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Country profile for Sudan

Provided Courtesy of Security Exchange 24

Risk Rating

Red (High Risk)
Red (High Risk) InTouch advice:

Most parts of the country are dangerous.

Do not travel unless absolutely necessary.

Amber (Moderate Risk) InTouch advice:

Some parts of the country are dangerous.

Travel with caution.

Green (Low Risk) InTouch advice:

Most parts of the country are safe.

Travel freely.

General Information

  • Capital: Khartoum
  • Major Languages: Arabic, English
  • Currency: Sudanese Pound
  • Timezone: GMT +3:00

Country Map

Map of Sudan

Sudan remains an extremely high-risk destination due to the threats from kidnap, conflict and political unrest. President Omar al-Bashir came to power in a military coup in 1989 and has since led an authoritarian government with little regard for human rights, most notably in Darfur in western Sudan. An estimated 500,000 civilians have been killed in the region since war erupted back in 2003 between the government and rebels from the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). President al-Bashar has been accused of committing genocide against Darfur’s non-Arab population by the International Criminal Court (ICC) and millions of people continue to live in refugee camps. Sporadic fighting continues to be reported in region, often between rival tribal groups, while a number of UN peacekeepers have been killed. Several NGO workers have also been kidnapped in the region, with some victims held for more than 100 days. All non-essential travel to Darfur should be avoided.

As part of a peace agreement between the central government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) an independence referendum was held in southern Sudan in January, 2011. Around 99 percent of people voted for independence and South Sudan split from the north on 9 July, 2011. The two countries are in dispute over border demarcations in the Blue Nile, South Kordofan and Abyei provinces, and heavy fighting was reported in the aftermath of the separation. In spite of an agreement in 2013 that resulted in both Sudan’s and South Sudan’s militaries withdrawing 10km back from the disputed border area, the separatist Sudan’s People’s Liberation Movement- North (SPLM-N) remain active in this area and the risk of renewed fighting remains high. In January, 2015 six Bulgarian nationals working for the UN World Food Programme were briefly kidnapped by suspected SPLM-N rebels in South Kordofan.

Anti-government protests, like all political dissent in Sudan, is often met with a brutal response from security forces. In March, 2014 a student died when police fired tear gas during a protest at Khartoum University and in September, 2013 at least 24 people died during a protest against the government’s decision to end fuel subsidies in the capital. President al-Bashir has also issued a decree banning political parties from holding meetings with the approval of authorities. State corruption is also extremely high in Sudan and foreign nationals need to apply for permits to travel outside of Khartoum. Several aid workers have been detained by Sudanese authorities in recent years, with the government accusing them of working as spies and engaging in “suspicious activities”.  Journalists are often held without charge and newspapers are often targeted by state authorities, which occurred in May, 2015 when the publishing licenses of 14 papers were revoked as part of a media crackdown.

Levels of crime in Sudan vary between urban are rural areas. Banditry, armed robbery and car-jacking are serious risks in remote areas of the country. In Khartoum crime is rarely reported; however there have been several high-profile attacks against non-Sudanese nationals. In September, 2014 a Spanish embassy official was found dead in the Garden City area of the capital, while earlier in the year a Russian diplomat and his wife were stabbed in the city by a man from the Central African Republic (CAR).

Alerts for Sudan

Kidnapped Swiss aid worker freed in Darfur

An aid worker kidnapped in the Darfur region of Sudan has been freed by security forces. The victim, whose identity was not released, was abducted last month. "Agents of Sudan's National Intelligence and Security Services carried out an overnight operation and freed the Swiss aid worker from near Kutum" in North Darfur state, its deputy governor Mohamed Barima told AFP.

Swiss aid worker kidnapped in Darfur

A Swiss aid worker has been kidnapped in the Darfur region of Sudan, according to the Swiss foreign ministry. "Local representation is in contact with Sudanese authorities. Efforts to clarify the situation are in progress. Switzerland is calling for a rapid and unconditional release of the abducted person," it said in a statement. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the abduction.

Several killed during protest against presidential visit in South Darfur

At least nine people have been killed and 30 others have been injured after violent clashes broke out in South Darfur. Violence erupted when security forces clashed with internally displaced persons (IDPs) at Kalma camp, where IDPs engaged in a protest against the visit of President Omar Al Bashir. Reports suggest that the security forces blocked access to the nearby villages of Bielel and Nyala, where several protesters were detained. The hybrid African Union/United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) has raised concerns about the situation and called all parts to peacefully restore calm. Clashes happened while the Sudanese government and the UNAMID met in New York to further discuss UN-led operations in the region.

Sudan closes border to stop smuggling

Sudan has closed its borders with South Sudan, Chad and Libya in an attempt to stop smuggling. "During the past period, around 60,000 four-wheel-drive vehicles have been smuggled into Sudan from Libya, Chad and South Sudan, where some of those smuggled cars were used in crimes such as murdering, smuggling, money laundering and drugs," said Vice President Hassabo Mohamed Abdul-Rahman. The move follows earlier initiative to collect arms in the troubled Darfur region, which were announced by President Omar al-Bashir last year. No details were released in relation to how long the ban will be in force.

Cholera deaths rise in Darfur

At least 11 people have been killed and more than 50 others infected in an outbreak of cholera in Darfur. Liba, Jasu, Rakona and Duo have reported the most number of cases, while there have also been confirmed deaths in Kass in South Darfur. "There is a large shortage of intravenous solutions. We hope organisations working in the medical field and the Ministry of Health to provide us with medicines," said Yagoub Abdallah Furi, the coordinator of a refugee camp in Nyala state.

Eight killed in border attack

At least eight people have been killed in an attack along the border between Sudan and South Sudan. The UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) said the assailants managed to escape the scene following the attack, which occurred on the Todach to Goli road. "UNISFA troops have conducted search operations, as well as an investigation of the incident, but the perpetrators have proved elusive so far," it said in a statement.

Ten killed in Darfur clashes

Ten people have been killed and 14 others wounded in tribal clashes in Darfur.  Fighting between members of the Ma'alia and Rizeigat tribes - who have a history of conflict over land and grazing rights - was reported 40km south-east of El-Daien in East Darfur over the weekend. "The mission is verifying the exact number of casualties on both sides, while engaging with state authorities and community leaders to de-escalate the situation," said the UN and African Union mission, UNAMID.

Two police officers killed in Central Darfur

Two police officers were killed in an attack by unknown gunmen in Central Darfur on Saturday. The assailants opened fire on an ambulance coming from the state capital, Zalingei, killing the two officers. Troops stationed at Waringa pursued the gunmen and managed to retrieve the stolen ambulance.

UNAMID soldier killed in Nyala, South Darfur

A Nigerian soldier part of the UN-African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) has been shot dead in a carjacking attempt in South Darfur. The incident happened on Wednesday when members of an unidentified group attacked the soldier in Nyala. The UNAMID remains in Darfur since 2007. The mission mandate was extended last year until 30 June - the mandate is usually renewed yearly.

Darfur rebels head to Khartoum ahead peace talks

Dissident Darfurian rebels of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) headed to Sudan's capital Khartoum to engage in peace talks with the government. The meeting was sponsored by Chadian President Idriss Deby and Sudanese President Oman al-Bashir. Among the returnees is JEM's Abu Bakr Hamid Nur and other high-level officials. In 2010, a fragile ceasefire between the government and JEM was signed in Doha, Qatar, followed by consecutive violations.

French national kidnapped in Chad rescued in Darfur

A French national kidnapped in March in eastern Chad has been rescued during a joint operation in Darfur, western Sudan. Thierry Frezier was an employee to a mining company operating in the Chadian capital N'Djamena. He was kidnapped in Abeche and later taken cross-border to Sudan. The raid was coordinated by French, Sudanese and Chadian authorities. The Sudanese Foreign Ministry told Reuters that no ransom was paid. 

Three killed at Darfur protest

Three people have been killed and nine others wounded in a shooting during a protest at a camp in West Darfur.  "The problems started when the Commissioner of El Geneina decided to remove the Rokorko Market from the camp to the El Shaabi Market, one kilometre from the camp," a camp elder told Radio Dabanga.  Police officers reportedly opened fire to disperse the protesters, killing two women and a child.

Tribal clashes leave 36 dead in North Kordofan

At least 36 people have been killed and 13 others wounded in tribal clashes in Sudan's North Kordofan state.  According to reports, gunmen from Kababish tribe targeted miners from the Hamar tribe near Umm Badr.  Clashes between the two tribal groups have been ongoing since Sunday, with reports of 50 fatalities on each side.

Seven officers shot in militant clashes in Asalaya, East Darfur

A police officer was gunned down and six others were injured during clashes with militants in East Darfur, western Sudan. Locals told Sudan Tribune that Saturday's clash erupted near Asalaya moments after a police operation in the area.

Czech aid worker sentenced to 23 years in prison

Czech aid worker, Petr Jasek, has been sentenced by a Khartoum court to 23-and-a-half years in prison for alleged crimes of espionage. He is also set to pay $100,000 (US$15,000) in fines over working illegally through an NGO. Jasek was arrested in December 2015 while attempting to leave the country over claims that he was financing a local rebel group through an alleged donation to a bed-sick student. Jasek was arrested with two other Sudanese nationals, who had their charges dropped in early-January. The EU and the Czech government are aware of the verdict and are following the case closely. 

Several wounded in tribal clashes in South Kordofan

Nearly a dozen people have been wounded in clashes between pastoralists in South Kordofan, southern Sudan. Witnesses have told Radio Tamazuj that a confrontation broke out on Tuesday 18 January, at Al Romal village due to an alleged fight over water sources. 

Eight dead in cholera outbreak

Eight people have died in a suspected cholera outbreak in Sudan.  The independent Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors said 342 confirmed cases have been recorded in Khartoum, Gazeera and Red Sea states.  In a report, the ministry said “such cases must be handled with utmost seriousness to ensure the safety of patients and curtail the spread of the epidemic”.

Government extends ceasefire for six months

The Sudanese government has extended a ceasefire in the war-torn regions of Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan.  "The cabinet headed by President Omar al-Bashir decided to extend the ceasefire by six months," Sudan's official news agency reported.  Last week US President Barack Obama signed an executive order to ease economic sanctions on Sudan, which have been in place since 1997.

Seven killed in Western Darfur clashes

Seven people have been killed and 11 others wounded in clashes in Western Darfur.  Gunbattles were reported in the town of El Geneina over claims of cattle theft.  State Governor Fadl al-Mula al-Haga said one person had been arrested on cattle rustling charges.  Last December, six people were killed in the Forbrenaga area, while 20 others were killed in Mara, east of Jebel Moon, in November 2016.

Civilians killed at IDP camp in Darfur

At least 11 civilians have been killed at a camp for Internally Displaced People (IDP) in Darfur.  Gunmen dressed in military uniforms opened fire at the camp in the Jabal Marra area on Sunday.  "Gunmen in military uniforms appeared suddenly in their four-wheel-drives, shooting with guns and machine guns screwed on to their vehicles," said local resident Faisal Ashaq.  Dozens of people were also wounded in the attack.

President Bashir vows crackdown against protesters

Sudan's president, Omar al-Bashir, has vowed to crack down on anti-government protesters in the country.  “In the past few days we have heard some people, who are hiding behind their keyboards, calling for the overthrow of the regime,” Bashir told supporters gathered in the eastern town of Kasala.  “We want to tell them that if you want to overthrow the regime, then face us directly on the streets. I challenge you to come out onto the streets," he warned.  The statement comes days after the opposition called for two-day national strikes, starting on 19 December.

Sixteen civilians detained on espionage charges, Blue Nile

At least 16 civilians have been detained for espionage by Sudan's Military Intelligence in the Samsur area of Blau in the Blue Nile state. The suspects have been accused of spying on behalf of the Sudan People's Liberation Army-North (SPLA-IO) - which has been resisting the Khartoum government in Blue Kordofan and South Kordofan states in recent years. Reports have surfaced claiming the suspects have been unlawfully detained and wrongly accused. No official statement has been released by Sudan's military.

Riot police fire tear gas at protesters

Riot police in Sudan have fired tear gas at a group of around 300 Sudanese protesters in Omdurman, near the capital, Khartoum.  The demonstrators were angry at the government's decision to cut fuel subsidies in the country.  In the capital, a group of 150 lawyers held an anti-government rally outside the high court.  Earlier this week members of the powerful National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) seized print runs of four newspapers for covering the opposition's call for protests.

Security officials confiscate copies of four newspapers

Sudanese security officials seized the print-runs of four daily newspapers on Tuesday, according to staff at the affected outlets.  Newspapers from the Al-Tayar, Aljareeda, Al Ayam and Al-Youm Al-tali were all confiscated, although no official reason has been issued.  "The likely reason is the newspaper's coverage of the calls for civil disobedience," Al-Tayar's editor-in-chief, Osman Mirghani, told Reuters.  On Sunday the authorities closed a TV station after the opposition called for three days of civil disobedience.

UN workers kidnapped in Darfur

Three UN workers have been kidnapped in the Darfur region of Sudan.  "A group of armed men kidnapped yesterday three UNHCR workers, two Nepalese and a Sudanese, from Geneina," Abdelah Mustafa, spokesman for the state government of West Darfur told AFP.  No group has claimed responsibility for the attack.

Opposition leaders arrested in Sudan

Four Sudanese opposition leaders were arrested by security forces in Khartoum on Wednesday.  The country's opposition coalition - National Consensus Forces (NCF) - said Mohammed Dia al-Din,  Manzar Abu al-Maali, Tareq Abdel Mageed and Siddig Youssef were all arrested as part of a crackdown against anti-government protesters.  “In an anticipated move from the regime, the NISS has arrested four members from the general commission of the NCF,”the opposition told the Sudan Tribune.

Terminal to close at Khartoum International Airport

The international departures terminal at Khartoum International Airport will close from 1 December for two weeks. The closure has been announced as part of a renovation project to improve the departure terminal facilities. International departures will operate from the Hajj and Umrah terminal at the south end of the airport during the two week closure. Arrivals and domestic flights will not be affected. Passengers should arrive at least 3 hours prior to take-off.

Police clash with protesters in Khartoum

Sudanese police clashed with dozens of female protesters during a rally in the capital, Khartoum, on Sunday.  The demonstration was organised in response to the government's decision to increase fuel and electricity prices in an attempt to halt rising inflation.  One of the women told the Sudan Tribune that police beat them during the rally on Africa Street, close to the airport.  Smaller rallies were also held in Atbara, Wad Madani and Nyala.

Rebel groups extend cessation of hostilities

Three Sudanese rebel groups have announced a six-month extension to a unilateral cessation of hostilities in southern and western Sudan.  Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N), the Sudan Liberation Movement-Minni Minnawi (SLM-MM), and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) released the news in a statement to the Sudan Tribune.  "The Cessation of Hostilities in South Kordofan, Blue Nile States and Darfur region shall enter into force at 11:59pm (SLT) on October 31, 2016 and will extend for six (6) months to 11:59pm (SLT) on April 30, 2017," said the statement.

Twenty new recorded cases of Cholera in Blue Nile State

On 12 October, a medical official confirmed that there have been at least 20 new cholera cases recorded in Damazin and Roseires in Blue Nile State. On 9 October, one woman died of the disease, with Roseires Hospital received 13 new suspected cases. 

President Al-Bashir extends ceasefire to end of 2016

On 10 October, Sudanese president Al-Bashir announced that he will extend the unilateral ceasefire currently in place until the end of 2016. Fighting in the country has paused during a rainy season that has prevented any major military action or manoeuvre. However, this announcement has come as the rainy season ends and the ground becomes more suitable for military action. 

Amnesty International accuses government of using chemical weapons

On 29 September, Amnesty International accused the Sudanese government of carrying out at least 30 chemical weapon attacks in Jebel Marra of Darfur since January. The attacks were reported to be part of a large-scale offensive, during which Sudanese forces are alleged to have targeted civilians living in an area held by rebels from the Sudan Liberation Army-Abdul Wahid (SLA-AW). Amnesty carried out an investigation into the allegations, using satellite imagery, more than 200 interviews and expert analysis, to come to the conclusion that chemical weapons had been used. The Sudanese ambassador to the United Nations has denied the allegations. 

Khartoum government threatens to close border with South Sudan

On 19 September, the Sudanese government threatened to close the border with South Sudan if they don't expel militant groups that have caused issues in the Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan regions. The South Sudanese government agreed to expel such groups within 21 days during a visit to Khartoum last month, but so far this agreement has not been met. Sudan regularly accuses South Sudan of supporting insurgents in the border regions. 

Five killed during milita ambush in North Darfur

Five people have been killed and several others injured in an ambush in Gireida, western Sudan. The attack happened on Sunday, when a group of civilians gathered to chase the murderers of a local farmer killed one day before. During the offensive, the group was ambushed by dozens of armed assailants hidden in shelters in nearby bushes. A member of the group told local news that three of his partners were killed, while 10 others were injured. Two police officers were shot dead and six others wounded when the authorities rushed to scene to assist the group. In early August, hundreds of militiamen attacked a market in Zalingei, where government-backed Janjaweed militia often operates.

Two killed and fifteen wounded in clashes in North Darfur

At least two people have been killed, with an additional 15 wounded, after clashes broke out over a land dispute in Jadid Al-Seil, North Darfur. The authorities deployed security forces and at least seven suspects were arrested.

Militiamen launch wave of robberies on North Darfur road

A key road in North Darfur faced a wave of robberies targeting passenger vehicles on Wednesday. Local residents and witnesses told local news that a group of armed militiamen driving three pick-up trucks intercepted five separate vehicles traveling from Sudan's capital Khartoum. They add that five other vehicles working on the El-Fasher-Kutum road were also raided by the masked men. The whole of the Darfur region has been ravaged by militia attacks against both civilians and security forces. One of the main groups is the government-backed Janjaweed, accused by the local population of harassment and violation of human rights.

Roadmap agreement for peace signed in Addis Ababa

An African Union-backed peace deal between Sudan's warring parties was signed on Monday in Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa.  The roadmap agreement for peace is being brokered by the African Union High Implementation Panel (AUHIP), which plans to end the decade-long conflict in Darfur, South Kodofan and Blue Nile. The panel is chaired by former South African PM Thabo Mbeki, and has been closely monitored by the international community, which issued a joint statement urging the opposition to sign the agreement. The conflict in Sudan has already affected two million people and displaced 500,000 others.

Flooding kills 76 across Sudan

At least 76 people have been killed in widespread flooding across Sudan.  The interior minister, Ismat Abdelrahman, said 13 of the country's 18 provinces had been affected by the flooding, with the river Nile at is highest levels in over 100 years and the El Gash river breaking its banks.  The eastern province of Kassala has been particularly badly hit, wit more than 3,000 homes completely destroyed.  The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said earlier this week that an estimated 42,850 people have been affected by the flooding.

Militia attacks market in central Darfur

Militiamen created panic when they attacked a market in Zalingei in central Darfur. Local media stated that the market was shut down after hundreds of armed men raided the area. Witnesses reported that the militants pillaged a number of shops and also robbed dozens of people at the nearby Marian market. Government militias, such as the Janjaweed, are known to carry out counter-insurgency missions across Darfur but activists claim that the groups are responsible for ethnic violence and human rights abuses in the region.

Rebels claim attack on government troops in Darfur

The Sudan Liberation Movement led by Abdelwahid El Nur (SLM-AW) claims to have killed 37 government troops in a battle near Nierteti in Central Darfur on Friday.  A militant spokesman told local media that fighters took control of the area of Boldong following the assault.  Last month Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir declared a ceasefire in Darfur following an earlier agreement in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states.

Clashes over land dispute kill seven in West Darfur

Land disputes between farmers and herdsmen erupted in West Darfur on Wednesday. Seven people were killed and six others injured during clashes in Um Tajok, Kereinik locality. The confrontation was triggered when farmers refused to concede pastoral land to Abbala herders, who opened fire on them.  Abbala herders carried out similar attacks on Monday in Central Darfur, killing at least five people.

Ceasefire announced in Blue Nile and South Kordofan

A four-month ceasefire has been announced in the Blue Nile and South Kordofan states, starting from Saturday.  Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir made the announcement, which army spokesman Brigadier Ahmed Khalifa al-Shami said was "a gesture of good will from the government to give the armed groups a chance to join the peace process and to surrender their arms."  Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) rebels have been fighting government troops in the two states since 2011.

Gunmen attack police station in South Darfur

Gunmen demanding the release of one of their relatives from prison attacked a police station in al-Rodom, South Darfur, on Wednesday. After police officers denied their request, the assailants fired shots at the building, creating panic within the local population. The attackers fled the scene after killing one police officer and injuring another.

Gunmen wound six in Darfur attack

Gunmen on camels have shot and wounded six people in an attack at a camp for internally displaced people in Sudan's western Darfur region.  Local residents said the attack occurred late on Saturday at the Kalma camp in South Darfur.  "Militiamen on camels attacked the camp and began shooting... six people have been wounded," Abdelrazi Mohamed, a resident of Kalma told the AFP.  Around 100,000 people are housed at the camp.

Police clash with students at Khartoum university

Police have clashed with protesting students at the country's oldest university in the capital, Khartoum.  The students are angry at plans set out by Minister of Tourism Mohamed Abu Zaid to sell some of the university's historic buildings to use a tourist attraction.  Dozens of protesters were wounded in the clashes and several others were arrested.  Sudan’s Council of Ministers said no final decision has been made.

Army clashes with rebels in South Kordofan

Sudanese troops have clashed with rebel fighters in the restive state of South Kordofan.  Both sides have given conflicting reports on the number of casualties, with the Sudan People's Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) claiming to have killed 60 soldiers and losing seven of its own fighters.  In contrast army spokesman Brigadier Ahmed Khalifa al-Shami told the AFP: "We didn’t suffer any losses.”  The fighting took place near the village of Abry, south of the state capital Kadugli.

Sudan reopens border with South

Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir has ordered the opening of the country's border with South Sudan.  The move will see the border open for the first time since South Sudan became an independent state in 2011.  Earlier this week South Sudanese President Salva Kiir ordered the military to withdraw 5km from the border.

Rebels kill 16 along Ethiopian-Sudanese border

Rebel fighters from Ethiopia have killed at least 16 Sudanese civilians along the two countries shared border.  Sudan interior minister said seven other people had been abducted and hundreds of cattle stolen in the raid, which took place in the border state of El-Gadaref.  "The Ethiopian armed groups attacked the Sudanese regular border forces and the farmers in the areas of Fashaga, Algalabat, Giraisha and Sanda in the locality of El-Gadaref'," said Esmet Abdel-Rahman.

Sudan says 70 nationals have joined Islamic State

Sudan's interior minister said 70 of the country's nationals have left to join the Islamic State (IS) militant group in Syria and its affiliates in Libya. “The total of those who have left the country to join the Daesh [IS] organisation has reached 70 young men and women,” Abdul Rahman said. The minister added "new, more stringent regulations related to granting exit visas and it has become more difficult to obtain entry visas to those countries".

South African peacekeeper killed in Darfur ambush

A South African peacekeeper has been killed in an ambush in Sudan's Darfur region.  A spokesperson for the South African National Defence Force (SANDF), which is part of a UN-African Union mission in Sudan, said that another soldier was also seriously wounded in the attack on Sunday morning.  UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon strongly condemned the killing and called on the Sudanese authorities to investigate the incident.

Four killed in Border Guard raid in North Darfur

Four people have been killed in an attack by a group of Border Guards on villages in North Darfur. “A force of fighters riding in 17 vehicles, accompanied by some 50 men on camels attacked the villages of Amrai, Anka, Berdeib, Goldei, and Ajeeb on Saturday for a third day in a row" said local MP Mohamed Ahmed Minawi. Three children were also reported missing after the raid, while the assailants also stole a large number of livestock.

Heat wave kills 13 in northern Sudan

At least 13 people have died in a heat wave in the city of Wadi Halfa, northern Sudan, as temperatures reached 48C. The city's health officials announced that six of the victims had died in the hospital on Tuesday and Wednesday due to fatigue, while the other seven were killed in direct sun strokes. 

Six Sudanese traders killed by unidentified criminals in Abyei

Six Sudanese traders were reported killed and two others injured in an attack by unknown gunman at Daba-Umsajam area in the contested area of Abyei, between Sudan and South Sudan. Arab Misseriya traders in two vehicles were travelling from Diffra area, north of Abyei, to Mayom Country of Union State when they were ambushed. Gunmen from Ngok Dinka in Marial Achak area have been accused of involvement. 

Amnesty International accuses Sudan of war crimes in South Kordofan

Amnesty International has accused Sudan's army of committing war crimes by bombing and shelling civilians in its South Kordofan region. More than 374 bombs, including cluster bombs, were dropped in 67 locations between January and April, killing at least 35 people. Sudan's army has not yet commented on the allegations. Amnesty International said that its research team had visited South Kordofan, and found cluster munitions at four sites. "The use of prohibited weapons - such as cluster bombs - launched from high-flying aircraft has resulted in civilian casualties. Children had been killed playing with unexploded ordinance." 

President Bashir escapes arrest warrant in South Africa

Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir has flown out of South Africa, despite an impending court ruling over an international warrant for his arrest.  The Pretoria High Court was due to decide if he should be handed over to the International Criminal Court (ICC) on alleged war crimes charges.  Earlier UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said the ICC's warrant must be implemented by countries who have signed up to the Hague court's statutes.

Aid worker kidnapped in North Darfur

An employee from the Irish aid organisation, GOAL, has been kidnapped in Kutum, North Darfur.  Ibrahim Adam Abdelshakour was abducted by gunmen near his home in the El Salam district on Wednesday afternoon.  Earlier this week gunmen attack an escorted goods convoy transporting UNAMID equipment in the Doma area of South Darfur.

Security forces cracks down on newspapers

Sudanese security forces have indefinitely suspended the publishing licenses of four newspapers as part of a media crackdown.   All copies of El Sudani, El Jareeda, El Khartoum, Akhir Lahza, El Intibaha, El Ray El Aam, Alwan, El Tayar, and El Youm El Tali, and El Akhbar were also confiscated from printing presses in Khartoum on Monday. The Sudanese Journalists Network (SJN) and the Sudanese Journalists' Association for Human Rights (JAHR) strongly condemned the "vicious attack".

Students protest against election results in North Kordofan

Dozens of students have staged a sit-in protest at a market in El Obeid, North Kordofan over the re-election of President Omal al-Bashir.  The students chanted slogans against the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) and the election results.  Earlier this week four students were arrested in the capital for attending anti-government meetings.

UN peacekeepers accused of killing civilians in Darfur

Sudan's government has accused a peacekeeping force of killing seven civilians in Darfur. The African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) denied the allegations, saying the peacekeepers had responded in self-defence to two attacks on April 23 and 24, which it said had left four assailants dead and six peacekeepers wounded. The foreign ministry claimed the troops killed tribesman in Kass, 85km north-west of Nyala.

President al-Bashir re-elected in Sudan

Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir has been re-elected after winning 94 percent of the vote in the country's elections.  The Election Commission announced the results on Monday, saying reports of low turnout were "not accurate".  President Bashir has been in power since 1989 is only current head of state facing genocide charges at the International Criminal Court.

Nile agreement reached in Khartoum

The leaders of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan have signed an agreement to settle a long-running dispute over the distribution of water from the Nile river.  The discussion centred on Ethiopia's controversial Grand Renaissance Dam project, which Cairo feared would reduce its supply of water. "I confirm the construction of the Renaissance Dam will not cause any damage to our three states and especially to the Egyptian people," Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said at the signing ceremony. Egypt's President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi said "we have chosen cooperation, and to trust one another for the sake of development.

Two Russian pilots kidnapped in Darfur

Two Russian pilots have been kidnapped in the Darfur region of Sudan.  The two men were working for the UTair airline and were flying aircraft for the joint UN-African Union peacekeeping mission in the region. "Unfortunately we can confirm that two Russian pilots have been kidnapped in Zalingei in the Darfur province on January 29," the spokesman for Russia's embassy in Sudan, Artur Safukov, told AFP.

Six Bulgarians taken hostage by Sudanese rebels

Six Bulgarian nationals working for the UN World Food Programme (WFP) have been taken hostage by rebels in southern Sudan.  The contractors were travelling by helicopter when fighters from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement - North (SPLM-N) forced them to land in South Kordofan. "We are working to try and make sure they are released as soon as possible. The indications we have had is that they are well. We are hopeful they will be released quite soon," WFP spokeswoman Jane Howard said.

Heavy fighting erupts between SPLM-N and Sudanese troops

The Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North (SPLA-N) said it repulsed two separate attacks by the Sudanese Armed Forces and its allied militia in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. In a statement yesterday, SPLA-N spokesperson Arnu Ngutulu Lodi said they repelled an attack by the Sudanese Armed Forces in the Dalouka area, about 80 kilometres south of South Kordofan capital Kadugli. He said the 20 government soldiers and two SPLA-N troops were killed in the fighting.

UN peacekeepers attacked in Darfur

Gunmen have carried out two attacks against the Joint United Nations and African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID).  The first incident was reported in the Burumburum area in South Darfur, while a second attack took place in West Darfur. "There was no injury to any of the peacekeepers or damage to mission property", said a UNAMID spokesman.

Tribal clashes leave 100 dead in West Kordofan

More than 100 people have been killed in clashes between rival Arab tribes in Sudan's West Kordofan state.  Two groups of the Messiriya tribes were involved in the fighting, which is thought to have started by a dispute over land and cattle grazing rights.

Two guards killed at presidential palace

Two guards have been killed in a knife attack outside the presidential palace in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.  The assailant, who was named as Salah Kafi Quwa from South Kordofan state, was later shot dead by soldiers.  A spokesman said President Omar al-Bashir was not at the palace at the time of the incident.

South African peacekeepers ambushed in Darfur

Two South African peacekeepers have been seriously wounded in an ambush in the restive Darfur region of Sudan.  The soldiers were near their base in the Kutum district of North Darfur when they were targeted on Wednesday.  The troops were evacuated to El Fasher for treatment, said a UNAMID press officer.

Gunmen kill five in North Darfur

Five people have been killed and several others wounded in an attack by unidentified gunmen in the Sani area of North Darfur, around 60km from the state capital al-Fashir.  The assailants reportedly opened fire on a commercial convoy on Monday before stealing three vehicles.  Local residents have reported an increase in armed robberies on the new highway to the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.

Spanish embassy official found dead in Khartoum

A Spanish embassy official has been found dead in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.  Police said the 61-year-old, who was found in the Garden City area in the east of the city, had been stabbed to death.  The victim, who has not been named, worked as the head of the visa section of the embassy and had lived in Sudan for three years.

Rival Arab tribes in deadly Darfur clashes

At least 70 people have been killed in clashes between two rival Arab tribes in the western region of Darfur.  Local reports said that the latest unrest was sparked over the theft of a camel, a horse and two donkeys.  According to the UN fighting between the nomadic Rezeigat and Maaliya tribes left around 200 people dead last August.

Tribal clashes leave 25 dead in East Darfur

At least 25 people have been killed in clashes between rival tribal militias in the restive East Darfur region of Sudan.  The Hamar and Ma'aliya groups, who have been fighting each other regularly since December, exchanged heavy gunfire in a dispute over land rights and cattle thefts.

US ambassador says Sudan targeting civilians

The US ambassador to the UN has accused Sudan of increasing attacks on civilians in the South Kordofan and Blue Nile states.  Samantha Power said schools and hospitals had been targeted in government airstrikes, claiming hundreds of barrel bombs have been dropped since April.  Earlier this week several aid agencies in the region called on the UN Security Council, African Union and the Arab League to end the attacks on civilians.

Rival clans in deadly clash over oil-rich land

At least 41 people have been killed in clashes between rival clans over the ownership of land in West Kordofan state.  The Zurug and Awlad Amran clans, part of the semi-nomadic Arab Misseriya tribe, both claim rights to land which is being explored for oil in the state.

Woman sentenced to death for apostasy

A court in Sudan has sentenced a woman to death if she does not recant her newly adopted Christian faith by Thursday.  Meriam Yahia Ibrahim Ishag, 27, has been charged with apostasy as well as adultery after she married a Christian South Sudanese man.  Information Minister Ahmed Bilal Osman told the AFP news agency "it's not only Sudan. In Saudi Arabia, in all the Muslim countries, it is not allowed at all for a Muslim to change his religion."

Government restricts meetings of political parties

Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir has issued a decree banning political parties from holding private meetings without the approval of authorities.  For public meetings parties will need to apply for a permit 48-hours before the proposed event, the official SUNA news agency has reported.

Student killed at Khartoum University protest

A student has been killed during clashes between police and protesters at Khartoum University.  Ali Musa died on Tuesday when police fired tear gas at the protesting students, who were angry about escalating violence in western Darfur.  Around 1,000 people gathered for his funeral procession on Wednesday, chanting "killing a student is killing a nation".

Russian diplomat stabbed in Sudan

A Russian diplomat and his wife have been stabbed in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, by a man from the Central African Republic (CAR).  According to local reports the assailant mistakenly believed that Russian peacekeeping troops had killed his brother in CAR; however, Russia has not sent any peacekeepers to the country.  The couple are now in a stable condition.

Two peacekeepers killed in Darfur

Two peacekeepers have been killed by unknown gunmen in the restive region of South Darfur.  UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned the "cowardly attack" on the peacekeepers - one from Senegal and one from Jordan - which took place near the town of Greida.

Heavy fighting leaves 100 dead in Darfur

More than 100 people have been killed, including Chadian soldiers, after fresh tribal clashes erupted in south-western Darfur.  State radio reported that members of the rival Salamat and Misseriya tribes have been involved in heavy fighting since last week near the remote border town of Umm Dukhun.  The fighting was also reported to have spilled over the border into neighbouring Chad, resulting in fighting between Chadian soldiers and Salamat tribesmen.

Ngok Dinka tribe vote to join South Sudan

Members of the Ngok Dinka tribe have voted unanimously to join South Sudan in an unofficial referendum.  African Union (AU) chief Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma said that the vote was illegal and the decision risks threatening peace in the Abyei region.

Deadly fuel subsidy protests continue

At least 24 more people have died in clashes between protesters and riot police in the Sudanese capital Khartoum.  A further eight people have been killed in other regions of the country as the unrest against the government's decision to end fuel subsidies spreads.

Protesters clash with police over fuel subsidies

At least one person has been killed in clashes between protesters and riot police in the Sudanese capital Khartoum, while demonstrations were also reported in Wad Madani and Omdurman.  The unrest was sparked when the government doubled prices for fuel and cooking gas on Monday in an attempt to bring its budget under control.

More than 320,000 affected by Sudan flooding

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has said that some 320,000 people have been affected by widespread flooding across Sudan.  At least 48 people have been killed and 70 others wounded in the flooding so far, while increasing outbreaks of malaria have also been reported.

Tribal clashes leave more than 100 dead in Darfur

At least 111 people have been killed in tribal violence over the weekend in Sudan's restive Darfur region.  Local reports said that thousands of members of the Rezeigat tribe carried out a raid against the Maaliya as part of a dispute over land in the Adila area.

Seven UN peacekeepers killed in Darfur

Seven UN peacekeepers have been killed and 17 others wounded in an ambush in the restive Darfur region in western Sudan.  The victims, all Tanzanian nationals, were attacked by unknown gunmen near the UN mission's base at Manawahi.

Tribal clashes reported in Darfur region

Dozens of people have been killed during clashes between two Arab tribes near a gold mine in the restive Darfur region.  The Bani Hussein and Rizeigat tribes were reportedly fighting over the use of the mine near El Sireaf in North Darfur.  A tribal leader said that between 50 and 60 people died in the clashes. 

Tribal clashes leave 64 dead in South Darfur state

At least 64 people have been killed in clashes between the Al-Gimir and Bani Halba tribes in Sudan's South Darfur state.  Local media said that the fighting erupted when a heavily armed militia from the Bani Haiba tribe attacked a number of villages in the Intakaina area.

Heavy fighting reported in South Kordofan state

Heavy clashes have been reported between Sudanese government troops and rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in South Kordofan state.  An army spokesman claimed that more than 70 rebels were killed in the fighting; however, the rebels said that only five rebels died.

Tribal leader killed in Abyei region

A chief tribal leader and a UN peacekeeper have been killed during clashes in the Abyei region of southern Sudan.  The UN convoy was caught up in a stand-off between SPLM-North rebels and Sudanese army troops.

Thousands flee to Chad after tribal clashes in Darfur

Around 50,000 people have fled across the border into Chad following renewed tribal conflict in the restive Darfur region of Sudan.  A UNHCR spokesman said the refugees have reported that their houses and villages were destroyed in the fighting.

Sudan Data Sheet

30.9 million
Major Religion/s:
Islam, Christianity, Animism
International dialing code:
International dialing prefix:
Emergency services:
Ohter Major Cities:
Omdurman, Port Sudan
Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Chad, Libya, South Sudan