- “Not a shred of evidence” against journalists
- “We will continue with resolve until Peter, Baher and Mohammed are free”
The political turmoil which first gripped Egypt as part of the Arab Spring revolution in January, 2011 resurfaced again at the end of June, 2013. President Mohammed Morsi’s first anniversary in office was marked by widespread anti-government protests across the country, with tens of millions of Egyptians taking to the streets to call for his resignation. As with the anti-Mubarak protests in early-2011 the largest protests were held in Cairo’s Tahrir Square, while pro-Morsi supporters also conducted large rallies in the capital – signalling the increasing polarization of the population. The opposition were angry at the deteriorating social and economic conditions, while they also accused Mr Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood of trying to run the country as an Islamic state.
After issuing him with an ultimatum to resolve the political crisis the army – led by General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi – intervened and Morsi was removed from office and the constitution was suspended. President Morsi was charged with several crimes, including incitement of murder and violence, while the Muslim Brotherhood has been outlawed in the country. In elections in May, 2014 el-Sisi was elected as Egypt's new president, winning 97 percent of the vote (although the turnout was less than 50 percent). Amid the crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, media in Egypt has become increasing oppressive and journalists are restricted from reporting on terrorist incidents due to new counter-terrorism legislation. In 2015 Egpyt was second-highest jailer of journalists in the world.
Under el-Sisi Egypt appears to be returning to a security state, with increased repression of political dissent and freedom of speech. Thousands of Muslim Brotherhood members and other political activists have been arrested or have disappeared, while there have also been attacks on media freedom. The US-based Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) said in June, 2015 that the country had the highest number of reporters in prison (18) since it started collecting data in 1990. Human Rights Watch (HRW) has condemned the “reversal of the human rights gains that followed the 2011 uprising”, while US Secretary of State John Kerry has also called on Egypt to allow freedom of speech, assembly and peaceful political dissent. Amnesty International also reported that violence and abductions carried out by the military increased signficiantly in 2016. The report claims that Egypt’s National Security Agency (NSA) is responsible for hundreds of forced disappearances, largely of students, political activists and protesters.
There is a currently a high terrorist threat in Egypt, particularly in the restive Sinai Peninsula. In November, 2014 the country’s largest jihadist group, Ansar Bait al-Maqdis, pledged allegiance to the Islamic State (IS) and renamed itself as Sinai Province (Wilayat al-Sina). The group have carried out multiple attacks in the region, most of which have targeted the Egyptian security forces. In July 2015 hundreds of militants targeted multiple army checkpoints across North Sinai, killing 21 soldiers and wounding more than 70 others. In March, 2016 15 police officers were killed in a mortar attack, claimed by an affiliated cell of IS, in the city of Arish. Most of the attacks target security forces via improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and roadside bombs. The government has declared a state of emergency in North Sinai and all travel to the region should be avoided.
Two alleged terrorist incidents involving passenger planes were reported in Egypt recently. In November, 2015 a Russian passenger aircraft carrying 224 people crashed shortly after taking off from Sharm el–Sheikh. The Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for the attack via the Sinai Province. In May, 2016 EgyptAir flight 804 carrying 66 people from Paris, France, crashed into the Mediterranean Sea, nearly 240km off the Greek coast. The cause of the crash has not been established, although investigators did find TNT traces on the aircraft debris.
The Soldiers of Egypt (Ajnad Misr) is another jihadist group which mainly operates around the capital, Cairo. Although the group usually targets the security forces, civilians have been killed and wounded in bomb attacks. In June, 2015 there was an attempted terrorist attack at the Karnak Temple in Luxor, one of the country’s most popular tourist sites. Egypt also has a recent history of high-profile terrorist attacks against foreign nationals, including the bombings in the Red Sea resorts of Sharm el-Sheikh and Dahab in 2005 and 2006, along with the ‘Luxor Massacre’ in 1997 which left 62 people dead.
Petty crime is a threat to visitors, most notably in Cairo and popular Red Sea tourist resorts. Pick pockets are known to operate in busy markets and around public transport hubs. Visitors should avoid leaving any items unattended, and take precautions to secure personal possessions. There has also been a significant increase in reports of sexual harassment and assaults against women in recent months, particularly involving mobs during periods of political unrest. According to Human Rights Watch at least 91 separate instances of sexual offences against women were reported over just four days in June and July, 2013.
There is also an increased threat of kidnapping in Egypt, and foreign nationals have been targeted in the past. In March, 2013 an Israeli man and a Norwegian woman were kidnapped by gunmen between Taba and Dahab in Sinai before being released a few days later. In the same month two British tourists were kidnapped on the road to Sharm El Sheikh by tribesmen demanding the release of four Egyptian prisoners. In July, 2015 a Croatian man was kidnapped by unknown gunmen 22km west of Cairo. A few weeks later the Sinai Province claimed to have beheaded him in response to Croatia's role in military operations against IS in Iraq and Syria.
Ethnic tensions continue to exist between Egypt’s minority Coptic Christians and sections of the majority Muslim population; however, these have been slightly overtaken by the current political unrest in the country. These tensions occasionally lead to outbreaks of sectarian violence and reprisal attacks; in April, 2013 six people were killed and more than 80 others were wounded during sectarian clashes in the town of El Khusus, north of Cairo. Terrorist groups also target such minorities; in February, 2015 a group of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians were abducted and beheaded by IS in neighbouring Libya.
- “Not a shred of evidence” against journalists
- “We will continue with resolve until Peter, Baher and Mohammed are free”
New York, March 28, 2014--An Egyptian journalist was shot dead in Cairo today while covering deadly clashes, according to news reports. Mayada Ashraf was a reporter for the daily Al-Dustour. She had covered previous protests for the paper, the reports said.
A Coptic Christian has been killed by suspected Islamic militants in the northern Sinai Peninsula. School teacher Gamal Tawfiq, 50, was shot by two assailants on a motorbike near the city of Arish on Thursday. On Sunday another Coptic Christian, Bahgat Zakher, was also shot dead in Arish. Local security officials blame the SInai Province militant group - an affiliate of the Islamic State (IS) - for the attacks.
A 23-year-old has been kidnapped by a suspected Islamic State (IS) cell in the restive North Sinai province. The victim's father was killed when militants attempted to kidnap the youngster in the Al-Arish area. Residents of North Sinai's cities have been systematically targeted in kidnappings and killings carried out by regional insurgent groups.
The Egyptian military has killed 14 Islamic State (IS) militants and arrested ten others in central Sinai peninsula, north-western Egypt. Military sources stated on Monday that the crackdown targeted IS militants in the area that has been highly active since 2013 - when the Muslim Brotherhood's President Mohamed Mursi was ousted by the military.
The Islamic State (IS) militant group claims to have killed and wounded 20 Egyptian soldiers in northern Sinai. IS-affiliate the Sinai Province released a statement which said the fighting had taken place near Arish over the past four days. The Egyptian government has not commented on the claims.
Five Egyptian soldiers have been killed in an attack by unknown gunmen in the Sinai Peninsula. "The armed forces mourn with great sadness and sorrow the five martyrs who were martyred in Sinai at the hands of disloyal fundamentalist elements, enemies of the nation and religion," the army said in a statement. The gunmen targeted the soldiers as they boarded a bus in central Sinai on Sunday.
Eight people have been killed by shelling in southern Rafah in the Sinai Peninsula. Local residents said shells hit a residential house on Saturday. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.
Gunmen have killed eight police officers and wounded three others in an attack on a checkpoint in western Egypt. The incident happened at around 20:15 on Monday in the remote Wadi al-Jadid province. The interior ministry said two militants were also killed during the clashes. There has not been any immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.
Residents in the city of Arish in northern Sinai are threatening to protest over the deaths of six youths. The Interior Ministry announced last week that 10 Islamic militants were killed in a shoot-out with police in the city; however, residents claim six of the deceased had been in police custody for several months when their deaths were reported.
At least nine people have been killed and 10 others wounded in a suicide truck bombing in northern Sinai. The attack took place outside a police building in Arish on Monday. Following the blast, other assailants fired RPGs at troops at a checkpoint. The Islamic State (IS) affiliate - Sinai Province - are suspected of carrying out the attack.
A police officer and a soldier have been killed in a roadside bombing in Egypt's Sinai peninsula. The remotely-detonated device exploded as the military vehicle was driving in the city of Arish. The Sinai Province, an affiliate of the Islamic State (IS), are suspected of carrying out the attack.
A police conscript and a suspected militant from the Hasm group have died in an exchange of fire in Giza. Egypt's interior ministry said the incident happened in 6th of October City on Saturday. The ministry said the militant was “a leading member of Hasm movement - an affiliate of the outlawed [Muslim] Brotherhood group.”
Jihadist militants have executed 16 civilians in the Sinai Peninsula for alleged collaboration with the Egyptian government. The Sinai Province group - an affiliate of Islamic State (IS) - released a video of its members carrying out the killings, entitled 'The Necks Cutting'. One of the victims, accused of being an army informant, was killed using a bomb.
At least 25 people have been killed and 35 others wounded after a bomb exploded at Egypt's main Coptic Cathedral in the capital, Cairo. The blast struck St Peter's church during a service at 10:00 local time on Sunday morning. A crowd of protesters gathered outside the Cathedral following the attack chanting: “Tell the sheikh, tell the priest, Egyptians’ blood is not cheap.” It is one of the largest in a series of attacks against Egypt's Coptic minority, who make up around 10 percent of the population.
Six Egyptian police officers have been killed and three others wounded after a bomb exploded near a security checkpoint in Giza. The device, which had been planted in a bin, exploded on Al Haram street near the Great Pyramids. The Hasm movement claimed responsibility for the attack. Earlier security forces killed a suspected militant following a gunbattle in Abu-Zaabal in northern Cairo.
An alleged jihadist militant has been killed in clashes with the Egyptian security forces in Qaliubiya governortate. Mostafa Al-Sayed, 21, is accused of opening fire on troops in the village of Abu Za-abal before he was shot dead. A machine gun and ammunition were recovered from the scene.
At least eight militants have been killed and 12 others have been arrested in anti-terror operations carried out by the Egyptian military in Northern Sinai. The military operations also targeted tactical positions and militant-held buildings, destroying several militant safe-houses in the area. Security forces have seized large caches of weapons and explosives from the area. No civilian or security personnel casualties have been reported but travellers have been advised to avoid unnecessary travel to the region.
Eight Egyptian soldiers have been killed and 12 others wounded in a car bomb attack in the restive Sinai Peninsula. The blast hit a checkpoint near Arish in North Sinai on Thursday night. According to an army spokesman three attackers were also killed in the incident.
Hundreds of ethnic minority Nubians have held a protest in southern Egypt over government plans to sell their ancestral land. The protesters blocked a main road between Aswan and the Abu Simbel archaeological site. Egypt's President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi has allocated large areas of former Nubian land for development projects and military zones.
The Sinai Province jihadist group has beheaded two elderly men who they claim were priests. The group, which is affiliated to the wider Islamic State (IS) network, released photographs taken in a remote desert in North Sinai, claiming they depicted “the execution of a legitimate verdict against two priests”. However several local residents have identified the two men as prominent Muslim clerics - Sheikh Soliman Abu Harraz and Sheikh Said Abdel-Fattah.
The head of Egypt's journalists' union has been sentenced to two years in prison for harbouring fugitives and spreading false news. Yehia Qallash was sentenced along with two colleagues, Gamal Abdel Rahim and Khaled al-Balshy, at a court in the capital, Cairo. Amnesty International condemned the sentences as "a new stage of a crackdown on media and freedom of expression".
Egypt's House of Representatives has extended the state of emergency in the northern areas of the Sinai Peninsula for another three months. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi requested the extension last month, which is the ninth time it has been extended. The areas included in the 19:00-06:00 curfew are Tal Rafah, Awja and Jabal Halal, although the city of Arish is exempt. “In a short period of time, Sinai will be completely cleansed from all terrorist hotbeds, and it will return as an additional strength for the nation,” Parliament Speaker Ali Abdel Aal said.
A court in Egypt has overturned a death sentence against the deposed former president, Mohammed Morsi. He was elected in 2012 but a military coup in July, 2013 forced him from office, while his Muslim Brotherhood organisation was outlawed. Morsi is already serving life in prison after he was found guilty of various charges, including sharing state secrets with Qatar.
Egypt deployed a large contingent of security forces to the capital, Cairo, and other major cities on Friday in response to planned mass anti-government rallies. Many people stayed at home in expectation of confrontations between the police and protesters, but the rallies largely failed to materialise. Around 130 people were arrested across Egypt, including a central Cairo cafe owner for defying orders not to open his business, while small skirmishes were reported in the capital and the province of Beheira.
On 9 November, two Sicilian fishing vessels were boarded and seized in international waters by Egyptian officials, 24 and 25 miles north of Alexandria. A reason for the incident has not been officially released, but it appears that the boats were seized for technical checks.
Six suspected militants have been killed and four others arrested by the Egyptian army during operations in Sinai province. Military spokesperson Mohamed Samir said troops carried out 36 raids in Arish, Rafah and Sheikh Zuwayed. Earlier this week an Egyptian police officer was shot dead by unidentified gunmen near Arish.
On 31 October, one Egyptian soldier was killed when militants attacked an army checkpoint in Bir el-Abd, Sinai. This is the same checkpoint where a militant attack on 14 October killed 12 soldiers and wounded another eight.
Three members of Egypt's security forces have been killed in five separate militants attacks in the Sinai Peninsula. A soldier and a military officer died when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb near Arish, while two soldiers were wounded in another blast near Sheikh Zuwaid. Elsewhere an officer was killed by sniper fire in the Beir Lahfan district, and two soldiers were wounded in shootings on military checkpoint in Rafah. No group claimed responsibility for the attack, although the IS-affiliated Sinai Province group are the most active militant group in the region.
On 28 October, at least eight people were killed and 34 others injured by floods on a busy road in Qena, eastern Egypt. Two buses and a lorry were caught by the rising water at the Sohag-Red Sea Road. The situation was caused by the heavy downpour reported on Thursday, which also affected sea ports in Suez and Port Said. Between late October and early November, the Upper Egypt region faces unusually heavy rain.
On 25 October, an Israeli Defence Ministry employee was shot whilst he was working to strengthen the Egyptian-Israeli border fence. He was airlifted to Soroka Medical Centre in Beersheba but was pronounced dead on arrival. The shooting is not believed to be terror related. The Israeli Defence Force (IDF) is working with the Egyptian Armed Forces to investigate the incident.
A senior army official has been shot dead near his home in eastern Cairo. Brig-Gen. Adel Ragaei was gunned down in the Obour City suburb on Saturday morning by suspected Islamist gunmen. He had commanded an armoured division in the Sinai Peninsula deployed to fight Islamist militants, including the Sinai Province group, an affiliate of Islamic State (IS).
On 18 October, one policeman, Osama Abdeen Khattab, was shot dead and another, Sherif Mohamed, was wounded in Garden City, downtown Cairo, following an argument with a police conscript. A conscript member of the Central Security Forces, Radwan Wanees Mohamed, was guarding an embassy when he got into an argument with Khattab. Reports state that Khattab insulted Wanees Mohamed and threatened to discipline him and bar him from taking his monthly vacation. Wanees Mohamed then opened fire, killing Khattab and wounding Sherif Mohamed, who was taken to hospital for treatment. The shooter has since been arrested.
On 14 October, at least 12 Egyptian soldiers were killed when militants attacked a military checkpoint 40km from Bir al-Abd, in North Sinai province. The militants reportedly attacked the checkpoint using four-wheel drives, assault rifles and mortars. The army state that 15 militants were killed in the attack.
On 12 October, an Egyptian military spokesperson announced Egyptian and Russian troops will take part in the first ever joint military exercise in El-Alamein, west of Alexandria. The drills, called Protectors of Friendship 2016, will commence on 15 October and will last nine days, until 26 October.
On 11 October, Egyptian media reported that the number of civilians being kidnapped is climbing and becoming increasingly regular in North Sinai. Militant groups have been kidnapping individuals and accusing them of spying for the state. They are being kidnapped in plain site and murdered, even if the spying charges are proven to be unfounded.
On 29 September, one person was wounded in an attempted assassination attempt in the New Cairo district of Cairo. A car bomb targeted the convoy of assistant prosecutor general Zakaria Abdel Aziz, but he escaped unharmed. An earlier police statement said that two people were believed to have been wounded, but this was later revised.
On 28 September, three unidentified gunmen opened fire on a police vehicle in El Arish, North Sinai, killing three police officers and one civilian. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack, but Egyptian police have released a statement blaming Islamic State (IS) militants.
Egyptian officials have stated that Islamic State (IS) militants have executed five Egyptian civilians and dumped their bodies around the city of Rafah and the town of Sheikh Zuweid in North Sinai. Two of the men were reportedly beheaded and the other three were shot in the head after being accused of collaborating with the Egyptian army. All five were dressed up in orange jumpsuits.
On 23 September, three police officers were wounded when an improvised explosive device (IED) detonated underneath their armoured vehicle whilst they were on patrol. The explosion happened near the El Arish - El-Qantarah Shark road, 17km west of El Arish, North Sinai. The injured officers have been taken to a military hospital in El Arish and an investigation into the attack has been launched.
On 21 September, violent clashes between militants and police forces near the Sheikh Zuweid police station left one police conscript dead. Heavy fire broke out between police and militants, believed to be from the Islamic State (IS)- affiliated 'Sinai Province' group, before military units arrived to support the police. Aircraft hovered overhead to identify and target militants in the El-Tarbyeen district opposite the police station. The deceased officer has been identified as 22-year-old Motasem Ahmed.
Three civilians have been killed after their house was hit by shelling in the city of Arish in the Sinai Peninsula. The victims were taken to the Arish General Hospital while the local authorities investigate who was responsible for the attack.
On 6 September, five police officers were wounded in a firefight between security forces and unidentified militants in Wadi Feiran, South Sinai. Security forces are investigating the identity of the attackers.
On 6 September, the Drinking Water and Sanitation company of Giza announced that the main water supply line will be cut off in 25 areas of Giza, from 10:00 hours local time on 7 September until 22:00 hours local time on 8 September. This is due to subway works in the Muhandisan District of Giza.
A bomb blast killed two civilians and injured five others near El-Arish, western Egypt. Security sources confirmed that the explosion took place as a escorted convoy was travelling between El-Arish and Kantara. The wounded civilians were taken to the local hospital in El-Arish. No group has yet claimed responsibility for the attack, but the practice is similar to those frequently carried out by the Sinai Province group, an affiliate of the Islamic State (IS). The Sinai Province group are highly active in the region.
Security sources announced on Tuesday that the leader of the Welayat Sinai, an Egyptian militant group based in the Sinai Peninsula, has been killed during a drone strike. An anonymous military source told the Turkey-based Anadolu Agency that the attack happened as Nagah Salaama Baraq was driving through the Al-Masoura area. The Welayat Sinai is a regional subversive group linked to the Islamic State (IS). The strike comes nearly one month after the leader of the IS branch in the region was killed, along with 45 other militants, during air strikes near Arish.
A statement issued by the Egyptian ministry of health announced that at least 17 people were killed when two buses collided in Cairo's outskirts on Monday. The incident happened in Daqahliya province, where 16 others were also reported injured, with three still in a critical condition in hospital. Traffic accidents are common across Egypt, as road regulations are rarely enforced and crashes are often caused by careless drivers and poorly-maintained roads.
Egypt's military announced on Thursday that it has killed the leader of the Islamic State (IS) branch in the Sinai peninsula. On its Facebook page the military said that Abu Duaa al-Ansari was killed along with 45 other IS fighters during a series of airstrikes near Arish. The death of al-Ansari was not confirmed by the Sinai Province group, originally known as Ansar Bait al-Maqdis. The group have carried out scores of attacks across the Sinai, as well as in the capital, Cairo.
Unknown gunmen have shot and wounded two police conscripts in Giza. The pair were sat in a police vehicle on the ring road in Nahia when they were targeted on Tuesday. Security forces have been deployed to search for the assailants but there has been no immediate claim of responsibility.
An Egyptian police officer has been shot dead by gunmen in north Sinai. The Egyptian Ministry of Interior said Colonel Hassan Ahmad Rashad was gunned down in the city of Arish on Sunday night. The Sinai Province militant group, an affiliate of the Islamic State (IS), has claimed responsibility for the attack.
Two Egyptian police officers have been killed and three others wounded in a bomb attack in the city of Arish in Sinai Peninsula. In a statement the interior ministry said the officers were travelling in the south of the city when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb. The wounded have been transferred to Arish military hospital for treatment.
Smugglers and Egyptian security forces clashed near the Egyptian-Libyan border on Thursday. The deadly confrontation happened in al-Farafra Oasis, New Wadi, where six border officers were killed in a shootout. A statement issued by the Egyptian army said that several smugglers were also killed and wounded in the clash. In 2014, 22 Egyptian border officers were shot dead during an attack by two dozen armed men in the same region.
Egypt's former president, Mohammed Morsi, has been sentenced to life in prison during a controversial espionage trial. The court also confirmed rulings against 10 other people, including two Al Jazeera journalists, with six of the defendants given life sentences. Morsi is also facing the death penalty on other charges. Ibrahim Helal, former director of news at Al Jazeera Arabic, said: "This is a political case ... They want to threaten all journalists inside and outside of Egypt."
Two police officers have been shot dead by unknown criminals at a house in northern Sinai Peninsula. According to Egypt's Interior Ministry, the incident took place in al-Arish where four masked men invaded the building on Thursday. Since the army removed President Mohammed Morsi in 2013 there has been a significant increase in attacks led by Islamic State (IS) affiliates across the region.
An EgyptAir flight from Cairo to Beijing has made an emergency landing in Uzbekistan after receiving a bomb threat. Egyptian aviation officials said all 118 passengers and 17 crew members were evacuated from the aircraft before it was searched at Urgench International Airport. No device was found and the threat was deemed to be a hoax. In May an EgyptAir flight from Paris to Cairo crashed into the Mediterranean Sea, although investigators have not yet confirmed the cause of the crash.
Kenyan officials have made a formal complaint after an Egyptian diplomat allegedly called sub-Saharan Africans "dogs and slaves". Yvonne Khamati, chairwoman of the Africa Diplomatic Corp Technical Committee, said the diplomat made the remarks at the United Nations Environment Assembly in Kenya last week. "[The comments] are uncivilized, undiplomatic, irresponsible, degrading and insulting," she said. Egypt has denied that the comments were made and said there was no evidence to support the claims.
The Muslim Brotherhood's spiritual leader has been given a life sentence by a court in Egypt. Mohamed Badie was sentenced along with 35 other Brotherhood members after the court found them guilty of involvement in violent attacks in Ismailia, near the Suez Canal, in 2013. Badie had previously received five life sentences and three death sentences in 2015. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has been fighting the group's influence in the country, and in 2013 the government reclassified them as a terrorist organisation.
Three senior members of Egypt's journalist union were criminally charged on Monday. After hours of questioning Yahya Qalash, Khaled el-Balshy and Gamal Abdel Rahim were charged with publishing false information and sheltering two wanted journalists. The move, which sparked criticism from various human rights organisations, is considered to be one of the most serious attacks on the press in decades. The incident is related to the arrest of two other journalists from the Egyptian Syndicate of Journalists, Mahmoud El Sakka and Amr Badr, on 2 May.
An Orthodox Coptic church said a Christian village has been attacked by a Muslim mob in Egypt's Minya province. Cleric Anba Makarios said seven homes were torched in the village of El-Karm last Friday over a rumour that a Muslim woman and a Christian man were in a relationship. "A group of 300 people carrying various types of weapons went at 8pm on 20 May to attack seven houses owned by Christians, burgling some of them and torching others," said the statement. The details only emerged this week because the woman was "humiliated" by the incident.
Egyptian military strikes killed at least 13 suspected militants in northern and central Sinai on Monday. According to security sources, army officers were able to defuse over 30 improvised explosive devices (IED) planted along a canyon in Mount Halal. A large amount of explosives were also seized at the location. The operation come as part of the 'Martyr's Right' operation launched in September, 2015 which aims to defeat the Islamist insurgency in the Sinai Peninsula.
An EgyptAir plane with 66 people on board crashed into the Mediterranean Sea on Thursday. Flight MS804, from Paris Charles de Gaulle airport to Cairo, suddenly lost communication moments after leaving Greek airspace and search efforts are being concentrated 240km south of the Greek island of Karpathos. Investigations involving the French, Greek and Egyptian governments are ongoing in order to determine the cause of the crash, with terrorism being suggested by various commentators. French President François Holland said: "We have also the duty to know everything about the causes of what has happened, no hypothesis should be ruled out or preferred".
Eight Egyptian police officers have been killed in an ambush south of the capital, Cairo. The officers were on patrol in the Helwan district when they were intercepted by four gunmen in the early hours of Sunday. The Sinai Province militant group, which is affiliated with the Islamic State (IS), claimed responsibility for the attack.
Two Egyptian journalists have been arrested in a raid by police in the capital, Cairo. Both of the detained journalists worked at the opposition website Bawabet Yanayer, which has been critical of President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's government. Egypt's journalists' union has called for the interior minister to resign over the incident, while they also called for protests against the "blatant barbarism and aggression on the dignity of the press".
Three police officers have been killed and eight others wounded in a bombing in Egypt's restive Sinai Peninsula. The roadside bomb hit an armoured police vehicle in the city of al-Arish on Wednesday. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack.
Egypt's President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi issued a warning ahead of planned anti-government protests in the country. In a televised address Sisi said "forces of evil" were conspiring against Egypt and urged citizens to defend the state. Security forces have been deployed to several key sites, including Tahrir Square in the capital, Cairo. Government supporters are also holding rallies across the country and clashes are possible.
Rights groups say dozens of activists and journalists have been arrested in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, ahead of planned protests against President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. Opposition groups have been calling for mass protests on 25 April over the government's transfer of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia. Police fired tear gas at a smaller rally in the Cairo neighbourhood of Mohandessin on Friday.
An Egyptian police officer has killed one person and wounded two others in a dispute over the price of a cup of tea in the Egyptian capital, Cairo. Hundreds of people took to the streets to protest against the killing, while the officer has been arrested pending an investigation. The interior ministry said the incident happened in the eastern Rehab suburb on Tuesday.
Thousands of people gathered on Friday in front of the Press Syndicate in Cairo to protest against President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. The protesters called for the downfall of the government after it handed two Egyptian Red Sea islands, Tiran and Sanafir, to Saudi Arabia's control. Using some of the language from the 2011 uprising, the protesters also criticized the government for mishandling the country's economy.
At least seven people have been killed and 15 others wounded by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in Egypt's Sinai peninsula. Among the casualties were five soldiers, one military officer and a civilian woman. The roadside bombs, which were planted in Rafah and Sheikh Zuwayed near the Gaza Strip border, were remotely detonated as the military vehicles passed by. The Islamic State-affiliate Sinai Province claimed responsibility for the attack on several of its media channels.
An Egyptian police officer has been killed and two others wounded in a shooting on the outskirts of the capital, Cairo. Unknown gunmen opened fire on the police at the al-Khosous checkpoint in the Qalioubiya governorate on Monday morning. A source at the interior ministry told the MENA state news agency that the assailants are still at large and security forces are searching for them.
An EgyptAir plane has landed at Larnaca airport in Cyprus after it was hijacked on an internal flight in Egypt. The plane carrying 55 passengers and seven crew was flying from Alexandria to Cairo when it was taken over by at least one gunman. The EgyptAir pilot reported the incident to the Cairo control tower, where the plane was due to land at 07:15 local time. No immediate demands have been made by the hijacker and no group has yet claimed responsibility.
Fifteen Egyptian police officers were killed in an attack in the North Sinai city of El-Arish on Saturday evening. Officials said the officers died in a mortar attack, while the Sinai Province militant group - who claimed responsibility - said they used a suicide truck bomb. In a statement the group, which is affiliated to the Islamic State (IS), said it was carried out as "part of a series of operations in response to the humiliation and searching of Muslim women at checkpoints".
Three civilians were wounded when a device exploded in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, on Wednesday. The blast occurred as a police convoy was passing through the Faisal neighbourhood, damaging two police vehicles. The interior ministry said one suspect has been arrested in connection to the blast.
At least 18 people were killed in a road accident in South Sinai on Wednesday. According to the Egyptian Interior Ministry the victims, which included 12 Egyptian police officers and four students, died when a micro-bus and a truck collided on a highway near Abu Rdiss. Poor road maintenance, negligent drivers and a lack of road-rule enforcement are the cause of the majority of road accidents in Egypt.
Three Egyptian soldiers have been killed in a roadside bomb attack in North Sinai. The incident happened in the al-Shadayid neighbourhood of Sheikh Zuweid on Sunday. Three people were also wounded in the blast, which is the latest in a series of attacks targeting the Egyptian security forces.
An military court in Alexandria sentenced seven suspected Muslim Brotherhood members to death on Wednesday. The group were also accused of involvement in the bombing of Kafr el-Sheikh in April, 2015 which killed two Egyptian military cadets and wounded six others. Since the ouster of the Islamist president, Mohamed Morsi, in 2013 hundreds of anti-government protesters have been sentenced to jail by civilian and military courts.
Two Egyptian police officers have been killed and two others wounded in a roadside bomb attack in North Sinai. The device exploded as their vehicle passed near the border town of Rafah on Saturday. Meanwhile a police officer was shot dead by gunmen outside his house in El-Arish in the early hours of Sunday morning. The Sinai Province group, an affiliate of the Islamic State (IS), claimed responsibility for the attack.
Two protesters were killed during clashes with riot police in the northern port of Damiatta on Friday. The Ministry of Interior claimed that the two victims, Al-Sayed Abu Al-Maaty and Mohamed Al-Badawi, were members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood and were “planning to execute violent acts through armed demonstrations against police forces.” Another protester and two police officers were also wounded in the unrest.
Two Egyptian police officers have been killed in a roadside bomb attack in North Sinai. The officers were passing in a security vehicle in an area south-west of Sheikh Zuweid when the device exploded. A similar incident on Sunday killed an 18-year-old student in the city of El-Arish.
A civilian was killed and 11 other people wounded when a roadside bomb exploded in North Sinai on Sunday. The device exploded in the city of El-Arish as four soldiers passed in an armoured vehicle, killing an 18-year-old student instantly. The Sinai Province, a militant group linked to the Islamic State (IS), are suspected of planting the bomb.
An Egyptian police officer shot dead a taxi driver during a dispute in Cairo on Thursday night, sparking protests from local residents. The incident happened in the el-Darb el-Ahmar district where the officer and driver became involved in an argument over a fare. In response to the killing protesters assaulted the officer, blocked roads and stormed the local security headquarters. Egypt's state-run news agency said the officer had been arrested, while the interior ministry called the shooting a "mistake".
Gunmen on a motorcycle have killed an Egyptian police officer and wounded two others in the city of Giza. The incident happened in the El-Badrashin district, around 40km west of Cairo, on Tuesday evening. The shooting is the latest in a series of attacks on Egypt's security forces since President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi overthrew Mohammed Morsi on 2013.
Two Egyptian soldiers have been killed and a third wounded while trying to defuse an IED in North Sinai. The incident happened near Sheikh Zuweid on Saturday, a military spokesman said in a statement. No group has taken responsibility for planting the device, although most incident in the region are attributed to the Sinai Province militant group.
Around 100 people were injured in a train crash on Thursday in southern Cairo. The train headed from Aswan to Cairo derailed due to a collision with a concrete block. No deaths have been reported.
An Italian student who went missing in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, in January has been found dead. The body of Giulio Regeni, 28, was discovered in the west of the city on Wednesday evening. Senior prosecutor Ahmad Nagi said the victim appeared to have been tortured and had injuries on "all of his body, including his face".
Egyptian security forces have killed two suspected Islamist militants during clashes in the Egyptian capital, Cairo. Two soldiers were also wounded in the incident, which occurred in the upscale Maadi district on Wednesday. A cache of weapons and explosives were also recovered from the scene.
Two Egyptian police officers have been killed and five others wounded in a roadside bomb attack in North Sinai. The officers were travelling in an armoured vehicle when the device exploded near the city of El-Arish on Friday. The Islamic State (IS) affiliates, SInai Province, are suspected of carrying out the attack.
Four Egyptian soldiers were killed and 12 others injured in an explosion in Sinai on Wednesday. An IED was planted on the road near the north-western city of Arish and remotely detonated. The insurgency established by Islamic State's Egyptian branch - Sinai Province - has killed hundreds of soldiers and police officers and has been targeting Western targets within the country in recent months.
Seven police officers and three civilians have been killed in an explosion at a suspected militant hideout in the city of Giza, west of Cairo. Egypt's Ministry of Interior said that officers raided the apartment of suspected Muslim Brotherhood affiliates in the Al-Haram district on Thursday evening. "Police had information that a group of Muslim Brotherhood members were preparing to carry out aggressive acts in the coming days using explosives and crude bombs," the ministry said. The Egyptian security forces have searched more than 5,000 houses in central Cairo over the last 10 days ahead of the anniversary of the Arab spring protests in 2011.
Five Egyptian police officers has been killed in an attack on a security checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula. “Unidentified gunmen opened fire on security forces at El-Etlawi square in the center of El-Arish,” the ministry said in a statement. The Islamic State (IS) affiliate Sinai Province have claimed responsibility for the attack.
Three Egyptian police officers have been wounded after an IED exploded in El-Arish in North Sinai. The device exploded on the international highway in the city, while an armoured vehicle was also hit. The wounded were transferred to a nearby hospital for treatment.
The Egyptian army has killed 30 suspected militants and wounded 10 others during operations in North Sinai, said an army spokesman on Thursday. Brg. Gen. Mohammed Samir said the clashes erupted when militants attacked a checkpoint near Sheikh Zuweid, killing four soldiers and wounding eight others. The army is currently conducting the second phase of the "Martyr's Right", the country's largest military operation in North Sinai.
Three foreign tourists were wounded in an attack in the Red Sea resort if Hurghada on Friday evening. Two Austrians and a Swede were stabbed by two assailants at the Bella Vista hotel before security forces repelled the attack, killing one and wounding another. The incident came a day after militants targeted a tourist bus near the Giza pyramids in the capital, although no-one was hurt in that attack.
Two Egyptian police officers have been killed in a shooting the city of Giza, on the outskirts of the capital, Cairo. Ali Ahmed Fahmy and Ramadan al-Burhami were targeted as they made their way to work in the Shabramat district on Saturday morning, according to the Ministry of Interior. The Islamic State (IS) group affiliate, Sinai Province, claimed responsibility for the attack.
Gunmen on a motorcycle shot at a group of tourists as they boarded a bus near the pyramids of Cairo. One gunman was arrested at the scene, and security forces surrounded the other gunman in another part of the city. No fatalities have been reported.
An Egyptian police officer has been killed and a civilian wounded in a drive-by shooting in the Beni Suef governorate. Unidentified assailants on a motorbike carried out the attack early on Tuesday morning. The wounded civilian has been taken to hospital while security forces search for the perpetrators.
An Egyptian soldier has been killed in a suicide bomb attack in North Sinai. The bomber detonated the explosives as security forces were carrying out a raid west of El-Arish on Tuesday. Egypt's military has carried out dozens of raids in the area in response to attacks by militants from the Sinai Province, formerly Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, which is affiliated to the Islamic State (IS).
Gunmen on motorcycles have killed a police officer in the Egyptian capital, Cairo. The assailants opened fire on the officer as he guarded a post office in the southern suburb of Badrasheen on Thursday. The shooting comes less than two weeks after militants from the Sinai Province killed four police officers in Saqqara, 35km south of Cairo.
Four police conscripts have been killed and four others wounded after a roadside bomb hit their armoured vehicle in North Sinai. The device was remotely detonated as they passed through central Rafah on Tuesday. The Sinai Province militant group, which is affiliated to the Islamic State (IS) in Syria and Iraq, is suspected of carrying out the latest attack.
At least 18 people have been killed after a Molotov cocktail was thrown in to a restaurant in Egypt's capital, Cairo. Three masked men are reported to have carried out the attack in the Agouza area of the city before fleeing the area, while a local official said one of the suspects is a recently fired employee. Many of the victims died from smoke inhalation as they were trapped in the restaurant's basement, which also contained a nightclub.
Four Egyptian police officers have been killed in a drive-by shooting near the capital, Cairo. The incident happened in the Saqqara area, around 35km south of the city, on Saturday afternoon. A group affiliated to the Islamic State (IS) later claimed responsibility for the killings.
Two bombs have exploded outside a hotel in North Sinai, killing three people and wounding 12 others. A suicide car bomber tried to drive into the hotel in city of al-Arish before security forces opened fire, causing the car to explode. A second blast was reported in the area around 10 minutes later. There was no immediate claim of responsibility, although suspicion with fall of the the Islamic State's Egypt affiliate, Sinai Province.
Egyptian border guards have shot dead six Sudanese migrants who were attempting to cross into Israel. “Law enforcement tasked with protecting the border spotted at dawn today a group of Africans trying to sneak though the international border in cooperation with criminal elements involved in illegal immigration,” the military said in a statement. On 15 November the bodies of 15 African migrants were found close to the Israeli border.
The bodies of 15 African migrants have been found in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, according to officials. The victims, who are all believed to be from Sudan, were shot dead near the town of Rafah, close to the border with Gaza. There have been reports that they were caught in the crossfire during clashes between criminal groups and Egyptian security forces.
Egypt's authorities have destroyed a network of tunnels connecting the Sinai Province to the Gaza Strip. Army spokesman Brg. Gen. Mohamed Samir said troops "discovered and successfully destroyed 31 tunnels on the border line of Rafah city". The announcement comes as Egyptian President Abdel Fatah el-Sisi and Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas are due to meet in Cairo to discuss joint security measures.
A prominent independent journalist and human rights activist has been arrested by Egypt's military intelligence. Hossam Bahgat faces charges of "publishing false information that harms national security" over an article he published in October about a secret military trial. Amnesty International and the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) have both condemned the arrest, with Amnesty's MENA director describing the move as "yet another nail in the coffin for the freedom of expression in Egypt".
Egyptian authorities have refused permission to UK planes attempting to land in Sharm el-Sheikh to rescue stranded British tourists. Two Easyjet flights left the resorts on Friday morning but eight other planes were refused permission by Egypt's civil aviation ministry. Around 20,000 people have been stuck at the Red Sea resort since the UK government cancelled all flights to and from Sharm el-Sheikh on Wednesday amid reports that the Russian plane which crashed in the Sinai on Saturday was the result of a terrorist attack.
At least 11 people have been killed in the Beheira province north of Cairo after heavy rain sparked flash flooding. The Wadi al-Natun valley was particularly badly hit and more than 100 villagers had to be evacuated. A spokesman for the Egyptian Meteorological Authority said "unstable" weather was expected to continue until Friday.
At least five people have been killed and five others wounded in a suicide car bomb attack in North Sinai. The device exploded outside the Police Officers' Club in the city of El-Arish on Wednesday morning. Sinai Province, the militant group linked to the Islamic State (IS), claimed responsibility for the attack.
Militants linked to the Islamic State (IS) claim that they are responsible for bringing down the Russian passenger plane which crashed in the Sinai Peninsula, killing all 224 people on board. The Metrojet operated Airbus A321-200 crashed shortly after taking off from Sharm el-Sheikh on Saturday morning. Egyptian and Russian authorities have both dismissed the militants' claims, saying that they do not posses weapons capable of hitting planes at the altitude that flight KGL9268 was at when it went off radar.
The Egyptian security forces say they have killed 20 militants in operations across the Sinai Province. Troops carried out raids in Arish, Rafah and Sheikh, while helicopters targeted "terrorist" hubs and arms storage facilities. In a statement released on Thursday the military said engineers detonated more than 50 explosive devices, while a total of 78 suspects were arrested.
Two Egyptians have been killed and six police officers wounded after a bomb exploded near a police station in El-Arish in North Sinai. The interior ministry said the device had been planted by "unknown assailants", and comes as the military continues a major operation against militants in the region. Elsewhere three pro-government tribesmen were captured by militants during an attack on a checkpoint in the nearby town of Sheikh Zuweid.
An Egyptian police officer has been killed and another wounded in an attack by armed men in the Giza province. The officers were on patrol in the al-Baragil district when they came under fire during the early hours of Tuesday. No group has taken responsibility for the incident, which is the latest in a series of attacks against the security forces.
At least 17 suspected militants have been killed and 62 others arrested during a major security operation in North Sinai. “Security forces defused 53 explosive devices, burned down 42 terrorists’ hideouts, destroyed 16 vehicles and 13 motorbikes and destroyed seven explosive warehouses in North Sinai,” said military spokesman Mohamed Samir. The military activity was part of the "Right of the Martyr" operation, which is now in its eleventh day.
Security forces have killed 12 people, including Mexican tourists, after they were mistaken for Islamist militants. The tourists were travelling in four vehicles that entered a restricted zone in the Wahat area of the Western Desert. Ten Mexicans and Egyptians were also injured and are being treated in a local hospital. A statement from the Egyptian interior ministry said that the four vehicles the tourists were travelling in were "mistakenly dealt with" during a joint military police and armed forces operation.
A major operation launched by the Egyptian military in the Sinai Peninsula has resulted in the deaths of 29 Islamic State militants. Two soldiers were also killed. "Units of the police and army launched Operation Right of the Martyr at dawn to eliminate terrorist elements in Rafah, Sheikh Zuweid and El-Arish in North Sinai," the army said in a statement. An officer and a non-commissioned officer were killed and four others wounded when their vehicle was blown up by a bomb.
An army officer and a conscript have been killed in an attack in northern Sinai peninsula. The two soldiers were killed, and five others injured, when their armoured vehicle was hit by a roadside bomb in the Taweel Al Amir area south of Rafah, and the injured were taken to Al-Arish hospital.
An Egyptian court has sentenced three Al Jazeera journalists to three years in prison after finding them guilty of "aiding a terrorist organisation". Mohamed Fahmy and Baher Mohamed were present for the proceedings in Cairo, while Australian Peter Greste was sentenced in absentia after being deported back in February. The European Union said the verdict represented "a setback for freedom of expression in Egypt", while Al Jazeera's director general said it was "another deliberate attack on press freedom".
Gunmen have shot and killed two Egyptian policemen in the Sinai Peninsula on Wednesday. The attack occurred in Al-Arish, when "unidentified assailants on a motorbike opened fire on two police, who died of their wounds," the Interior Minister said in a statement.
Three Egyptian police officers have been killed and more than 30 others wounded by a roadside bomb in the Nile Delta region. The device exploded in the Baheira province, around 260km north of Cairo, early on Monday morning. No group immediately claimed responsibility for the attack.
Masked gunmen have seized four members of Hamas from a bus travelling to Cairo from the Gaza Strip. The bus carrying 50 passengers was ambushed close to the Rafah border crossing with Gaza on Wednesday night. Hamas has called on Egypt to secure the members' release. An Egyptian security official said four unknown men fired at the bus forcing it to stop. The driver was assaulted and the Hamas members captured after their identity documents were checked. The bus was being escorted by Egyptian soldiers at the time, according to Hamas. "The graveness of such an incident was that it was the first of its kind and it breaks all diplomatic and security norms," the group said in a statement.
Six police officers have been wounded when a car bomb hit a state security building in the northern Shubra district of Cairo in the early hours of Thursday morning. Residents across Cairo reported hearing and feeling a large blast just before 02.00 local time (00.00 GMT). "A man suddenly stopped his car in front of the state security building, jumped out of it and fled on a motorbike that followed the car," a ministry statement said. The blast left a crater in the street and partially destroyed the building. Locals said glass from blown-out windows was strewn across several streets nearby. No one has yet claimed responsibility for the attack.
Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi has approved stringent new counter-terrorism laws to fight a growing Islamist insurgency. The laws establish special courts and offer additional protection from legal consequences for military and police officers who had used force. They also impose the death penalty for anyone found guilty of setting up or leading a terrorist group. Rights groups say Mr Sisi will use the legislation to crush dissent.
On August 13, four people were killed and two wounded in an Egyptian military aircraft crash near the coastal town of Marsa Matrouh, near the Libyan border. According to early investigations, the crash was caused by a "technical fault." The aircraft was on a mission to destroy four vehicles belonging to Islamist militants.
A heatwave in Egypt has killed at least 61 people in three days as temperatures soared to 47C (116F). Forty people died after suffering heatstroke on Sunday and Monday, and another 21 died on Tuesday. Another 581 people have been admitted to hospital with heat exhaustion. Most of the victims were elderly, but local media reports said that they also included several detainees and patients at a psychiatric hospital.
A roadside bomb killed two Egyptian police officers on Sunday as they were travelling in an armoured vehicle in Al-Arish, North Sinai. The men included a police officer and a police conscript. Three other police conscripts were injured in the incident. An Egyptian affiliate of the Islamic State group, Sinai Province, has claimed responsibility for the attack, as well as many other recent attacks in the area.
A senior police officer was killed and a soldier injured after two assailants fired on a military unit in Suez governorate. Lieutenant Colonel Walid al-Sadiq was shot dead while Mohamed Hassan - a soldier - was injured in an excnahge of fire between elements of the Third Field Army and two assailants on a motorbike who attacked a checkpoint near Badr Market in Suez. The whereabouts of the other assailant is currently unknown.
Three police officers were wounded on Monday when a bomb exploded under a traffic sentry post near a Cairo courthouse. Bomb disposal experts defused a second device they found inside a black bag while searching the area after the blast. No one claimed immediate responsibility for the explosion in the northeastern Heliopolis district.
A senior leader of the Sinai Province militant group has been killed near his home in Sheikh Zuwayed, North Sinai. Selim Suleiman al-Haram died in an exchange of gunfire after he refused to surrender to security forces. Hours later, 20 militants were killed in an anti-terror operation, while seven others were arrested.
Two suspected jihadists were killed in a shootout with police in Cairo when the police attempted to arrest them. The two men were suspected of involvement in the recent bombing of the Italian consulate.
Eighteen police conscripts were injured by a roadside bomb in North Sinai. They were headed for a holiday when a remote-detonated device targeted their bus near the state capital of El-Arish. None of the officers sustained life-threatening injuries, and Health Ministry official Tarek Khatar later confirmed that they were in a stable condition. It is not known who carried out the attack, but it bears the hallmarks of the 'Sinai Province' terrorist group, an Islamic State-affiliated group who aim to topple the government in Cairo.
Egypt's cabinet has extended the state of emergency in North Sinai for another three months. It will be applied on the areas of Rafah's Hill and Al-Ouga town east of the North Sinai governorate, and from western Arish to the Al-Halal mountain to the east. A night-time curfew will also continue.
A Croatian citizen has been kidnapped by a group of armed men in the Egyptian capital, Cairo. The Croatian foreign ministry reported that the 31-year-old man, who has not yet been formally identified, was travelling to work for a French oil company when he was seized. "His car was stopped by an armed group who forced the driver to leave the car and then took off in an unknown direction," the ministry said on its website.
Four Egyptian soldiers have been killed and three others wounded by a roadside bomb in North Sinai. The troops were travelling in an armoured vehicle near Rafah when the device exploded. At the weekend seven soldiers died in an attack by Islamic militants near the town of Sheikh Zuweid.
At least seven Egyptian soldiers and 59 militants have been killed in an attack by suspected Islamist militants in North Sinai. Gunmen targeted two military checkpoints near the town of Sheikh Zuweid on Saturday, two weeks after a similar assault left 17 soldiers dead, while fighting also took place around the towns of Rafah and El Arish. In a radio broadcast the Sinai Province militant group claimed responsibility for the attacks.
At least six people have been killed in clashes between the police and Muslim Brotherhood supporters in the city of Giza. The violence erupted after the supporters of the ousted president, Mohamed Morsi, held a rally in Talbiyah after the Friday morning prayers. Clashes were also reported in the Kerdasa, al-Haram, Nahra and al-Omraniya district, while a security official in Alexandria said 20 "Brotherhood supporters" had been arrested during similar marches.
An Egyptian naval vessel has been attacked by Islamic State-affilitated militants in the eastern Mediterranean. The patrol boat caught fire following clashes with fighters from the Sinai Province group (formerly Ansar Bait al-Maqdis) off the coastal town of Rafah. The group claim to have used a guided anti-tank missile in the attack, although the army said there were no casualties.
At least one person has been killed and nine others wounded after a car bomb exploded outside the Italian Consulate in Egypt's capital, Cairo. The Islamic State (IS) militant group said that it was behind the blast, saying such sites are "legitimate targets". Italy's Foreign Affairs Minister Paolo Gentiloni responded by saying "Italy is not intimidated".
A roadside bomb has wounded 20 Egyptian police officers in northern Sinai. The remote-controlled device exploded as the police were travelling on a bus on the outskirts of the provincial capital, Al-Arish on Thursday. No group immediately claimed responsibility for the attack, although the Sinai Province jihadist group (formerly Ansar Beit al-Maqdis) have carried out dozens of similar attacks in the area.
Islamic militants launched an attack on Egyptian army checkpoints in the restive north of the Sinai Peninsula. The attacks targeted at least six military checkpoints and at least thirty soldiers have been killed. The militants also took soldiers captive and seized several armored vehicles.
Hisham Barakat, the Egyptian Public Prosecutor has been killed along with at least three civilians after a car bomb exploded as he was passing a parked vehicle in Heliopolis, Cairo. The Egyptian affiliate of Islamic State recently called for attacks on the judiciary after the hanging of six militants.
An Egyptian court has upheld a death sentence against former President Mohamed Morsi. The sentence was confirmed after the court consulted the Grand Mufti, the country's highest religious figure. Sixteen other Muslim Brotherhood members were also sentenced to death, along with influential Muslim cleric Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi was was tried in absentia in the same case.
A suicide bomber has targeted the ancient Karnak temple in the city of Luxor. Local media has reported that at least three people were wounded in the attack at the popular tourist site, while officials said that police foiled two other suicide attacks at the site. Last week two police officers were shot dead near the Great Pyramids at Giza.
Two Egyptian police officers have been killed by gunmen near the pyramids in Giza. The two members of the tourism and antiquities police were shot by assailants on a motorbike in the Haram area in western Cairo. No group claimed immediate responsibility for the attack.
A senior Egyptian police officer has been killed in a roadside bomb attack in North Sinai. The interior ministry said Brig. Gen. Ahmed Ibrahim died when his vehicle hit an explosive device on the al-Samarat road near the provincial capital, al-Arish. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.
The leader of Sinai Province, an Islamic militant group with links to Islamic State (IS), has called for attacks on local judges. Cleric Abu Osama al-Masry released the statement on a jihadist website after six members of his group were executed for a deadly attack on soldiers in Cairo last year. "Poison their food... surveil them at home and in the street... destroy their homes with explosives if you can," he was quoted as saying. On Saturday judges Mohamed Marawan Arafa, Magdi Rafiq Mabrouk and Abdel-Monem Osman and their driver were killed when gunmen opened fire on their vehicle in the North Sinai city of Al-Arish.
Egyptian security forces are using rape, sexual violence and assault against detainees on a huge scale, according to a human rights group. The International Federation for Human Rights' (IDFH) report said various forms of sexual violence were being used by the authorities to "eliminate public protest". The study also stated that there had been a surge in attacks after the military takeover in July, 2013.
A court in Cairo has banned militant football groups, known as Ultras, declaring them terrorist organisations. The groups have been central to the anti-government protests over recent years, including the student-led unrest against President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. In February, 2012 fighting between Ahly and Port Said fans left at least 72 people dead, while earlier this year 22 fans of Zamalek SC were killed in a stampede sparked by the security forces.
Egyptian authorities have executed six men convicted of carrying out attacks in the Sinai Province, including the killing of two security officers in March, 2014. The six were accused of being members of the Ansar Beit al-Maqdis militant group, which has pledged allegiance to the Islamic State (IS). Human rights groups, including Amnesty International, said that three of the men were in custody at the time of the attack on the soldiers in Arab Sharkas.
An Egyptian court has sentenced former president Mohammed Morsi and more than 100 other people to death for a mass prison break in 2011. The court ruled that the case will now be referred to the Grand Mufti, the highest religious authority in Egypt. Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan has criticised the ruling and accused the West of turning a blind eye to the situation in Egypt. "While the West is abolishing the death penalty, they are just watching the continuation of death sentences in Egypt. They don't do anything about it," said Mr Erdogan.
A police officer and three members of the banned Muslim Brotherhood have been killed during a police raid in Damietta governorate. Officers stormed the village of Basarta on Saturday morning, leading to clashes with alleged Brotherhood supporters. Eighteen people were arrested and a large cache of weapons were seized, according to Egypt's Interior Ministry.
Two Egyptian police officers have been killed in an attack at a camp in the town of Rafah, next to the border with Gaza. Gunmen in a car opened fire on the officers who were guarding the entrance to the camp. Security forces returned fire but the assailants managed to escape from the scene.
Egypt's former president, Mohammed Morsi, has been sentenced to 20 years in prison for his role in the deaths of protesters in 2012. Mr Morsi was also charged with ordering the arrest and torture of protesters during his rule. The court aquitted the former president of murder charges which could have seen him facing the death penalty.
One Egyptian soldier has been killed and another wounded in the latest bombing targeting the security forces in North Sinai on Thursday. The soldiers were travelling in an armoured vehicle which hit an explosive device on a road south of Sheikh Zuweid. The Welayet Sinai (Province of Sinai) militant group said it had planted and detonated the bomb.
Two Egyptian military cadets have been killed and six others wounded in a bombing in the Nile Valley city of Kafr al-Sheikh on Wednesday. The device exploded outside the city's football stadium as the cadets were waiting to catch a bus. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack.
At least 14 people have been killed and more than 40 others wounded in two bombings in the restive Sinai Peninsula on Sunday. Six Egyptian soldiers died when their armoured vehicle hit a roadside bomb near the town of Sheikh Zuweid, while another blast at a police station killed eight people in El-Arish. Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, which has pledged alliegance to the Islamic State (IS), claimed responsibility for the attacks.
At least 11 civilians and two police officers have been killed in a series of attacks in Egypt's restive Sinai Peninsula. Military officials said mortars and rockets hit a residential area south of Sheikh Zweid in norther Sinai, killing nine people, while another missile hit a nearby village. A third attack was reported in the provincial capital el-Arish, where an explosive device hit an army vehicle and killed two police officers.
An Egyptian police officer and two civilians have been killed in a bombing on a bridge in Egypt's capital, Cairo. Sunday's blast went off on the 15 May Bridge which links Zamalek to Cairo and Giza. No group claimed immediate responsibility for the attack.
At least 15 Egyptian soldiers and two civilians have been killed in an attack by gunmen in the Sinai peninsula. Security forces said the troops were ambushed at a checkpoint in the town of Sheikh Zuweid on Thursday. It is the deadliest attack in the region since militants attacked an army base in al-Arish in January.
At least eight people have been wounded after a bomb exploded outside Cairo University on Monday. Local officials said a device exploded at a subway entrance near the campus, adding that four of the wounded were police officers. Elsewhere a bombing was also reported near the Roman theater in the northern port city of Alexandria, wounding two police officers.
The leaders of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan have signed an agreement to settle a long-running dispute over the distribution of water from the Nile river. The discussion centred on Ethiopia's controversial Grand Renaissance Dam project, which Cairo feared would reduce its supply of water. "I confirm the construction of the Renaissance Dam will not cause any damage to our three states and especially to the Egyptian people," Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said at the signing ceremony. Egypt's President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi said "we have chosen cooperation, and to trust one another for the sake of development.
One civilian has been killed and 25 police officers wounded in a suicide bomb attack in the city of El Arish in the Sinai Peninsula. "The bomber drove a water tanker filled with explosives into the rear gate of the base," a security official told the AFP news agency. "As the vehicle approached, police fired on it, detonating the explosives inside." On Monday a roadside bomb killed three Egyptian soldiers in Sinai.
At least two people have been killed and nine others wounded after a bomb exploded in central Cairo on Monday. The device had been planted under a parked car near the Egyptian High Court in the Ramses neighborhood. The little known Revolutionary Punishment group claimed responsibility for the attack, claiming they were targeting a police checkpoint.
One person has been killed and at least five others wounded after five bombs exploded across Egypt's capital, Cairo. Health ministry spokesman Hossam Abdel Ghaffar said one person died in a blast at a pizzeria in the Imbaba district. Three explosions were reported in the Mohandeseen district, while another device went off near a police station in the Alwaraq district.
An Egyptian court has granted bail to two al-Jazeera journalists, Baher Mohamed and Mohamed Fahmy, who were imprisoned in June on charges of spreading false news. Their convictions were overturned on appeal last month and a retrial has been ordered. "Bail is a small step in the right direction, and allows Baher and Mohamed to spend time with their families after 411 days apart," an Al Jazeera spokesman said on Thursday. "The focus though is still on the court reaching the correct verdict at the next hearing by dismissing this absurd case and releasing both these fine journalists unconditionally." Their colleague, Peter Greste, was released and deported last week.
At least 10 people have been wounded after suspected Islamic militants detonated five bombs in the northern port city of Alexandria. Three police stations in the city were targeted, while two smaller blasts were reported in an eastern suburb. Officials said that security forces later carried out a series of air strikes in the Sinai Peninsula, killing 15 suspected militants.
At least 40 people have been killed and dozens more wounded in clashes at a football stadium in the capital, Cairo. Police setup up barricades and fired tear gas at football fans who were trying to force their way into the stadium in the north-east of the city. The Egyptian authorities have suspended the football league indefinitely, three years after riots between rival football fans in Port Said left 72 people dead.
One person has been killed and three others wounded in a bombing near the northern port city of Alexandria. The device exploded outside Mabaret al-Asafra Hospital in the town of Agamy, on the outskirts of Alexandria. Meanwhile a home made device went off in downtown Cairo, although no injuries were reported, and two "sound bombs" were discovered at the capital's international airport.
The Australian al-Jazeera journalist Peter Greste has been deported from Egypt after spending more than a year in prison. He was jailed along with two colleagues - Mohamed Fahmy and Baher Mohamed - on charges of "spreading false news" in a case which drew widespread international criticism. Mr Fahmy, who holds dual Egyptian-Canadian citizenship, is also set to be deported; however, Mr Mohamed is not expected to be released as he is an Egyptian national.
At least 26 people, many of them Egyptian soldiers, have been killed in a series of attacks by militants in the North Sinai province. Ansar Beit al-Maqdis claimed responsibility for the "extensive, simultaneous attacks in the cities of El-Arish, Sheikh Zuweid and Rafah". President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi cut short a visit to Ethiopia following news of the violence.
At least 20 people have been killed in clashes between protesters and police across Egypt. The violence was sparked when a female activist, Shaimaa el-Sabagh, was shot dead on Saturday during a rally in Cairo. Interior Ministry spokesman Hany Abdel Latif told Egypt's state news agency that at least 150 people had been arrested for protesting and inciting violence. Demonstrations were also held in El-Matariya, Damanhur, Alexandria and in Giza.
Four suspected militants have been killed in an exchange of fire with Egyptian troops in North Sinai. A military spokesman said 27 people had also been arrested during operations between 19 and 20 January. On Tuesday an officer and two conscripts were wounded by an IED in the area.
Egyptian border police have shot and killed a Palestinian teenager on the Rafah border between the Gaza strip and Egypt. Palestinian officials claim that 17-year-old Zaki Hopi was shot in the back late on Friday night, while Egyptian officials confirmed that guards fired shots as a group of Palestinian boys tried to climb the border fence.
A court in Egypt has ordered a retrial of the three Al Jazeera journalists who have been in prison for more than a year. Peter Greste, Mohamed Fahmy and Baher Mohamed were denied bail at the appeal hearing as the court in Cairo said the case had to go back to the criminal court. "Baher, Peter and Mohammed have been unjustly in jail for over a year now. The Egyptian authorities have a simple choice – free these men quickly, or continue to string this out, all the while continuing this injustice and harming the image of their own country in the eyes of the world", said an Al Jazeera spokesman.
Egyptian police officers have killed five members of the jihadist militant group, Ansar Beit al-Maqdis. The interior ministry said militants opened fire on troops after the security forces stormed a farm in Sharqiya province where they were preparing explosives. "An exchange of gunfire then took place, causing the deaths of five members of the terrorist cell while a police officer was injured," said the statement.
A court in Egypt has jailed 41 Islamists accused of attacking churches and police stations during rioting last year. Prosecutors said the men took to the streets after former President Mohammed Morsi was forced from office by the Egyptian military. More than 16,000 people have been jailed and 1,400 killed in a wide-ranging crackdown against opponents of the government.
Canada and the UK have both suspended services at their respective embassies in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, over security fears. "As a security precaution, and to ensure the protection of Canadian staff, we have closed our embassy in Cairo for the day," Adam Hodge, press secretary for Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird, said Monday, a day after the UK took similar steps. On Sunday a video was released in which a Canadian Islamic militant called for attacks against his home country.
Clashes have erupted in Egypt after a court droppped criminal charges against former president Hosni Mubarak. Hundreds of demonstrators rallied at Cairo Universtiy while around 2,000 people gathered at Tahrir Square - the site of the mass protests which led to Mubarak's resignation in 2011. Two people died and nine others were wounded during the clashes between protesters and security forces.
At least four people have been killed and dozens more wounded after anti-government protesters clashed with Egyptian security forces in the capital, Cairo. The rally had been organised by the ultraconservative Salafist Front group and was supported by the banned Muslim Brotherhood. Elsewhere two senior army officers were killed and two conscripts wounded in a shooting in the Gesr al-Suez are of the city.
A bomb has exploded near a train station in the town of al-Wasta, south of the capital Cairo. Later three unexploded devices were discovered by police on railway tracks in the region. A body was found near the site of the first blast, which the Egyptian interior ministry said probably belonged to the person who planted the device.
At least 10 people have been killed in a rocket attack in Egypt's restive Sinai Peninsula. The missile hit a civilian house near the border town of Rafah on Tuesday; although, it is unclear if it was fired by militants or Egyptian army helicopters.
Gunmen have attacked an Egyptian naval ship in the Mediterranean Sea, leaving five servicemen wounded and eight others missing. The vessel was targeted around 70km off the northern port of Damietta on Wednesday morning. The Egyptian military said in a statement that four of the boats used in the "terrorist" attack were destroyed and 32 of the assailants were arrested.
The Egyptian security forces killed eight suspected militants during security operations in North Sinai on Saturday. An army spokesman said 13 militants were arrested and 24 "terrorist locations" were destroyed during the raid.
Two Egyptian police officers have been killed after a bomb exploded on a train north of the capital, Cairo. The officers were inspecting the device when it went off at a station in the Menufiya province. Eight people were also reportedly wounded in the blast.
At least 25 people have been killed after a car bomb exploded at a military checkpoint in North Sinai. The blast took place in Karm al-Qawadeis, near the town of Sheikh Zuweid on Friday afternoon. Dozens of people were also wounded in the blast and the security forces have warned that the death toll is likely to rise.
A bomb has exploded at the entrance to the gates of Cairo University, wounding at least 10 people including six police officers. Local reports said the homemade device exploded shortly after clashes between police and Islamist students during a protest outside the university's campus.
At least 12 people have been wounded after a bomb exploded near the High Court of Justice in central Cairo. The blast occurred after seven Islamic militants were sentenced to death over the killing of 25 Egyptian soldiers last year. A security official told local media that the blast was caused by an IED and not a car bomb.
University students in Egypt have held several anti-government protests across the country. At the al-Azhar University in the capital, Cairo, at least 13 people were arrested during clashes with police, who fired tear gas to disperse the crowds. Every day will be a bigger day of protests as more students join on-campus demonstrations against the military coup,” said Diaa Sawy, deputy head of Youth against the Coup. A similar rally was held in the northern city of Alexandria, where students set fire to the entrance to the literature school.
Egypt's army has killed a senior militant leader during operations in the city of Rafah in North Sinai. Mohamed Abu Sheeta, who was responsible for the kidnapping of seven Egyptian soldiers in the Sinai last year, was a leader from the Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis group. Two tonnes of explosives were also recovered from a nearby tunnel linking Rafah to Gaza.
A bombing outside the foreign ministry in Cairo has killed two police officers and wounded nine other people. The blast appeared to target a police checkpoint on a crowded street in the Bulaq Abu-al-lla district, close to the River Nile. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack.
Six Egyptian police officers have been killed by a roadside bomb near the town of Rafah in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. Security officials said the device had been planted in an area known as Wadi Halfa, and exploded as an armoured convoy passed. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack; however, it bears the hallmarks of the Sinai-based militant group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis.
At least five Egyptian police officers and a civilian have been wounded after two homemade bombs exploded in Tanta in Gharbeya governorate. The devices, which had been planted inside a bin, exploded outside the Police Club in the town late on Thursday.
Seven men have been arrested by Egyptian authorities after a video emerged which appeared to show the country's first gay marriage. "Nine of the 16 participants were identified in an investigation and seven were arrested," state news agency MENA said. Prosecutors said they had also ordered "medical tests" on the men, a practice used by the authorities to identify sexual orientation. Although not explicitly outlawed in Egypt, homosexuality can be punished under other statutes on morality.
At least 11 police officers have been killed after militants targeted a security convoy in the Sinai Peninsula. Security sources said that two officers were killed by a roadside bomb before the militants opened fire on the rest of the group. Ansar Beit al-Maqdis have carried out several attacks in Sinai since the head of the Muslim Brotherhood Mohamed Morsi was overthrown by the Egyptian army last year.
One Egyptian police officer has been killed and another wounded in an attack in the northern province of Gharbiya. The victims were on patrol when unknown gunmen opened fire on them from a parked car before fleeing from the scene.
At least two people have been killed in clashes between protesters and police in the Egyptian capital, Cairo. Hundreds of people gathered in Giza on the outskirts of the city to mark the anniversary of the Rabba crackdown, during which more than 1,000 people died.
Egyptian troops have killed nine suspected militants during army operations in North Sinai. "Army troops raided terrorists' hideouts in Northern Sinai, killing nine terrorists in ensuing clashes," said army spokesman Mohamed Samir. A further 21 people - three Egyptians and 18 Syrians - were arrested and a tunnel destroyed during raids in the city of Rafah.
Five Egyptian police officers and four alleged smugglers have been killed in clashes near the northern coastal town of Marsa Matrouh. The fighting began when police attempted to stop suspicious cars along the main highway to Alexandria. Security officials said that Islamist militants in neighbouring Libya are smuggling weapons across the border for their counterparts in the Sinai.
At least three people have been killed after two explosive devices went off prematurely near the capital, Cairo. Security officials said that the victims had been transporting the bombs in a pick-up truck when they exploded in the town of el-Saf in Giza province.
Egyptian troops have killed 14 Islamic militants during clashes in the Sinai Peninsula. The army said that 47 people were also arrested following the gun fight near Sheikh Zuwaid in north Sinai on Saturday.
At least 21 Egyptian border guards have been killed in an attack by militants in the western desert region of Wadi el-Gedid. Security forces said the guards were targeted on Saturday morning at a security checkpoint, adding that a weapons storage facility was also destroyed.
Seven civilians and one soldier have been killed in two rocket attacks in the northern Sinai peninsula. One rocket hit a crowded market place in the coastal city of el-Arish before a second rocket struck a nearby security compound.
Protests have erupted in several Egyptian cities to mark the one-year anniversary of the military coup which removed Mohamed Morsi, the country's first democratically-elected president, from office. Around 200 people have been arrested across Egypt and at least one protester died during clashes with riot police in Giza. Elsewhere a homemade bomb exploded on a train in the northern city of Alexandria, wounding at least five people.
Two police officers have been killed and several other people wounded after two bombs exploded near the presidential palace in Cairo on Monday. The officers died when they were trying to defuse two separate devices in the Heliopolis district, while several other devices found in the area have been successfully de-activated. "God has allowed our heroic soldiers to penetrate the fortifications of the mass murderer's lair in Ittihadiya palace", the militant Ajnad Misr group said in a statement.
Three al-Jazeera journalists accused of supporting the banned Muslim Brotherhood have been sentenced to at least seven years in prison. Peter Greste, Mohammed Fahmy and Baher Mohamed were arrested in December while they were reporting on the country's political turmoil following the overthrow of President Mohammed Morsi last July. Nine other defendants tried in absentia received 10-year sentences. The Qatar-based network said the jail terms defy "logic, sense, and semblance of justice".
Seven men have been arrested on suspicion of sexually assaulting a female student at the inauguration of President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi on Sunday. The men, who are the first people to be charged under new sexual harassment laws, allegedly attacked the 19-year-old in Cairo's Tahrir Square. There has been growing outrage in the country after video footage of the incident was posted online. Police said they are also investigation 27 other complaints of sexual harassment during Sunday's rally.
Egypt's former military chief, Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, has been declared Egypt's new president after receiving almost 97 percent of the vote. After the result was announced Sisi urged Egyptians to work together in order to achieve "freedom" and "social justice". He will be sworn in as president on Sunday before the general assembly of the Supreme Constitutional Court, according to the state news agency MENA.
Six Egyptian border guards have been killed in an attack by suspected smugglers near the western border with Libya. An army spokesman said the officers were carrying out a patrol in the remote al-Wahat area when they were targeted. The incident comes after the army arrested a number of smugglers along the two countries' shared border.
Former military chief Abdul Fattah al-Sisi has won Egypt's presidential elections, achieving more than 96% of the vote. The only other candidate, Hamdeen Sabahi, received around 3.8 percent of the vote after most ballots were counted. Despite extending the polls for an extra day turnout is predicted to be only 45 percent, with many opposition groups boycotting the vote.
Former army chief Abdul Fattah al-Sisi is set to win Egypt's presidential elections as the final day of voting draws to a close. Unofficial results are expected hours after the polls close at 2200 local time on Tuesday evening, with Mr Sisi predicted to beat left-wing candidate Hamdeen Sabahi by a comfortable margin. More than 250,000 troops and police officers have been deployed across the country to maintain security, although one person was wounded when a home-made bomb exploded in the Heliopolis district of Cairo.
One person has been killed and six others wounded in a bomb attack in the restive Sinai Peninsula. Two men on a motorbike threw the device at a security vehicle near the city of al-Arish in North Sinai.
Egypt's former president, Hosni Mubarak, has been sentenced to three years in prison on corruption charges. Mr Mubarak, who was president of Egypt for 30 years, resigned in 2011 following months of protests against his authoritarian rule. His sons Alaa and Gamal were also found guilty on the same charges and received four-year jail terms.
Three Egyptian police officers have been killed in a drive-by shooting at the al-Azhar University in the capital, Cairo. The police had been deployed to the area after a group of 250 students gathered to hold a rally in support of toppled former president, Mohamed Morsi. The Interior Ministry said three unknown gunmen opened fire on the police from a passing car, killing three and wounding nine, before fleeing from the scene.
Four people were wounded in Cairo on Saturday when a bomb exploded during an election rally for former military chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. Local reports suggest the device, which exploded in the Ezbet el-Nakhl district of the city, was thrown from a motorbike into a crowd of supporters. Mr Sisi, who was not present at the event, is the favourite to win Egypt's presidential elections on 26-27 May.
At least 10 people have been killed in clashes between Egyptian security forces and supporters of former president, Mohamed Morsi, on Friday. The pro-Morsi National Alliance for the Defence of Legitimacy said that eight protesters had been killed in the Helwan district of southern Cairo, while two people died during earlier clashes in the port city of Alexandria.
A judge in Egypt has sentenced 683 people to death in a mass trial against alleged members of the Muslim Brotherhood. Among the convicted defendants was Mohammed Badie, the Supreme Guide of the Brotherhood and the most senior group member to be tried to date. The verdicts have sparked violent protests at the al-Azhar University in eastern Cairo.
An Egyptian police brigadier general has died after a bomb planted under his car exploded in the capital, Cairo. The blast occurred in the western 6 October City suburb of the city, and the killing of Brigadier Ahmed Zaki is the fifth such attack against security officials in the last week.
An Egyptian intelligence officer and a junior policeman have been killed by gunmen near the capital, Cairo. Captain Ashraf Badeer al-Qazaz was killed in a gunfight along with a conscript from the central security force on a desert road linking Cairo to the canal city of Suez. On Friday another police officer was killed by a bomb at a traffic post in Lebanon Square in Cairo's Mohandessin district. The militant group Ajnad Misr claimed responsibility for the attack.
Two police officers and a civilian have been wounded after a bomb exploded in central Cairo on Tuesday morning. The device had been planted between two cars at a checkpoint at al-Galaa Square in the Dokki neighbourhood.
At least 25 people have been killed in clashes between the Arab Bani Hilal clan and a local Nubian family in southern Egypt. The clashes were sparked on Friday during a dispute over graffiti at a local school in Aswan province. An army spokesman suggested that the Muslim Brotherhood, labeled as a terrorist group by the government, helped trigger the violence.
An Egyptian police brigadier-general has been killed in a bombing near Cairo University. Tariq al-Mirjawi died when two devices planted in trees outside the campus exploded, while a third blast was also reported shortly afterwards. Five security guards were also wounded in the attack.
Field Marshal Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has resigned as the head of Egypt's military in order to stand for the presidency in next month's elections. In a televised address Sisi, who led the overthrow of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi last year, said "I give up the uniform to defend the nation". He is widely expected to win the vote, given his widespread support and the lack of strong rival candidates.
One student has been killed and eight others wounded during a protest at Cairo University. The students clashed with Egypt's security forces around the al-Nahda Square over the mass death sentences handed down to more than 500 Muslim Brotherhood supporters earlier this week.
A court in Egypt has convicted 529 supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi and sentenced them to death. The defendants, many of them tried in absentia, were convicted on charges including murdering a policeman and attacks on police officers. The group are part of a larger trial of more than 1,200 Muslim Brotherhood supporters.
Two Egyptian army officers have been killed in a gunfight with suspected militants in northern Cairo. The brigadier and colonel were taking part in a raid on a warehouse in the Qalyubiya province when they were attcked. Five of the militants, who came from the Ansar Beit al-Maqdis group, also died in the raid.
Six military police officers have been killed in an attack on a checkpoint in northern Cairo. An army spokesman said that the assailants stormed the checkpoint in the Shubra al-Kheima suburb on Saturday morning. Two bombs left at the scene have since been defused by police.
An Egyptian soldier has been killed and three others wounded after masked gunmen opened fire on an army bus in Egypt's capital, Cairo. In a statement the army said "masked armed men belonging to the terrorist Brotherhood targeted a bus of the armed forces".
A home-made bomb has exploded outside the Israeli embassy in Egypt's capital, Cairo. No injuries were reported after the blast, which according to security sources was targeted at a police car rather than the embassy, which has not been used by diplomats since an attack in September, 2011.
At least eight people have been killed during clashes between anti-government protesters and Egyptian security forces on Friday. Seven people died in the al-Alf Maskan district in the east of capital, Cairo, while another person died in al-Sharqiya in the north of the country. According to witnesses the security forces used live ammunition to break up the protests, although the interior minister claimed that Muslim Brotherhood members fired on police.
Journalists across the world have taken part in a day of protest against the detention of al-Jazeera staff in Egypt. Rallies were held in 40 locations around the world - including London, Beirut, Cairo and Berlin - to call for the eight journalists to be released after they were held on "absurd, baseless and false" allegations.
An Egyptian court has sentenced 26 people to death for plotting attacks on ships transiting the Suez Canal. All but one of the defendants were tried in absentia and the verdict has been referred to an Islamic mufti who has until 19 March to validate the sentence.
Egypt's interim Prime Minister Hazem el-Beblawi has announced the resignation of his entire government in a live televised speech. Mr Belabwy said the unexpected decision was taken after his government had "made every effort to get Egypt out of the narrow tunnel in terms of security, economic pressures and political confusion". More than 1,000 people have been killed in violence in Egypt since he was appointed last July following the overthrow of President Mohammed Morsi.
Egyptian security officials said that at least 10 suspected militants have been killed during targeted airstrikes in North Sinai. Helicopter gunship fired rockets into several houses in Rafah and Sheikh Zuweid on Wednesday night. An army spokesman said that militants from Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, who recently attacked a bus of South Korean tourists, were among the dead.
The Islamic militant group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis have warned all tourists to leave Egypt, threatening to target anyone who stays in the country after a deadline of 20 February. The warning comes after the group claimed responsibility for a suicide bomb attack that killed two South Korean tourists and an Egyptian on a bus in North Sinai on Sunday.
Three South Korean tourists and an Egyptian national have been killed after a bomb exploded on a bus in North Sinai. The bus was carrying 31 South Korean tourists from Mount Sinai to Israel when the device exploded near a border crossing. According to the South Korean ambassador to Egypt the attack appeared to have been the work of a militant wearing a suicide bomb device.
Six Egyptian police officers have been wounded after two bombs exploded in the Giza area of Cairo. The blasts appeared to target a Central Security Forces vehicle which had been parked on Giza bridge ahead of anti-government protests, which are expected to pass through the area on Friday afternoon.
The Egyptian army said that 13 militants have been killed in an airstrike in northern Sinai. The raid targeted "dangerous extremists linked to the terrorist Muslim Brotherhood" outside the town of Sheikh Zwayed. The operation comes a few days after militants shot down an army helicopter in the region.
Egypt's interim president, Adly Mansour, has announced that presidential elections have been moved forward and will now take place ahead of parliamentary polls. General Abdel Fatteh el-Sisi, the defence minister who led the removal of President Mohammed Morsi last July, is expected to stand in the elections. Although no exact date has been set for the vote it is likely to take place in April.
At least 29 people have been killed in clashes as thousands of people took to the streets to commemorate the third anniversary of Egypt's January 25 revolution. Fighting between anti-government protesters and Egyptian security forces was reported in the capital, Cairo, the southern city of Minya and in the northern port city of Alexandria. More than 140 people were wounded in the unrest, while hundreds more have been arrested - including several foreign journalists.
At least 10 people have been killed and more than 40 others wounded in clashes between supporters of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood and the Egyptian security fores. The head of Egypt's health ministry said that the victims were from the Giza, Sharqiya, Beni, Sweif, Menia, Beheira and Daqahliya governorates. The unrest erupted after three bombs exploded in Cairo on Friday morning, killing six people and wounding dozens more.
At least four people have been killed and 70 others wounded after a car bomb exploded at the police headquarters in the Egyptian capital, Cairo. Two other smaller blasts were also reported in the city, one near the Behooth metro station in the Dokki district and another at a police directorate in Talbiya, Giza. The Islamic militant group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis has admitted responsibility for the attack on the police HQ, which came on the third anniversary of the 2011 uprising.
Five Egyptian police officers have been killed in an attack at a checkpoint in Beni Suef province. Two other officers were wounded when two masked men on motorbikes opened fire on the police at the Safd el-Sharqiya checkpoint. Local media have reported that the armed group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis have claimed responsibility for the attack.
The proposal for a new Egyptian constitution has passed with unanimous support, receiving more than 98% of the vote. Turnout was around 38.6%, although the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood boycotted the election and have called the referendum a "farce".
At least 11 people have been killed and dozens more wounded as security forces clashed with supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood across Egypt. The unrest occurred as the country votes on a new constitution, which would replace the charter introduced by President Morsi before he was removed from office. The army-backed government is pushing for a yes vote, which could see defence minister General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi run for president in elections later in the year.
At least three people have been killed in clashes after Islamist protesters held rallies across Egypt on Friday. In Suez two people died in fighting between security forces and supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi, while in Alexandria a street vendor was shot dead during a Muslim Brotherhood march.
A Egyptian soldier has been killed and two others wounded after a bomb exploded in North Sinai. The device had been planted by militants on a main road near the town of Arish.
At least eleven people have been killed in clashes between police and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood across Egypt. The violence erupted after Friday's midday prayers, with the deaths reported in Cairo, Alexandria, Fayoum and in the Suez Canal city of Ismailia.
Two people have been killed after rival protesters clashed in the northern city of Alexandria. The Ministry of Interior said that the violence erupted during marches by supporters of the banned Muslim Brotherhood. It claimed that the protesters set shops and cars on fire before exchanging gunfire with local residents.
Four journalists from the Qatar-based broadcaster Al-Jazeera have been arrested in Egypt's capital, Cairo, accused of holding illegal meetings with the banned Muslim Brotherhood. Last week the government declared the Islamist group to be a terrorist organization following a suicide bombing in the Nile Delta which authorities claim the Muslim Brotherhood were responsible for. Al-Jazeera has condemned the arrest and demanded the journalists immediate release.
Five people have been wounded after a bomb exploded near a bus in the Egyptian capital, Cairo. Local police said the small homemade device was planted near the Al-Azhar University in the Nasr City neighbourhood. The police also defused two other bombs in the area which had failed to detonated.
Two Egyptian soldiers have been killed and eight others wounded in an attack by suspected Islamic militants in the Sinai peninsula. The army said that the troops came under fire in the village of el-Mahdiya as they attempted to arrest the leader of the Ansar Beit al-Maqdis group.
Supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood have killed a taxi driver after he ran over a female protester in the Nile Delta city of Mansoura. According to reports Mohamed Othman was dragged from his vehicle before having his throat cut by the angry mob. The female protester was transferred to a local hospital, where she remains in a critical condition.
A police officer has been killed and 18 other people wounded after a bomb exploded at a police base in the northern city of Ismailiya. The blast was followed by intense gunfire before several ambulance rushed to the scene. The militant group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis are believed to have carried out the attack.
The leader of a jihadist militant group has been killed during clashes with the Egyptian army in North Sinai. Ibrahim Mohammed Salaima, who was the head of the Ansar Beit al-Maqdis group, died at a checkpoint near the village of Toma. His group has claimed responsibility for a number of attacks in the region, including the attempted assassination of the interim interior minister in September.
More than 140 pro-Morsi students have been arrested following violent clashes with police at the Al-Azhar University in Cairo. Riot police fired tear gas at the protesting students, who threw stones and petrol bombs at the security forces. Egypt's ministry of interior said that five students were also wounded during the unrest, one of them critically.
An Egyptian court has sentenced 21 female protesters, seven of which are under 18 years of age, to 11 years in prison. The women, who are all supporters of deposed Egyptian president Mohammed Morsi, were found guilty of belonging to a terrorist group, obstructing traffic and sabotage during a protest last month. The sentence comes days after the interim government passed a law banning all public protests unless approved by the Egyptian authorities.
Egypt's interim president, Adly Mansour, has signed a new law which restricts public protests in the country. The law bans protests without prior police notification, along with unsanctioned gatherings of 10 or more people - either in private or public. Human Rights Watch said the new law "would effectively give the police carte blanche to ban protest in Egypt".
Egypt have expelled the Turkish ambassador from the country, accusing Ankara of spreading instability in the country. Turkey have been publicly critical of the overthrow of Islamist President Mohamed Morsi in July, calling it an "unacceptable coup".
A ten-year-old child has been shot dead after clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of deposed President Mohammed Morsi in the northern city of Suez. Demonstrations were also held across the capital, Cairo, following Friday prayers, with at least 35 people arrested.
At least 10 Egyptian soldiers have been killed and 35 others wounded after a car bomb exploded near the city of el-Arish in North Sinai. The troops were travelling in a convoy on the road to Cairo when one of the vehicles hit the device.
At least 24 people have been killed after a cargo train hit several vehicles at a crossing around 40km south of the capital, Cairo. According to state TV many of the victims were members of the same family who were returning to the southern city of Fayyou. A security official said that the gates of the crossing were closed at the time of the collision and that initial reports suggested no negligence on behalf of the train driver.
Egypt's government has lifted a three-month state of emergency and night-time curfew, two days earlier than expected. The measures were implemented following violent clashes between the security forces and supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi in Cairo in August, which left more than 630 people dead and thousands more wounded.
The trial of the ousted former President Mohammed Morsi is set to begin in Cairo alongside 14 other Muslim Brotherhood officials. In a statement Mr Morsi said "I am the legitimate president of the country. I refuse to accept that the Egyptian judiciary be a cover for the criminal military coup". Around 20,000 police officers have been deployed to maintain order across the country
Egyptian riot police have fired tear gas at protesting students at the al-Azhar university in Cairo. The clashes erupted after authorities arrested Essam el-Erian, deputy leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, prompting angry students to smash windows and cover campus walls with anti-army graffiti.
Three Egyptian police officers have been shot dead in an attack by unknown gunmen in the Nile Delta city of Mansoura. Three men in a car and one on a motorbike opened fire on the police in a dawn ambush at a security checkpoint near the citiy's university.
Egyptian police have clashed with supporters of the deposed president Mohammed Morsi across Egypt. Thousands of demonstrators gathered in the capital Cairo, Alexandria and in the town of Suez to call for Mr Morsi to be reinstated.
At least three people have been killed after gunmen on motorcycles opened fire on a wedding party outside a Coptic Christian church in Cairo. The interior ministry said that an eight-year-old girl was among the victims, while nine people were also wounded in the attack in the northern al-Warak neighbourhood.
Egyptian riot police have clashed with students during an anti-military protest at the al-Azhar University in Cairo. The students setup roadblocks in the area and threw rocks at police, who responded by firing tear gas into the crowds. The interior ministry said that 55 students had been arrest, although there were no reports of casualties.
Three soldiers and a police officer have been killed after a suicide car bomb exploded at a checkpoint in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. The vehicle exploded as the security forces attempted to search it just south of the city of al-Arish.
At least 10 members of the Egyptian security forces have been killed in several attacks across the country. Five soldiers were killed when gunmen opened fire on their patrol vehicle outside the city of Ismailiya, while a further five died when a large car bomb exploded at a security HQ in southern Sinai.
At least 34 people have been killed and hundreds more wounded in a day of bloody unrest across Egypt. Hundreds of people had gathered in Cairo's Tahir Square to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the 1973 Arab-Israeli war before a large group of Muslim Brotherhood supporters attempted to march to the area, leading to clashes with the country's security forces. Other smaller clashes were reported across the rest of Egypt, including Suez, Delga and Bani Suef.
A teenage boy has been killed in clashes between rival protesters in the port city of Suez. The violence erupted when Muslim Brotherhood supporters chanted anti-army slogans, leading to an exchange of gunfire with anti-Morsi protesters. Elsewhere riot police have fired tear gas and locked down Tahir Square in Cairo after clashes broke out during a march by pro-Morsi demonstrators.
Supporters of Egypt's ousted president, Mohammed Morsi, have held a small rally in Cairo's Tahir Square for the first time since he was forced from office in July. Around 100 protesters gathered at the square, calling for an end to the military rule which has been in place since the army seized power on 3 July.
An Egyptian police officer has been shot dead by unknown gunmen in the city of el-Arish in North Sinai. The victim, identified as Mustafa Yahya Jawish, was driving his car in the al-Masaid neighbourhood when he was killed.
An Egyptian court has banned all activities by the Muslim Brotherhood, along with ordering the government to seize the group's funds and administer its frozen assets. The Cairo Court for Urgent Matters said the ruling applied to all aspects of the group, including "any institution branching out from or belonging to the Brotherhood".
Egyptian security forces have launched operations to recapture the central town of Balga, which has been controlled by Muslim Brotherhood supporters for the last two months. It was reported that the 15,000 Christian Copts who live in the town were being forced to pay a tax to the Muslim Brotherhood, while a number of Christian-owned properties have been damaged.
Thousands of supporters and opponents of deposed President Mohammed Morsi have gathered across Egypt, the largest outbreak of civil unrest for several weeks. At least one person died and five others were wounded in clashes between the rival protesters in the port city of Alexandria.
The Egyptian government has extended the state of emergency in the country for a further two months due to the ongoing unrest in the country. The president's office has yet to announce if there will be any changes to the evening curfews which are currently in place across parts of Egypt.
At least six people have been killed in a double suicide car bomb attack in the restive Sinai peninsula. The militant group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis claimed responsibility for the bombings at the entrance to a military intelligence headquarters in Rafah, along the border with the Gaza Strip.
The Egyptian army has announced full-scale military operations against Islamist militants in the restive Sinai peninsula. Militants have carried out numerous attacks against state infrastructure and the country's security forces since July, including the killing of 25 off-duty police officers in August.
Egypt's Interior Minister has survived a car bombing which appeared to have been targeting the politician. Mohammed Ibrahim was travelling near his home in the Nasr City area of Cairo when the device exploded, wounding at least four people.
Thousands of pro-Morsi supporters marched in cities across Egypt on Friday to reiterate their demands for the deposed president be reinstated. The protests also followed the arrest of another senior Muslim Brotherhood leader, Mohamed el-Beltagy, who is accused by the army-backed interim government of inciting violence. At least six people were killed during violence in Alexandria, Port Said and Zagazig.
An Egyptian court has ordered the release of former president Hosni Mubarak, although he will remain in custody for at least 48 hours pending a possible appeal by prosecutors. The 85-year-old is being retried on charges relating to the killing of protesters during the popular uprising against him in 2011; however, he has now served the maximum amount of pre-trial detention permitted in the case.
At least 25 off-duty police officers have been killed in an ambush by Islamic militants in the North Sinai Governorate. They were travelling north to the border town of Rafah when the militants opened fire on them with RPGs.
The number of people killed in yesterday's violence in Cairo and other Egyptian cities has now reached 525, according to official government figures. That figure is expected to rise, with the Muslim Brotherhood claiming that 2,000 people were killed in the "massacre". Egypt's prime minister, Hazem el-Beblawi, defended the decision to send the army in to break up the pro-Morsi protest camps, saying the government had no choice but to act.
At least 278 people have been killed after the Egyptian army stormed two pro-Morsi protest camps in the capital, Cairo. In response to the unrest a month-long state of emergency has been declared in the country and a curfew imposed on 14 provinces. A number of journalists were among the dead, including a reporter from the UAE's Gulf News and a cameraman from Sky News in the UK.
Egyptian police have clashed with supporters of the deposed president, Mohammed Morsi, in central Cairo. The protesters were marching to the interior ministry when they clashed with local residents, leading to the intervention from security forces.
At least 25 suspected Islamist militants have been killed in clashes with the Egyptian army in the northern Sinai peninsula. An army spokesman said that a weapons depot was destroyed during the operation, which took place near the city of Sheikh Zuwaid in North Sinai. Ahmed Mohamed Ali also said that the militants had been involved in last year's killing of 16 border guards, and were planning similar "terrorist attacks" in the area.
Supporters of the ousted Egyptian president Mohammed Morsi have gathered in north-eastern Cairo to demand his reinstatement. Thousands converged on a Muslim Brotherhood protest camp amid the first day of the Eid al-Fitr holiday to mark the end of the fasting month of Ramadan.
More than 100 people have been killed and thousands more wounded over the weekend as pro and anti-Morsi supporters held mass rallies across the country. Violent clashes were reported between the army and pro-Morsi supporters near the Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque in Cairo on Saturday, leaving more than 70 people dead. Deadly clashes were also reported on Sunday at a funeral for Morsi supporters in the northern cities of Port Said and Kafr el-Zayat.
The Egyptian army has warned that it will use force against any protests which descend into violence, with mass rallies planned by pro and anti-Morsi groups of Friday. Earlier this week General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi called on people to take to the streets to strengthen the army's mandate to stop "terrorism and violence".
A soldier has been killed and another seriously wounded after a bomb exploded in the northern city of Mansoura. Following the blast Egypt's army chief called for nationwide rallies to give the military a mandate to confront "violence and potential terrorism" in the country.
At least six people have been killed during a sit-in by supporters of deposed President Mohammed Morsi in Egypt's capital, Cairo. A further 19 people were wounded during the clashes in an area near Cairo University in Giza
Three Egyptian police officers have been killed by sniper fire in the restive Sinai Peninsula, according to a local security official. The officers were guarding a police station in the northern city of el-Arish when they were killed.
At least seven people have been killed and 24 others wounded in overnight clashes between security forces and supporters of the deposed President Mohammed Morsi. Police fired tear gas at the protesters, who had barrickaded the cities main 6 October bridge.
Egypt is bracing for rival protests between supporters and opponents of the deposed president Mohammed Morsi. Both sides have called for large rallies on the first Friday of the holy month of Ramadan.
At least 42 people have been killed and some 300 others wounded after Egyptian security forces opened fire on a group of Muslim Brotherhood supporters at a barracks in Cairo. The Brotherhood said it supporters were killed in a "massacre" while many of the victims were reportedly shot in the head. The army blamed the incident on "an armed terrorist group" that had tried to storm the barracks.
At least three pro-Morsi protesters have been shot dead by security forces at the officers' club of the Presidential Guard in Cairo. A group of around 2,000 people had marched to the site demanding Mr Morsi's reinstatement. Elsewhere pro-Morsi supporters stormed a police station in the Talbiya area of Giza, resulting in clashes with troops.
Egypt's former President Mohammed Morsi has been placed under house arrest, the day after the army forced him out of office and suspended the constitution. The head judge of Egypt's Constitutional Court, Adly Mahmud Mansour, has been sworn in as the interim leader ahead of fresh elections. At least 10 people were killed in overnight clashes between rival protesters across the country.
Egypt's President Mohammed Morsi has rejected an army ultimatum, saying he is the country's "guardian of legitimacy". The statement was a response to three days of violent pro and anti-government protests across Egypt. At least 16 people died and 200 others were wounded at a pro-Morsi rally near Cairo University on Tuesday night.
The Egyptian army have announced that President Morsi has been removed from office and the constitution has been suspended. General Abdul Fattah al-Sisi said that Mr Morsi had "failed to meet the demands of the Egyptian people". Armed forces have been deployed to Cairo as pro and anti-Morsi demonstrators gather across the tense city.
The Egyptian army has warned the country's political parties that if they don't resolve the political crisis within 48-hours it would "announce a road map for the future". The statement comes after five ministers resigned from President Morsi's cabinet, while anti-government protesters earlier stormed the Cairo headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Hundreds of thousands of people have joined rival political protests across Egypt, the largest outbreak of civil unrest since President Morsi came into power a year ago. Anti-government demonstrators gathered in Cairo's Tahir Square, calling for Mr Morsi to resign, before heading to the presidential palace. Meanwhile pro-Morsi supporters have also held a number of rallies, with around 20,000 camped in the east of the capital.
Supporters and opponents of Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi are preparing for rival mass demonstrations in the country. Pro-Morsi rallies are expected to begin later today, two days ahead of planned anti-government protests organised by the National Salvation Front coalition.
A US student has reportedly been killed during protests in the northern city of Alexandria. A senior security official told Reuters that the man was stabbed in the chest in the Sidi Gabr Square, close to the office of the Muslim Brotherhood. At least five other people have been killed in the last few days ahead of widespread pro and anti-government protests.
Egypt's army chief warned yesterday that the military will intervene to stop the country descending into "uncontrollable conflict". General Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi's statement comes a week ahead of mass protests planned by opponents to President Morsi.
Four Shia Muslims were killed on Sunday when they were attacked by an angry mob in a village outside Cairo. The victims had gathered for a religious ceremony in Abu Mussalam when they were surrounded by a group of several hundred people.
An Egyptian court ruling that 43 NGO workers, including 16 US nationals, be sentenced to up to five years in prison has been heavily condemned by the US secretary of state John Kerry. He said the verdict "contradicts the government of Egypt's commitments to support the role of a civil society as a fundamental actor in a democracy."
The Egyptian army has sent reinforcements to the Sinai Peninsula following the abduction of six police officers and a border guard by Islamist gunmen last Thursday. The victims appeared in a video posted on Youtube yesterday, during which they urged the Egyptian government to secure their release.
Islamist gunmen have kidnapped seven members of the Egyptian security forces in the Sinai Peninsula. The group were seized as they travelled between the towns of el-Arish and Rafah in the early hours of the morning. One police officer has since been released, while the Islamists are demanding that the remaining six will be released in exchanged for jailed militants.
Egyptian police have thwarted a plot by an extremist cell to carry out a suicide bomb attack on a foreign embassy in Egypt. Mohammed Ibrahim, the country's interior minister, said the suspects were planning attacks in Cairo and Alexandria.
One person has died and more than 80 others wounded after sectarian violence erupted outside Cairo's main cathedral on Sunday. Mourners clashed with local residents after attending the funerals of four Coptic Christians, who had been killed during sectarian unrest in the town of El Khusus on Friday.
At least five people have been killed and eight more wounded in clashes between Coptic Christians and Muslims in the town of El Khusus, north of the capital Cairo. Local residents said the violence erupted when a group of Christian children drew graffiti on a Muslim religious institute wall. Angry Muslim residents responded by smashing Christian shops and a Coptic day care centre.