the operation to flush out al-Shabaab militants from a base near Masagawa." The operation comes days after the Kenyan Air Force bombed al-Shabaab strongholds in the southern Somali town of Elwak.

Al-Shabaab strongholds bombed by Kenyan jets

Kenyan security forces have launched airstrikes on al-Shabaab positions near the southern Somali town of Elwak. The military offensive, backed by African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) forces, was carried out on Tuesday night. Local residents said the planes bombed a militant checkpoint, which triggered retaliation from the insurgents. Kenya holds a key role in the AMISOM peacekeeping operations against al-Shabaab along the border between the two countries.

Senior security officer killed by al-Shabaab in Jowhar

A chief Somali security officer has been killed by al-Shabaab in Jowhar, Middle Shebelle region. Abdiweli Ibrahim Mohamed, head of national security in the region, was shot by his own bodyguard on Tuesday. According to local sources, the guard was a defected member of the militant group, which later claimed responsibility for the attack.

Deadly grenade blast hits checkpoint in Marka

Suspected al-Shabaab insurgents attacked a military checkpoint in Marka, southern Somalia, on Monday. At least one person was killed and six others were injured when a grenade was thrown at a military convoy. Despite the allegations, no group claimed responsibility for the attack. Marka is a coastal Somali town which was taken by African Union (AU) and Somali security forces from al-Shabaab in 2012.

Roadside bomb kills four in Golweyn

At least four people have been killed by a roadside bomb near Golweyn on the outskirts of Mogadishu. The improvised explosive device (IED) targeted an African Union mission in Somalia (AMISOM) convoy, which was travelling to Barawe city. After the blast AMISOM soldiers engaged in an exchange of fire with alleged al-Shabaab militants, which led to an unknown number of casualties.

Kenyan government closes border with Somalia

The Kenyan government has ordered the closure of its border with Somalia due to increased terrorist threats during the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan. Residents from the Somali bordering town of Beled Hawo confirmed the move to local media after several people were prevented from crossing. Officials stated that a heavy contingent of Kenyan troops are stationed in the region in order to stop offensives led by the Islamist group al-Shabaab, which has threatened to intensify attacks on both sides of the border.

Al-Shabaab claim deadly AMISOM attack

Al-Shabaab militants claim to have killed 60 Ethiopian troops in an attack on an African Union mission (AMISOM) base in Somalia.  However, AMISOM spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Joe Kibet rebuked the claim, saying AU forces repelled the attack.  "AMISOM forces killed 110 al-Shabaab and captured a large cache of weapons," Kibet told the Reuters news agency.  The clashes occurred in the town of Halgan in the Hiraan region on Thursday morning.

Journalist shot dead in Mogadishu

A female journalist has been shot dead in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  Sagal Salad, who worked for Radio Mogadishu, was shot dead by three men on Sunday.  Mohamed Ibrahim Moalimuu, secretary general of the National Union of Somali Journalists, said Salad was leaving a local university when she was gunned down in the Hodan district.  "We condemn in the strongest terms possible, and we call for the government to probe and bring those who were behind the killing to justice,” he said.

Garissa Universiy attack mastermind killed in Somalia

The al-Shabaab commander responsible for the Garissa University attack in 2015 has been killed in southern Somalia.  Mohamed Kuno was one of 16 militants killed in an operation near the port city of Kismayo on Tuesday night.  There was an outstanding $215,000 reward for Kuno's capture offered by the Kenyan government following the Garissa attacks, during which almost 150 people were killed.

Al-Shabaab attacks Mogadishu hotel

Al-Shabaab militants have attacked a hotel in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, killing at least 10 people and wounding 40 others.  A car bomb exploded outside the Ambassador Hotel late on Wednesday afternoon before gunmen stormed the complex.  The hotel is popular with diplomats and government officials, and according to reports two of the victims were MPs.  Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, al-Shabaab's military operations spokesman, confirmed the attack to the Reuters news agency.

Joint forces recapture key town in Lower Shabelle

A key town in Lower Shabelle region was recaptured by the Somali National Army (SNA) forces with support of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISON) on Thursday. The provincial town of Toratorow, located in southern Somalia, was retaken from al-Shabaab militants as part of the military operation to recapture insurgent-held towns in the region. No resistance was encountered during the operation and Somali troops have set up a security perimeter in order to protect the town from a possible insurgent retaliation.

Al-Shabaab launches attack on army base in El Wak

Al-Shabaab militants have attacked an army base in the southern Gedo province.  Four Somali National Army (SNA) soldiers died in the assault, which took place in the early hours of Wednesday morning in the town of El Wak.  Military sources said three al-Shabaab fighters also died in the ensuing clashes.

Four government soldiers killed at Jowhar airport

Four people have been killed and three others wounded in a grenade attack at an airport in Jowhar, Middle Shabelle region. The device went off near the airport's entrance, targeting government officers. No group claimed responsibility for the attack, however similar incidents are frequently executed by al-Shabaab militants across Somalia.

Five al-Shabaab militants killed by US airstrike

Ugandan and African Union mission (AMISOM) soldiers were attacked by al-Shabaab militants in a location west of Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, on Thursday. The troops were attacked by the insurgents during a training exercise with US forces. "US forces were not involved with this firefight. We were nearby but not directly involved ourselves," said Pentagon spokesman Captain Jeff Davis. According to US military sources, five fighters were killed in a subsequent US airstrike.

Al-Shabaab stronghold raided in US-led operation

A joint operation carried out by US and Somali special forces raided a known al-Shabaab base on Tuesday. According to Somali authorities at least 15 militants were killed in Eel Timir village, near Galad town, in southern Somalia. The US forces did not confirm any details of the operation.

Al-Shabaab fighters killed in Galgadud clashes

At least 15 al-Shabaab fighters have been killed in clashes with a Somali military commando unit in the central region of Galgadud.  Officials said the fighting occurred near the coastal town of Galcad late on Tuesday evening.  "Somali government's Special Forces together with Amisom carried out the operation at Cel-timir location close to Galcad town here in Galgudud region," said the governor of Galcad town, Qadar Muhumed Ali.

Car bomb kills two police officers in Mogadishu

A suicide car bomb has killed two police officers and wounded three others in the Somali capital, Mogadishu. "It was a suicide car bomb that hit the gate. We also shot dead an armed militant who wanted to storm the building," officer Mohamed Nur told Reuters.  The al-Shabaab militant group claimed responsibility for the attack.

Al-Shabaab kill 15 Somali troops

Al-Shabaab militants have killed 15 Somali soldiers and recaptured a town north-east of the capital, Mogadishu.  "Al Shabaab used a suicide car bomb to penetrate a military base. It exploded and then fierce fighting followed. At least 15 soldiers died," Major Abdullahi Omar told Reuters.  The army said more than 10 militants were also killed in the clashes in the town of Runirgood on Sunday morning.

Five soldiers killed by Islamists near Baidoa

Five Somali soldiers were killed by al-Shabaab insurgents near the north-western town of Baidoa on Tuesday. Army captain, Aden Nur, told Reuters that besides the five deaths at least 12 others were injured. Al-Shabaab's spokesperson claimed that they also ambushed a military truck heading to reinforce the base.

Al-Shabaab militants killed in central Somalia

At least 25 al-Shabaab fighters have been killed in clashes with the Somalia National Army (SNA) in central Somalia.  The fighting took place in the Budbud and Ulajarad regions, around 75km from the town of Elbuur.  "We are also fully in control of the areas where the fighting occurred and the troops are advancing to new locations in the region in order to liberate more areas from remnants [of al-Shabaab]," District Commissioner Abdi Hassan said.

AU troops kill civilians in Somalia

African Union (AU) troops have accidentally killed four civilians in southern Somalia.  "A speeding vehicle approached the roadblock and failed to adhere to repeated warnings to stop. Assuming the car to be a Vehicle-Borne Improvised Explosive Device (VBIED), the troops opened fire, resulting in the death of four occupants of the vehicle," said a statement issued by AMISOM.  The incident happened in Buulo Mareer in the Lower Shebelle region, sparking protests among local residents.

US airstrikes target al-Shabaab in Somalia

At least eight suspected al-Shabaab militants have been killed in US airstrikes in southern Somalia.  Pentagon spokesman Captain Jeff Davis said those targeted posed an "imminent threat to US personnel."  The unmanned drone struck the village of Yontoy in the Lower Juba region.

Car bomb kills five in Mogadishu

At least five people have been killed and seven others wounded in a car bomb attack in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The assailant detonated the device outside a packed restaurant, near the Banadir Municipal building, on Monday.  Al-Shabaab have claimed responsibility for the attack.

Al-Shabaab media officer killed by firing squad

A media officer for the al-Shabaab militant group has been executed by firing squad in Somalia.  Hassan Hanafi was sentenced to death last month after he admitted his role in the killing of five Somali journalists between 2007 and 2011.  He previously worked for al-Shabaab's Radio Andalus station before fleeing to Kenya.

Al-Shabaab leader killed in US drone strike

A senior leader of the Islamic militant group al-Shabaab has been killed in a US drone strike in southern Somalia.  Hassan Ali Dhoore died along with two other suspected militants in the strike near Jilib, close to the Kenyan border.  He was suspected of planning the attack on the Maka al-Mukarramah hotel in March, 2015 during which US nationals were among the victims.  "Removing Dhoore from the battlefield would be a significant blow to al-Shabaab's operational planning and ability to conduct attacks," said Pentagon spokesman Peter Cook.

Six killed by car bomb in Galkayo

A car bomb has killed at least six people in Galkayo, located in the semi-autonomous region Puntland in northern Somalia. According to police Saeed Ali, the Director of the local government's finance department, is among the victims of the blast. The Islamist group al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack and confirmed the death of the treasurer.  The incident comes after over 100 al-Shabaab militants were killed in clashes with the regional government forces on Tuesday.

French navy seize weapons ship bound for Somalia

The French navy has seized a ship carrying weapons in the northern Indian Ocean.  The unregistered vessel, which was packed with hundreds of assault rifles and anti-tank weapons, was reportedly heading for Somalia when it was intercepted.  Earlier this month the Australian navy seized another large cache of weapons on a Somalia-bound vessel near the Omani coast.

Pro-government forces kill 115 al-Shabaab militants

At least 115 al-Shabaab militants have been killed in heavy fighting with pro-government forces in northern Somalia.  The regional government in Galmudug said a further 110 militants were captured during four days of clashes along the border with Puntland.  Troops also arrested three foreign nationals fighting for al-Shabaab - two from Kenya and a third from Tanzania - during a raid in Galmudug on Monday.

Al-Shabaab militants killed by KDF

Kenya Defence Forces (KDF) troops have killed at least 34 al-Shabaab militants in two days of clashes in southern Somalia.  On Saturday 21 fighters died in a shootout in the southern town of Afmadhow in the Lower Juba region, while two KDF soldiers were also killed.  The following day a further 21 Shabaab militants died near the border town of Ras Kiamboni in the Lag Badana-Bushbush National Park.  The KDF and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) has intensified operations against al-Shabaab following the deadly attack on a Kenyan army base in El Ade which left dozens of soldiers dead.

Fifteen al-Shabaab militants killed in Gara'ad

According to the Puntland Information Minister, Mohamud Hassan, at least 15 al-Shabaab militants were killed in clashes on Wednesday. The ongoing clean-up operation in the Puntland region, northern Somalia, has been targeting members of the terrorist group on the outskirts of Gara'ad town for several days. The minister of the semi-autonomous regional state has offered amnesty to members and leaders of the group if they choose to surrender.

Car bomb targets police in Mogadishu

At least three police officers have been killed in a car bomb attack in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The device exploded outside a police station in the Abdi Aziz district of the city on Wednesday.  Two people were also wounded in the blast, which the al-Shabaab militant group have claimed responsibility for.

Al-Shabaab repels attack on southern base

The Somali militant group al-Shabaab says it has repelled an attack on one of its southern bases.  The group said one fighter was killed when two helicopters launched the assault in the Lower Shabelle region overnight on Tuesday.  Aw Deegle district commissioner, Mohamed Aweys Mad Yarow, confirmed the incident, claiming 11 militants were killed.

Laptop bomb wounds six in Beledweyne

At least six people have been wounded after a bomb hidden in a laptop exploded at an airport in Beledweyne.  The bomb detonated at a checkpoint at the airport on Monday, while two other similar devices were defused by police.  In February a laptop bomb exploded on a passenger plane shortly after take-off from an airport in Mogadishu, killing one person.

US airstrikes kill 150 al-Shabaab militants

More than 150 al-Shabaab militants have been killed in US airstrikes in Somalia, according to an official from the Pentagon.  Cpt. Jeff Davies said the strikes targeted the Raso training camo, around 195km north of Mogadishu, on Saturday and were launched to prevent an attack on US and African Union (AU) forces.  However al-Shabaab disputed the reports, with Abdulaziz Abu Mus'ab, the group's military operations spokesman, claiming: "The Americans are dreaming. We never gather that many of our fighters in one place. We know the security situation." 

Clashes between security forces and al-Shabaab in Marka

Somali National Army (SNA) troops were ambushed by al-Shabaab militants in southern Somalia on Wednesday. Government security sources have not yet disclosed the number of casualties. The Somali troops backed by the African Union Mission In Somalia (AMISOM) have been countering al-Shabaab operations in and outside the Marka area, which was recaptured by the coalition in 2012.

Five Somali soldiers killed near Mogadishu

Five Somali soldiers have been killed and eight others wounded in a roadside bomb attack near the capital, Mogadishu.  The device hit a convoy in the village of Alamada, around 20km north-west of the capital.  The al-Shabaab militant group have claimed responsibility for the attack.

Al-Shabaab kills 30 in Baioda attacks

At least 30 people have been killed and more than 60 others wounded in a twin bomb attack in the southern town of Baidoa.  The al-Shabaab militant group have claimed responsibility for Sunday's blasts, one of which targeted football fans at a restaurant.  "The official number of the dead has reached 30 people - all of them civilians - and 61 others have been wounded, 15 of them seriously," Abdurashid Abdulahi, governor of the Bay region, told the AFP news agency.

Al-Shabaab miltants storm Mogadishu hotel

Al-Shabaab militants stormed a hotel in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, on Friday evening, killing at least nine people.  Earlier two car bombs exploded outside the Somali Youth League (SYL) hotel, which is located near the presidential palace, and the nearby Peace Garden.  "We started with a car bomb and then stormed the hotel. We are inside it and fighting continues," al-Shabaab's military operations spokesman, Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, told Reuters. 

Four dead and several wounded in mortar attack

A mortar attack has killed four people and wounded eight others in the Somali capital, Mogadishu. According to authorities the attack targeted the presidential palace. The militant group al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack, with spokesman Abdulaziz Abu Muscab saying "the attack is part of our ongoing operations in Mogadishu". 

Dozens killed in Galmudug clashes

At least 22 al-Shabaab fighters are reported to have been killed in clashes with local vigilantes and troops in the Galmudug region of Somalia.  "Residents of Aad and El Abdi are brave enough to reject Al Shabaab" said Information Minister Mohamud Adan Osman.  "They engaged in fighting in which they killed 22 militants."  The fighting started when local residents rejected the collection of Zakat, an Islamic levy on wealth.

Turkish worker killed in Mogadishu shooting

A Turkish construction worker has been killed in a drive-by shooting in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The victim was with a group of collegaues when unknown gunmen opened fire on them in the Bulo-Hubey area on Tuesday.  No group claimed immediate responsibility for the attack.

Former defence minister killed in car bomb

Somalia's former defence minister has been killed in a car bomb attack in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  Muhidin Mohamed Haji Ibrahim died when a device planted under his vehicle exploded in the Km4 neighbourhood on Monday. "We are behind his killing," Sheikh Anbdiasis Abu Musab, al-Shabaab’s military operations spokesman, told Reuters.

Al-Shabaab militants retake port town of Merca

The Islamic militant group al-Shabaab have retaken control of the south-western port city of Merca.  African Union (AU) troops, who had held the city for more than three years, withdrew early on Friday morning.  "AMISOM forces moved out at midday and the local administration and all other Somali security forces left a few minutes later - and then heavily armed al-Shabab militants entered the town," local resident Ibrahim Mumin told the AFP.

Two dead in Mogadishu car bombing

At least two people have been killed in a car bomb attack in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The device is reported to have been fitted to the car of one of the victims, Abdiwali Mohamed, who worked for NISA – Somalia’s National Intelligence and Security Agency.  A civilian also died in the blast, which happened in the Wadajir district on Friday.

Flights to Mogadishu disrupted after bomb blast on board

A bomb blast onboard a Daallio Airlines flight is reported to have killed one man. The incident happened 15 minutes after the flight took off from the Aden Abdulle International Airport in Mogadishu. "Pilots managed to land the aircraft back [in] Mogadishu Airport safely and without any further incident. All passengers, except one, disembarked safely", said a source of the US government. The investigators suspect the involvement of the militant group al-Shabaab, which has not made any statements about the episode.

Two killed in Bosaso protest

Two people were killed and five others wounded in a protest in the north-eastern town of Bosaso.  Hundreds of people took part in a rally against the local administration before Puntland police were sent to break up the protest.  Earlier the rally organisers met with Somalia’s semi-autonomous Puntland state president Abdiweli Mohamed Ali.

Mortar fire kills two near in Mogadishu

At least two people have been killed and five others wounded after mortar fire landed near the Presidential Palace in Mogadishu.  Several houses were also damaged during the attack in the Wardhigley district.  The militant group al-Shabaab have claimed responsibility for the attack.

Security forces retake beach front restaurant

Somalia's security forces have retaken control of the popular beach front restaurant in Mogadishu.  At least 20 people were killed when gunmen stormed the Liido Seafood Restaurant on Thursday night. Somali police officer Mohamed Abdirahman described the attack as a "barbaric and brutal attack against innocent civilians", while the Somali PM Omar Abdirashid Sharmarke condemned the "savage" attack.

Explosions, gunfire reported at Mogadishu restaurant

Several large explosions and gunfire have been reported at a beach front restaurant in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  A car bomb exploded outside the Liido Seafood Restaurant in the Lido beach area at around 19:00 local time before several gunmen opened fire.  At least four people are believed to have been wounded in the attack; however the casualty figures are expected to increase.

Al-Shabaab fighters storm African Union (AU) base

Fighters from the al-Shabaab militant group have attacked an African Union (AU) base in south-western Somalia.  Following a suicide car bomb gunmen stormed the camp, which is run by Kenyan troops, near the town of el-Ade on Friday morning.  Al-Shabaab claim to have killed more than 60 Kenyan soldiers during the raid, saying it has taken "complete control" of the camp.

Soldiers clash with al-Shabaab in central Somalia

At least 11 people have been killed in clashes between Somali government troops and fighters from the al-Shabaab militant group in central Somalia.  Local administrator Nur Hassan Gutale said a number of al-Shabaab fighters attacked a military camp near the airport in Elbur on Wednesday. "SNA killed several al-Shabaab fighters in the botched attack. The militants suffered losses during the clashes. The area is under our full control," said Elbur district commissioner.

Mortar attack on presidential palace in Mogadishu kills one person

One civilian was killed and another seriously wounded as mortar shells were fired at areas surrounding the presidential palace in Mogadishu. Some mortar shells landed around the administrative headquarters of Wardhigley district. Al Shabaab has claimed responsibility for the attack.

At least ten soldiers and seven Al Shabaab militants killed in attack near Baidoa

An attack by Al Shabaab militants on a military outpost at Gof-Gadud village in the early hours of January 7 resulted in the death of at least ten somali soldiers, along with seven militants. Many other soldiers were reportedly wounded in the attack, about 30km east of Baidoa city. A spokesman for South West State, Mohamed Mohamud Aser, confirmed the attack, but claimed that it was repelled by the army with only one soldier being killed.

Four Al Shabaab militants killed in Rabdhure town

Four Al Shabaab militants have reportedly been killed in clashes with Somali government troops as they were conducting a security sweep in Rabdhure town, Bakool region. The security sweep was conducted following the murder of a local elder by militants. Local police have confirmed the incident, but the exact date of the incident has not yet been released.

Suicide bomber kills three in Mogadishu

At least three people were killed and two others wounded in a suicide bomb attack in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, on Saturday.  The assailant detonated the device at the Village Restaurant, close to the presidential palace.  The al-Shabaab militant group are suspected of carrying out the attack.

Two foreign fishing vessels attacked off Somalia

Two foreign fishing vessels have been attacked by suspected pirates off the coast of Somalia.  An Iranian vessel was hijacked with 15 crew members off the city of Eyl on Sunday evening.  On Monday a Thai trawler was attacked off central Somalia but managed to escape.  Illegal fishing was one of the key drivers behind the huge increase in piracy attacks off Somalia between 2009-14.

Gunfight kills 11 at Mogadishu refugee camp

At least 11 people have been killed and 19 others wounded in clashes between rival security forces at a camp for internally displace people in Mogadishu.  The fighting erupted over a disagreement over who was in charge of the camp, leading to a gunfight.  The city's mayor, Yusuf Hussein Jimale, said several people had been arrested and a full investigation is underway.

US offers rewards for al-Shabaab leaders

The United States government has offered rewards totalling $27m for information on the whereabouts of six al-Shabaab leaders.  The group's leader, Abu Ubaidah, has had a $6m bounty placed on him, while $5m rewards have been offered for Mahad Karate, Ma'Alim Daud and Hassan Afgooye.  The move is part of the State Department's 'Rewards for Justice' program, which targets members of terrorist organisations across the world.

Heavy fighting leaves 50 militants dead near Hudur

The Somali army has killed at least 50 al-Shabaab militants during clashes near the town of Hudur, according to officials.  Local governor Mohamed Mo'allin said militants attacked several villages in the Bakol region on Saturday, leading to clashes with troops.  On Sunday the group attacked a hotel in the capital, Mogadishu, killing at least 15 people.

Al-Shabaab launches deadly attack on Mogadishu hotel

At least 15 people have been killed and dozens of others wounded after al-Shabaab militants carried out an attack on a hotel in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  A car bomb was detonated at the gates of the Sahafi Hotel early on Sunday before a suicide bomber detonated a device inside the compound.  Gunmen also stormed the hotel, leading to clashes with security guards.  Somali government and African Union troops say they are now in control of the hotel, which is popular with members of parliament.  An MP, a Somali general and a freelance photojournalist are among the victims of the attack.

Somali troops target al-Shabaab base in Hiiraan

Somali government troops have carried out an attack on an al-Shabaab base in the Hiiraan region, killing at least one militant. “The area we attacked was an al-Shabaab stronghold village, where they used to collect Zakah (An Islamic levy on the wealth) from the local herders near Halgan town,” said an army officer. The army also seized assault weapons during the raid.

Ten killed in tribal clashes in Beledweyne

At least 10 people have been killed in tribal clashes near the city of Beledweyne in Somalia's Hiiraan province.  Local officials said the fighting occurred to the west of the city, although the cause of the unrest has not yet been confirmed.

President's nephew killed in Mogadishu ambush

The nephew of Somalia's president, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, has been killed in an ambush in the capital, Mogadishu.  Dr Liban Osman was travelling in a car with a lawyer, Abdikadir Mohamed, when militants opened fire on them in the city's Wadajir neighbourhood on Wednesday. Al-Shabaab's military operation spokesman, Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, said the group targeted Osman because he was "a very important official at the presidential palace".

AMISOM soldiers killed in Lower Shebelle

Two soldiers from the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) have been killed in a grenade attack in the Lower Shebelle region.  The troops were on a foot patrol in a charcoal market the port city of Merca when they were targeted by unknown assailants.

Al-Shabaab militants killed in AMISOM clashes

Ten al-Shabaab militants have been killed in fighting with troops from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).  The clashes took place around 60km of Badio town in the southern Bay region on Wednesday.  Military officials said they also arrested several al-Shabaab militants during the operations.

Deadly car bomb hits near presidential palace

At least five people have been killed after a car bomb exploded outside the presidential palace in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu. “So far, we know five soldiers died and over a dozen were wounded,” police officer Ali Hussein told the Reuters news agency. The blast occurred as leaders from Somalia's regional states and the central government were meeting to discuss elections in 2016. The militant group al-Shabaab are believed to have carried out the attack.

AMISOM peacekeeping troops hit landmine in Gedo

Three African Union soldiers have been wounded after their vehicle hit a landmine in the southern region of Gedo.  The AMISOM troops were travelling in the Tarake region when the remote-controlled device exploded. “We heard a thunderous explosion near Tarake locality which was targeted AMISOM convoy, three soldiers wounded in the attack after the bomb destroyed their vehicle,” said a local witness.

Al-Shabaab militants kill seven Somali troops

The militant group al-Shabaab has killed seven Somali soldiers in raids on two army bases in the Lower Shabelle region.  "We took the two Yaqbariweyne military bases in a fierce fighting this morning," al-Shabaab's military operations spokesman, Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, told the Reuters news agency.  The assault comes a day after the group recaptured the southern town of Janale, around 90km south of Mogadishu. 

Somali journalist shot dead in Mogadishu

A Somali journalist has been shot dead near his home in the capital, Mogadishu.  Abdullahi Ali Hussein was killed by two gunmen as he left a mosque after evening prayers in the south-western district of Dharkenley.  The National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) has condemned the killing, with Secretary General Omar Faruk Osman calling for "an urgent and full investigation".

Somali militants overrun African Union military base

Al-Shabaab militants overran an African Union base in southern Somalia are a firefight with troops there early on Tuesday. The attack on the base, in the town of Janale, began with a suicide car bomb at the base's gate, followed by a firefight lasting more than an hour. Al-Shabaab militants claimed responsibility for the attack, reporting that it has killed many troops in the base. African Union forces have insisted that they are still in control of the base. A Somali military official, Colonel Ahmed Hassan, said that the militants overran the base after damaging a nearby bridge with a massive bomb to prevent troops from escaping. 

Dozens killed in Al-Shabaab ambush

Dozens of government troops have been killed after Al-Shabaab militants ambushed an army convoy on Wednesday. The militants attacked the convoy near the village of Tulo-Barwao in the southwestern Gedo district of Somalia, sparking intense gun battles. Government officials put the death toll at 32 Al-Shabaab militants and 11 government soldiers, while the militants themselves say the only casualties were 19 government troops. A local elder has said that around 30 people were killed in total. It was not possible to independently verify the toll. 

Dozen al-Shabaab militants killed in south Somalia

At leat 12 al-Shabaab militants were killed on Tuesday by government forces in a series of heavy clashes near Garbaherey town, in the Gedo region of southern Somalia. Reports state that the government forces launched a heavy attack on the Tula Barwako village, killing 12 militants and seizing weapons from them. One government soldier was injured in the attack, and government forces are now in full control of the village. Militants reportedly fled the village after a fierce battle with government troops that lasted for hours.

SVBIED attack kills 16 soldiers in Jubbada Hoose region

At least 16 soldiers were killed and 21 others injured in a suicide vehicle-bourne improvised explosive device (SVBIED) attack which targeted their base at Kismayo University in the city of Kismayo, Jubbada Hoose region. The SVBIED was detonated on the 22 August as troops were lining up for training. Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen claimed responsibility for the attack. 

Somali MPs set to impeach president for corruption

Somali legislators say they are poised to stage a no-confidence vote to unseat the president, rejecting international warnings that the planned impeachment could hamper peace efforts in the country. In a motion filed earlier this week, opposition lawmakers accused President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud of corruption, saying that the Somali leader must be impeached at the parliament. "This motion is not aimed at destruction, but rather corruption," said parliament member Abdi Barre Yusef, a supporter of the motion, on Thursday. Abdirahman Hosh Jibril, another MP, also said the motion is merely aimed at “bringing about change.” Jibril further added that the supporters of the motion have accused the president of having “intervened with the independent constitutional institutions of the country like the courts.” It is not yet clear how many legislators will vote in favor of the motion to oust the troubled president, but opposition lawmakers claim they have the support of the majority of the parliament. However, at least 90 members are needed for a motion to be put to parliamentary debate. Two-thirds of the 275-member House would also have to support the motion in order to force out the president.

Dozens of militants killed in central Somalia

At least 25 Al-Shabaab fighters have been killed by government troops in the last two days at some villages in the Hiran region, military officials have said. Government troops, working alongside Ethiopian forces, have conducted a series of operations targeting al-Shabaab over the last two days. Most of the militants are reported to have died in the Luq Jelow village in the Hiran region. The Somali military say the operation will continue until they have liberated all villages under al-Shabaab control. The military said they sustained no casualties in the operations, although Al-Shabaab claims that they inflicted heavy casualties on the joint Somali-Ethiopian force.

Al-Shabaab militant killed in foiled attack on Somali prison

Somali security officers have killed an Al-Shabaab militant who had launched an attack on a prison in Hiran region, central Somalia, in the early hours of this morning. Senior military official Mohamed Nor said that Al-Shabaab fighters attempted to attack the central prison in the region's Baladwayne town, but were repulsed by security forces. According to Nor, the attack continued or a short period, nothing that government troops did not suffer any casualties during the"brief clashes." 

Bomb attack at hotel in Mogadishu

A bomb attack at the Jazeera Palace Hotel in Mogadishu has killed at least 13 people and injured more than 40. Al-Shabab have claimed responsibility for the attack, claiming it was responding to assaults by an African Union (AU) force and the Somali Government. The US has condemned the "abhorrent" attack which "purposefully and cruelly targeted innocent civilians", the National Security Council statement has said.

Somali troops capture Bardere from al-Shabaab

Somali troops backed by African Union (AU) forces have captured the key south-western town of Bardere from al-Shabaab militants.  Ethiopian and Kenyan forces also carried out air raids on Shabaab-held towns and villages across the Gedo region.  The militant group had been in control of Bardere since 2008.

Senior al-Shabaab militant killed in drone strike

Two senior al-Shabaab commanders have been killed in a drone strike in south-western Somalia.  Local residents said several loud blasts were heard in the town of Bardere early on Thursday morning, although the identities of the victims has not been confirmed.

Mogadishu hotels targeted in deadly al-Shabaab attacks

At least five people have been killed in attacks on two hotels in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  The al-Shabaab militant group said that it was behind the assault on the Wehliya and Siyaad hotels on Friday afternoon. "Car bombs rammed into the hotels named Wehliya and Siyaad. Then our fighters stormed in," an al-Shabaab spokesman told the Reuters news agency.  Nicholas Kay, the leading UN official in Somalia, condemned the attack "in the strongest possible terms".

Al-Shabaab militants kill 30 at African Union base

Al-Shabaab militants have attacked an African Union (AU) military base in southern Somalia, leaving at least 30 people dead.  The group detonated a suicide car bomb at the gates of the base in Leego before gunmen stormed the facility.  "There is still heavy fighting between Burundian forces and al Shabaab at the Burundi base in Leego town," said the governor of the Lower Shabelle region, adding it was "too early to know casualties."

Car bomb kills 10 in Somali capital

At least 10 people have been killed and four others wounded in a car bomb attack in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The militant group al-Shabaab quickly claimed responsibility for the blast, with spokesman Abdulaziz Abu Muscab saying "we targeted a vehicle carrying the enemies of Somalia". The attacked targeted a bulletproof vehicle carrying foreign nationals near a defence ministry hospital.

Al-Shabaab fighters attack military base in Mogadishu

Al-Shabaab militants have attacked an army base in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The group detonated a suicide car bomb before gunmen stormed the training centre for the national intelligence agency.  Government officials said troops foiled the attack; however an al-Shabaab spokesman said they killed several intelligence officers.

Dozens killed in Somalia-Ethiopia border clashes

At least 35 people have been killed in fighting along Somalia's border with Ethiopia.  Local residents said members of the Liyu police from the Somali Regional State of Ethiopia raided small towns in central Somalia. "The Liyu Police Unit launched an attack on innocent civilians. They are attacking villagers and killing people who keep livestock," Hussein Weheliye Irfo, the governor of the Galgadud region in central Somalia, told reporters.

Somali MP shot dead in Mogadishu attack

A Somali member of parliament has been killed in a drive-by shooting in the capital, Mogadishu.  Yussuf Mohamed Dirir died in the attack near the Maka al-Mukarama hotel, while his driver was also wounded.  In a separate incident three workers from the Transport Ministry were killed in another drive-by shooting in the city.   Mr Dirir is the latest vicitm in a series of targeted attacks on MPs, with at least five killed in 2014.

Dozens killed in clashes between troops and al-Shabaab

At least 24 people have been killed in fighting between government troops and al-Shabaab militants in southern Somalia.  Al-Shabaab targeted soldiers late on Friday in the Awdigle district in the Lower Shabelle region. “We did not sleep last night because they exchanged shells and gunfire throughout the night,” resident Afrah Hussein told the Reuters news agency.

Al-Shabaab seizes Iranian fishing boat in Galgadud

Suspected al-Shabaab militants have seized an Iranian fishing boat in the port town of El-Dheer in the Galgadud region of Somalia.  The 10 crew members were taken by masked gunmen onshore and taken to an unknown location. "The Puntland Coast Guard has been alerted to the capture of the boat in El-Dheer," said Omar Abdisamad, a Somali government official.

Government executes two suspected al-Shabaab militants

Two suspected al-Shabaab militants have been killed by firing squad in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  Military Court Chief Liban Ali Yarrow said Shoeib Ibrahim, 37, and Fareh Ali Abdi, 30, had confessed to killing five people, including two Somali MPs.  They were shot at a police academy headquarters in the city.

Two soldiers shot dead in Kismayo attack

Two Somali soldiers have been killed in separate attacks in the coastal city of Kismayo in Juba.  Gunmen shot dead one solider in the Fanole area, while another was killed at an army checkpoint.  The attacks come after Juba's interim administrative forces launched security operations in the city, carrying out pre-dawn raids in the Alanley and Farjano neighbourhoods over the weekend.

Somali journalist killed in Baidoa

A Somali journalist and his wife have been killed in an attack in the Bardaale area of Baidoa.  According to reports gunmen stormed into Daud Ali Omar's house during the night and shot them both at point blank range before fleeing the scene.

Al-Shabaab kills man for blasphemy in Lower Juba

The Somali militant group al-Shabaab have killed a man by firing squad for "insulting the prophet Muhammad" in the Lower Juba region.  Witnesses said the man was shot in the town of Jamame after he pleaded guilty in a Sharia court.

Deadly car bomb hits Mogadishu restaurant

At least six people have been killed and 10 others wounded in a car bomb attack on a restaurant in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  The device exploded at the Bonoodo restaurant near the city's Central Hotel, which was targeted by al-Shabaab militants in February.  The insurgent group claimed responsibility for Tuesday's attack through the al-Andulus radio station.

UN vehicle attacked by al-Shabaab in Puntland

At least 10 people have been killed in a bomb attack on a UN vehicle in Garowe, the capital of Somalia's Puntland region.  According to reports the device was planted on to the vehicle and detonated remotely.  The Somali militant group al-Shabbab has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Militants attack education ministry in Mogadishu

Suspected al-Shabaab militants have attacked the education ministry in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  A large explosion was heard at the entrance of the complex before gunmen stormed the ministry building.  According to police at least seven people have been killed and several others wounded in the attack.

Protests in Mogadishu after Kenya freezes cash transfers

Local residents in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, have been protesting against Keyna's decision to shut down money transfer services over suspected links to the al-Shabaab militant group.  Kenya's police issued a list of 85 people and businesses with suspected links to the group on Wednesday, including Dahabshiil which is one of the largest transfer companies in the region.  Somalia's diaspora uses such systems to send money to support their families, while other Somali's use them to send money to businesses in Kenya. 

Kenya launches air strikes against al-Shabaab in Somalia

Kenyan fighter jets have carried out air strikes against the militant group al-Shabaab in southern Somalia.  The planes hit two camps in the Gedo region late on Sunday night.  The bombings followed Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta's promise to retaliate in "the severest way possible" to the attack by al-Shabaab which killed 148 people at Garissa University last week.

Yemeni refugees flee to Somalia and Djibouti

Dozens of Yemeni refugees have fled across the Gulf of Aden to Somalia, Somaliland and Djibouti to escape the escalating conflict.  The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) said it would look at developing a refugee camp in Djibouti if the situation in Yemen deteriorates further.  There are an estimated 236,000 Somali refugees in Yemen who fled the civil war in the 1990s.

Seven killed in Mogadishu hotel attack

At least seven people have been killed and several others wounded in an attack on a hotel in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  Al-Shabaab militants detonated a suicide car bomb at the Makka al-Mukarama hotel gates before gunmen opened fire inside the compound. "The hotel is now fully under the control of the militants," Major Ismail Olow, a Mogadishu police officer at the scene, told Reuters. "Al-Shabaab fighters are on the top of the building and inside the hotel. It is not easy for us to go in."

Al-Shabaab leader killed in US drone strike

A senior al-Shabaab militant has been killed in a US drone strike in southern Somalia.  Adan Garar, who was suspected of planning the 2013 Westgate Mall attack in Kenya, was targeted near the town of Dinsoor.  The Pentagon said "his death has dealt another significant blow to the al Shabaab terrorist organization in Somalia."

Nine killed in al-Shabaab assault on Baidoa

At least nine people have been killed after al-Shabaab militants attacked government administration offices in the southern town of Baidoa.  The gunmen, who were reported to have been wearing military uniforms, detonated a car bomb at the gates of the compound before opening fire on security forces. "These are desperate attempts by Al-Shabaab to seek relevance, following the massive defeats they continue to suffer from the Somali National Army working together with AMISOM troops," said the African Union's special representative for Somalia, Ambassador Maman S. Sidikou.

AU troops repel al-Shabaab attack

Soldiers from the African Union (AU) have repelled an attack by al-Shabaab militants in the southern town of Wanla Weyn.  Three police officers and two civilians died in the assault, with a large number of militants attacking the town from different directions. Al-Shabaab spokesperson Abdiaziz Abu Musca told pro-insurgent radio Andalus that the attack was "tactical".

Pirates release Thai hostages after nearly five years

Somali pirates have released four Thai nationals who have been in captivity for almost five years.  The men were among 24 crew members who were kidnapped when pirates hijacked the Taiwan-flagged FV Prantalay 12 in April, 2010. "I am grateful to see the longest-held hostages released from Somalia, and thank all those involved who made it happen," said Nicholas Kay, the UN Secretary General's Special Representative for Somalia.

Twin blast kills 20 at Mogadishu hotel

At least 20 people have been killed after two bombs exploded at a hotel in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  The Central Hotel was hit by a car bomb and suicide attack before gunmen opened fire at a mosque on the hotel's grounds during Friday prayers.  Al-Shabaab said it carried out the attack, which killed an MP and the city's deputy mayor.

Troops clash with Sufi fighters in Galgadud

At least 16 people have been killed and 14 others wounded in clashes between Somali troops and Sufi tribal fighters in the central Galgadud region.  Local elders said fighting erupted in the town of Guricel on Tuesday between troops and heavily armed members of the Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jamaah clan.  The fighting has been linked to ongoing talks over the possible formation of an autonomous administration in the region.

Al-Shabaab gunmen kill Somali MP in Mogadishu

Al-Shabaab gunmen have killed a Somali member of parliament in the capital, Mogadishu.  Abdulahi Qayad Barred was gunned down as he travelled in his car near the presidential palace. "Shabaab commandos shot and killed Barre, and all the so-called MPs are a legitimate target subject to be killed or captured, to face the justice of Allah," spokesman Sheikh Abdul Aziz Abu Musab told AFP. "This the fate of all non-believers."

Al-Shabaab leader killed in US drone strike

A senior al-Shabaab commander has been killed in a US drone strike in Somalia.  The government confirmed on Friday that Abdi Nur Mahdi, the group's chief of external operations, died in the operation on 31 January. "The killing of terrorist leaders through precision, low risk strikes such as this one, increases the opportunities for bringing peace and stability back to Somalia," read the statement.

Muslim cleric killed in Baidoa shooting

A prominent Muslim cleric has been shot dead at a mosque in Baidoa.  Unknown gunmen opened fire on Sheikh Hussein Hassan as he left the mosque with his son following evening prayers on Monday evening.  A spokesman for the paramilitary group Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jamea claimed al-Shabbab had carried out the killing.

Car bomb explodes outside Mogadishu hotel

At least three people have been killed after a car bomb exploded at the gate of a hotel in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  The blast happened as Turkish delegates were preparing for the visit of their president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who is due to visit the country tomorrow.  The militant group al-Shabaab has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Four alleged spies killed by al-Shabaab

Four men accused of working with the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have been killed by the Somali militant group al-Shabaab.  The men, who included two government soldiers, were shot dead by a firing squad in front of a large crowd in the south-western town of Bardhere.  An al-Shabaab spokesman said one of the victims, Omar Mohamed Kheyr, had confessed to working with the CIA on the killing of one of the militant group's commanders in return for a $1 million reward.

Large explosion rocks Mogadishu

A large explosion rocked the Waaberi district of Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, on Sunday.  The al-Shabaab militan group claimed responsibility for the blast, which occurred near the heavily fortified international airport.  A suicide bomb attack was also reported in the area; however details of casualties have not yet been confirmed.

Al-Shabaab kill seven soldiers in Baidoa assault

At least seven Somali soldiers have been killed in an attack by suspected al-Shabaab militants on an army base near the town of Baidoa.  Somali security forces said seven insurgents were killed and six others wounded in the assault early on Friday morning.

Senior al-Shabaab militant surrenders to police

One of the al-Shabaab militant group's leaders has surrendered to police in Somalia.  Zakariya Ismail Ahemd Hersi, who had a $3 million bounty on his head, handed himself in to police in the Gedo region.  It comes a few months after the group's leader Ahmed Abdi Godane was killed in a US drone strike.

Gunmen launch deadly raid on AU base in Mogadishu

Al-Shabaab militants have attacked an African Union (AU) base in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  Three AU troops and a civilian contractor were killed in the raid, which was carried out by eight gunmen disguised as government soldiers. "We targeted the enemies at a time they were celebrating Christmas," Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, al Shabaab's military operations spokesman, told Reuters.

Somaliland coastguards seize foreign vessels

Somali coastguards have seized 51 foreign boats for illegally fishing in its waters.  The coastguard's force commander, Admiral Ahmed Osman, told the media that the Egyptian and Yemeni boats were caught between the Lughaya and Maydh localities.  Illegal fishing by foreign trawlers, and its devastating impact on the livelihoods of Somali fishermen, has been identified as one of the main causes in the rise of piracy off Somalia between 2008-12.

Five women killed in revenge attack

A Somali government soldier has killed five women linked to al-Shabaab militants in an apparent revenge attack.  On Tuesday two women died in an attack by al-Shabaab in the town of Tayeglow, with one of the victims reported to be the soldiers wife. "One of the women killed Tuesday night is the wife of the soldier who killed the five suspects today," National Security Ministry spokesman Mohamed Osman told the Anadolu Agency.

Twin blast kills seven in Baidoa

At least seven people have been killed and 20 others wounded in a twin bomb attack in the southern town of Baidoa.  A suicide bomb was followed by a car bombing near a restaurant in the town.  Two of the deceased were journalists from the Somali Channel and Kalsan TV.

Somali PM loses vote of no confidence

Somalia's Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed has resigned after losing a vote of no confidence in parliament.  President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has been given 30 days to name a new head of government after 153 members voted for Mr Ahmed to leave, with only 80 supporting him.

Deadly car bomb strikes UN convoy in Mogadishu

Several people have been killed after a car bomb exploded near a UN convoy in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The bomber targeted the convoy and its security escort at the fortified gates of the city's airport.  No group has claimed responsibility for the attack; however, suspicion will immediately fall on the militant group al-Shabaab.

Teenager stoned to death by al-Shabaab court

An Islamic court has stoned a teenager to death after finding him guilty of rape in southern Somalia.  Al-Shabaab militants said Hasan Ahmad Ali was ordered to compensate the woman, Fadumo Hasan Mohmoud, with a calf before he was killed. "This shows we have the power to sentence anyone who breaks Islamic law," Sheikh Mohammed Abu Abdalla told the Reuters news agency on Wednesday.

Car bomb explodes outside Mogadishu restaurant

At least five people have been killed after a car bomb exploded outside a restaurant in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  The blast occurred at the Village Market restaurant, less than a kilometer from the presidential palace.  Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, al Shabaab's military operations spokesman, said "we were behind the blast at the tea shop. We targeted and killed many of the security officers and presidential palace workers who sit there."

Television journalist wounded in Mogadishu attack

A television journalist has been wounded in an attack in Mogadishu's Howlwadaag neighborhood.  Abdirisak Jama, the Director of Somali Channel Television, was shot several times by unknown assailants on Sunday.  The National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) has condemned the attack in the strongest possible terms.

Somali troops close in on last al-Shabaab stronghold

Somali government forces supported by African Union (AU) troops have launched an assault on the al-Shabaab stronghold of Barawe.  The coastal town, around 200km south of the capital Mogadishu, is reported to be the last major port under the control of the militants.  Brigadier General Dick Olum from the AMISOM mission told al-Jazerra on Sunday that the town "was hours away from being taken".

Puntland forces battle al-Shabaab in Galga mountains

Puntland President Abdiweli Mohamed Ali said government forces had launched an offensive against al-Shabaab militants in the mountainous Galgala area of Bari province.  President Ali said the troops began the assault on Wednesday morning and eventually forced the militants from the town of Galgala; however, al-Shabaab dismissed the claims and said they fought off the government forces, killing 20 of them.

Pirates clash over ransom payment

At least five people have been killed after a group of pirates fought over the ransom paid to release US journalist Michael Scott Moore on Tuesday.  Local sources in Galkayo said the fight erupted after one group of pirates accused another of betrayal for refusing to divide the money.  Pirate commander Bile Hussein claimed that a $1.6m ransom was paid of Mr Moore's release.

US journalist freed by Somali pirates

An American journalist held for more than two years by Somali pirates has been released.  One of the pirate leaders, Bile Hussein, claimed that his group were paid a $1.6m ransom to release Michael Scott Moore.  He was abducted near the town of Galkayo in January, 2012 while researching for a book on piracy in the region.

Suicide bombing kills 12 in Afgoye

At least 12 people, including four Americans, have been killed in a suicide bomb attack near the town of Afgoye, south-west of the capital Mogadishu.  The militant group al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack, which targeted an African Union (AU) convoy.  An al-Shaabab spokesman said the act was "a retaliation for the killing of our leader", coming just days after Ahmed Abdi Godane was killed in a US airstrike. 

AU troops accused of raping women in Somalia

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has released a report which claims that troops from the African Union (AU) have raped women and girls in Somalia.  The report said AU soldiers had abused vulnerable women and girls seeking humanitarian aid at AMISOM bases in the capital, Mogadishu. AMISOM has said that the alleged rapes were "isolated" incidents and called the report "unbalanced and unfair".  In August, 2013 there was widespread outrage in the city after a Somali girl alleged that she had been gang-raped by AU troops.

US confirms al-Shabaab leader's death

The US has confirmed that the leader of the Somali militant group, al-Shabbab, was killed in a US drone strike earlier this week.  Pentagon officials said that the death of Ahmed Abdi Godane is "a major symbolic and operational loss to al-Shabaab".  Godane, who had been one of the US state departments eight top "terror" fugitives, led al-Shabaab since his predecessor Aden Hashi Ayro was killed in 2008.

Government offers 45-day amnesty to al-Shabaab rebels

The Somali government has offered a 45-day amnesty to fighters from the Islamic militant group al-Shabaab. "The government gives 45 days to the rebels to surrender and will pardon those who hand themselves in during that period," a statement said, offering "better livelihoods" to people who take up the deal.  The announcement comes days after a US drone strike targeted the group's leader Ahmed Abdi Godane, and it remains unclear whether he survived the attack.

US forces target al-Shabaab leader

The leader of the al-Shabaab militant group, Ahmed Abdi Godane, has been targeted by US airstrikes in southern Somalia.  A drone hit an al-Shabaab convoy near the Sablale district, around 170km south of Mogadishu, although it is not clear if Godane was killed.  A Pentagon spokesman said that the US was assessing the results of the strike and would release a statement in due course, while an al-Shabaab source told the BBC that at least nine people died.

Al-Shabaab militants attack intelligence headquarters

Al Shabaab militants have attacked the country's intelligence headquarters in the capital, Mogadishu, in an attempt to free jailed militants.  The attackers detonated a car bomb at the entrance to the facility before gunmen exchanged fire with security forces.  As many as 15 militants were killed in the raid, while there were no casualties among the security forces.

AU soldiers open fire on protesters

African Union (AU) soldiers have allegedly opened fire on protesters in the coastal town of Marka, wounding at least six people. However, an AMISOM spokesman denied the claim, saying "as is standard operating procedure, AMISOM forces maintained their defensive postures, secured the area and did not open fire." The unrest followed fighting between troops and al-Shabaab fighters in the central Hiran region which left 18 people dead on Sunday.

Another MP shot dead in Mogadishu

Gunmen have shot dead another Somali MP in the capital, Mogadishu, bringing the total number killed this year to five.  Sheikh Adan Madeer was killed outside a mosque in the Hamar Weyne district after Friday prayers.  An al-Shabaab spokesman claimed the group had carried out the attack, saying "he was killed on the orders of Allah".

Somali woman killed for not wearing veil

A Somali woman has been shot dead by suspected al-Shabaab militants for refusing to wear a veil.  The nomadic woman's relatives said gunmen had killed her at her home in the southern town of Hosingow, although an al-Shabaab spokesman denied the group were responsible.

Somali MP killed in Mogadishu drive-by shooting

A Somali politician has been killed in a drive-by shooting in the capital, Mogadishu.  Saado Ali Warsame, who was also a popular Somali musician, died along with her bodyguard when gunmen opened fire on her car.  Ms Warsame becomes the fourth Somali MP to be killed this year.

Presidential palace attacked by al-Shabaab militants

Somali troops have regained control of the presidential palace in the capital, Mogadishu, after it was stormed by al-Shabaab militants.  The attack on Tuesday evening began when a car bomb exploded outside the presidential compound before gunmen opened fire, leading to heavy fighting with Somali and African Union (AU) troops.  Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was not at the palace at the time of the attack.

Car bomb kills five at Mogadishu parliament

At least five people have been killed in a car bomb attack outside Somalia's parliament in Mogadishu.  Three soldiers and two civilians died when the device exploded at the main gate of the complex on Saturday.  Earlier this week al-Shabaab gunmen killed a prominent MP in a drive-by shooting in the city.

Somali MP shot dead in Mogadishu

A prominent Somali MP has been killed in a drive-by shooting in the capital, Mogadishu.  Mohamed Mohamud Hayd died along with his bodyguard when suspected al-Shabaab militants opened fire on him near his hotel in the city. Sheikh Abdiasis abu Musab, al Shabaab's spokesman for military affairs, pledged to continue killing Somali legislators "one by one".

Two killed in Mogadishu market blast

At least two people have been killed and several others wounded after a bomb exploded in a busy market in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, on Monday morning.  Although they have yet to claim any responsibility for the blast the militant group al-Shabaab have vowed to wage attacks during the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan, which started on Sunday.

Al-Shabaab fighters target AU hotel in Somalia

Suspected al-Shabaab militants have attacked a hotel used by Somali and African Union (AU) peacekeepers in the town of Buulobarde.  At least two Djiboutian soldiers died when the assailants threw explosives at the entrance to the Hotel Amalow before exchanging fire with AU troops.  An al-Shabaab spokesman said "our well-armed Mujahideen ...entered Hotel Amalow in Bulobarde again. They are carrying out the operations, shootings."

Heavy fighting leaves 27 dead in south-east

At least 27 people are reported to have been killed during fighting between Somali troops and al-Shabaab militants in the Bakool region in south-eastern Somalia.  Militants attacked government bases in Garas, 25km from the town of Wakid, on Tuesday leading to a gunfight which lasted for several hours.

Al-Shabaab attacks Somali parliament in Mogadishu

Heavily armed men from the al-Shabaab militant group have attacked the Somali parliament in the capital, Mogadishu, leaving at least 10 people dead.  The assault began with a car bomb, which exploded at the gates of the complex, before gunmen stormed the area.  African Union (AU) troops and Somali security forces fought gun battles with the militants for around four hours before the area was brought under control.

Suicide bomber kills 12 in Baidoa attack

At least 12 people have been killed and more than 20 others wounded in a suicide bomb attack in the central town of Baidoa.  The blast appeared to target a convoy carrying Abdi Fatah Gesey, a former regional governor, who reportedly survived the attack.  Although they haven't taken responsibility for it, the attack bears the hallmarks of the Islamic militant group al-Shabaab.

Six killed in Mogadishu bombing

At least six people have been killed in a bomb attack in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.  The remote-controlled blast targeted a former government official, Abdikafi Hilowle Osman, who died along with several security guards.  The militant group al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attack.

MPs killed in Mogadishu attacks

Two Somali MPs have been killed in two separate attacks in the capital, Mogadishu.  On Monday Isak Mohamed was killed when a bomb planted in his car exploded in the Hamarweyne district, while earlier today Abdiaziz Isaq Mursal was shot dead outside his home in Madina.  The Islamic militant group al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for Monday's attack and are suspected of being behind today's shooting.

Kenyan troops free two kidnapped aid workers in Somalia

Kenyan troops have freed two aid workers who had been held by the Somali militant group al-Shabaab since 2011.  The two Kenyan nationals, who are said to be "incoherent" and "traumatised" by their ordeal, are now receiving treatment at a hospital in the town of Dhobley.  They were rescued during AMISOM operations against al-Shabaab positions in southern Somalia.

Two UN workers shot dead in Somalia

Two foreign United Nations (UN) workers have been shot dead in an attack at Galkayo Airport.  The UN said that the two men, who both worked for the office of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), were shot by "unknown gunmen" as they stepped off a plane.  An airport official said that the assailant was dressed in a police uniform.

Al-Shabaab targets army hotel in Bulobarde

At least six soldiers have been killed after al-Shabaab militants carried out a suicide car bomb attack on a hotel in the central town of Bulobarde.  African Union (AU) and Somali troops were staying at the hotel in the town, days after it was reclaimed from al-Shabaab fighters.  A security official told the AFP that four attackers were also killed in the raid.

Ethiopian troops clash with al-Shabaab in Bakool region

At least 12 people have been killed in heavy fighting between Ethiopian troops and fighters from the Islamic militant group al-Shabaab.  The two sides were fighting for control of the town of Rabdhure in the southern Bakool region, which was eventually seized by the Ethiopian troops.

Deadly car bomb kills 10 in Mogadishu

At least 10 people have been killed after a suicide car bomb exploded in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  The assailant drove the car packed with explosives into a tea shop near the national intelligence headquarters.  No group has claimed responsibility for the blast; however, the Islamic militant cell al-Shabaab recently threatened to carry out more attacks in Somalia.

Presidential palace attacked by gunmen

Somalia's presidential palace has been attacked by suspected al-Shabaab militants in the capital, Mogadishu. A car bomb exploded at the gates of the palace before gunmen opened fire on African Union (AU) soldiers inside the compound.  Several people are thought to have been killed in the raid; however, president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was unharmed.

Mogadishu airport bombing leaves seven dead

At least seven people have been killed and dozens more wounded after a car bomb exploded outside the entrance to Mogadishu airport.  Al-Shabaab quickly claimed responsibility for the blast, saying that their intended target had been a United Nations convoy.

Security forces clash with al-Shabaab in Puntland

Somali security forces have clashed with al-Shabaab militants in the autonomous region of Puntland in north-eastern Somalia.  A spokesman for the militant Islamic group claimed that 21 Puntland soldiers were killed in the fighting in the Galgala mountains; however, the commander of the security forces said his troops had repulsed the attack and scored "a decisive victory".

US airstrike targets al-Shabaab chief

The US military has carried out an airstrike against a suspected al-Shabaab commander in southern Somalia.  Unconfirmed reports suggest that the target, Ahmed Mohamed Amey, was killed in the strike along with four others near the coastal town of Barawe.

Kenyan planes target al-Shabaab militants

Kenya's military has carried out an airstrike on a suspected al-Shabaab militant base in Somalia, killing at least 30 of the group's fighters.  The strike occurred in Garbarahey in the western region of Gedo, close to the border with Kenya.

Twin suicide bombing kills six in Mogadishu

At least six people have been killed in a twin suicide bomb attack at a hotel in the capital, Mogadishu.  Eight people were also wounded in the blast at the Jazeera hotel, which came a day after al-Shabaab warned that it was planning to carry out an attack in the city.

Bombing kills eight in Mogadishu

At least eight people have been killed after a bomb exploded on the outskirts of the Somali capital, Mogadishu.  Three Somali soldiers were among the victims of the blast, which was reportedly caused by a remotely-detonated device planted outside a cafe in the Dayniile suburb.

Gunmen attack medical convoy In Somalia

Three Syrian and three Somali doctors have been killed after gunmen attacked their convoy in central Somalia.  The doctors were travelling from Mogadishu to the town of Afgoye when they were ambushed.  The militant Islamic group al-Shabaab claim that they did not carry out the attack.

Somali MP killed by car bomb in Mogadishu

A Somali MP has been killed after a bomb planted under his car exploded in the capital, Mogadishu.  Prior to the blast Feisal Warsame Mohamed had been attending prayers inside the presidential palace in one of the most fortified areas of the city.

Prime minister loses vote of no-confidence

Somalia's prime minister has lost a vote of no-confidence following a disagreement with the country's president, Hassan Sheikh.  The country's MPs voted to sack Abdi Farah, who was only appointed last year, by a vote of 184 against 65.

Woman and journalist arrested over rape claims

A woman has been arrested for accusing two colleagues of raping her at gunpoint, while the journalist who interviewed her has also been detained.  The 19-year-old woman told Radio Shabelle's Mohamed Bashir Tashi that she was attacked by two male journalists at the state-owned Radio Mogadishu, where she also worked.  The UN has called for an investigation into the case.

Al-Shabaab militants target police station in central Somalia

A group of militants have targeted a police station in the central town of Beledweyne, leaving at least 19 people dead.  A spokesman for the group claimed that their fighters had seized control of the station and a neighbouring hotel, saying that government security forces and soldiers from Djibouti were the targets of the attack.

Tropical cyclone kills 100 in Puntland

At least 100 people were killed when a tropical cyclone hit the semi-autonomous region of Puntland over the weekend.  The regions president, Abdirahman Farole, declared a state emergency and appealed for international aid, saying the crisis was "immense".  The storm, known as 03A, hit the Eyl, Beyla, Dangorayo and Hafun districts before moving inland.

Six killed in Mogadishu suicide blast

At least six people have been killed and 15 others wounded in a suicide bomb attack at a hotel in the capital, Mogadishu.  The militant Islamisic group al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the blast at the Hotel Maka, saying that they had killed 15 government officials.

Kenya launch air strikes against al-Shabaab in Somalia

Kenyan jets have carried out a targeted air strike on a suspected al-Shabaab training camp in the Dinsoor region of Somalia.  A spokesman for the Kenyan Defense Force said that the training camp held around 300 recruits, although it was unclear how many people had been killed in the strike.

US drone strike kills two senior al-Shabaab commanders

Two senior al-Shabaab commanders have been killed in a US drone strike in the Middle Jubba region of Somalia.  US officials confirmed the "counter-terrorism" strike, saying that Ibrahim Ali and another militant known as Anta died in the operation.

Suicide bombing kills 16 in Beledweyne

At least 16 people were killed when a suicide bomber detonated his device in a crowded cafe in the central town of Beledweyne.  More than 30 people were also wounded in the attack, which the militant group al-Shabaab immediately claimed responsibility for, saying that they were targeting Ethiopian and Djiboutian soldiers fighting for the African Union (AU).

US special forces target al-Shabaab in predawn raid

US special forces have carried out an unsuccessful predawn raid against a "high value target" in Somalia.  Two senior foreign militants were reportedly killed in the operation; however the main target, who has not been identified, managed to escape.  He is suspected of being involved in last month's attack on the Westgate shopping centre in Kenya.

Leading Islamist militants killed by al-Shabaaab

Two leading Islamist militants have been killed in an attack by al-Shabaab in a village outside the town of Dinsor.  Omar Hammami and Osama al-Britani had been in hiding since leaving al-Shabaab with veteran Islamist Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys earlier this year.  Meanwhile some 160 Somali religious scholars have issued a fatwa denouncing al-Shabaab, saying that the group is not an Islamic movement.

Restaurant bombing kills 15 in Mogadishu

At least 15 people have been killed after two bombs exploded at the Village restaurant in Somali's capital, Mogadishu.  The militant Islamist group al-Shabaab have claimed responsibility for the attack, saying "successful operations carried out in Hamarweyne".

Swedish politician wounded in Mogadishu

A Swedish politician has been wounded in an ambush in the Somali capital Mogadishu.  Ann-Margarethe Livh, an opposition councilor in Stockholm, was returning to her hotel when gunmen opened fire on her vehicle near the Turkish embassy.  Her Somali bodyguard and translator were both killed in the attack.

Al-Shabaab militants killed in AMISOM clashes

At least 24 al-Shabaab militants have been killed during clashes with troops from the African Union Peacekeeping Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).  In a statement AMISOM said its forces had foiled a planned al-Shabaab attack in the southern city of Afmadow.

Car bomb kills three in Mogadishu

A car bomb has exploded outside a Turkish embassy building in Mogadishu, killing three people and wounding nine others.  The Islamist militant group al-Shabaab has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mogadishu rocked by suicide bombing

At least five people have been killed in a suicide bomb attack in the Somali capital Mogadishu.  The explosion targeted a convoy of African Union troops, which were on their way to the city's airport.  Al-Shabaab have claimed responsibility for the blast.

Mogadishu car bomb blast wounds five

At least five government soldiers have been wounded after a car bomb exploded at a market in the Somali capital Mogadishu.  The city's police chief Mohamed Hussein said the device had been planted inside a military pickup truck in the Bakara market.

Somaliland journalists jailed for libel

Two journalists have been jailed and fined in Somaliland for allegedly libelling foreign journalists and the region's president.  Reporters Without Borders condemned the sentences as a "gross violation of freedom of expression."

Five killed in Kismayo clashes

At least five people have been killed in two days of fighting between rival factions in the port city of Kismayo.  Warlord Ahmed Madobe and Barre Hiraale are both claiming the presidency of Jubaland territory and clashes have been reported across the city.

Gun battle at UN compound in Mogadishu ends

At least 15 people including four foreigners have been killed in an assault by militant Islamists on a UN office in the Somaili capital, Mogadishu.  The gun battle lasted for more than an hour. The al-Qaeda linked group al-Shabab said it was behind the attack. 

Rival militias clash in Kismayo

At least 17 people have been killed after rival militias clashed in the port city of Kismayo.  The fighting erupted on Friday and has continued for a second day, forcing hundreds of people to flee the city.

Journalist wounded in Kismayo

A reporter for Radio Kismayo has been shot and wounded outside his home in the port city.  Two gunmen were later arrested by government troops, although it is not clear if they belonged to a larger organisation.  Abdirizak Jijiile had previously received death threats from the local Raskamboni militia.

Al-Shabaab bombard Kismayo airport

Suspected al-Shabaab militants have bombarded Kismayo airport in the lower Juba region, causing significant damage.  Government forces retaliated with rockets and gunfire, forcing the militants to retreat after an hour of fighting.

Baidoa market bomb targets Ethiopian troops

One person has been killed and 14 others wounded after a grenade was thrown at an Ethiopian military vehicle in Baidoa city in southern Somalia.  The Ethiopian troops opened fire on the assailants, who managed to escape from the scene.  The attack follows an incident on Friday in which two Ethiopian soldiers were wounded by a remote-detonated bomb in Beledweyne.

Car bomb targets government convoy in Mogadishu

At least eight people have been killed in a car bomb attack on a government convoy in the capital Mogadishu.  Al-Shabaab militants drove a car packed with explosives into the armoured government vehicle in the centre of the city.

Journalist shot dead in Mogadishu

A Somali journalist has been shot dead in the Somali capital Mogadishu, the fifth to be killed in the country this year.  Ibrahim Rage, who was killed outside his home in the Ma'ma'anka neighbourhood, worked for the state-run radio station in the city.

Twin attacks leave 19 dead in Mogadishu

At least 19 people have been killed after al-Shabaab militants carried out two attacks in Mogadishu.  Armed militants dressed in Somali police uniforms killed 16 people when they stormed the city's main court buildings, while a further three people died when a bomb exploded on the road to the airport.

Bomb explodes outside Mogadishu bank

A bomb has exploded outside the headquarters of Somalia's biggest bank in the capital Mogadishu.  Two people were wounded in the blast at the enterance of the Dahabshiil bank, which occurred hours after al-Shabaab militants warned the company to cease operations in areas under their control.

Somalia Data Sheet

Population:
10 million
Major Religion/s:
Islam (Sunni)
International dialing code:
+252
International dialing prefix:
00
Emergency services:
Police 888 (Mogadishu only)
Drives:
Right
Voltage:
220V
Climate:
Arid in the north, semi-arid in the south
Ohter Major Cities:
Hargeysa, Berbera, Kisimayo, Marka
Borders:
Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya