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Country profile for Central African Republic

Provided Courtesy of Security Exchange 24

Risk Rating

Red (High Risk)
Red (High Risk) InTouch advice:

Most parts of the country are dangerous.

Do not travel unless absolutely necessary.

Unselected
Amber (Moderate Risk) InTouch advice:

Some parts of the country are dangerous.

Travel with caution.

Unselected
Green (Low Risk) InTouch advice:

Most parts of the country are safe.

Travel freely.

General Information

  • Capital: Bangui
  • Major Languages: Sango, French
  • Currency: Central African CFA Franc
  • Timezone: GMT +1:00

Country Map

Map of Central African Republic

At the start of December 2020, the Constitutional Court barred former President Francois Bozize from running in the upcoming elections. Then the government accused Bozize of plotting a coup in the country after the three main rebel groups announced that they had formed a coalition – the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC). Rebel fighters gathered in the city of Bossembele before fighting spread across the country. Despite the increase in violence, the presidential elections went ahead and incumbent President Faustin-Archange Touadera was re-elected in early January. However, the fighting has intensified and rebel forces now control two-thirds of the country, while more than 200,000 people have been displaced, including more than 90,000 who have fled to neighbouring Chad, Cameroon and DR Congo. At least seven UN peacekeepers have been killed and a state of emergency was proclaimed in the capital, Bangui, after rebel fighters surrounded the city. Hundreds of reinforcements from Russia and Rwanda have been deployed to assist the government forces. Meanwhile, aid agencies have warned of shortages of basic goods in the country due to a rebel blockade which has prevented supplies from entering the country, notably from Cameroon.

The violence has shattered several years of optimism in the Central African Republic (CAR) and there is an acute risk that the civil war which began in late-2012 will undermine the limited progress which had been made in the country. The largely Muslim Seleka coalition forced Bozize to flee the country in March 2013 and its leader, Michel Djotodia, seized power. His tenure lasted less than a year and coincided with a sharp rise in sectarian clashes between ex-Seleka rebels (which had splintered into several smaller groups – including FPRC, MPC, UPC) and the largely Christian anti-Balaka militia, which formed in response to the Seleka. Under interim President, Catherine Samba-Panza, the levels of violence started to diminish, although the government continued to have limited control in large parts of the country. This trend continued after Faustin Touadera was elected in 2016, and in 2019 the government signed a peace deal with 14 rebels groups, many of which have now taken up arms again to join the CPC. Bozize has denied the allegations that he is working alongside the new rebel coalition, which contains members of the Seleka who forced him out of power back in 2013. A key difference between then and now is the presence of the 14,000-strong UN Mission in Central African Republic (MINUSCA), which has thus far helped the government to hold off the rebel offensive of Bangui.

Crime levels in the country, which were already high, have increased amid the ongoing violence.  Looting in the major cities is common and weapons are widely available. Petty crimes, such as pick-pocketing or bag-snatching, are common in the crowded KM-5 on the outskirts of the city. In the north and west of the country bandits, known as “zaraguinas”, are known to carry out armed robberies and kidnappings. Two aid workers and the country’s sports minister were kidnapped by suspected anti-Balaka groups in two separate attacks in Bangui in January 2015.  In May 2016 an aid worker from Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) was killed during an ambush near the northern town of Bossangoa, while in August 2017 six Red Cross volunteers died in an attack on a health centre in the south-eastern town of Gambo. In February 2018 a UNICEF employee was killed alongside five education workers near the north-eastern town of Markounda. False roadblocks are also common in rural parts of the country, notably along the border with neighbouring Chad. Corruption is also a significant problem and government officials have been known to demand bribes from foreign nationals in the past.

The Ugandan rebel group, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), continue to operate around the south-eastern borders with South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. In June 2013 the group attacked two villages in the central region of Haute-Kotto, killing at least 16 people. Although the group are reportedly weaker than in previous years, they continue to pose a danger in remote areas of CAR.  In June 2016 LRA militants kidnapped 17 people in the village of Kadjema, near the border with South Sudan. Incidents of civil unrest occur frequently in the country, often related to the high levels of poverty and ongoing political uncertainty. 

CAR is among a number of countries worldwide which have been hit by the global outbreak of the Covid-19 coronavirus. The latest case figures can be viewed here.

News articles

By IFJ

René Padou

According to media sources in the Central African Republic (CAR), the two journalists were attacked and critically shot and stabbed by armed youths on 29 April.

View all articles for Central African Republic

Alerts for Central African Republic

Russian mercenaries accused of killing civilians in Bria

Russian mercenaries from the Wagner Group are accused of killing four civilians in the town of Bria in Haute-Kotto prefecture. According to local residents, the mercenaries have been detaining youths and forcing them to work for them. The victims in this attack were reportedly running away when they were shot. A local cleric also told reporters that troops raided a mosque where the bodies of the victims were being kept and took them away.

Two MINUSCA peacekeepers wounded by IED

Two Bangladeshi peacekeepers deployed to MINUSCA have been wounded by an improvised explosive device (IED) between Bocaranga and Bouar. The troops were on patrol when the device exploded. "I wish a speedy recovery to the wounded peacekeepers and salute the commitment and bravery of all peacekeepers deployed within MINUSCA in their mission to protect civilian populations," said Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in the CAR and Head of MINUSCA, Mankeur Ndiaye. The incident came shortly after three Tanzanian peacekeepers were wounded by a landmine in the south-west of the country.

Three UN peacekeepers wounded in landmine blast

Three UN peacekeepers have been wounded after the vehicle they were travelling in struck a landmine in the west of the country. The peacekeepers, who were from Tanzania, were travelling from the town of Berberati to a military outpost when the device exploded. "This is the third time that MINUSCA peacekeepers have fallen victim to explosive devices in the Central African Republic," the UN mission said in a statement.

Five wounded in suspected 3R attack in north-west

Five people were wounded on Tuesday in an attack blamed on 3R rebels in the north-west of the country. The incident took place in the village of Bezere, 20km from Bocaranga. The victims included a soldier who was transported to a hospital for treatment.

Mob lynches eight accused of witchcraft

A mob has lynched eight people accused of witchcraft near Bouca. Seven women and one man died in the attack, while three people were rescued following the incident in the village of Ndoumbou on Tuesday. They were accused of using witchcraft to cause the death of a pregnant woman.

Thirty civilians killed in rebel attacks

At least 30 civilians and two soldiers have been killed in rebel attacks in the north-west of CAR, close to the border with Cameroon. "About thirty civilians and two members of the Central African armed forces were killed on Sunday in two simultaneous attacks in the villages of Kaïta and Bayengou," a regional official told the AFP news agency. The Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) has been accused of carrying out the attacks, which came weeks after President Faustin Archange Touadéra declared a ceasefire.

Troops clash with rebels in Ouham-Pende

At least 11 civilians have been killed in clashes between troops and the security forces in Ouham-Pende prefecture. Local officials said rebels infiltrated a market near Mann on Sunday morning. “Central African forces intervened … and the exchange of fire left 11 civilians dead, nine men and two women, as well as eight wounded,” Dieudonne Yougaina, prefect of Ouham-Pende, told the AFP. He claimed that the 3R (Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation) rebels were responsible for the violence.

Twenty-three killed in Ouham clashes

Four Russian mercenaries from the Wagner Group and 19 artisanal miners have been killed in clashes in Ouham prefecture. According to local reports, the mercenaries were ambushed by a group of Sudanese poachers near Kouki. In retaliation, they raided two mining sites in the area and torches shops and houses. The incident follows a series of attacks on civilians that have been blamed on Wagner operatives in CAR.

Egyptian peacekeepers wounded by members of presidential guard

Ten Egyptian peacekeepers, who are part of the UN mission in CAR (MINUSCA), were wounded in a shooting blamed on the presidential guard. In a statement, MINUSCA said it condemned the "deliberate and unspeakable attack" that occurred near the presidential residence. The Egyptian Constituent Police Unit said the officers were unarmed and that they were shot without any prior warning. As the bus they were in attempted to leave the area, it struck a woman who was later pronounced dead.

President declares unilateral ceasefire with rebels

President Faustin-Archange Touadera declared a unilateral ceasefire with rebel fighters on Friday. "It is to give peace a chance that I am here to announce to you this evening the end of military operations and all armed action on the whole of the national territory," said Touadera. A spokesman for the main rebel group, the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC), welcomed the statement and said they would adhere to the ceasefire if the government did.

Two soldiers killed in rebel attack near Kaga-Bandoro

Two soldiers have been killed and four mercenaries from the Russian Wagner group in an attack by rebels. Members of the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) targeted the troops in the village of Kakomale near Kaga-Bandoro in the early hours of Monday morning. “The rebels surprised us in three positions. They attacked us, but our men resisted well. They repelled the attack and still control the locality," a military spokesman told reporters.

African leaders call for CAR ceasefire

African leaders have called for a ceasefire to be declared in the Central African Republic (CAR). Regional leaders at the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) also agreed on a roadmap for peace during a summit in Angola on Thursday. The bloc said a ceasefire declaration was “an essential factor for the success of the entire process and the creation of a favorable climate for peace and national reconciliation.”

Gabon peacekeepers withdrawn over abuse allegations

The UN has withdrawn 450 Gabonese peacekeepers over allegations of sexual abuse. The Gabonese government said it has opened an investigation into the claims. "In recent weeks, exceptionally serious acts that go against military ethics and the honour of the armed forces, committed by certain elements in the Gabonese battalions... have been reported," said the ministry in a statement. In 2016 more than 40 peacekeepers from Gabon and Burundi were also withdrawn from the mission (MINUSCA) over allegations of sexual abuse.

Protest held outside French embassy in Bangui

A protest was held outside the French embassy in Bangui on Wednesday. The demonstrators were denouncing the role of French companies in the country. The Castel group has been accused of cooperating with the Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (UPC) activist group. “Sucaf RCA set up a sophisticated and informal system for financing armed militaries through direct and indirect cash payments as well as in-kind assistance in the form vehicle maintenance and fuel supply,” a report by UN corruption watchdog The Sentry said earlier this month.

3R rebels kidnap nine in Lim-Pende

Members of the Return, Reclamation and Rehabilitation (3R) rebel group have kidnapped nine people in the Lim-Pende prefecture. The hostages, including two soldiers, were taken from the village of Mann on Saturday. According to reports, local residents have fled the area following the attack, while schools and businesses have closed. The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission to the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) said six civilians were killed and several others wounded in the attack.

Six civilians killed in rebel attack

Six civilians have been killed and several others wounded in a rebel attack in the north-east of the country. “This morning at dawn elements from the 3R (Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation) launched a large-scale attack against Central African army positions in the village of Mann,” a spokesperson for the UN’s 12,000-strong MINUSCA mission told the AFP. Last week the UN Security Council extended an arms embargo for a further 12 months due to the "deteriorating" situation in the country.

Civilians killed in Bongboto clashes

At least 13 civilians have been killed in clashes in western CAR. The UN peacekeeping mission, MINUSCA, said the victims were found in Bongboto, 300km west of Bangui. "MINUSCA will help shed light on this unfortunate incident and stands ready to support the government so that the alleged perpetrators of these heinous crimes are identified, arrested, and brought before the competent courts," said the mission in a statement.

Russia denies reports that its military killed civilians

Russia has rejected allegations that its military instructors have been involved in killing civilians. “Russian military advisers couldn’t take part and didn’t take part in any killings or lootings,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Monday in a conference call with reporters. “This is yet another lie.” The New York Times obtained a classified report sent to the UN Security Council that members of the Wagner Group - a private military contractor linked to the Russian government - had committed war crimes during their work to support President Faustin-Archange Touadera.

Woman killed in attack on MSF convoy

A woman has been killed in an attack on a Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) convoy near the town of Batangafo. The victim was accompanying a relative when they were ambushed. A driver hired by MSF and two patients were also injured in the attack, which comes after three MSF staff were killed in northern Ethiopia.

PM Ngrebada announces resignation

Prime Minister Firmin Ngrebada has announced his resignation. Ngrebada wrote on Twitter that he had "presented (his) resignation to the president," Faustin Archange Touadera. No official reason was given for Ngrebada's decision, and presidential spokesperson Albert Yaloke Mokpeme told AFP that he may be asked to stay and form a new government.

French national charged with espionage

A French national has been charged with espionage in the Central African Republic (CAR). Juan Remy Quignolot is also accused of illegal possession of military weapons, criminal association, harming state security and conspiracy. He was detained last month in the capital, Bangui, with police claiming that weapons and military fatigues were found at his residence.

Chad accuses CAR of killing its soldiers

The Chadian government has accused troops from the neighbouring Central African Republic (CAR) of killings six of its soldiers during an attack on an outpost. "This extremely serious war crime and this premeditated murderous attack, planned and carried out within Chad ... cannot go unpunished," said Chad's embassy in Bangui. The defence ministry said troops targeted a Chadian military post in the early hours of Sunday morning, killing one soldier and later executing five others who had been abducted.

Three CPC rebels killed by Wagner mercenaries

Three rebels from the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) have been killed by Russian mercenaries from the Wagner Group. The rebels were targeted in the village of Bongou on Wednesday morning. Local residents were forced to flee following the fighting.

Twenty killed in Ouaka clashes

At least 20 people have been killed in clashes between foreign mercenaries and rebels from the Unity for Peace in Central African Republic (UPC). The fighting took place near the village of Boyo, 40km north of Bambari, and began on Saturday. The foreign forces had recaptured the area from the UPC by Sunday evening.

Suspected French mercenary arrested in Bangui

A French national suspected of being a mercenary has been arrested in Bangui. Police found a large number of weapons and ammunition when they detained Juan Remy Quignolot, a former soldier, on Monday. "From the police sources we have had, it seems that in 2013, he was one of the Seleka supervisors," said Eric Didier Tombo, the attorney general of the Bangui Court of Appeal.

Thousands flee clashes in northern CAR

More than 2,000 refugees have fled fighting in the northern Central African Republic (CAR), according to the UN refugee agency. The UNHCR said the refugees crossed into neighbouring Chad to escape clashes between government forces and rebels. The agency also said it was struggling to provide support to those in need. "The CAR humanitarian crisis is one of the most underfunded UNHCR operations globally, with only 12% of the $164.7m requirement currently met despite the scale of displacement," said the UNHCR in a statement.

NGO workers targeted in armed robbery

A group of NGO workers have been targeted in an armed robbery in the city of Bocaranga. Staff from World Vision were kidnapped by suspected Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) rebels on Wednesday. The assailants stole money, laptops and mobile phones before releasing the hostages.

Armed group withdraws from rebel alliance

The Union for Peace in CAR (UPC) has announced that it is withdrawing from the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) rebel alliance, according to reports. The group's leader Ali Darassa Mahamat wrote a letter citing the humanitarian suffering of the ongoing conflict as the reason behind the decision. The UPC, which was formed from ex-Seleka rebels in 2014, joined the CPC last December ahead of presidential elections. In March former President Francois Bozize confirmed that he had taken charge of the rebel alliance, which has been trying to overthrow the government of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra.

UN expresses concern over foreign military contractors

The UN has expressed alarm at the increasing numbers of foreign military and security companies operating in the Central African Republic (CAR). There are a large number of Russian military contractors along with troops from Rwanda who are working alongside the government security forces fighting against rebels. The UN said it was "disturbed" that MINUSCA peacekeepers were working closely with Russian advisers. “This blurring of the lines between civil, military and peacekeeping operations during the hostilities creates confusion about the legitimate targets and increases the risks for widespread human rights and humanitarian law abuses,” said Jelena Aparac, the chair-rapporteur of the UN working group on mercenaries.

Former President Bozize takes charge of CPC rebels

Former President Francois Bozize has taken charge of the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) rebel group, which is fighting an insurgency against the central government. The group said Bozize agreed last month to become their "general coordinator". The government of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra accused Bozize of leading the CPC's attempted coup late last year, although he denied any involvement. UN peacekeepers along with troops from Russia and Rwanda have helped the army to reverse the gains made by the rebels.

Voting underway for second-round parliamentary elections

The second round of parliamentary elections was held in the Central African Republic on Sunday. The first vote in December was disrupted by rebel groups who controlled around two-thirds of the country. The security situation has improved throughout the start of 2021, with government troops backed by Rwanda and Russia reclaiming several key towns. President Faustin-Archange Touadera was re-elected in the December election after winning 53 percent of the vote.

Fourteen killed in Bambari clashes

At least 14 people were killed in clashes at a religious site in Bambari. Amnesty International said the attack took place on 16 February following analysis of satellite images and witness testimonies. The incident took place a day before the government said it had recaptured the city from rebels. “In a country where conflict has been raging for two decades, the authorities must now clearly prioritise the protection of human rights and the fight against impunity for those who violate them,” said Abdoulaye Diarra, Amnesty International Central Africa researcher.

Troops recapture Bossangoa from rebels

Government forces have recaptured the town of Bossangoa from rebel fighters. Prime Minister Firmin Ngrebada made the announcement on Wednesday. “Order will be restored in Bossangoa and the entire Ouham Prefecture,” said the PM. The town is the stronghold of the former president, Francois Bozize, who the government accused of leading the recent coup.

UN Secretary-General calls for increased peacekeeping force

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has called for 3,700 reinforcements for the peacekeeping force in the Central African Republic (CAR). In a report, Guterres said 2,750 military reinforcements and 940 additional police are needed to help the peacekeeping mission known as MINUSCA prevent “further deterioration in the security situation while creating space for the political process to advance.” The recommendations would need to be approved by the US Security Council. He also called on the newly elected parliament "to advance political reforms" and work towards national reconciliation.

Ten CPC rebels killed near Bouar

At least 10 rebels from the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) have been killed during an operation by the army near the town of Bouar. The Central African Armed Forces (FACA) said troops prevented rebels from attacking a convoy of goods from neighbouring Cameroon. Last week the army recaptured the key western border town of Beloko from rebels.

Army recaptures border town from rebels

The army has recaptured the western town of Beloko from rebel fighters. "After the towns of Boali, Bossembele, Bossemptele, Yaloke and Bouar, the Central African Armed Forces (Faca) and their Russian and Rwandan allies liberated the town of Beloko, thereby opening the national road to Cameroon," the government said in a statement. The capture of Beloko could allow much-needed supplies to enter CAR from neighbouring Cameroon.

Government troops kill rebels outside Bangui

Government troops have killed at least 44 rebels in fighting outside the capital, Bangui. Officials told the AFP that soldiers, assisted by Russian mercenaries, captured the village of Boda during the clashes. There have been serious food shortages in Bangui after rebels cut off main routes from Cameroon, and basic food prices have risen by more than 50 percent in rural areas.

Government announces 15-day emergency as rebel blockade capital

The Central African Republic (CAR) has announced a 15-day emergency after rebels tried to blockade the capital, Bangui. "The state of emergency has been proclaimed across the national territory for 15 days, starting from midnight (2300 GMT)," presidential spokesman Albert Yaloke Mokpeme said over national radio. Earlier UN envoy to CAR, Mankeur Ndiaye, called for more peacekeepers to be deployed to support government troops.

Truck drivers attacked in Zoukombo

A convoy of freight trucks has been attacked by suspected rebels in Zoukombo in Central African Republic (CAR). The convoy was travelling from Cameroon to Bangui when it was targeted. Several drivers were wounded in the incident, which occurred on Monday.

Two peacekeepers killed in attack near Bangassou

Two UN peacekeepers killed in an ambush near Bangassou. A Gabonese and a Moroccan peacekeeper died during the attack, according to MINUSCA on Monday. Peacekeepers have been engaged in clashes with rebels from the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) in the town since last Friday. Seven UN soldiers have been killed in CAR in the last week.

UN peacekeeper killed in Grimari

A Burundian UN peacekeeper has been killed in an attack in the southern town of Grimari. Two Bangladeshi peacekeepers were also wounded in the incident, which took place on Friday. Mankeur Ndiaye, UN Secretary-General Special Representative in the CAR and head of MINUSCA, condemned the attack and sent his condolences to the victim's family.

Rebels launch offensive on Bangui

Rebel forces have launched two attacks on the capital, Bangui. “The attackers who came in large numbers to take Bangui have been vigorously pushed back,” Prime Minister Firmin Ngrebada said in a statement on Facebook. The UN mission MINUSCA said fighting was still ongoing on the outskirts of the city. The Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) has previously attacked other towns and cities in the country, including Bangassou and Bambari.

President Touadera wins re-election

President Faustin-Archange Touadera has been re-elected after winning almost 54 percent of the vote. The electoral commission announced the results on Monday, stating that the incumbent had secured enough votes to avoid a second round run-off. Former prime minister, Anicet George Pologuele, finished second on 21 percent. The election was held despite a rebellion linked to former President Francois Bozize.

Rebels seize south-eastern city of Bangassou

Rebel fighters have seized the south-eastern city of Bangassou, according to the UN. Gunmen raided the city in the early hours of Sunday morning and fighting is ongoing. "The rebels control the town," Rosevel Pierre Louis, head of the UN peacekeeping force MINUSCA's regional office in the city, told AFP. "They are everywhere." Rebels have attacked several towns and cities in recent weeks and they currently control around two-thirds of the country. The latest violence came days after CAR held elections, the initial results of which are expected on Monday.

Three UN peacekeepers killed as polls open

Three UN peacekeepers were killed by unknown gunmen in the Central African Republic (CAR) ahead of elections on Sunday. The troops, who were from Burundi, were killed after a rebel coalition called off a unilateral truce and reiterated calls for the election to be postponed. Voting is underway in the country, with President Faustin-Archange Touadera seeking a second term in office. His predecessor, Francois Bozize, is barred from running and the government has accused him of fomenting a coup with rebel fighters.

UN peacekeepers retake Bambari from rebels

UN peacekeepers have retaken the town of Bambari from rebels. “The situation in Bambari is under control,” Abdoulaziz Fall, spokesman for the UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA said at a press conference on Wednesday. He said civilians who fled the town are now returning. CAR's government has accused former President Francois Bozize of launching a coup ahead of presidential and legislative elections on Sunday.

Rebels seize city of Bambari

Rebels have seized the city of Bambai, according to local officials. “The town is under the control of armed groups,” Bambari Mayor Abel Matchipata said on Tuesday. Russia sent an additional 300 military instructors to the CAR in response to a "sharp degradation of security." The deployment comes after Rwanda sent more troops to support the Minusca peacekeeping forces.

Government accuses former president of coup plot

CAR's government has accused former President Francois Bozize of plotting a coup in the country. On Saturday the three main rebel groups agreed to form a coalition ahead of presidential and legislative elections on 27 December. The armed groups decided “to combine all of our movements into a single entity, called the Coalition of Patriots for Change or CPC, under a unified command”, said the rebels in a statement. The government claimed that Bozize was gathering forces in the city of Bossembele and was planning to march on the capital, Bangui. “This is clearly an attempted coup d’etat that the government denounces during this electoral period,” said government spokesman Ange-Maxime Kaagui. Meanwhile, Rwanda has deployed what it called a "protection force" to CAR after its peacekeepers were attacked.

Court bars former President Bozize from running in December's vote

Former President Francois Bozize has been barred from running in the upcoming presidential election later this month. A ruling from the Constitutional Court argued that Bozize's illegibility is due to UN sanctions against him. Bozize was ousted by rebel fighters back in 2013. He was expected to run for office as a candidate for his Kwa na Kwa Party after returning from exile in 2019. President Faustin-Archange Touadera is seeking a second term office. Violence in CAR has significantly reduced after an agreement was made with more than a dozen armed groups. However, the election has been already affected by violence over its impact on voter registration. To add to tensions, dozens of candidates in the legislative vote were also banned from running.

Former officer arrested for war crimes

A former presidential guard has been arrested in France for alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity. Eric Danboy Bagale was detained in Besancon and taken to Paris for questioning. He is accused of leading largely Christian anti-Balaka militias which carried out revenge killings after former President Francois Bozize was ousted in 2013. As many as 6,000 people are estimated to have died between 2013 and 2015.

Two police officers abducted by rebels

Two police officers have been abducted by rebel fighters in the north-western town of Bang. They were seized from the Ngaoundaye police station in the early hours of Monday morning. Local reports suggest that the 3R (Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation) carried out the abduction in response to the arrest of three of its members during a MINUSCA operation. 

EU launch two-year programmed to train CAR military

The European Union (EU) has announced a two-year programme to train the Central African Republic military. As part of the programme, both the police and the military will take part. AFP reported that the EU will work alongside MINUSCA and the EU Training Mission in RCA from early-August. The EUTM RCA mandate will expire in mid-September, but it may be extended. A number of international organisations have been working in CAR to assist in the formation of the military.

Eleven killed in Haute Kotto attack

At least 11 people have been killed and 20 others wounded in an attack in the Haute Kotto region of CAR. Unknown gunmen carried out the raid in the village of Bornou in Ouadda Maikaga sub-prefecture. Several houses were torched in the raids.

Former president set to stand for re-election

CAR's former president, Francois Bozize, is set to stand for re-election in December. He took power following a coup in 2003 and was forced out of office by rebels a decade later. Bozize announced his bid on Saturday and is expected to run against incumbent President Faustin Touadera.

Dozens killed in Ndele clashes

At least 25 people have been killed and more than 50 others wounded during renewed clashes in the north-eastern town of Ndele. The communications minister, Ange-Maxime Kazigui, said rival members of a rebel group exchanged fire on Wednesday. Local reports said the Gula wing of the Front for the Rebirth of the Central African Republic (FPRC) attacked the Runga faction in the town. There have been multiple clashes between the faction in recent weeks.

Two killed in Vassako clashes

Two people have been killed in clashes in the Vassako commune, 40km from Ndele. A group of Peul herders fought with rebels from the Central African Patriotic Movement (MPC) on Saturday. Local reports said the fighting broke out when the herders refused to pay a bribe.

Thirteen killed in Ndele clashes

At least 13 people have been killed in clashes between rival armed groups in the town of Ndele. UN officials said a faction of the Popular Front for the Rebirth of Central Africa (FPRC) stormed the town on Wednesday morning. Dozens of people were also wounded in the attack. MINUSCA officials said calm had been restored in the area.

FPRC milita fighters killed in clashes with UN troops

Twelve members of the Popular Front for the Renaissance of Central Africa (FPRC) militia have been killed in clashes with UN peacekeepers and government troops in north-eastern CAR. The fighting erupted in the town of Birao on Sunday, according to government spokesman Ange-Maxime Kazagui. “The FPRC approached the IDP camp and the MINUSCA base, we intervened in accordance with our mandate to protect civilians,” MINUSCA spokesperson Vladimir Monteiro said.

Dozens killed in CAR clashes

At least 50 people have been killed in clashes in north-eastern Central African Republic (CAR). Fighters from the Popular Front for the Renaissance of the Central African Republic (FPRC) and the Movement of Central African Freedom Fighters for Justice (MLCJ) started exchanging fire in the Birao region at the weekend. UN peacekeepers were deployed to the area to restore order and the fighting ended on Tuesday.

Government declares national epidemic of measles

The government has declared a national epidemic of measles after more than 3,600 cases have been confirmed since last February. According to the ministry of health, at least 53 people have been killed after contracting the disease. Among the main affected areas include the capital, Bangui. Measles is a highly contagious disease and preventable by the MMR vaccination. Symptoms include high fever, coughing and red eyes.

UN Security Council renews MINUSCA mandate

The UN Security Council has approved the renewal of the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA). CAR Communications Minister Ange Kazagui praised the decision during a press conference in Bangui. MINUSCA's mandate has been renewed until mid-November 2020. Kazagui added that the UN force will be involved in the preparation of the next elections in 2020 and 2021. Earlier this year, a top UN official urged the Security Council to renew the MINUSCA mandate. He claimed that rights violations and violence remain of increasing concern in CAR.

Thousands affected by flooding across CAR

At least 57,000 people have been affected by severe flooding in the Central African Republic. The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) said urgent funding was required to help those affected following a period of heavy rain. “Thousands of homes have been destroyed, and this disaster is affecting many people who were already struggling to make ends meet. The flooding is so severe in some parts of the capital Bangui that the only way to get around is by canoe,” said Country Director for the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) David Manan.

Eight killed in clashes between armed groups

At least eight people have been killed in clashes between two armed groups in the north-eastern city of Am Dafok. Members of the Central African Liberators for Justice Movement (MLCJ) exchanged fire with the Popular Front for the Renaissance of the Central African Republic (FPRC) on Sunday. The incident was sparked when the FPRC confiscated ammunition from members of the MLCJ after they had crossed into the country from neighbouring Sudan.

Four killed in Bangui violence

At least four people have been killed and dozens more wounded after violence erupted in the capital, Bangui, last week. Shopkeepers clashed with members of a local militia in the PK5 district last Thursday, according to local aid groups. Last month the MINUSCA mission warned that civilians continue to suffer daily acts of violence in CAR despite a peace deal being agreed in February.

Two AFP journalists assaulted in CAR

Two journalists from the Agence France-Presse (AFP) have been assaulted and arrested in Bangui. Charles Bouessel, 28, and Florent Vergnes, 30, were detained for six hours after they were targeted by members of the Central Office for the Suppression of Banditry (OCRB). The pair were covering a banned opposition protest in the city when they were arrested.

Dozens killed in attacks near Chadian border

At least 30 people have been killed and dozens more wounded in an attack near the border with Chad. The UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA) said gunmen raided several villages near the town of Paoua earlier this week. "The authors of crimes such as these will be sought, arrested and brought to justice," said MINUSCA head Mankeur Ndiaye. Meanwhile, a French-Spanish nun has been killed in a separate attack in the south-western town of Nola.

Six killed in Bangui clashes

At least six people have been killed and more than 50 others wounded in clashes in the capital, Bangui. Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) said the fighting took place between Christians and Muslims in the PK5 and Fatima neighbourhoods of the city across last week.

Gunmen raid village in western CAR

At least 11 people have been kidnapped after gunmen raided a village near Lokoti in western CAR. The assailants torched two trucks and a motorcycle during the attack on Monday. "The peacekeepers are in a phase of action and research in the area," said the spokesman of MINUSCA (UN Mission for Stabilization of the Central African Republic) Vladimir Monteiro. The armed group Democratic Front of the Central African People (FDPC) are accused of carrying out the attack.

MSF nurse killed in Batangafo

An assistant nurse working for Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) has been killed by gunmen near Batangafo. Gaulbert Mokafe, 41, was shot dead while travelling to visit relatives on the road to Bouca. "His killing is a cowardly crime, which has left the MSF family in Batangafo and in CAR shocked and outraged. It is unacceptable," said Omar Abenza, MSF head of mission in CAR. "We demand that armed groups control their members and ensure the protection of the population while respecting the health personnel, from whom they and their families also benefit."

Russia sends more trainers and equipment to CAR

Russia has announced plans to send more military trainers and equipment to the CAR. There are already around between 250-1,000 military trainers in the country, with many of them reported to be employed by private security contractors. Last July three Russian journalists were murdered in the country while they investigated the Wagner Group, which also has mercenaries in Ukraine, Sudan and Syria.

Militias call for PM's resignation

Eleven of the 14 militias who signed the peace agreement last month have called for Prime Minister Firmin Ngrebada to step down. “Firmin Ngrebada is no longer credible, he is therefore no longer our discussion partner for pursuing the process and must be replaced as prime minister,” they said in a joint statement. They called for a government of national unity to be formed, claiming that the PM failed to create the inclusive government promised under the deal.

Government agrees peace deal with rebels

The Central African Government (CAR) has agreed on a peace deal with 14 rebel groups following talks in Sudan. The UN mission in CAR (MINUSCA) and the African Union (AU) both welcomed the agreement. "This is a great day for Central African Republic and all its people," said AU commissioner Smail Chergui. A signing ceremony is expected to take place in Bangui over the coming days.

Eighteen killed in Ippy attack

At least 18 people have been killed and 23 others wounded in an attack in the central town of Ippy. The UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA said it condemned "this terrible massacre" after gunmen from the Union for Peace armed group opened fire on a funeral ceremony. The incident occurred as fresh peace talks began in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.

Dozen killed in CAR fighting

At least 12 people have been killed in the latest outbreak of fighting in western Central African Republic (CAR). A UN source said a pastor and a gendarme were among those killed in the violence. "The violence was started by armed Fulanis," said Vladimir Monteiro, spokesperson for MINUSCA, the UN's mission in CAR. The violence comes just days before fresh peace talks are due to open.

Two police shot dead in Bambari

Two police officers were shot dead by rebels in central Bambari on Thursday. Government spokesman Ange-Maxime Kazagui said another officer was also wounded when fighters from the Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (UPC) clashed with the army across the city. Meanwhile, Portuguese peacekeepers from MINUSCA was they were targeted in a "violent attack" by UPC gunmen in the capital, leading to a five-hour gunbattle.

Renewed peace talks set to begin

African Union (AU) and UN officials have arrived in the Central African Republic ahead of fresh peace talks. In a statement, the UN said the talks were aimed to promote "dialogue between the government and armed groups under the auspices of the African Union initiative." Officials from the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) will also be attending the meeting.

Muslim militia leader killed in Bangui

A Muslim militia leader has been killed by a shopkeeper in the PK5 district of Bangui. Mahamat Tahir died during a confrontation on Sunday morning and was later laid to rest at the Ali Babolo mosque. Gunmen from Tahir's militia went to the store to take revenge against the owner, although it is not clear if he had already fled the scene.

Three soldiers killed in Bambari

Three soldiers have been killed by colleagues in the town of Bambari. Rival troops from the military engineering units exchange fire with each other on Saturday. "Everything started with an argument between military engineering units about the security and financial conditions in which they were carrying out their work," said a security force.

Dozens killed in attack on refugee mission

At least 40 people have been killed in an attack on a Catholic refugee mission in the town of Alindao. Gunmen raided the church late last week after Anti-balaka Christian militiamen killed Muslims in the area. "We have counted 42 bodies so far, but we are still searching for others. The camp has been burned to the ground and people fled into the bush and to other IDP (internally displaced person) camps in the city," Etienne Godenaha, Alindao legislator, told Reuters. In a statement, the UN mission (MINUSCA ) condemned the violence and said it had implemented security measures to protect civilians.

Thousands seek shelter from armed groups in Batangafo

Thousands of people have sought shelter in a hospital in Batangafo due to fears of attack by armed groups. Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) said around 10,000 people fled to the hospital last week after gunmen attacked camps housing internally displaced people (IDPs). “People don’t feel safe anywhere in the city,” said Omar Ahmed Abenza, MSF's head of mission in CAR.

New national assembly speaker elected amid tense vote

Former Minister Laurent Ngon-Baba has been elected the new speaker of CAR's National Assembly after his predecessor, Karim Meckassoua, was removed from office over embezzlement allegations. Ngon-Baba was elected in a tense parliamentary session which was temporarily suspended after a member of parliament waived an automatic pistol and opened fire inside the chamber. No injuries were reported. Tensions reportedly broke out after grievances over the vote's procedure. Meckassoua is the first National Assembly speaker to be removed from the seat.

French minister raises concerns over Russian influence in CAR

France's Defence Minister Florence Parly has raised concerns over the increasing presence of Russian military advisers in the Central African Republic. Parly said in an interview to Jeune Afrique that: "Russia has asserted its presence in the CAR in recent months, it is true, but I am not sure that this presence and the actions deployed by Moscow, like the agreements negotiated in Khartoum at the end of August, help to stabilise the country.” Russia has significantly increased its influence in the country after the UN Security Council allowed Russia to export arms to the CAR when President Faustin-Archange Touadéra was sworn into office. Most concerns regard the presence of alleged Russian mercenaries in the country that are engaged in mining activities. Such was highlighted in July when three journalists were killed while investigating suspected Russian mercenaries.

Three Chinese nationals killed in CAR

Three Chinese nationals have been killed in an attack in the south-western Central African Republic (CAR). The victims were killed by a mob in the town of Sosso-Nakombo last Thursday, according to the Chinese embassy. The trio had earlier been travelling in a boat with a local man which capsized. They were attacked when they went to report the incident, and the disappearance of the Central African man, at a gendarmerie station.

CAR signs military agreement with Russia

The Central African Republic (CAR) has signed a military cooperation agreement with Russia. The announcement comes weeks after three Russian journalists were killed in CAR while investigating Russian mercenaries believed to be operating in the country. Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu said the deal would "help strengthen ties in the defence sphere,"

Russian journalists killed in ambush

Three Russian journalists have been killed in an ambush in the Central African Republic (CAR). The group was travelling near the central town of Sibut when they were attacked by unknown gunmen. Russian media said the journalists were making a documentary about a Russian mercenary group, known as Wagner, who are thought to be active in CAR.

UN peacekeeper killed in Bambari

A UN peacekeeper has been killed and another wounded in clashes in the central city of Bambari. A member of the CAR armed forces was also wounded when troops were targeted by rebels from the Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (UPC), an ex-Seleka group. Five peacekeepers have now been killed in CAR in 2018.

UN peacekeeper killed after ambush in Dilapoko

A UN peacekeeper has been killed and seven others were injured after an armed ambush in south-western CAR. UN spokesperson Stephane Dujarric told AP that the attack happened on Sunday in Dilapoko, Mambere-Kadei Prefecture. The attack came a couple of weeks after a Mauritanian peacekeeper was killed in southern CAR. 

Grenade attack hits PK5 district, Bangui

At least a dozen people have been killed in a grenade attack in the PK5 district of Bangui. The incident occurred in the Fode market on Wednesday, leading to a shutdown of businesses in the area. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack.

MINUSCA peacekeeper killed in southern CAR

A Mauritanian peacekeeper from the UN's MINUSCA mission has been killed in an attack in southern CAR. The troops were travelling from Kongbo to Alindao when they were ambushed on Thursday morning. Eight others were wounded in the attack, five of them seriously. "This blind violence is unacceptable. Why attack peacekeepers, whose presence in the Central African Republic has no other purpose than to help the country get out of the spiral of violence and contribute to the return of peace and stability in the Central African Republic?" said the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General in the Central African Republic, Parfait Onanga-Anyanga.

Several ethnic-related murders reported in Bambari

Several people have been reportedly killed recently across Bambari, southern CAR. Reports suggest that the incidents are linked to ongoing ethnic tensions around the Ouaka prefecture. Reports revealed that parts of the population across the affected areas are currently seeking refuge with the police and local hospitals. Sporadic levels of violence are likely to continue.

Sudanese diplomat killed in CAR

A Sudanese diplomat has been killed in clashes between embassy guards and police in the capital, Bangui. "Sudan’s embassy staff at the CAR capital of Bangui, Salih Abu Haniya, has been killed," said the Sudanese Foreign Ministry in a statement. It is not yet clear what sparked the exchange of fire outside the embassy. The incident comes amid an increase in violence across the capital in recent weeks.

Fifteen killed in CAR church attack

At least 15 people have been killed in an attack on a church in CAR's capital, Bangui. Gunmen threw grenades at the Notre-Dame de Fatima church in the PK5 district during mass on Tuesday. One of the victims was identified as Priest Albert Toungoumale Baba. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.

Four killed during clashes with UN peacekeepers in Nassole

At least four people have been killed after clashes between UN peacekeepers and militants broke out in Membere-Kadei, south-western CAR. MINUSCA said that the incident happened on Sunday morning as peacekeepers arrived in Nassole village. The incident is the latest involving UN peacekeepers stationed in CAR. In recent weeks, unknown gunmen targeted a UN base in Bangui.

Peacekeeper killed in Bangui

Another UN peacekeeper has been killed and eight others were wounded in an attack in the Central African Republic (CAR) capital, Bangui. Dozens of civilians were also injured when troops clashed with gunmen on Tuesday. Last week another peacekeeper died in an attack at a temporary base in Tagbara.

Gunmen fire on UN base

Unknown gunmen have opened fire on a UN peacekeeping base in the Central African Republic (CAR). The base, which houses Jordanian and Egyptian troops, was targeted late on Sunday evening in the capital Bangui. A 30-minute gunfight ensued but not troops were killed or wounded in the exchange. The incident came after troops clashed with peacekeepers in the PK5 neighbourhood of the city.

Peacekeeper killed in CAR attack

A UN peacekeeper has been killed and 11 others wounded in an attack in the Central African Republic (CAR). UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said the incident took place at a temporary base in Tagbara, 60km from Bambari, on Tuesday morning. Members of the anti-Balaka militia are suspected of carrying out the attack.

Fighting kills 40 in Bambari

At least 40 people have been killed in several days of fighting between ex-Seleka rebels from the Central African Peace Unit (UPC) and rival anti-Balaka militias. The clashes took place in the Bambari area last week and were reportedly sparked by the killing of a young man by UPC members. Anti-Balaka units launched retaliatory attacks, including along the Bria highway where 10 UPC fighters died.

Health ministry issues monkeypox epidemic declaration

The ministry of health has issued an epidemic declaration as a monkeypox outbreak was identified in the district of Bambari, Ouaka region. The outbreak has been ongoing since early-March when eight cases were confirmed in the town of Ippy. Monkeypox is common in deep jungle and isolated rural areas in CAR. It is mainly transmitted through the bite of infected rodents and primates.

Six aid workers killed near Markounda

Six aid workers have been killed in a presumed militant attack near the Chadian border. According to UNICEF, one of its employees and five other educational workers were targeted while heading to Markounda. It is unclear what group is behind the attack, which happened on Sunday. Aid workers are vulnerable in the Central African Republic due to recurrent militia attacks.

A dozen killed as lorry overturns in Boali

At least a dozen people have been reported dead when a lorry overturned in Boali, outskirts of Bangui. The accident happened on Thursday when the vehicle, loaded with cement and passengers, was heading from Garouaboulaye to Boali. Preliminary reports suggest that the crash was caused after the vehicle suffered a mechanical malfunction.

Another aid worker killed in CAR

Another aid worker has been killed in northern Central African Republic (CAR). The 35-year-old man, who worked for the Italian organisation Intersos, was shot early on Thursday night in Kaga Bandoro. Dozens of aid workers and troops from the UN mission MINUSCA have been killed in the country, where clashes between different armed groups are ongoing.

MINUSCA police officer killed in Bria

A Mauritanian police officer deployed in the UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA has been killed in an attack in the central town of Bria. Three others were also wounded when peacekeepers came under a fire from anti-Balaka fighters at a camp for internally displaced people (IDPs) on Monday. “MINUSCA is once again mourning one of its peacekeepers, killed while guarding the entrance of an IDP camp. The loss once again demonstrates the risks our peacekeepers face on a daily basis as part of their mission for peace and stability in the CAR,” said the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) and Head of MINUSCA, Parfait Onanga-Anyanga.

Two killed in Pende attack

Two people have been killed and several others have been kidnapped in an attack in the north-western town of Pende. Suspected ex-Seleka militants carried out the attack on Sunday in retaliation for cattle theft by members of the Revolution and Justice (RJ) group. The RJ was formed in 2013 by former members of the Popular Army for the Restoration of Democracy and are active in the Ouham and Ouham-Pende prefectures, near the border with Chad.

UN peacekeeper killed in Gambo ambush

A UN peacekeeper has been killed and three others wounded in an ambush near the southern town of Gambo. Sunday's attack was carried out by "armed elements affiliated with the anti-Balaka movement," the UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA said. Thirteen peacekeepers have now been killed in CAR this year.

Rebels attack town in Mbomou

At least two people have been killed after rebel gunmen attacked the central town of Dembia in Mbomou prefecture. Members of the UPC group, led by Ali Darass, is suspected of carrying out the raid on Tuesday. Local residents called on the government and UN mission MINUSCA to do more to protect civilians.

Three killed in revenge attacks

At least three people have been killed in apparent revenge attacks in the capital, Bangui. The attacks were carried out shortly after grenades were thrown at a concert in the PK5 district of the capital, wounding 20 people. "An unidentified group came on a motorcycle-taxi, they threw one or some grenades in the middle of the crowd," said cafe owner Issiakou Guymba. Troops from MINUSCA were deployed to the PK5 district while officials appealed for calm.

ICRC staff shot dead near Kaga Bandoro

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has condemned the killing of one of its staff members in the Central African Republic. Youssouf Atteipe, a driver, was in an aid convoy near Kaga Bandoro when they were attacked by unknown gunmen. “We are shocked and dismayed by the killing of our colleague Youssouf, which once again shows a flagrant lack of respect for human life,” said Jean-François Sangsue, ICRC head of delegation in Bangui.

CAR defence minister sacked

Defence Minister Levy Yakete has been sacked by President Faustin-Archange Touadera amid increasing violence in the country. The announcement was made on state radio on Tuesday and comes as part of a wider government reshuffle. Yateke was blacklisted by the UN in 2014 for his role in the country's civil war.

Thirteen killed in CAR clashes

At least 13 people have been killed and 20 others wounded in clashes between rival militias in the central Haute-Kotto prefecture. "Thirteen bodies were found on Saturday after violent fighting between self-defence forces and parts of Abdoulaye Hissene's FPRC," local doctor Michel Ambapo told the AFP. Fighting was also reported in the south-eastern town of Zemio, leaving more than a dozen people dead. Last week several aid groups wrote to the UN to request "immediate action" to prevent another "full-blown conflict" in the country.

Six Red Cross workers killed in Mbomou

Six Red Cross volunteers have been killed in an attack in the Central African Republic (CAR). The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has "strongly condemned" the incident, which occurred in Gambo in Mbomou prefecture on 3 August. “We call on all parties to take steps to spare the civilian population, and to respect all humanitarian workers,” said Antoine Mbao-Bogo, President of the Central African Red Cross.

Moroccan peacekeeper killed in Bangassou attack

A Moroccan peacekeeper has been killed and three others wounded in an attack in the southern town of Bangassou. "A MINUSCA (peacekeeping mission) military convoy was targeted by anti-Balaka," said the UN in a statement. The anti-Balaka, a Christian militia formed in 2013, has been targeting a cathedral housing displaced Muslims in the city. Two children were wounded in a separate incident near the cathedral on Sunday.

Scores killed in truck crash

At least 78 people have been killed and dozens more wounded in a truck crash in the Central African Republic.  The truck - which was heading to a market in Maloum and packed with passengers - crashed 10km outside of Bambari on Wednesday. "They were driving fast to make it to the market on time. That's what probably caused the accident," local official Amaseka Topi told Reuters.

Fifteen killed in CAR clashes

At least 15 people have been killed in the latest outbreak of violence in the Central African Republic (CAR).  The clashes erupted in the town of Kaga-Bandoro on Saturday where former Seleka rebels attacked troops from the UN mission, MINUSCA.  "They (the former Seleka rebels) were confronted by the Pakistani and Burundian contingents stationed in the town," said the UN.  Elsewhere hundreds of people gathered in the capital, Bangui, to protest against the ongoing violence in Bangassou and Bria, where hundreds of people have been killed.

Two soldiers killed in Mboki

Two Central African Republic (CAR) soldiers have been killed in the east of the country.  The troops were deployed to combat Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels in Mboki, Haut-Mbomou prefecture.  The identity of the assailants has not been confirmed.

Congolese peacekeepers to leave CAR over allegations

Peacekeepers from the Republic of Congo are due to withdraw from Central African Republic (CAR) over allegations of sexual abuse.  In a statement the UN said a review of the Congolese deployment exposed "systematic problems".  The UN added: "These problems have also been compounded by issues related to the preparedness, overall discipline, maintenance of contingent-owned equipment, and logistical capacity of these troops."   French troops in the MINUSCA mission have also been accused of abuse in the country, although charges against six troops were dropped earlier this year.

Fighting ongoing despite ceasefire

At least 100 people have been killed during renewed fighting in the Central African Republic (CAR).  Deadly clashes erupted in the north-eastern town of Bria, a day after a ceasefire was signed between rebels and the government.  "There are still dead lying in the neighbourhoods, in the road and in the bush," mayor Maurice Belikoussou told Reuters. The deal, signed in Rome, agreed to bring rebels groups into the political process if they committed to an immediate ceasefire.

Thousands displaced after attack in Bangassou

The UN Migration Agency (IOM) announced that 19,000 people remain displaced in Bangassou, southern CAR. The displacement was triggered after a deadly attack in mid-May carried out by a local auto defence group. Most people remain in local residents homes while International Organisations are working in the area to avoid a further humanitarian crisis. In May, over 500,0000 people have been reported displaced in CAR, one of the highest rates in the last years.

Scores killed in CAR violence

At least 50 people have been killed and scores more wounded in the central Bambari region.  Local residents told the AFP that gunmen fired "indiscriminately" on residents in three villages.  One of the witnesses said the Unity of Central African People (UPC) carried out the attack, although the group denied any involvement.  Last week the Red Cross said 115 people had been killed in fighting in the border town of Bangassou.

Dozens of bodies found in Bangassou

Dozens of dead bodies have been discovered at a site in Bangassou. According to Al Jazeera, the discovery was made by workers of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement - who reported that as many as 115 dead bodies had been found. The bodies were found following several days of violent attacks in the surrounding area. Investigations have been launched, with suspicions that the anti-Balaka militia may be responsible for the deaths.

Christian militas carry out deadly attacks in Bangassou

Heavily armed fighters from anti-Balaka Christian militias have carried out deadly attacks in the south-eastern border town of Bangassou over the weekend.  UN officials and aid workers said up to 30 civilians have been killed and dozens more wounded in the raids.  "The situation is extremely deplorable and we are doing everything to rapidly retake control of Bangassou," MINUSCA chief Parfait Onanga-Anyanga told Reuters in an interview.

Missing peacekeepers found dead

Three missing UN peacekeepers have been found dead in the Central African Republic.  On Tuesday MINUSCA announced the death of a Cambodian soldier, before adding it was "deeply saddened to confirm that three of the four peacekeepers that were missing in action since [Monday's] attack have been found dead". Suspected anti-Balaka fighters carried out the attack on a MINUSCA convoy near Yogofongo village, leading to a gunbattle in which eight rebels were also killed.

Cambodian peacekeeper killed in CAR

A Cambodian peacekeeper has been killed and four others are missing following an attack in the Central African Republic (CAR).  A MINUSCA convoy was attacked near the village of Yogofongo in south-eastern CAR on Monday night, the mission said in a statement. "Four peacekeepers are missing in action, among them three Cambodian soldiers and a Moroccan soldier. The perpetrators of the attack fled into the bush."  A search and rescue operation is underway and additional troops have been deployed to assist.

Aid agencies to halt operations in northern CAR

The UN revealed on Friday that five international aid agencies halted their operations in northern Central Africa Republic (CAR) due to recent security threats. According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) more than 16 attacks took place since March in the Ouham region. OCHA spokesperson said that: "This temporary withdrawal will certainly have an impact on many people who depend on aid".

CAR militia leader targeted by US sanctions

Two militia leaders in the Central African Republic (CAR) have been targeted by US sanctions.  Abdoulaye Hissene, chief of the Seleka rebel group, and Maxime Mokom, who fronts the anti-Balaka militia, have both had their assets frozen.  "Today's action underscores our ongoing efforts to target those responsible for fuelling violence and human rights abuses in the Central African Republic," said John E. Smith, the director of the US Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control. 

Scores killed amid wave of attacks in Bambari

At least 50 people are feared dead while dozens were both displaced and injured amid a wave of attacks on three villages in the Bambari region since Tuesday. Locals told AFP that they suspect the perpetrators are members of a faction led by Muslim Seleka militants - the group deny any claims. Deadly clashes in the restive Bambari region occur due to disputes over resources between rival factions, usually distinguished by religious groups.

MINUSCA peacekeeper killed in Bangui

A Senegalese peacekeeper from the UN Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) has been killed in Central African Republic's capital, Bangui.  Unknown gunmen carried out the attack on Wednesday night.  In a statement, MINUSCA condemned the "vile and unjustifiable act" and said an investigation has been launched to identify the assailants.

MINUSCA targets rebels near Bambari

The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) confronted a group of rebels near the town of Bambari on Sunday.  "Some 40 elements of the coalition led by the Popular Front for the Renaissance of the Central African Republic (FPRC), heavily armed with [AK47 ] rifles and rocket launchers, were located on Sunday morning a few kilometres north of the city of Bambari, "  the mission said in a statement.  MINUSCA carried out airstrikes against the rebel fighters, although casualty figures are not yet known.

Four UN peacekeepers wounded in CAR

Four UN peacekeepers have been wounded in an ambush by gunmen in Ouaka prefecture.  UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) said troops were targeted by men FPRC’s (Front Populaire pour la Renaissance de Centrafrique) coalition near Ippy on Tuesday.  The assailants fled the scene following the ambush.  Earlier two FPRC members were killed during a shooting outside a camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ippy.  According to reports gunmen in a crowd opened fire on MINUSCA troops, who returned fire.

Four militants killed by UN helicopter in Bambari

Four suspected militants have been killed by a UN chopper in Bambari, southern Central African Republic (CAR). The attack was carried out on Sunday when members of the Popular Front for the Renaissance of CAR (FPRC) advanced to a forbidden zone. FPRC is a majorly Muslim rebellion group formerly known as Seleka. The group is known for targeting ethnic Fulani population in the area amid conflicts which have already led to thousands of casualties.

Shooting erupts over arrest of militia leader

At least one person died in a shooting following the arrest of a prominent militia leader in Bangui.  Youssouf Sy was intercepted during a joint operation by the security forces and the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) in the PK5 district on Tuesday. Sy's supporters tried to prevent the arrest and opened fire on the troops.  Two churches were also set on fire by gunmen and a local pastor was killed.

UN raises concern over security in Ouham-Pande province

The UN has issued safety concerns as violence in Central African Republic (CAR) has escalated amid clashes between two armed groups in the eastern Ouham-Pande province. Reports state that several civilians and aid-workers were either killed or injured in Bocaranga as thousands fled to local forests seeking shelters. Millions of people have already been affected by the conflict between the Muslim Seleka rebel coalition and the mostly Christian anti-Balaka militia that broke out in 2013.

Moroccan peacekeepers killed in CAR

Two Moroccan peacekeepers have been killed and two others wounded in an attack in the Central African Republic (CAR).  The troops were escorting fuel trucks near the town of Bria when they were ambushed by unknown assailants.  "No claim can justify individuals directing their grievances against peacekeepers whose presence on CAR soil is only aimed at helping the country emerge from the cycle of violence," MINUSCA mission head Parfait Onanga-Anyanga said in a statement.

Sixteen dead in two days of fighting

At least 16 people have been killed in two days of fighting in Central African Republic (CAR), according to the UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA.  The fighting took place in the town of Bira between two armed groups - the Popular Front for the Renaissance of Central African Republic the Union for Central African People. "The clashes ... kicked off on Monday morning and caused several victims. According to the figures that we have at our disposal there were at least 16 confirmed dead and thousands of displaced people," MINUSCA spokesman Vladimir Monteiro told Reuters.  Both sides were part of the mainly Muslim Seleka coalition, who were involved in the overthrow of President Francois Bozize in 2013.

Dozens killed in CAR clashes

At least 25 people have been killed in two days of violence in the Central African Republic. Clashes between anti-Balaka and ex-Seleka militias left 15 people dead and dozens more wounded in the town of Bambari, while 10 people died in an ambush on the Bambari-Grimari road.  Violence has also been increasing around the northern town of Kaga Bandero, with the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA) saying that more than 20,000 people have been forced to flee to a UN base.  Earlier in October 40 people, including three school teachers, were killed in an attack on Kaga Bandero.

Anti-UN protests turn deadly in Bangui

Four people have been killed and 14 others wounded during anti-UN protests in Central African Republic's capital, Bangui.  Eyewitnesses said UN peacekeepers fired live rounds on demonstrators when they tried to force their way into a UN compound, although the MINUSCA mission said only tear gas was used.  "MINUSCA believes that Monday's events constitute a new attempt by enemies of peace to disturb the return to constitutional normality," the mission said in a statement.  The fatalities were confirmed by the CAR Red Cross chief, Antoine Mbao-Bogo.

UN peacekeepers clash with protesters in Bangui

UN peacekeepers have exchanged fire with armed men in Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, while hundreds of people protested against the mission.  The angry crowds claimed the UN's 12,000 troops had failed to do their job properly and were responsible for perpetuating the violence. MINUSCA had a clear mandate to stamp out militia groups "but wherever the UN forces go there is violence," said civil society coalition's coordinator Gervais Lakosso.  Many shops and businesses remained shut on Monday as people heeded the call not to go to work.

Twenty-three killed in clashes with Muslim Seleka militia in Saga-Bandoro

On 13 October, fighters from the predominately Muslim Seleka militia attacked refugees in the town of Kaga-Bandoro, stabbing 13 people to death and wounding several more. Hundreds of panicked villagers fled to a nearby UN base. UN troops then opened fire on the militants in order to protect the civilian population, killing at least ten Seleka militants. 

Suspected Moneypox in the country

On 13 October, the World Health Organisation (WHO) reported that suspected cases of moneypox have been recorded in the Hautte-Kotto health district. A hunter fell ill on 17 August and died in his village without specimens being collected for testing. Between 4 September and 7 October, 26 cases have been admitted to the Ira Banda health centre, and three of these have been laboratory confirmed for moneypox. Epidemiological investigations are currently underway to evaluate the magnitude of the outbreak. The WHO has not recommended any restrictions on travel or trade to the Central African Republic at this point in time. 

Head of Armed Forces killed in Bangui

On 4 October, Marcel Mombeka, the head of the armed forces in the Central African Republic (CAR), was shot dead near a police station in a predominantly Muslim area of the PK5 district in Bangui. He was reportedly travelling with his 14-year-old son at the time when attackers shot him twice in his car. Mombeka's son was shot and wounded in the attack and is being treated at a local hospital.

Disturbances reported inside PK5 district of Bangui

The US Embassy has received reports of disturbances inside the PK5 district of Bangui. The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) has restricted the movement of civilian employees to the area and the US Embassy has advised employees and US citizens to avoid the district. 

Armed groups ordered to vacate schools by United Nations

On 29 September, armed groups in the Central African Republic (CAR) were ordered to leave any and all schools that they are occupying or face forceful eviction by United Nations (UN) troops. The UN says that 10,000 children have been unable to resume their education this year because militiamen have set up base in their schools. A third of all schools in the country have been shot at, set on fire, looted or occupied by armed groups. The UN mission in the country, known as Minusca, stated that all armed groups should not come within 500m of schools and warned them not to hinder educational activities, as schools have no political affiliation and are not part of the conflict. 

Deadly clashes erupt between rival armed groups

At least 26 people have been killed in clashes between rival armed groups in the Central African Republic (CAR).  Presidential spokesman Albert Mokpeme said the fighting took place in the central village of Ndomete and spread to Kaga-Bandoro.  "There were 26 victims. The Seleka [rebels] went door to door ... The village chief was among the victims," said Mokpeme.  The UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA have dispatched troops to the area to restore order.

UN peacekeepers to remain in CAR until late-2017

The United Nations Security Council has approved the extension of its peacekeeping operation in CAR until mid-November 2017. The unanimous decision authorized the mission to maintain the 10,750 military personnel, part of the MINUSCA force, in order to assure a stable transition to peaceful democracy. The UN also stated that it will fully support President Faustin-Archange Touadera in the formation of a government and urged the authorities to work together to strengthen the country's institutions. MINUSCA has been in the country since September, 2014, after the coup against exiled former president François Bozizé.

LRA kidnappings hit six-year high

Reports issued on Wednesday by monitoring groups stated that kidnappings in Central African Republic (CAR) have reached the highest level for six years. The Resolve and Invisible Children, groups that monitor the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) activities, reported that 498 people were abducted by the Ugandan militia between January and June, the majority of them in eastern CAR and northern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The LRA is originally from northern Uganda; however the militant group, headed by Joseph Kony, was ousted from the region nearly 10 years ago. It now operates in the poorly patrolled borders of CAR, DRC and South Sudan.

Ten dead in tribal clashes in eastern CAR

At least 10 people have been killed and around 25 others wounded in armed clashes between rebel factions in Bambari, eastern CAR.  Local police told the AFP that the conflict erupted on Monday between members of the Unit of Central African People (UPC) and former Seleka rebel group militants. Several civilians were also caught in the cross-fire. UPC is one of the country's main armed faction groups, and is mainly composed of Fulani herdsmen. The High Commissioner of the United Nations for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, urged the immediate disarmament of militant factions in the region in order to avoid any further escalations of violence. 

Sixteen killed in ethnical confrontation in Batangafo

Clashes between Fulani herdsmen and former Seleka rebels led to the death of 16 people on Monday. The confrontation erupted on Sunday amid the Fulamni annual transhumance. Local sources said that UN and MINUSCA forces intervened in the confrontation in Batangafo, northern CAR. The incident comes one week after more than 10 people were killed during clashes between the two groups in western CAR.

MSF driver shot dead in CAR

A driver for the Medecins sans Frontiers (MSF) charity has been shot dead in Central African Republic (CAR).  The incident happened on a road between Sibut and Grimari last Friday when unidentified gunmen opened fire on an MSF convoy.  MSF said they are suspending all non-essential activity in the country for three days from Wednesday in protest at the killing.

Scores killed by rebels in Ngaoundaye

Suspected former Seleka rebels and Fulani herdsmen killed at least 10 people and injured several others during an attack in western CAR on Thursday. According to official sources the violence was triggered when Fulani herdsmen were refused passage from Kabo and north of Markounda to cross Ngaoundaye near the Cameroonian border. Despite the deployment of police to the area the attackers managed to launch waves of violent attacks against the local population.  Telephone lines were down and the residents had fled, said the officials.

LRA kidnap 17 in eastern CAR

The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) have kidnapped 17 people from a remote village in eastern Central African Republic (CAR). “Very early (on Tuesday), they attacked Kadjema village and kidnapped 17 people who are still in captivity. I hope that our forces in the area and the Ugandans will find these people and bring them back,” Ghislain Kolengo, prefect of Haut Mbomou told Reuters.  The LRA were originally based in Uganda but now operate across the borders of CAR, DR Congo and South Sudan.

Aid worker shot dead in western CAF

Doctors Without Borders (MSF) announced on Thursday that one of its aid workers was killed during an ambush. The attack happened on Wednesday 80km north of Bossangoa, western Central African Republic (CAF), where a convoy transporting patients and doctors was attacked and robbed by unknown armed men. MSF operates over 17 projects across CAF, all of which have been suspended until the safety of their workers can be guaranteed. 

Deadly clashes hit Bambari

At least 15 people have been killed in deadly clashes in the central town of Bambari.  Local officials said the violence was sparked by the murder of two young Muslims by unknown assailants on 2 March.  The incident comes just days after Faustin-Archange Touadera was elected as the country's new president.

Faustin Touadera wins CAR elections

Faustin Touadera has been elected as the president of the Central African Republic after winning a run-off against rival Ancient Dologuele.  Touadera, a former prime minister, received almost 63 percent of the votes, according to the national election body.  He has vowed to unify the country and said he will prioritise reconciliation and disarmament following the recent period of sectarian violence.  "We have to create the conditions for dialogue between the two communities. We will do everything we can so that Central Africans can live together in Central African Republic."

Violence erupts during constitutional referendum

Heavy gunfire and grenade explosions were reported in the Central African Republic (CAR) on Sunday, preventing people from voting in a constitutional referendum.  UN troops were deployed to the scene in the capital, Bangui, as voters waited near a school.  The referendum comes agead of presidential and legislative elections on 27 December.

Gunfire erupts in Bangui after ex-ruler barred from elections

Sporadic gunfire was heard in CAR's capital, Bangui, on Tuesday evening after former President Francois Bozize was barred from running for election.  The French embassy said there were "barricades and gunfire" in at least eight districts across the city.  The unrest was sparked by the Constitutional Court's decision to include Bozize on a list of rejected candidates ahead of elections at the end of December.  Patrice-Edouard Ngaissona, leader of the "anti-balaka" Christian militia was also on the rejected list.

Killing of Muslim man sparks anger in Bangui

A Muslim man has been killed in CAR's capital, Bangui, a day after Pope Francis visited the country to call of peace and religious tolerance. "Around 11:00, our brother was outside the mosque Ibn Qatab, thugs came out with their guns, they shot him and he died," said Issouf Djibril, the representative of the traders in the PK5 district. Local leaders, including the archbishop of Bangui, have called on residents "to avoid falling back into a cycle of retaliation".

UN peacekeeper killed in Batangafo

A UN peacekeeper has been killed in clashes with Seleka rebels in the town of Batangafo. "Following an outbreak of violence between armed anti-Balaka and ex-Seleka elements at an internally displaced persons camp in Batangafo, ex-Seleka elements confronted MINUSCA troops at a nearby MINUSCA checkpoint," said a statement from spokesman Stephane Dujarric. "During the incident, one peacekeeper went missing and was subsequently found dead." A UN official said the peacekeeper was from Cameroon.

Three dead in Bambari clashes

At least three people have been killed and five others wounded in fighting in the central town of Bambari. "Two people were killed during the fighting in a village 10 kilometres (6 miles) away (from Bambari) and one other died of his injuries," a UN official told Reuters.  The victims were all reportedly members of the Union for Peace in Central Africa (UPC), a faction of the former Seleka rebel group.

Two killed in latest Bangui violence

At least two people have been killed and several others wounded in the latest outbreak of violence in CAR's capital, Bangui. "Several houses were torched and heavy gunfire was heard in the Christian districts besieged by armed Muslims," a security source told the AFP news agency.  UN and French troops also exchanged fire with armed groups in the city on Saturday.  The continuing violence comes as the country's transitional president, Catherine Samba-Panza, announced that the first round of elections and a constitutional referendum would be held in December.

Seven dead in latest Bangui violence

At least seven people have been killed in the latest clashes between the rival Seleka and anti-Balaka militias in Bangui.  The minister of security said four members of the Union for Peace in Central Africa (UPC) - a faction of the Muslim Seleka rebels - had died along with three Christians, who were killed in reprisal attacks in the PK5 district.  Almost 80 people have been killed in a series of attacks since late September.

Rebels clash with UN peacekeepers

United Nations (UN) peacekeepers have clashed with mostly Muslim Seleka rebels near the town of Sibut, 180km north-east of the capital, Bangui.  A government spokesman said the fighting erupted on Saturday when the rebels refused to halt their march towards the capital.  Sporadic gunfire continued to be reported on Sunday.

Burundian peacekeeper killed in CAR

A Burundian soldier from the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) has been killed in an attack north of the capital, Bangui. Another peacekeeper was wounded when their convoy was fired upon by unknown assailants between the towns of Damara and Ngerengou on Tuesday. Meanwhile two Cameroonians were killed and several others wounded when a convoy of trucks carrying food supplies was ambushed near town of Zawa.

Bangui under lockdown after days of violence

Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, is under lockdown following days of sectarian violence which has left 36 people dead and forced nearly 30,000 to flee.  An 18:00 to 06:00 curfew has been enforced in the city and interim President Catherine Samba Panza said elections planned for October had been cancelled.  The UN refugee agency spokesperson Leo Dobbs said on Tuesday: "We fear that the violence we're seeing in Bangui is a return to the dark days of late 2013 and 2014, when thousands were killed and tens of thousands had to flee their homes."

Hundreds escape from Bangui prison amid rising violence

More than 500 inmate have escaped from a prison in Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, amid rising levels of violence in the country.  A senior security source said the Ngaragba jail was completely empty after it was raided by members of the anti-Balaka Christian militia.  At least 42 people have been killed in the recent outbreak of sectarian fighting in the capital, which was sparked by the killing of a Muslim taxi driver on Saturday.

Deadly clashes leave 25 dead in Bangui

At least 25 people have been killed in two days of violence in Central African Republic's capital, Bangui.  The unrest was sparked when a Muslim motorbike taxi driver was killed in the city on Saturday, leading to sectarian clashes between Muslims and Christians.  The government imposed a 12-hour curfew on Sunday in an attempt to end the violence, which is the worst the city has experienced this year.

Two civilians killed in Bangui grenade attacks

Two civilians were killed in the capital, Bangui, on Wednesday by grenades thrown by unknown gunmen.  The United Nations Integrated Multidimension Stabilization Mission in CAR (MINUSCA) said the two blasts occurred in the Petevo and Fatima districts of the city.  In a statement the mission said they "strongly condemns these heinous and cowardly acts that caused the death of two people and injured many others."

Ten killed in sectarian violence

Ten people were killed in the town of Bambari on Sunday in an incident that began when a mainly Christian militia group beheaded a Muslim youth. This led to reprisals from Muslims in the area. Captain Ahmat Nejad, spokesman for the mainly Muslim Seleka faction, said in Bambari on Sunday that two young Muslims leaving the city on Thursday were detained by anti-Balakas, who beheaded one of the men and wounded the other. He said this triggered the anger of young Muslims who have carried out reprisals against Christians. There has been no immediate comment from the government or UN peacekeepers. 

UN Peacekeepers accused of raping 12-year-old, killing teenager and his father

The UN mission in the Central African Republic has launched a probe into allegations its soldiers had raped a 12-year-old girl and shot dead a teenager and his father. The probe was opened following allegations made by Amnesty International, which said the alleged incidents took place on August 2 and 3 as Rwandan and Cameroonian peacekeepers were conducting an operation in the capital, Bangui. The UN mission has said that it was "not aware" of the allegations but was taking the matter "very seriously." 

Local health worker killed near Bossangoa

A 35-year-old health worker, Pkecko Harley, was killed by an unidentified individual during an armed robbery while he was on his way back from Bossangoa to Pama. He had some personal belongings with him, like soap and salt that he had just bought at the market, and a little money. His motorbike developed engine problems on the journey and while seeking help he was attacked, and his motorbike and other possessions were stolen. 

Rwandan Peacekeeper kills four colleagues

A Rwandan soldier serving with the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Central African Republic shot dead for Rwandan peacekeeping colleagues and wounded eight others before killing himself. The incident occurred about 05.45 local time at the Rwandan battalion's headquarters in the capital Bangui. "Investigations have immediately commenced to establish the motive behind this deplorable shooting," spokesman Brigadier General Joseph Nzabamwita said. "We suspect terrorism, without ruling out mental illness as the cause." The statement said the injured soldiers had immediately been transported to a hospital in Bangui for treatment.

Dozens killed in clashes

At least a dozen people have lost their lives after gunmen carried out attacks in the southern Basse-Kotto Prefecture of the Central African Republic (CAR). "On Sunday and Monday, gunmen claiming to be anti-Balaka attacked a herdsmen's camp in the village of Malegbassa in the Zangba commune to steal their cows, killing four people and wounding four others", a police source has said. The attacks were followed on Monday by reprisals by the ex-Seleka rebel group and armed herdsmen against residents of neighbouring Ndoma village, killing at least eight people and wounding several others. Several people were also taken captive in Ndoma, and the death toll could rise further.

UN peacekeeper killed in Bangui clashes

A United Nations peacekeeper has been killed and eight others wounded in clashes with armed assailants in the capital, Bangui.  The soldiers were carrying out an arrest warrant in the PK5 district of the city when they came under fire.  UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned the killing and called for "swift action to bring the perpetrators of this crime to justice".

Government and rebels sign peace deal in Bangui

Central African Republic's government and 10 armed rebel groups have signed a peace deal in the capital, Bangui. "On the path towards peace, the step made today is a very important one," said Babacar Gaye, the top UN official in the country.  The peace accord requires the rebels to disarm and renounce armed fighting as part of the process of Disarmament, Demobilization, Reinsertion and Repatriation (DDRR).

Former presidents sign peace deal in Kenya

Former Central African Republic Presidents Francois Bozize and Michel Djotodia have signed a peace agreement in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi.  The agreement declared support for the deal signed last week between the Muslim former Seleka rebels and the Christian anti-balaka militia, as well as the Brazzaville Agreement of July, 2014.  CAR's transitional government, led by Catherine Samba-Panza, dismissed the Nairobi talks as a "non-event".

Protesters attack UN base in CAR

Hundreds of angry protesters have attacked a United Nation's camp in the Central African Republic.  One person was killed and several others wounded during the incident in the northern town of Kaga-Bandoro on Friday. "Faced with the magnitude of the attack, the UN peacekeepers reacted with warning shots," the mission said in a statement.

CAR government rejects rebel ceasefire deal

Central African Republic's government have rejected a ceasefire deal agreed in Kenya between rival rebel groups. "The government categorically rejects the Nairobi accord because it was not associated with the discussions in any way. It is not a real accord, rather it's a series of grievances from the two armed groups which hold the country hostage," Communications Minister Georges Adrien Poussou told Reuters.

Sports minister kidnapped by gunman in Bangui

Gunmen have kidnapped the minister for youth and sport in CAR's capital, Bangui.  Armel Mingatoloum Sayo was returning from church with his family when gunmen intercepted his vehicle in the 8th arrondissement in the north of the city. "They got out of the taxi, shot in the air and forced the minister out of his car. They fled with him towards Boy Rabe," said Mr Sayo's spokesman, referring to a neighborhood that is a stronghold of the 'anti-Balaka' militia.  A few hours later the education minister, Eloi Anguimate, survived an attempted kidnapping in Kaga Bandoro, around 300km north of the capital.

Aid workers kidnapped in CAR

Two aid workers have been kidnapped in the capital of Central African Republic (CAR), Bangui.  Four gunmen seized a French woman and a local churchman in the city on Monday.  A spokeswoman for the Caritas charity said the kidnappers have demanded the release of General Andilo, a senior anti-Balaka leader, in exchange for the two hostages.

Senior LRA commander surrenders to US forces

A senior commander in the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) has surrendered to US forces in the Central African Republic (CAR).  A US State Department spokesman said "if the individual proves to be (David) Ongwen, his defection would represent a historic blow to the LRA's command structure".  According to the United Nations more than 100,000 people have been kidnapped by the LRA over the last three decades. 

Fresh clashes leave 28 dead in CAR

At least 28 people have been killed in the latest clashes to erupt between Christian and Muslim militias in the Central African Republic (CAR).  The Red Cross said that the fighting started in the central town of Mbres on Tuesday when a member of a Christian militia was killed by a grenade.  Both sides have blamed each other for igniting the violence.

Six killed in Bangui clashes

At least six people have been killed in the latest outbreak of violence to hit the capital, Bangui.  Members of the anti-Balaka militia fought with soldiers from the newly formed UN force MINUSCA on the main road to Bangui airport.  President Catherine Samba Panza said the recent increase in violence in the capital was an attempt to destabilise her administration.

UN peacekeepers attacked in Bangui

A United Nations (UN) police patrol has been attacked at a protest near Bangui airport, leaving six constables wounded.  The incident comes a day after a Pakistani peacekeeper was shot dead during another attack in the capital, the first UN peacekeeper to be killed in the country since the MINUSCA mission took over from the African Union (AU) in September. Earlier on Friday, the UN Security Council condemned Thursday's attack on the convoy "in the strongest terms'' and underlined that attacks targeting peacekeepers "may constitute a war crime''.

Heavy fighting rocks Bangui

Heavy fighting has erupted in the Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, throughout Wednesday night and Thursday morning.  Mortar fire was reported in the KM-5 neighborhood, forcing shops and businesses to close. The fighting was sparked by a grenade attack in the centre of the city that left several civilians wounded.

New UN peacekeeping set up in CAR

The United Nations has taken over a regional peacekeeping mission from the African Union in the Central African Republic (CAR).  The new force, which will be known as Minusca, will include the 6,200 AU troops already in the country along with an additional 1,800 soldiers from Pakistan and Bangladesh. "Our mission can be summed up in a triptych: to protect the population, back the political process and contribute to the restoration of the authority of the state," said Minusca chief Gen Babacar Gaye of Senegal. 

Rebel gunmen kill 34 in CAR attacks

Authorities in the Central African Republic have said that 34 people have been killed in attacks by rebels in the last week.  The mayor of Mbres told the Reuters news agency that Seleka fighters and rebel Fulani herdsmen had executed civilians in the town, shooting some at point blank range and hanging several others.

Seleka rebels reject new Muslim PM

The Seleka rebel group has rejected the appointment of the Central African Republic's (CAR) first Muslim prime minister.  On Sunday Mahamat Kamoun was appointed by President Catherine Samba-Panza as part of an effort to create a more inclusive government; however, a spokesman for the rebel group said Mr Kamoun was not a Seleka member.

Seleka rebel leader rejects ceasefire

The leader of the Seleka rebel group in Central African Republic (CAR) has rejected the ceasefire deal signed on Thursday.  Joseph Zoundeiko told the BBC that his forces would ignore the agreement, which he claimed was agreed without input from his military wing.  Fresh clashes have been reported in the country, with heavy fighting reported in the remote town of Bambari.

Rival factions sign ceasefire deal in CAR

Leaders from the majority-Muslim Seleka have signed a ceasefire agreement with the Christian anti-Balaka.  The deal, which was signed in Brazzaville in the neighbouring Republic of Congo, aims to bring an end to months of sectarian violence which has displaced almost a quarter of the population.

Anti-Balaka militia target Muslims in Bambari attacks

At least 18 people have been killed after a Christian "anti-Balaka" militia attacked a Muslim village near the southern city of Bambari.  Local residents said that the militia raided the village of Ardo-Djobi early on Monday morning and that the bodies of the victims had been mutilated and burnt.

Dozens killed in latest CAR clashes

At least 21 people have been killed in the latest series ethnic clashes to hit the country.  Local witnesses said the fighting took place between a Muslim Seleka group and Christian fighters in the town of Bambari and nearby village of Liwa.

Authorities ban SMS messages in CAR

Authorities in Central African Republic (CAR) has suspended the country's mobile text messaging service (SMS) because they say it poses a security threat. The ministry of telecommunications said "the use of any SMS by all mobile phone subscribers is suspended from Monday June 2, 2014, until further notice".  The move comes after a series of deadly clashes and protests in the capital, Bangui.

Two killed after peacekeepers clash with protesters

At least two people have been killed after protesters clashed with peace keepers in the capital, Bangui.  Burundian troops returned fire after a crowd attacked their base, according to a spokesman for the African Union (AU).  The protesters were demanding that Burundi withdraws all of its troops from the country, accusing them of favouring Muslims.

Seleka rebels carry out deadly attack in Bangui

At least 15 people have been killed in an attack by suspected Seleka rebels on a church in the Central African Republic (CAR).  Local witnesses said gunmen threw grenades into the Notre-Dame de Fatima church in the capital, Bangui, before shooting indiscriminately.

French journalist killed in CAR

A French photojournalist has been killed in the Central African Republic (CAR), according to a statement from the office of President Francois Hollande.  French troops found the body of Camille Lepage, 26, in a car driven by an anti-Balaka group in the western Bouar region.  "Everything will be done to uncover the circumstances of this assassination and to track down who murdered our compatriot."

Chad closes border with CAR

Chad has closed its border with Central African Republic (CAR) due to the ongoing fighting in the country.  President Idriss Deby said "from today our border with this country is tightly sealed", adding that the 1,000km stretch would remain open to Chadian citizens wishing to return home.

Dozens dead in days of fighting

Around 75 people have been killed in several days of fighting between rival Muslim and Christian militias in the Central African Republic (CAR).  The heaviest clashes have been reported in the town of Mala, around 300km north of the capital Bangui, forcing hundreds of civilians to flee.

EU peacekeepers takes control of Bangui airport

European Union (EU) peacekeeping troops have taken control of security at the Central African Republic's (CAR) main airport in the capital, Bangui.  The move is intended to allow French troops, who previously controlled the airport, to be deployed elsewhere in the country.  Four people were killed in the capital during overnight clashes, including one Muslim man who was decapitated.

Rebels kill 22 in Nanga Boguila attack

At least 22 people, including three members from the Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) charity, have been killed in an attack by suspected Seleka rebels on the town of Nanga Boguila in the Central African Republic (CAR). The MSF mission head has removed key staff members from the area, while adding "we are also examining whether it is feasible to continue operations in other areas."  

Rival militias in deadly clashes

At least 30 people have been killed and 10 others wounded after rival Christian and Muslim militias clashed in the Central African Republic (CAR).  Police said many of the victims were civilians hit by stray bullets during the fighting in the town of Dekoa.  A local priest told the Associated Press (AP) that the clashes began when Christian anti-Balaka militias attacked Muslim Seleka rebels.  The renewed unrest comes as the UN Security Council approved the creation of a 10,000 strong UN peacekeeping force in the country.

Chadian troops to withdraw from AU force in CAR

Chad is withdrawing all of its troops from the African Union (AU) peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic (CAR) over accusations that they have been assisting Muslim rebels.  In a statement Chad's foreign ministry said "despite the sacrifices we have made, Chad and Chadians have been targeted in a gratuitous and malicious campaign that blamed them for all the suffering in CAR".  However, a UN inquiry said today that Chadian soldiers killed 30 civilians in an unprovoked attack at a market in Bangui last weekend.

Chadian troops shoot dead 24 civilians in Bangui

At least 24 people were killed and more than 100 others wounded when Chadian troops opened fire on residents in largely Christian areas of the capital, Bangui.  The shootings took place as the troops, who were not part of the African Union (AU) peacekeeping force, were escorting a convoy of Muslims back to neighbouring Chad.

Muslims flee CAR as ethnic violence continues

Thousands of Muslims are fleeing the Central African Republic to neighbouring Chad and Cameroon as ethnic violence continues to threaten the company.  The charity Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) have said that the fighting in the country "has reached intolerable and unprecedented levels".  On Friday a convoy of some 500 vehicles carrying mostly Muslim civilians left the capital, Bangui, guarded by heavily armed Chadian forces.

Soldiers beat man to death in Bangui

Soldiers in the Central African Republic have lynched a man they accused of being a member of the Seleka rebel group.  The victim was stabbed and beaten to death before the soldiers dragged his corpse through the streets of the capital, Bangui, and set fire to his body.  The brutal killing happened just after the interim president, Catherine Samba-Panza, gave a speech praising the army's professionalism.

Red Cross says 35 killed in Bangui

The Red Cross has said that at least 35 people have been killed in three days of fighting in the capital, Bangui.  More than 60 people were also wounded in the violence, with reports of Christian and Muslim mobs carrying out revenge attacks across the city.  Meanwhile a group of Muslim Seleka rebels have seized the town of Sibut, around 180km north of Bangui.

Rebel leaders flee Bangui after mob attacks

Senior members of the mostly Muslim Seleka rebel group have fled the Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, following on outbreak of mob violence which left at least eight people dead.  A spokesman from the Red Cross told Reuters that one of the victims died of gunshot wounds, while the others were killed with "primitive weapons".

Former minister killed by mob in Bangui

A former minister has been hacked to death by a suspected Christian mob in central Bangui, just a day after interim President Catherine Samba-Panza took office.  Joseph Kalite, who was a Muslim, was getting out of a taxi when he was he was attacked by a anti-balaka group armed with sticks and machetes.  At least nine other people died in attacks in the mostly Muslim neighborhood of Miskine on Friday.

CAR elects Bangui mayor as interim president

Catherine Samba-Panza, the mayor of Bangui, has been appointed as the interim president of the Central African Republic.  Ms Samba-Panza, who is the first woman to hold the post, beat her rival Desire Kolingba during the second round of voting.  The appointment comes as the European Union agreed to send up to 1,000 troops to help stabilise the country.

Violence continues in CAR ahead of interim leader vote

A suspected Christian mob killed two Muslim men on Sunday before dragging their bodies through the streets and setting them on fire.  The killing coincided with a report from the Red Cross which said it had buried around 50 bodies after fighting erupted in the north-west of the country.  The interim parliament has shortlisted eight candidates to run for president, including the sons of two former leaders.

Interim leader claims anarchy is over

The interim leader of the Central African Republic claims that the violence between rival Christian and Muslim militias has ended.  In a speech Alexandre-Ferdinand Nguendet said that the "party is over" as thousands of people return to their homes in the capital, Bangui, which has been the site of much of the fighting in recent months.

CAR's President Djotodia resigns from office

Michel Djotodia has resigned as president of the Central African Republic, along with his prime minister, Nicolas Tiangaye.  The announcement was made at a regional peace summit in neighbouring Chad, and comes amid ongoing fighting between Christian and Muslim militias which has left more than 1,000 people dead in the country.  Thousands of civilians have taken to the streets of the capital, Bangui, to celebrate the news.

Two days of fighting kills dozens in CAR

More than 50 people have been killed since Tuesday as fighting continues in the Central African Republic.  Six Chadian peacekeepers died when they were attacked by a Christian militia in the capital, Bangui, on Wednesday.  The Red Cross said its workers had recovered 44 bodies in the city, although they were unable to access several areas due to heavy clashes. 

French soldiers killed in Bangui

Two French soldiers have been killed during overnight fighting in the capital, Bangui. In a statement France's President Francois Hollande, who is due to visit CAR on his way back from South Africa, said the troops had "lost their lives to save many others".

Death toll from ethnic clashes reaches 400

The Red Cross have said that at least 400 people have now died in three days of ethnic clashes around the capital, Bangui. Rival Muslim and Christian militias were reportedly going to door-to-door across the city and executing suspected rival fighters.  President Michel Djotodia, who seized power in March as head of the Seleka rebel group, told Al Jazeera that he does not have complete control over the country.

French troops clash with gunmen near Bangui airport

French soldiers have clashed with unidentified gunmen near the M'Poko International Airport in the capital, Bangui.  Hundreds of additional French troops were deployed to the country within hours of a UN vote on Thursday, with President Hollande saying "I have decided to act immediately, in other words, this evening".  Around 100 people were killed in sectarian clashes around the city on Thursday.

Heavy fighting reported in Bangui

Heavy fighting has been reported in Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic (CAR), leaving at least 16 people dead and dozens more wounded.  Heavy fighting erupted in the north of Bangui in the early hours of Thursday morning when supporters of the ousted President Francois Bozize, who was ousted in March, launched an attack on the Muslim rebels who now control the city.  The fighting comes hours before a UN Security Council vote over whether to send additional French peacekeeping troops to the country.

Twelve killed in militia attacks

According to the United Nations at least 12 people have been killed and 30 others wounded in the latest violence to hit the Central African Republic.  The head of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Bangui said that a Christian militia attacked a group of Muslim villagers near Boali, 95km north of the capital.

France sends 1,000 troops to CAR

France plan to send an additional 1,000 peacekeeping troops to the Central African Republic (CAR) as violence in the country escalates.  The UN deputy secretary-general has also urged the Security Council to strengthen the African Union-led force as the country is descending into "complete chaos".

LRA leader Kony in talks with CAR

The Central African Republic (CAR) government have announced that talks have begun with Joseph Kony, leader of the Ugandan rebel group the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA).  A spokesman for CAR's interim president, Michel Djotodia, confirmed that Mr Kony is currently in the country and wants his safety to be guaranteed before he surrenders.

MSF report on rising violence in CAR

The medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) have reported that tens of thousands of people have been forced to flee rising levels of violence in the country.  Erna Rijinierse, a surgeon for MSF, said "we are horrified by what we are seeing, including burnt villages and appalling scenes of murder".  The security situation has rapidly deteriorated in CAR since the Seleka rebels alliance seized power in March.

Sixty killed in sectarian clashes

At least 60 people have been killed in clashes between local militias and former rebels in the Central African Republic (CAR).  Local reports suggest that a militia group, known as the "anti-balaka", attacked a group of Seleka rebels before targeting Muslim residents in the remote village of Garga.  The rebels then retaliated by going door to door in the village to search for Christian men.

President Djotodia dissolves Seleka rebel group

President Michael Djotodia has issued a decree ordering that the Seleka Coalition, the rebel group that helped him sweep into power in March, be immediately dissolved.  In a statement broadcast on Friday afternoon Mr Djotodia said "any individual or group of individuals who act in the name of Seleka after the publication of the present decree... will incur the full sanctions under the law".

CAR military chief sacked after clashes

President Michel Djotodia has announced that the country's army chief, Jean-Pierre Dolle-Waya, has been sacked following recent clashes which left 100 people dead.  Forces loyal to former President Francois Bozize, who was ousted from power in March, have seized at least one town since fighting erupted last week.  The UN has warned that the country is on the brink of collapse and could become a failed state.

Dozens killed in CAR clashes

At least 60 people have been killed in two days of fighting between government forces and those loyal to ousted leader Francois Bozize.  A president spokesman said that the pro-Bozize forces attacked villages to the north-west of the capital Bangui, destroying bridges and other infrastructure.  It is the first operations by supporters of the former president since he was forced from office in March by a coalition of Seleka rebels.

Thousands of civilians flee to Bangui airport

Around 5,000 civilians have fled to Central African Republic's (CAR) main airport in Bangui following a series of deadly raids by Seleka rebels.  At least 10 people were killed when rebel gunmen opened fire in the Boeing neighbourhood of the city. 

Serious measles outbreak reported in CAR

Central African Republic's Health Minister has announced that a severe measles outbreak is affecting the entire country.  Aguid Sounouk blamed the lack of health infrastructure in the country for the spread of the disease, a situation which has deteriorated since rebels seized power in March.

Dozen killed in Seleka rebel attacks

At least 12 people have been killed in attacks by Seleka rebels in and around the town of Bouca.  According to local witnesses the rebels have attacked numerous villages in the Ouham prefecture over the last few days.

Seleka rebels kill 25 in village attacks

At least 25 people have been killed in an attack by suspected members of the Seleka rebel alliance near the city of Bossangoa.  A Red Cross worker said the fighters targeted residents in the village of Poulissi, including women and children, before attacking other villages in the area.

Seleka rebels clash with Bangui residents

At least 17 people have been killed in clashes between Seleka rebels and local residents in the capital Bangui.  The fighting is the most serious in the country since former President Francois Bozize was ousted from power last month.

Rebel leader announces post-coup government

The self-proclaimed president of the Central African Republic (CAR) has announced a new caretaker government, in which he holds several positions.  Aside from being the president, Michel Djotodia also becomes the country's defence minister.  The rebel leader, who seized power in bloody coup last month, said he will run the country until elections in 2016.

African leaders refuse to recognise rebel leader as president

Several African heads of state are refusing to recognise rebel leader Michel Djotodia as the president of the Central African Republic (CAR).  Speaking at a regional summit Chadian President Idriss Deby said "as things stand now, it is impossible to recognise a self-proclaimed president".

Central African Republic Data Sheet

Population:
4,4 million
Major Religion/s:
Christianity, Islam
International dialing code:
+236
International dialing prefix:
19
Emergency services:
Police 611253, Medical 610600, Fire 118
Drives:
Right
Voltage:
220V
Climate:
Tropical
Ohter Major Cities:
Bimbo, Berberati, Carnot
Borders:
Chad, Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, South Sudan

Mobile networks:

http://abangui.com/