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Country profile for Central African Republic

Provided Courtesy of Security Exchange 24

Risk Rating

Red (High Risk)
Red (High Risk) InTouch advice:

Most parts of the country are dangerous.

Do not travel unless absolutely necessary.

Unselected
Amber (Moderate Risk) InTouch advice:

Some parts of the country are dangerous.

Travel with caution.

Unselected
Green (Low Risk) InTouch advice:

Most parts of the country are safe.

Travel freely.

General Information

  • Capital: Bangui
  • Major Languages: Sango, French
  • Currency: Central African CFA Franc
  • Timezone: GMT +1:00

Country Map

Map of Central African Republic

The Central African Republic (CAR) is currently experiencing a period of extreme violence and insecurity. In December, 2012 a group of rebel forces calling themselves the “Seleka Coalition” began seizing major towns throughout the country. Following a temporary ceasefire the rebels mounted a coup against the government and in March, 2013 President François Bozizé fled the country. The coalition, comprised of the UFDR, CPJP and smaller CPSK group, claimed that Mr Bozizé had reneged on a 2007 peace accord which had promised the release of political prisoners and payments for former rebels.  Following the coup the leader of the Seleka Coalition, Michel Djotodia, declared himself president and he was sworn in on 18 August, 2013; however, this did nothing to end the conflict in the country. Sectarian clashes between Christian (anti-Balaka) and Muslim (ex-Seleka) militias escalated towards the end of 2013, leaving thousands of people dead across the country and almost one million displaced. In January, 2014 Mr Djotodia resigned at a regional peace summit in Chad and Catherine Samba-Panza, the former mayor of Bangui, was elected as the interim president to replace him. 

Although the security situation improved under Ms Samba-Panza there were still regular outbreaks of violence, including attacks on the UN peacekeeping force (MINUSCA), which was established in September, 2014 and is set to remain in the country at least until late-2017. In February, 2016 the social democrat Faustin Touadera was elected president with 63 percent of the vote. Touadera, a member of the same party that endorsed Bozizé, has said that he will focus his attention on reconciliation and disarmament following the recent period of sectarian violence.  Sectarian clashes continue to be reported across the country and both the government and the MINUSCA forces have limited control in large swathes of the country. 

Crime levels in the country, which were already high, have increased amid the ongoing violence.  Looting in the major cities is common and weapons are widely available. Petty crimes, such as pick-pocketing or bag-snatching, are common in the crowded KM-5 on the outskirts of the city. In the north and west of the country bandits, known as “zaraguinas”, are known to carry out armed robberies and kidnappings. Two aid workers and the country’s sports minister were kidnapped by suspected anti-Balaka groups in two separate attacks in Bangui in January, 2015.  In May, 2016 an aid worker from Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) was killed during an ambush near the northern town of Bossangoa. False roadblocks are also common in rural parts of the country, notably along the border with neighbouring Chad. Corruption is also a significant problem and government officials have been known to demand bribes from foreign nationals in the past.

The Ugandan rebel group, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), continue to operate around the south-eastern borders with South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. In June, 2013 the group attacked two villages in the central region of Haute-Kotto, killing at least 16 people. Although the group are reportedly weaker than in previous years, they continue to pose a danger in remote areas of CAR.  In June, 2016 LRA militants kidnapped 17 people in the village of Kadjema, near the border with South Sudan. Incidents of civil unrest occur frequently in the country, often related to the high levels of poverty and ongoing political uncertainty. Anti-Seleka protests have been reported in numerous areas of Bangui in recent months, including the Boieng district, which is a stronghold of ex-president Bozizé. Visitors are advised to avoid all large scale public gatherings and to monitor the local media for developments.


News articles

By IFJ

René Padou

According to media sources in the Central African Republic (CAR), the two journalists were attacked and critically shot and stabbed by armed youths on 29 April.

View all articles for Central African Republic

Alerts for Central African Republic

MINUSCA peacekeeper killed in Bangui

A Senegalese peacekeeper from the UN Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) has been killed in Central African Republic's capital, Bangui.  Unknown gunmen carried out the attack on Wednesday night.  In a statement, MINUSCA condemned the "vile and unjustifiable act" and said an investigation has been launched to identify the assailants.

MINUSCA targets rebels near Bambari

The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) confronted a group of rebels near the town of Bambari on Sunday.  "Some 40 elements of the coalition led by the Popular Front for the Renaissance of the Central African Republic (FPRC), heavily armed with [AK47 ] rifles and rocket launchers, were located on Sunday morning a few kilometres north of the city of Bambari, "  the mission said in a statement.  MINUSCA carried out airstrikes against the rebel fighters, although casualty figures are not yet known.

Four UN peacekeepers wounded in CAR

Four UN peacekeepers have been wounded in an ambush by gunmen in Ouaka prefecture.  UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) said troops were targeted by men FPRC’s (Front Populaire pour la Renaissance de Centrafrique) coalition near Ippy on Tuesday.  The assailants fled the scene following the ambush.  Earlier two FPRC members were killed during a shooting outside a camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ippy.  According to reports gunmen in a crowd opened fire on MINUSCA troops, who returned fire.

Four militants killed by UN helicopter in Bambari

Four suspected militants have been killed by a UN chopper in Bambari, southern Central African Republic (CAR). The attack was carried out on Sunday when members of the Popular Front for the Renaissance of CAR (FPRC) advanced to a forbidden zone. FPRC is a majorly Muslim rebellion group formerly known as Seleka. The group is known for targeting ethnic Fulani population in the area amid conflicts which have already led to thousands of casualties.

Shooting erupts over arrest of militia leader

At least one person died in a shooting following the arrest of a prominent militia leader in Bangui.  Youssouf Sy was intercepted during a joint operation by the security forces and the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) in the PK5 district on Tuesday. Sy's supporters tried to prevent the arrest and opened fire on the troops.  Two churches were also set on fire by gunmen and a local pastor was killed.

UN raises concern over security in Ouham-Pande province

The UN has issued safety concerns as violence in Central African Republic (CAR) has escalated amid clashes between two armed groups in the eastern Ouham-Pande province. Reports state that several civilians and aid-workers were either killed or injured in Bocaranga as thousands fled to local forests seeking shelters. Millions of people have already been affected by the conflict between the Muslim Seleka rebel coalition and the mostly Christian anti-Balaka militia that broke out in 2013.

Moroccan peacekeepers killed in CAR

Two Moroccan peacekeepers have been killed and two others wounded in an attack in the Central African Republic (CAR).  The troops were escorting fuel trucks near the town of Bria when they were ambushed by unknown assailants.  "No claim can justify individuals directing their grievances against peacekeepers whose presence on CAR soil is only aimed at helping the country emerge from the cycle of violence," MINUSCA mission head Parfait Onanga-Anyanga said in a statement.

Sixteen dead in two days of fighting

At least 16 people have been killed in two days of fighting in Central African Republic (CAR), according to the UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA.  The fighting took place in the town of Bira between two armed groups - the Popular Front for the Renaissance of Central African Republic the Union for Central African People. "The clashes ... kicked off on Monday morning and caused several victims. According to the figures that we have at our disposal there were at least 16 confirmed dead and thousands of displaced people," MINUSCA spokesman Vladimir Monteiro told Reuters.  Both sides were part of the mainly Muslim Seleka coalition, who were involved in the overthrow of President Francois Bozize in 2013.

Dozens killed in CAR clashes

At least 25 people have been killed in two days of violence in the Central African Republic. Clashes between anti-Balaka and ex-Seleka militias left 15 people dead and dozens more wounded in the town of Bambari, while 10 people died in an ambush on the Bambari-Grimari road.  Violence has also been increasing around the northern town of Kaga Bandero, with the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA) saying that more than 20,000 people have been forced to flee to a UN base.  Earlier in October 40 people, including three school teachers, were killed in an attack on Kaga Bandero.

Anti-UN protests turn deadly in Bangui

Four people have been killed and 14 others wounded during anti-UN protests in Central African Republic's capital, Bangui.  Eyewitnesses said UN peacekeepers fired live rounds on demonstrators when they tried to force their way into a UN compound, although the MINUSCA mission said only tear gas was used.  "MINUSCA believes that Monday's events constitute a new attempt by enemies of peace to disturb the return to constitutional normality," the mission said in a statement.  The fatalities were confirmed by the CAR Red Cross chief, Antoine Mbao-Bogo.

UN peacekeepers clash with protesters in Bangui

UN peacekeepers have exchanged fire with armed men in Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, while hundreds of people protested against the mission.  The angry crowds claimed the UN's 12,000 troops had failed to do their job properly and were responsible for perpetuating the violence. MINUSCA had a clear mandate to stamp out militia groups "but wherever the UN forces go there is violence," said civil society coalition's coordinator Gervais Lakosso.  Many shops and businesses remained shut on Monday as people heeded the call not to go to work.

Twenty-three killed in clashes with Muslim Seleka militia in Saga-Bandoro

On 13 October, fighters from the predominately Muslim Seleka militia attacked refugees in the town of Kaga-Bandoro, stabbing 13 people to death and wounding several more. Hundreds of panicked villagers fled to a nearby UN base. UN troops then opened fire on the militants in order to protect the civilian population, killing at least ten Seleka militants. 

Suspected Moneypox in the country

On 13 October, the World Health Organisation (WHO) reported that suspected cases of moneypox have been recorded in the Hautte-Kotto health district. A hunter fell ill on 17 August and died in his village without specimens being collected for testing. Between 4 September and 7 October, 26 cases have been admitted to the Ira Banda health centre, and three of these have been laboratory confirmed for moneypox. Epidemiological investigations are currently underway to evaluate the magnitude of the outbreak. The WHO has not recommended any restrictions on travel or trade to the Central African Republic at this point in time. 

Head of Armed Forces killed in Bangui

On 4 October, Marcel Mombeka, the head of the armed forces in the Central African Republic (CAR), was shot dead near a police station in a predominantly Muslim area of the PK5 district in Bangui. He was reportedly travelling with his 14-year-old son at the time when attackers shot him twice in his car. Mombeka's son was shot and wounded in the attack and is being treated at a local hospital.

Disturbances reported inside PK5 district of Bangui

The US Embassy has received reports of disturbances inside the PK5 district of Bangui. The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) has restricted the movement of civilian employees to the area and the US Embassy has advised employees and US citizens to avoid the district. 

Armed groups ordered to vacate schools by United Nations

On 29 September, armed groups in the Central African Republic (CAR) were ordered to leave any and all schools that they are occupying or face forceful eviction by United Nations (UN) troops. The UN says that 10,000 children have been unable to resume their education this year because militiamen have set up base in their schools. A third of all schools in the country have been shot at, set on fire, looted or occupied by armed groups. The UN mission in the country, known as Minusca, stated that all armed groups should not come within 500m of schools and warned them not to hinder educational activities, as schools have no political affiliation and are not part of the conflict. 

Deadly clashes erupt between rival armed groups

At least 26 people have been killed in clashes between rival armed groups in the Central African Republic (CAR).  Presidential spokesman Albert Mokpeme said the fighting took place in the central village of Ndomete and spread to Kaga-Bandoro.  "There were 26 victims. The Seleka [rebels] went door to door ... The village chief was among the victims," said Mokpeme.  The UN peacekeeping mission MINUSCA have dispatched troops to the area to restore order.

UN peacekeepers to remain in CAR until late-2017

The United Nations Security Council has approved the extension of its peacekeeping operation in CAR until mid-November 2017. The unanimous decision authorized the mission to maintain the 10,750 military personnel, part of the MINUSCA force, in order to assure a stable transition to peaceful democracy. The UN also stated that it will fully support President Faustin-Archange Touadera in the formation of a government and urged the authorities to work together to strengthen the country's institutions. MINUSCA has been in the country since September, 2014, after the coup against exiled former president François Bozizé.

LRA kidnappings hit six-year high

Reports issued on Wednesday by monitoring groups stated that kidnappings in Central African Republic (CAR) have reached the highest level for six years. The Resolve and Invisible Children, groups that monitor the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) activities, reported that 498 people were abducted by the Ugandan militia between January and June, the majority of them in eastern CAR and northern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The LRA is originally from northern Uganda; however the militant group, headed by Joseph Kony, was ousted from the region nearly 10 years ago. It now operates in the poorly patrolled borders of CAR, DRC and South Sudan.

Ten dead in tribal clashes in eastern CAR

At least 10 people have been killed and around 25 others wounded in armed clashes between rebel factions in Bambari, eastern CAR.  Local police told the AFP that the conflict erupted on Monday between members of the Unit of Central African People (UPC) and former Seleka rebel group militants. Several civilians were also caught in the cross-fire. UPC is one of the country's main armed faction groups, and is mainly composed of Fulani herdsmen. The High Commissioner of the United Nations for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, urged the immediate disarmament of militant factions in the region in order to avoid any further escalations of violence. 

Sixteen killed in ethnical confrontation in Batangafo

Clashes between Fulani herdsmen and former Seleka rebels led to the death of 16 people on Monday. The confrontation erupted on Sunday amid the Fulamni annual transhumance. Local sources said that UN and MINUSCA forces intervened in the confrontation in Batangafo, northern CAR. The incident comes one week after more than 10 people were killed during clashes between the two groups in western CAR.

MSF driver shot dead in CAR

A driver for the Medecins sans Frontiers (MSF) charity has been shot dead in Central African Republic (CAR).  The incident happened on a road between Sibut and Grimari last Friday when unidentified gunmen opened fire on an MSF convoy.  MSF said they are suspending all non-essential activity in the country for three days from Wednesday in protest at the killing.

Scores killed by rebels in Ngaoundaye

Suspected former Seleka rebels and Fulani herdsmen killed at least 10 people and injured several others during an attack in western CAR on Thursday. According to official sources the violence was triggered when Fulani herdsmen were refused passage from Kabo and north of Markounda to cross Ngaoundaye near the Cameroonian border. Despite the deployment of police to the area the attackers managed to launch waves of violent attacks against the local population.  Telephone lines were down and the residents had fled, said the officials.

LRA kidnap 17 in eastern CAR

The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) have kidnapped 17 people from a remote village in eastern Central African Republic (CAR). “Very early (on Tuesday), they attacked Kadjema village and kidnapped 17 people who are still in captivity. I hope that our forces in the area and the Ugandans will find these people and bring them back,” Ghislain Kolengo, prefect of Haut Mbomou told Reuters.  The LRA were originally based in Uganda but now operate across the borders of CAR, DR Congo and South Sudan.

Aid worker shot dead in western CAF

Doctors Without Borders (MSF) announced on Thursday that one of its aid workers was killed during an ambush. The attack happened on Wednesday 80km north of Bossangoa, western Central African Republic (CAF), where a convoy transporting patients and doctors was attacked and robbed by unknown armed men. MSF operates over 17 projects across CAF, all of which have been suspended until the safety of their workers can be guaranteed. 

Deadly clashes hit Bambari

At least 15 people have been killed in deadly clashes in the central town of Bambari.  Local officials said the violence was sparked by the murder of two young Muslims by unknown assailants on 2 March.  The incident comes just days after Faustin-Archange Touadera was elected as the country's new president.

Faustin Touadera wins CAR elections

Faustin Touadera has been elected as the president of the Central African Republic after winning a run-off against rival Ancient Dologuele.  Touadera, a former prime minister, received almost 63 percent of the votes, according to the national election body.  He has vowed to unify the country and said he will prioritise reconciliation and disarmament following the recent period of sectarian violence.  "We have to create the conditions for dialogue between the two communities. We will do everything we can so that Central Africans can live together in Central African Republic."

Violence erupts during constitutional referendum

Heavy gunfire and grenade explosions were reported in the Central African Republic (CAR) on Sunday, preventing people from voting in a constitutional referendum.  UN troops were deployed to the scene in the capital, Bangui, as voters waited near a school.  The referendum comes agead of presidential and legislative elections on 27 December.

Gunfire erupts in Bangui after ex-ruler barred from elections

Sporadic gunfire was heard in CAR's capital, Bangui, on Tuesday evening after former President Francois Bozize was barred from running for election.  The French embassy said there were "barricades and gunfire" in at least eight districts across the city.  The unrest was sparked by the Constitutional Court's decision to include Bozize on a list of rejected candidates ahead of elections at the end of December.  Patrice-Edouard Ngaissona, leader of the "anti-balaka" Christian militia was also on the rejected list.

Killing of Muslim man sparks anger in Bangui

A Muslim man has been killed in CAR's capital, Bangui, a day after Pope Francis visited the country to call of peace and religious tolerance. "Around 11:00, our brother was outside the mosque Ibn Qatab, thugs came out with their guns, they shot him and he died," said Issouf Djibril, the representative of the traders in the PK5 district. Local leaders, including the archbishop of Bangui, have called on residents "to avoid falling back into a cycle of retaliation".

UN peacekeeper killed in Batangafo

A UN peacekeeper has been killed in clashes with Seleka rebels in the town of Batangafo. "Following an outbreak of violence between armed anti-Balaka and ex-Seleka elements at an internally displaced persons camp in Batangafo, ex-Seleka elements confronted MINUSCA troops at a nearby MINUSCA checkpoint," said a statement from spokesman Stephane Dujarric. "During the incident, one peacekeeper went missing and was subsequently found dead." A UN official said the peacekeeper was from Cameroon.

Three dead in Bambari clashes

At least three people have been killed and five others wounded in fighting in the central town of Bambari. "Two people were killed during the fighting in a village 10 kilometres (6 miles) away (from Bambari) and one other died of his injuries," a UN official told Reuters.  The victims were all reportedly members of the Union for Peace in Central Africa (UPC), a faction of the former Seleka rebel group.

Two killed in latest Bangui violence

At least two people have been killed and several others wounded in the latest outbreak of violence in CAR's capital, Bangui. "Several houses were torched and heavy gunfire was heard in the Christian districts besieged by armed Muslims," a security source told the AFP news agency.  UN and French troops also exchanged fire with armed groups in the city on Saturday.  The continuing violence comes as the country's transitional president, Catherine Samba-Panza, announced that the first round of elections and a constitutional referendum would be held in December.

Seven dead in latest Bangui violence

At least seven people have been killed in the latest clashes between the rival Seleka and anti-Balaka militias in Bangui.  The minister of security said four members of the Union for Peace in Central Africa (UPC) - a faction of the Muslim Seleka rebels - had died along with three Christians, who were killed in reprisal attacks in the PK5 district.  Almost 80 people have been killed in a series of attacks since late September.

Rebels clash with UN peacekeepers

United Nations (UN) peacekeepers have clashed with mostly Muslim Seleka rebels near the town of Sibut, 180km north-east of the capital, Bangui.  A government spokesman said the fighting erupted on Saturday when the rebels refused to halt their march towards the capital.  Sporadic gunfire continued to be reported on Sunday.

Burundian peacekeeper killed in CAR

A Burundian soldier from the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) has been killed in an attack north of the capital, Bangui. Another peacekeeper was wounded when their convoy was fired upon by unknown assailants between the towns of Damara and Ngerengou on Tuesday. Meanwhile two Cameroonians were killed and several others wounded when a convoy of trucks carrying food supplies was ambushed near town of Zawa.

Bangui under lockdown after days of violence

Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, is under lockdown following days of sectarian violence which has left 36 people dead and forced nearly 30,000 to flee.  An 18:00 to 06:00 curfew has been enforced in the city and interim President Catherine Samba Panza said elections planned for October had been cancelled.  The UN refugee agency spokesperson Leo Dobbs said on Tuesday: "We fear that the violence we're seeing in Bangui is a return to the dark days of late 2013 and 2014, when thousands were killed and tens of thousands had to flee their homes."

Hundreds escape from Bangui prison amid rising violence

More than 500 inmate have escaped from a prison in Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, amid rising levels of violence in the country.  A senior security source said the Ngaragba jail was completely empty after it was raided by members of the anti-Balaka Christian militia.  At least 42 people have been killed in the recent outbreak of sectarian fighting in the capital, which was sparked by the killing of a Muslim taxi driver on Saturday.

Deadly clashes leave 25 dead in Bangui

At least 25 people have been killed in two days of violence in Central African Republic's capital, Bangui.  The unrest was sparked when a Muslim motorbike taxi driver was killed in the city on Saturday, leading to sectarian clashes between Muslims and Christians.  The government imposed a 12-hour curfew on Sunday in an attempt to end the violence, which is the worst the city has experienced this year.

Two civilians killed in Bangui grenade attacks

Two civilians were killed in the capital, Bangui, on Wednesday by grenades thrown by unknown gunmen.  The United Nations Integrated Multidimension Stabilization Mission in CAR (MINUSCA) said the two blasts occurred in the Petevo and Fatima districts of the city.  In a statement the mission said they "strongly condemns these heinous and cowardly acts that caused the death of two people and injured many others."

Ten killed in sectarian violence

Ten people were killed in the town of Bambari on Sunday in an incident that began when a mainly Christian militia group beheaded a Muslim youth. This led to reprisals from Muslims in the area. Captain Ahmat Nejad, spokesman for the mainly Muslim Seleka faction, said in Bambari on Sunday that two young Muslims leaving the city on Thursday were detained by anti-Balakas, who beheaded one of the men and wounded the other. He said this triggered the anger of young Muslims who have carried out reprisals against Christians. There has been no immediate comment from the government or UN peacekeepers. 

UN Peacekeepers accused of raping 12-year-old, killing teenager and his father

The UN mission in the Central African Republic has launched a probe into allegations its soldiers had raped a 12-year-old girl and shot dead a teenager and his father. The probe was opened following allegations made by Amnesty International, which said the alleged incidents took place on August 2 and 3 as Rwandan and Cameroonian peacekeepers were conducting an operation in the capital, Bangui. The UN mission has said that it was "not aware" of the allegations but was taking the matter "very seriously." 

Local health worker killed near Bossangoa

A 35-year-old health worker, Pkecko Harley, was killed by an unidentified individual during an armed robbery while he was on his way back from Bossangoa to Pama. He had some personal belongings with him, like soap and salt that he had just bought at the market, and a little money. His motorbike developed engine problems on the journey and while seeking help he was attacked, and his motorbike and other possessions were stolen. 

Rwandan Peacekeeper kills four colleagues

A Rwandan soldier serving with the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Central African Republic shot dead for Rwandan peacekeeping colleagues and wounded eight others before killing himself. The incident occurred about 05.45 local time at the Rwandan battalion's headquarters in the capital Bangui. "Investigations have immediately commenced to establish the motive behind this deplorable shooting," spokesman Brigadier General Joseph Nzabamwita said. "We suspect terrorism, without ruling out mental illness as the cause." The statement said the injured soldiers had immediately been transported to a hospital in Bangui for treatment.

Dozens killed in clashes

At least a dozen people have lost their lives after gunmen carried out attacks in the southern Basse-Kotto Prefecture of the Central African Republic (CAR). "On Sunday and Monday, gunmen claiming to be anti-Balaka attacked a herdsmen's camp in the village of Malegbassa in the Zangba commune to steal their cows, killing four people and wounding four others", a police source has said. The attacks were followed on Monday by reprisals by the ex-Seleka rebel group and armed herdsmen against residents of neighbouring Ndoma village, killing at least eight people and wounding several others. Several people were also taken captive in Ndoma, and the death toll could rise further.

UN peacekeeper killed in Bangui clashes

A United Nations peacekeeper has been killed and eight others wounded in clashes with armed assailants in the capital, Bangui.  The soldiers were carrying out an arrest warrant in the PK5 district of the city when they came under fire.  UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned the killing and called for "swift action to bring the perpetrators of this crime to justice".

Government and rebels sign peace deal in Bangui

Central African Republic's government and 10 armed rebel groups have signed a peace deal in the capital, Bangui. "On the path towards peace, the step made today is a very important one," said Babacar Gaye, the top UN official in the country.  The peace accord requires the rebels to disarm and renounce armed fighting as part of the process of Disarmament, Demobilization, Reinsertion and Repatriation (DDRR).

Former presidents sign peace deal in Kenya

Former Central African Republic Presidents Francois Bozize and Michel Djotodia have signed a peace agreement in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi.  The agreement declared support for the deal signed last week between the Muslim former Seleka rebels and the Christian anti-balaka militia, as well as the Brazzaville Agreement of July, 2014.  CAR's transitional government, led by Catherine Samba-Panza, dismissed the Nairobi talks as a "non-event".

Protesters attack UN base in CAR

Hundreds of angry protesters have attacked a United Nation's camp in the Central African Republic.  One person was killed and several others wounded during the incident in the northern town of Kaga-Bandoro on Friday. "Faced with the magnitude of the attack, the UN peacekeepers reacted with warning shots," the mission said in a statement.

CAR government rejects rebel ceasefire deal

Central African Republic's government have rejected a ceasefire deal agreed in Kenya between rival rebel groups. "The government categorically rejects the Nairobi accord because it was not associated with the discussions in any way. It is not a real accord, rather it's a series of grievances from the two armed groups which hold the country hostage," Communications Minister Georges Adrien Poussou told Reuters.

Sports minister kidnapped by gunman in Bangui

Gunmen have kidnapped the minister for youth and sport in CAR's capital, Bangui.  Armel Mingatoloum Sayo was returning from church with his family when gunmen intercepted his vehicle in the 8th arrondissement in the north of the city. "They got out of the taxi, shot in the air and forced the minister out of his car. They fled with him towards Boy Rabe," said Mr Sayo's spokesman, referring to a neighborhood that is a stronghold of the 'anti-Balaka' militia.  A few hours later the education minister, Eloi Anguimate, survived an attempted kidnapping in Kaga Bandoro, around 300km north of the capital.

Aid workers kidnapped in CAR

Two aid workers have been kidnapped in the capital of Central African Republic (CAR), Bangui.  Four gunmen seized a French woman and a local churchman in the city on Monday.  A spokeswoman for the Caritas charity said the kidnappers have demanded the release of General Andilo, a senior anti-Balaka leader, in exchange for the two hostages.

Senior LRA commander surrenders to US forces

A senior commander in the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) has surrendered to US forces in the Central African Republic (CAR).  A US State Department spokesman said "if the individual proves to be (David) Ongwen, his defection would represent a historic blow to the LRA's command structure".  According to the United Nations more than 100,000 people have been kidnapped by the LRA over the last three decades. 

Fresh clashes leave 28 dead in CAR

At least 28 people have been killed in the latest clashes to erupt between Christian and Muslim militias in the Central African Republic (CAR).  The Red Cross said that the fighting started in the central town of Mbres on Tuesday when a member of a Christian militia was killed by a grenade.  Both sides have blamed each other for igniting the violence.

Six killed in Bangui clashes

At least six people have been killed in the latest outbreak of violence to hit the capital, Bangui.  Members of the anti-Balaka militia fought with soldiers from the newly formed UN force MINUSCA on the main road to Bangui airport.  President Catherine Samba Panza said the recent increase in violence in the capital was an attempt to destabilise her administration.

UN peacekeepers attacked in Bangui

A United Nations (UN) police patrol has been attacked at a protest near Bangui airport, leaving six constables wounded.  The incident comes a day after a Pakistani peacekeeper was shot dead during another attack in the capital, the first UN peacekeeper to be killed in the country since the MINUSCA mission took over from the African Union (AU) in September. Earlier on Friday, the UN Security Council condemned Thursday's attack on the convoy "in the strongest terms'' and underlined that attacks targeting peacekeepers "may constitute a war crime''.

Heavy fighting rocks Bangui

Heavy fighting has erupted in the Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, throughout Wednesday night and Thursday morning.  Mortar fire was reported in the KM-5 neighborhood, forcing shops and businesses to close. The fighting was sparked by a grenade attack in the centre of the city that left several civilians wounded.

New UN peacekeeping set up in CAR

The United Nations has taken over a regional peacekeeping mission from the African Union in the Central African Republic (CAR).  The new force, which will be known as Minusca, will include the 6,200 AU troops already in the country along with an additional 1,800 soldiers from Pakistan and Bangladesh. "Our mission can be summed up in a triptych: to protect the population, back the political process and contribute to the restoration of the authority of the state," said Minusca chief Gen Babacar Gaye of Senegal. 

Rebel gunmen kill 34 in CAR attacks

Authorities in the Central African Republic have said that 34 people have been killed in attacks by rebels in the last week.  The mayor of Mbres told the Reuters news agency that Seleka fighters and rebel Fulani herdsmen had executed civilians in the town, shooting some at point blank range and hanging several others.

Seleka rebels reject new Muslim PM

The Seleka rebel group has rejected the appointment of the Central African Republic's (CAR) first Muslim prime minister.  On Sunday Mahamat Kamoun was appointed by President Catherine Samba-Panza as part of an effort to create a more inclusive government; however, a spokesman for the rebel group said Mr Kamoun was not a Seleka member.

Seleka rebel leader rejects ceasefire

The leader of the Seleka rebel group in Central African Republic (CAR) has rejected the ceasefire deal signed on Thursday.  Joseph Zoundeiko told the BBC that his forces would ignore the agreement, which he claimed was agreed without input from his military wing.  Fresh clashes have been reported in the country, with heavy fighting reported in the remote town of Bambari.

Rival factions sign ceasefire deal in CAR

Leaders from the majority-Muslim Seleka have signed a ceasefire agreement with the Christian anti-Balaka.  The deal, which was signed in Brazzaville in the neighbouring Republic of Congo, aims to bring an end to months of sectarian violence which has displaced almost a quarter of the population.

Anti-Balaka militia target Muslims in Bambari attacks

At least 18 people have been killed after a Christian "anti-Balaka" militia attacked a Muslim village near the southern city of Bambari.  Local residents said that the militia raided the village of Ardo-Djobi early on Monday morning and that the bodies of the victims had been mutilated and burnt.

Dozens killed in latest CAR clashes

At least 21 people have been killed in the latest series ethnic clashes to hit the country.  Local witnesses said the fighting took place between a Muslim Seleka group and Christian fighters in the town of Bambari and nearby village of Liwa.

Authorities ban SMS messages in CAR

Authorities in Central African Republic (CAR) has suspended the country's mobile text messaging service (SMS) because they say it poses a security threat. The ministry of telecommunications said "the use of any SMS by all mobile phone subscribers is suspended from Monday June 2, 2014, until further notice".  The move comes after a series of deadly clashes and protests in the capital, Bangui.

Two killed after peacekeepers clash with protesters

At least two people have been killed after protesters clashed with peace keepers in the capital, Bangui.  Burundian troops returned fire after a crowd attacked their base, according to a spokesman for the African Union (AU).  The protesters were demanding that Burundi withdraws all of its troops from the country, accusing them of favouring Muslims.

Seleka rebels carry out deadly attack in Bangui

At least 15 people have been killed in an attack by suspected Seleka rebels on a church in the Central African Republic (CAR).  Local witnesses said gunmen threw grenades into the Notre-Dame de Fatima church in the capital, Bangui, before shooting indiscriminately.

French journalist killed in CAR

A French photojournalist has been killed in the Central African Republic (CAR), according to a statement from the office of President Francois Hollande.  French troops found the body of Camille Lepage, 26, in a car driven by an anti-Balaka group in the western Bouar region.  "Everything will be done to uncover the circumstances of this assassination and to track down who murdered our compatriot."

Chad closes border with CAR

Chad has closed its border with Central African Republic (CAR) due to the ongoing fighting in the country.  President Idriss Deby said "from today our border with this country is tightly sealed", adding that the 1,000km stretch would remain open to Chadian citizens wishing to return home.

Dozens dead in days of fighting

Around 75 people have been killed in several days of fighting between rival Muslim and Christian militias in the Central African Republic (CAR).  The heaviest clashes have been reported in the town of Mala, around 300km north of the capital Bangui, forcing hundreds of civilians to flee.

EU peacekeepers takes control of Bangui airport

European Union (EU) peacekeeping troops have taken control of security at the Central African Republic's (CAR) main airport in the capital, Bangui.  The move is intended to allow French troops, who previously controlled the airport, to be deployed elsewhere in the country.  Four people were killed in the capital during overnight clashes, including one Muslim man who was decapitated.

Rebels kill 22 in Nanga Boguila attack

At least 22 people, including three members from the Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) charity, have been killed in an attack by suspected Seleka rebels on the town of Nanga Boguila in the Central African Republic (CAR). The MSF mission head has removed key staff members from the area, while adding "we are also examining whether it is feasible to continue operations in other areas."  

Rival militias in deadly clashes

At least 30 people have been killed and 10 others wounded after rival Christian and Muslim militias clashed in the Central African Republic (CAR).  Police said many of the victims were civilians hit by stray bullets during the fighting in the town of Dekoa.  A local priest told the Associated Press (AP) that the clashes began when Christian anti-Balaka militias attacked Muslim Seleka rebels.  The renewed unrest comes as the UN Security Council approved the creation of a 10,000 strong UN peacekeeping force in the country.

Chadian troops to withdraw from AU force in CAR

Chad is withdrawing all of its troops from the African Union (AU) peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic (CAR) over accusations that they have been assisting Muslim rebels.  In a statement Chad's foreign ministry said "despite the sacrifices we have made, Chad and Chadians have been targeted in a gratuitous and malicious campaign that blamed them for all the suffering in CAR".  However, a UN inquiry said today that Chadian soldiers killed 30 civilians in an unprovoked attack at a market in Bangui last weekend.

Chadian troops shoot dead 24 civilians in Bangui

At least 24 people were killed and more than 100 others wounded when Chadian troops opened fire on residents in largely Christian areas of the capital, Bangui.  The shootings took place as the troops, who were not part of the African Union (AU) peacekeeping force, were escorting a convoy of Muslims back to neighbouring Chad.

Muslims flee CAR as ethnic violence continues

Thousands of Muslims are fleeing the Central African Republic to neighbouring Chad and Cameroon as ethnic violence continues to threaten the company.  The charity Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) have said that the fighting in the country "has reached intolerable and unprecedented levels".  On Friday a convoy of some 500 vehicles carrying mostly Muslim civilians left the capital, Bangui, guarded by heavily armed Chadian forces.

Soldiers beat man to death in Bangui

Soldiers in the Central African Republic have lynched a man they accused of being a member of the Seleka rebel group.  The victim was stabbed and beaten to death before the soldiers dragged his corpse through the streets of the capital, Bangui, and set fire to his body.  The brutal killing happened just after the interim president, Catherine Samba-Panza, gave a speech praising the army's professionalism.

Red Cross says 35 killed in Bangui

The Red Cross has said that at least 35 people have been killed in three days of fighting in the capital, Bangui.  More than 60 people were also wounded in the violence, with reports of Christian and Muslim mobs carrying out revenge attacks across the city.  Meanwhile a group of Muslim Seleka rebels have seized the town of Sibut, around 180km north of Bangui.

Rebel leaders flee Bangui after mob attacks

Senior members of the mostly Muslim Seleka rebel group have fled the Central African Republic's capital, Bangui, following on outbreak of mob violence which left at least eight people dead.  A spokesman from the Red Cross told Reuters that one of the victims died of gunshot wounds, while the others were killed with "primitive weapons".

Former minister killed by mob in Bangui

A former minister has been hacked to death by a suspected Christian mob in central Bangui, just a day after interim President Catherine Samba-Panza took office.  Joseph Kalite, who was a Muslim, was getting out of a taxi when he was he was attacked by a anti-balaka group armed with sticks and machetes.  At least nine other people died in attacks in the mostly Muslim neighborhood of Miskine on Friday.

CAR elects Bangui mayor as interim president

Catherine Samba-Panza, the mayor of Bangui, has been appointed as the interim president of the Central African Republic.  Ms Samba-Panza, who is the first woman to hold the post, beat her rival Desire Kolingba during the second round of voting.  The appointment comes as the European Union agreed to send up to 1,000 troops to help stabilise the country.

Violence continues in CAR ahead of interim leader vote

A suspected Christian mob killed two Muslim men on Sunday before dragging their bodies through the streets and setting them on fire.  The killing coincided with a report from the Red Cross which said it had buried around 50 bodies after fighting erupted in the north-west of the country.  The interim parliament has shortlisted eight candidates to run for president, including the sons of two former leaders.

Interim leader claims anarchy is over

The interim leader of the Central African Republic claims that the violence between rival Christian and Muslim militias has ended.  In a speech Alexandre-Ferdinand Nguendet said that the "party is over" as thousands of people return to their homes in the capital, Bangui, which has been the site of much of the fighting in recent months.

CAR's President Djotodia resigns from office

Michel Djotodia has resigned as president of the Central African Republic, along with his prime minister, Nicolas Tiangaye.  The announcement was made at a regional peace summit in neighbouring Chad, and comes amid ongoing fighting between Christian and Muslim militias which has left more than 1,000 people dead in the country.  Thousands of civilians have taken to the streets of the capital, Bangui, to celebrate the news.

Two days of fighting kills dozens in CAR

More than 50 people have been killed since Tuesday as fighting continues in the Central African Republic.  Six Chadian peacekeepers died when they were attacked by a Christian militia in the capital, Bangui, on Wednesday.  The Red Cross said its workers had recovered 44 bodies in the city, although they were unable to access several areas due to heavy clashes. 

French soldiers killed in Bangui

Two French soldiers have been killed during overnight fighting in the capital, Bangui. In a statement France's President Francois Hollande, who is due to visit CAR on his way back from South Africa, said the troops had "lost their lives to save many others".

Death toll from ethnic clashes reaches 400

The Red Cross have said that at least 400 people have now died in three days of ethnic clashes around the capital, Bangui. Rival Muslim and Christian militias were reportedly going to door-to-door across the city and executing suspected rival fighters.  President Michel Djotodia, who seized power in March as head of the Seleka rebel group, told Al Jazeera that he does not have complete control over the country.

French troops clash with gunmen near Bangui airport

French soldiers have clashed with unidentified gunmen near the M'Poko International Airport in the capital, Bangui.  Hundreds of additional French troops were deployed to the country within hours of a UN vote on Thursday, with President Hollande saying "I have decided to act immediately, in other words, this evening".  Around 100 people were killed in sectarian clashes around the city on Thursday.

Heavy fighting reported in Bangui

Heavy fighting has been reported in Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic (CAR), leaving at least 16 people dead and dozens more wounded.  Heavy fighting erupted in the north of Bangui in the early hours of Thursday morning when supporters of the ousted President Francois Bozize, who was ousted in March, launched an attack on the Muslim rebels who now control the city.  The fighting comes hours before a UN Security Council vote over whether to send additional French peacekeeping troops to the country.

Twelve killed in militia attacks

According to the United Nations at least 12 people have been killed and 30 others wounded in the latest violence to hit the Central African Republic.  The head of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Bangui said that a Christian militia attacked a group of Muslim villagers near Boali, 95km north of the capital.

France sends 1,000 troops to CAR

France plan to send an additional 1,000 peacekeeping troops to the Central African Republic (CAR) as violence in the country escalates.  The UN deputy secretary-general has also urged the Security Council to strengthen the African Union-led force as the country is descending into "complete chaos".

LRA leader Kony in talks with CAR

The Central African Republic (CAR) government have announced that talks have begun with Joseph Kony, leader of the Ugandan rebel group the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA).  A spokesman for CAR's interim president, Michel Djotodia, confirmed that Mr Kony is currently in the country and wants his safety to be guaranteed before he surrenders.

MSF report on rising violence in CAR

The medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) have reported that tens of thousands of people have been forced to flee rising levels of violence in the country.  Erna Rijinierse, a surgeon for MSF, said "we are horrified by what we are seeing, including burnt villages and appalling scenes of murder".  The security situation has rapidly deteriorated in CAR since the Seleka rebels alliance seized power in March.

Sixty killed in sectarian clashes

At least 60 people have been killed in clashes between local militias and former rebels in the Central African Republic (CAR).  Local reports suggest that a militia group, known as the "anti-balaka", attacked a group of Seleka rebels before targeting Muslim residents in the remote village of Garga.  The rebels then retaliated by going door to door in the village to search for Christian men.

President Djotodia dissolves Seleka rebel group

President Michael Djotodia has issued a decree ordering that the Seleka Coalition, the rebel group that helped him sweep into power in March, be immediately dissolved.  In a statement broadcast on Friday afternoon Mr Djotodia said "any individual or group of individuals who act in the name of Seleka after the publication of the present decree... will incur the full sanctions under the law".

CAR military chief sacked after clashes

President Michel Djotodia has announced that the country's army chief, Jean-Pierre Dolle-Waya, has been sacked following recent clashes which left 100 people dead.  Forces loyal to former President Francois Bozize, who was ousted from power in March, have seized at least one town since fighting erupted last week.  The UN has warned that the country is on the brink of collapse and could become a failed state.

Dozens killed in CAR clashes

At least 60 people have been killed in two days of fighting between government forces and those loyal to ousted leader Francois Bozize.  A president spokesman said that the pro-Bozize forces attacked villages to the north-west of the capital Bangui, destroying bridges and other infrastructure.  It is the first operations by supporters of the former president since he was forced from office in March by a coalition of Seleka rebels.

Thousands of civilians flee to Bangui airport

Around 5,000 civilians have fled to Central African Republic's (CAR) main airport in Bangui following a series of deadly raids by Seleka rebels.  At least 10 people were killed when rebel gunmen opened fire in the Boeing neighbourhood of the city. 

Serious measles outbreak reported in CAR

Central African Republic's Health Minister has announced that a severe measles outbreak is affecting the entire country.  Aguid Sounouk blamed the lack of health infrastructure in the country for the spread of the disease, a situation which has deteriorated since rebels seized power in March.

Dozen killed in Seleka rebel attacks

At least 12 people have been killed in attacks by Seleka rebels in and around the town of Bouca.  According to local witnesses the rebels have attacked numerous villages in the Ouham prefecture over the last few days.

Seleka rebels kill 25 in village attacks

At least 25 people have been killed in an attack by suspected members of the Seleka rebel alliance near the city of Bossangoa.  A Red Cross worker said the fighters targeted residents in the village of Poulissi, including women and children, before attacking other villages in the area.

Military police clash with Seleka rebels

At least four people have been killed during fighting between military police and Seleka rebels in the Central African Republic (CAR).  The heaviest clashes took place in the town of Bimbo, while fighting was also reported in the town of Bouca located 290km north of the capital.

Seleka rebels clash with Bangui residents

At least 17 people have been killed in clashes between Seleka rebels and local residents in the capital Bangui.  The fighting is the most serious in the country since former President Francois Bozize was ousted from power last month.

Rebel leader announces post-coup government

The self-proclaimed president of the Central African Republic (CAR) has announced a new caretaker government, in which he holds several positions.  Aside from being the president, Michel Djotodia also becomes the country's defence minister.  The rebel leader, who seized power in bloody coup last month, said he will run the country until elections in 2016.

African leaders refuse to recognise rebel leader as president

Several African heads of state are refusing to recognise rebel leader Michel Djotodia as the president of the Central African Republic (CAR).  Speaking at a regional summit Chadian President Idriss Deby said "as things stand now, it is impossible to recognise a self-proclaimed president".

Central African Republic Data Sheet

Population:
4,4 million
Major Religion/s:
Christianity, Islam
International dialing code:
+236
International dialing prefix:
19
Emergency services:
Police 611253, Medical 610600, Fire 118
Drives:
Right
Voltage:
220V
Climate:
Tropical
Ohter Major Cities:
Bimbo, Berberati, Carnot
Borders:
Chad, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Cameroon, South Sudan

Mobile networks:

http://abangui.com/